Create Account | Sign In: Author or Forum

 
News  |  Journals  |  Conferences  |  Opinion  |  Articles  |  Forums  |  Twitter    
 
Category: Gastroenterology | Monthly Briefing

Back to Journal Articles

April 2010 Briefing - Gastroenterology

Last Updated: May 03, 2010.

 

Share |

Comments: (0)

Tell-a-Friend

 

  Related
 

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for April 2010. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Hepatitis C May Have Causal Role in Insulin Resistance

THURSDAY, April 29 (HealthDay News) -- Suppression of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is associated with improved insulin resistance (IR), suggesting that the virus may play a causal role in IR, according to research published in the May issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CBT Rapid Responders More Likely Maintain Gains in IBS

THURSDAY, April 29 (HealthDay News) -- Many irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients who undergo cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) experience a positive response within four weeks, and these rapid responders are more likely to maintain their treatment gains than those who do not have a rapid response, according to a study in the May issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Hep C Therapy Less Effective in Urban Minorities Than Thought

THURSDAY, April 29 (HealthDay News) -- Pegylated interferon and ribavirin -- the standard hepatitis C treatment -- is not as effective in urban minority patients who are treated in clinical practice as is implied by phase III trials, according to a study in the April issue of Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text

Vitamin E May Be Helpful in Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

WEDNESDAY, April 28 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin E may be an effective treatment for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in adults without diabetes, and pioglitazone also has some benefits in treating the disease, according to research published online April 28 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Risk Factors for Physician Misconduct Identified

WEDNESDAY, April 28 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors who are male, are from lower socioeconomic groups or had academic difficulties in medical school may be at increased risk of professional misconduct, according to a study published online April 27 in BMJ.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

Single Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Screening Found Beneficial

WEDNESDAY, April 28 (HealthDay News) -- The use of a single flexible sigmoidoscopy examination in individuals between the ages of 55 and 64 provides long-term benefits, according to research published online April 28 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA Changes Medical Device Advisory Committee Process

TUESDAY, April 27 (HealthDay News) -- Because of the increasing number of medical device advisory panel meetings in recent years, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is changing the way expert panels review and discuss information during public hearings on devices that are being reviewed for premarket approval.

More Information

Interruptions Increase Medication Errors by Nurses

TUESDAY, April 27 (HealthDay News) -- Nurses who are interrupted in the process of preparing and administering medications are more likely to make an error, with error severity increasing with the number of interruptions, according to a study in the April 26 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Financial Ties Negatively Affect Perceptions of Research Quality

TUESDAY, April 27 (HealthDay News) -- Disclosure of financial ties to industry influences patients', physicians', and research participants' beliefs about the quality of research evidence, according to a review published in the April 26 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Most Doctors Not Knowledgeable About Herbals

MONDAY, April 26 (HealthDay News) -- Most physicians are not knowledgeable about herbal medicines and believe the general public is poorly informed as well, according to the results of a survey published in the April issue of the Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin.

DTB Survey on Herbal Medicines

Lactose-Intolerant Can Tolerate Cup of Milk Daily

THURSDAY, April 22 (HealthDay News) -- Most people with presumed lactose intolerance or malabsorption can tolerate about a cup of milk daily, according to research published online April 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

FDA Adds Boxed Warning to Propylthiouracil Label

THURSDAY, April 22 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has added a boxed warning to the label of propylthiouracil due to the risk of serious liver injury -- which in some cases may be fatal -- in adult and pediatric patients.

More Information

Step-Up Approach Beneficial in Necrotizing Pancreatitis

WEDNESDAY, April 21 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with necrotizing pancreatitis and infected necrotic tissue, a minimally invasive step-up approach may effectively reduce the rate of major complications or death compared with open necrosectomy, according to a study published in the April 22 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Non-Teaching Hospitals Found Superior for Colon Resection

WEDNESDAY, April 21 (HealthDay News) -- For colon resections across the spectrum of disease -- including benign disease -- the volume-outcome relationship favors non-teaching hospitals over teaching hospitals, according to research published in the April issue of the Archives of Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Review Finds Surprisingly High Death Rate for Kids' Choking

MONDAY, April 19 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital admissions for airway foreign body and esophageal foreign body airway obstruction in pediatric patients occur infrequently, but are associated with a surprisingly high mortality rate, according to a review published in the April issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text

Drug Ups Liver Cancer Patients' Survival After Transplant

MONDAY, April 19 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), sirolimus-based immunosuppression protocols are associated with significantly improved survival rates after liver transplantation, according to research published in the April issue of Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text

Incidences of E. Coli, Shigella Foodborne Infections Drop in '09

THURSDAY, April 15 (HealthDay News) -- In 2009, there was a decreased incidence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 and Shigella foodborne infections compared with the preceding three years, though little progress has been made in infection rates of other foodborne pathogens, according to a report in the April 16 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text

Many Physicians Using Inappropriate FOBT Methods

THURSDAY, April 15 (HealthDay News) -- Many physicians who use the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) for colorectal cancer screening administer the test in-office rather than using home-based tests, which are recommended by national guidelines, according to research published online April 10 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Infliximab-Based Strategies Beneficial in Crohn's Disease

WEDNESDAY, April 14 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to azathioprine alone, the use of infliximab or infliximab plus azathioprine is associated with a greater likelihood of corticosteroid-free clinical remission in patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease, according to research published in the April 15 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Deficiencies in Colorectal Cancer Screening Addressed

WEDNESDAY, April 14 (HealthDay News) -- Colorectal cancer screening rates fall short of desirable levels, according to two early-release articles published online April 13 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. One article urges targeted initiatives to improve screening rates and reduce disparities in underscreened communities and population subgroups. The other article confirms that important problems exist regarding the underuse, overuse and misuse of screening, and also urges system- and policy-level interventions.

Abstract - Steinwachs
Full Text
Abstract - Holden
Full Text

New Clinical Algorithms Guide Gastrointestinal Diagnosis

TUESDAY, April 13 (HealthDay News) -- "Diagnostic Algorithms for Common Gastrointestinal Symptoms," a new comprehensive set of clinical algorithms to help primary care physicians and gastroenterologists accurately and cost-effectively diagnose frequent gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms of functional GI disorders that are often difficult to diagnose, has been published in the April issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

More Information

Pancreaze Approved for Pancreatic Enzyme Deficiency

TUESDAY, April 13 (HealthDay News) -- Pancreaze delayed release capsules have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the estimated 200,000 or more people in the United States whose bodies do not produce enough pancreatic enzymes, the agency said in a news release.

FDA

Hispanics Have Limited Access to Colorectal Cancer Screening

MONDAY, April 12 (HealthDay News) -- Hispanics are more likely than African-Americans or whites to live in areas where there is more limited availability of endoscopy, which may explain disparities in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates and stage at diagnosis, according to research published online April 12 in Cancer.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Biofeedback Effective Levator Ani Syndrome Treatment

FRIDAY, April 9 (HealthDay News) -- Biofeedback to teach relaxation of the pelvic floor muscles is more effective than electrogalvanic stimulation (EGS) or levator muscle massage for the treatment of levator ani syndrome (LAS), according to a study published in the April issue of Gastroenterology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Drug Combination Shows Benefit in Biliary Tract Cancer

THURSDAY, April 8 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with advanced biliary tract cancer, cisplatin plus gemcitabine is linked to a survival advantage compared to gemcitabine alone, with no additional substantial toxicity, according to research published in the April 8 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Telaprevir Improves Hepatitis C Retreatment Outcomes

THURSDAY, April 8 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) who failed to respond to peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin, retreatment that involves telaprevir in combination with the two drugs is more effective than the two drugs alone, according to a study in the April 8 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Vorinostat Safe for Use With Pelvic Palliative Radiotherapy

WEDNESDAY, April 7 (HealthDay News) -- The histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor vorinostat is safe to use in combination with short-term palliative radiotherapy for patients with gastrointestinal cancer, according to a study published online April 7 in The Lancet Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Severity of Acute Pancreatitis Linked to CT Imaging Use

MONDAY, April 5 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with severe acute pancreatitis have more computed tomography (CT) imaging scans done and consequently have greater radiation exposure than patients with less severe disease, regardless of age, according to research published in the March issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Screening Test for Liver Disease in Children May Be Unreliable

MONDAY, April 5 (HealthDay News) -- The upper limit of the test most commonly used to screen children for chronic liver disease varies widely from one children's hospital to another, and is set so high that it may not reliably detect the disease, according to research published in the April issue of Gastroenterology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Study Finds Delays in Endoscopy Common for GI Bleeding

FRIDAY, April 2 (HealthDay News) -- Only half of patients in the United Kingdom admitted to the hospital with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB) receive endoscopy within the first 24 hours, and almost half of all hospitals lack an out-of-hours endoscopy rota even though risk-adjusted mortality rates are lower in hospitals that do have an out-of-hours rota, according to the findings of an audit published online March 31 in Gut.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Proton-Pump Inhibitors' Link to Osteoporosis Assessed

FRIDAY, April 2 (HealthDay News) -- Despite some evidence associating proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) with an increased risk of hip fractures, chronic PPI use does not appear to be associated with osteoporosis or accelerated bone mineral density loss, according to research published in the March issue of Gastroenterology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2010 ScoutNews, LLC. All rights reserved.


Previous: April 2010 Briefing - Family Practice Next: April 2010 Briefing - HIV & AIDS

Reader comments on this article are listed below. Review our comments policy.


Submit your opinion:

Name:

Email:

Location:

URL:

Remember my personal information

Notify me of follow-up comments?

advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)
 

Are you a Doctor, Pharmacist, PA or a Nurse?

Join the Doctors Lounge online medical community

  • Editorial activities: Publish, peer review, edit online articles.

Doctors Lounge Membership Application

 
     

 advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)

 

 

Useful Sites
MediLexicon
  Tools & Services: Follow DoctorsLounge on Twitter Follow us on Twitter | RSS News | Newsletter | Contact us
Copyright © 2001-2014
Doctors Lounge.
All rights reserved.

Medical Reference:
Diseases | Symptoms
Drugs | Labs | Procedures
Software | Tutorials

Advertising
Links | Humor
Forum Archive
CME | Conferences

Privacy Statement
Terms & Conditions
Editorial Board
About us | Email

This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
verify here.