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Acrocyanosis

Updated: September 19, 2006

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Introduction

Acrocyanosis is an uncommon condition characterized by persistent, painless and symmetric coolness, cyanosis and violaceous discoloration of the hands and feet. The nose, ears, lips, and nipples are also often affected.

Epidemiology

Incidence

It is a form of local sensitivity to cold and is frequently seen in mentally or emotionally disturbed people or in those with neurocirculatory asthenia.

Gender

The disorder usually occurs in women.

Age

It is most common in those in their 20s, and usually improves with age.

Race and ethnicity

It can occur in people of any race or ethnicity.

Geography

More prevalent in cold climates and in cold season.


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