Degenerative disc disease, is a gradual deterioration of the disc between the vertebrae in turn narrow disc space.
Degeneration of the disc tissue makes the disc more susceptible to herniation.
Each disc is formed of a central gel-like inside (nucleus pulposus), surrounded by an outer ring (annulus fibrosus).
When this softer component ruptures (herniates) through the outer ring it press directly on nerve roots and irritate adjacent nervous tissue.
Disc degeneration results in Spinal stenosis which is narrowing of the spinal canal, nerve root canals, or intervertebral foramina (foraminal stenosis) due to spondylosis (spinal arthritis ).
Your report inform that:
Degenerative changes at the level of the lumber vertebrae and the first sacral vertebrae with moderate bone changes in the form of extensions (spurr) .Foraminal stenosis due to disc herniation at the lumber vertebrae (Third and forth)
This answer does not substitute for direct medical consultation.
Dr. Safaa Mahmoud.
MB BCh, MSc Internal Medicine. MD Medical Oncology.
PhD Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Science.