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Mitral valve prolapse
abnormal protrusion (prolapse) of the mitral valve leaflets into the left
atrium during systole.
Generally unknown. However, it may be caused by a genetically determined
disorder of collagen tissue leading to myxomatous degeneration of the
mitral valve leaflets.
Usually asymptomatic discovered by chance. Mainly affects young females
and may present with chest pain (not related to effort and not relieved
by nitrates) or with palpitations.
Rare complications include infective endocarditis,
mitrial regurge, cerebral emboli, sudden death.
Assurance and follow up to detect mitrial regurgitation.
antibiotics against infective endocarditis especially during
dental manipulations. treatment of complications.
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