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Category: Nursing | Monthly Briefing

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November 2010 Briefing - Nursing

Last Updated: December 01, 2010.

 

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are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for November 2010. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Surveillance Reasonable for Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

TUESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For men with low-risk, localized prostate cancer, active surveillance appears to be an attractive alternative to initial treatment in terms of quality of life, according to research published in the Dec. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Wide Variation Found in OTC Pediatric Drug Directions

TUESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- When the U.S. Food and Drug Administration released guidelines recommending more consistency and clarity in over-the-counter (OTC) drug dosing directives in November 2009, top-selling pediatric OTC liquid drugs included extremely inconsistent and variable directions and measuring devices, according to a study published online Nov. 30 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Impaired Mitochondrial Function Found in Autism

TUESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Children with autism may be more likely to have impaired mitochondrial function and abnormalities in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) than children without autism, according to preliminary research published in the Dec. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Patient Attitudes Toward CT Risk Assessed

TUESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency department patients requiring computed tomography (CT) appear more concerned about having their condition diagnosed with CT imaging than they are about their risk of cancer associated with the procedure, according to research published in the November issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Pregnancy-Related Mortality Increased in Recent Decades

TUESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, pregnancy-related mortality has increased substantially, with African-American women dying at more than three times the rate of white women, according to a study in the December issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Inactivated Flu Vaccine Effective in Protecting Young Children

TUESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine appears effective in young children, even those under the age of 2, according to research published online Nov. 23 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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IOM Sets New Vitamin D, Calcium Intake Levels

TUESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- In a new report, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) has set new dietary intake levels for vitamin D and calcium, and the agency notes that most North Americans already get enough calcium and vitamin D to be healthy.

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Risk Factors at Age 9 Predict Adult Cardiovascular Disease

TUESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular risk factor assessment in childhood is not predictive of adult cardiovascular disease unless measured at or after 9 years of age, according to research published online Nov. 29 in Circulation.

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Overweight Children at Risk for Heart Disease Factors by Teens

MONDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Children with a high body mass index (BMI) may develop heart disease-associated risk factors by their teens, though they -- girls in particular -- may be able to improve their heart disease profiles if they are able to reduce the excess weight by the time they reach adolescence, according to research published online Nov. 25 in BMJ.

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Vegetable, Fruit Intake Impacts Atherosclerosis Risk

MONDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Lifestyle risk factors over a lifetime, especially fruit and vegetable consumption, are associated with the degree of adult arterial stiffness, according to research published online Nov. 29 in Circulation.

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Controlled Medications for Teens Nearly Doubled Since '94

MONDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- The number of prescriptions written for controlled medications to adolescents and young adults has approximately doubled since 1994, according to research published online Nov. 29 in Pediatrics.

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1 Percent of Deaths Worldwide Due to Secondhand Smoke

MONDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- An estimated 1 percent of the deaths that occur in the world annually are due to passive smoking, and many of these deaths are in children, according to research published online Nov. 26 in The Lancet.

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Dermatitis May Not Influence Bone Density in Children

MONDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- There appears to be no correlation between low bone mineral density (BMD) and atopic dermatitis in children, and use of topical corticosteroids in children with atopic dermatitis is not associated with a decrease in BMD, according to a study published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Informed Consent Discussions Often Miss Key Topics

MONDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- When oncologists and cancer patients discuss informed consent for clinical trial participation, oncologists may leave out key topics, while patients may interpret information incorrectly, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Chlamydia Screening Remains Important for Doctors to Note

MONDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- In young women now getting cervical cancer screening every two years instead of annually, health care providers should be aware of other opportunities for chlamydial screening, according to research published in the December issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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IBD Patients With Infection at Higher Risk for Complications

MONDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- People with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who acquire a nosocomial infection have a significantly higher risk of mortality and increased length of stay (LOS) in the hospital, according to research published in the November issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Surgery to Remove Ingested Foreign Bodies Safe But Costly

FRIDAY, Nov. 26 (HealthDay News) -- The ingestion of foreign bodies (FBs) is a serious and recurring problem that rarely has endoscopic complications but can be expensive to treat, according to research published in the November issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Weight Misperception Common Among Young Women

FRIDAY, Nov. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Weight misperceptions are common among reproductive-age women, according to a study in the December issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Antiepileptic Drugs May Not Harm Breast-Fed Children

THURSDAY, Nov. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Children of mothers who breast-feed while on antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) do not appear to suffer harmful cognitive effects, according to research published online Nov. 24 in Neurology.

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Patient Harm Found Common, Unchanged in Hospitals

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Harm to patients in several North Carolina hospitals was common in a recent six-year period, and it did not appear to decrease substantially during this time, according to research published in the Nov. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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PPI Use in Early Pregnancy Not Linked to Birth Defects

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The use of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) by pregnant women in the first trimester to treat the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux does not significantly increase the risk of major birth defects, according to a study in the Nov. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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High-Protein, Low-Glycemic-Index Diet Stops Weight Regain

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- After weight loss, a maintenance diet higher in protein and with a modest reduction in the glycemic index prevents significant weight regain better than other diets, according to a study in the Nov. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Patch-Test Screening for Product Allergy Falls Flat

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- A standard patch-test screening series for diagnosing contact dermatitis allergic reactions to skin care products fails to do so in a substantial number of people, according to research published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Abnormal Liver Tests May Improve With Statins

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Statins can actually improve liver function in patients with abnormal liver tests, and those patients reap substantially greater cardiovascular benefits from the drugs compared to patients who have normal liver tests, according to research published online Nov. 24 in The Lancet.

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Thrombolysis Tied to Better Stroke Outcome at All Ages

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous alteplase tend to fare better than those who do not undergo thrombolysis, and this holds true for those over the age of 80, according to research published online Nov. 23 in BMJ.

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Peanuts During Pregnancy Linked to Infant Sensitization

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of peanuts during pregnancy is associated with later sensitization to peanuts and possible peanut allergy among infants with apparent egg or milk allergy, according to research published online Oct. 29 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Diabetes-Depression Link Appears Bidirectional

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The relationship between depression and diabetes appears to be bidirectional: those with diabetes may be at higher risk for depression, and vice versa, according to research published in the Nov. 22 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Home STI Testing Improves Screening Rates

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Women on long-acting contraceptives are more likely to complete sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening when they can self-test at home instead of going to a clinic, according to research published in the December issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Reallocation of Care Would Increase PCPs' Work Weeks

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Specialists spend a substantial amount of time providing routine chronic disease follow-up care, and reallocating half of this care to primary care physicians (PCPs) would add a few work weeks for each PCP, according to research published online Oct. 18 in Medical Care.

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Retirement May Ease Fatigue, Depression

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Retirement from work appears to have no influence on the prevalence of chronic disease, but it does appear to lessen physical and mental fatigue and depressive symptoms, particularly in those with chronic diseases prior to retirement, according to research published online Nov. 23 in BMJ.

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Combination Exercise Linked to Benefits in Type 2 Diabetes

TUESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- In individuals with type 2 diabetes, a combination of aerobic and resistance training -- but not either one alone -- is associated with improved HbA1c levels compared to not exercising, according to research published in the Nov. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Drug Combination May Prevent HIV Acquisition

TUESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Taking two oral antiretroviral drugs, emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (FTC-TDF), once a day may prevent the acquisition of HIV in men who have sex with men, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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ACOG Issues Guidelines for Care of Women With HIV

TUESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- In the face of rising numbers of HIV-positive women in the United States, many of them of reproductive age, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has issued a set of new guidelines to assist Ob-Gyns in delivering optimal care to this population. The guidelines have been published in the December issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Management of Abnormal Pap-HPV Tests Not Guideline Based

TUESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- When faced with managing even the most common abnormal Pap smear and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing results, most physicians, including obstetrician-gynecologists, do not adhere to current management guidelines, according to research published in the December issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Depressive Disorders Prevalent in Pregnant Women

TUESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 10 percent of pregnant women may suffer from depressive disorders, and these disorders are significantly associated with identifiable, clinically relevant risk factors, according to research published in the November issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Privacy in Health Care Important to Adolescents

TUESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents are most concerned about the privacy of their health information, but also are sensitive to the psychological, social, and physical aspects of privacy encountered in health care situations, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Late-Preterm Birth Tied to Lower IQ After Adjustment

TUESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Independent of maternal intelligence quotient (IQ), residential setting, and sociodemographics, children born late-preterm are at higher risk for having a lower IQ and more behavioral problems at age 6 than children from a full-term pregnancy, according to research published online Nov. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Pregnancy From Donor Egg Raises Hypertension Risk

TUESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnancies resulting from in vitro fertilization (IVF) using donated eggs are more likely to result in gestational hypertension and preeclampsia than IVF pregnancies in which autologous eggs are implanted, and pregnancies from cryopreserved embryos are also tied to a higher risk for hypertensive disorders, according to a study in the December issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Acute Kidney Injury Risk Varies Based on eGFR, Proteinuria

MONDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of acute kidney injury appears to be associated with both low values of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and proteinuria, suggesting that both markers should be used to identify patients at risk for acute kidney injury, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in The Lancet.

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Adverse Events Down in Infants Following OTC Med Withdrawal

MONDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of adverse events seen in emergency departments that were linked to infant cough and cold medications (CCMs) dropped by more than half soon after the over-the-counter products were withdrawn from the market in 2007, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Knee Osteoarthritis Pain Is Worse If Other Areas Hurt Too

MONDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Musculoskeletal comorbidities, particularly back, foot, and elbow pain, are associated with worse knee pain scores in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, according to research published online Aug. 26 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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FDA: Propoxyphene Withdrawn From U.S. Market

FRIDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- At the request of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Xanodyne Pharmaceuticals has agreed to withdraw propoxyphene, an opioid used to treat mild to moderate pain, from the U.S. market due to the risk of potentially serious or even fatal heart rhythm abnormalities.

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University Interventions Reduce Student Intoxication

FRIDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Environmental strategies aimed at settings where heavy drinking among college students occurs can reduce intoxication at off-campus parties and bars, according to research published online Nov. 9 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Gastroenteritis Outbreak Tied to Later Health Problems

FRIDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- People who have gastroenteritis after drinking water contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter may have a higher risk of renal impairment, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension, according to research published Nov. 17 in BMJ.

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MetHb Detection Accurate Using 'Pulse CO-Oximeter'

FRIDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- A newly introduced "pulse CO-oximeter" device used by anesthesiologists can accurately measure both arterial oxygen saturation and methemoglobin (MetHb) levels, even in the setting of hypoxemia, according to research published in the November issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia.

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Gestational Weight Gain Guidelines Questioned

FRIDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines for weight gain during pregnancy may be appropriate for underweight or normal-weight women, but overweight and obese women may have better outcomes if they adhere to different gestational weight gain recommendations, according to research published in the November issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Skiers' Behavior May Not Align With Ultraviolet Risk

FRIDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Skiers should continue to use sun protection even on cloudy days due to high ultraviolet radiation (UV), according to research published in the November issue of the Archives of Dermatology.

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Research Supports Annual Mammogram for Some

FRIDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- For women younger than 50 who are at medium familial risk of breast cancer, yearly mammographic surveillance could increase cancer detection, allow disease to be detected at an earlier stage, and decrease predicted mortality, according to research published online Nov. 18 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Secondhand Smoke Tied to Hearing Loss Risk

FRIDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- In addition to the known increased risk of hearing loss associated with smoking, it appears that exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) may pose a similar risk, according to research published online Nov. 15 in Tobacco Control.

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Antibiotic Use in Children's Hospitals Varies Greatly

FRIDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Many children admitted to a children's hospital receive antibiotics while there, but the use of antibiotics varies widely by hospital, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in Pediatrics.

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U.S. Health Insurance Compared to 10 Other Nations

FRIDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Adults in the United States spend more time and money on health insurance than those in many other developed nations, and ultimately deal with more coverage-related disputes and denials, according to research published online Nov. 18 in Health Affairs.

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3-Year-Olds' Weight Is Determinant of Systolic BP

THURSDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- In 3-year-old children, current weight is a determinant of systolic blood pressure while postnatal growth to 6 months of age is more predictive than birth weight, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Survey Finds High Mental Illness Burden in U.S.

THURSDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- About one-fifth of American adults have experienced mental illness during the past year, according to the results of a survey released by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) on Nov. 18.

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Risk of Mammography Radiation Found to Be Low

THURSDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Among women aged 40 and older undergoing routine mammographic screening, the risk of resulting radiation-induced breast cancer is low, suggesting that women shouldn't be deterred from mammography for this concern, according to research published online Nov. 16 in Radiology.

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Young Adult Cancer Patients Do Not Cope As Well

THURSDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer patients age 40 and younger have more cancer-related pain and financial difficulties, and do not cope with cancer as well as older patients, despite having a generally better prognosis, according to research published in the October issue of Pain Medicine.

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Preventive Care, Surveillance High Among CRC Survivors

THURSDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors who participate in clinical trials have better routine preventive health care and cancer screening than the general population, and also have high rates of compliance with cancer surveillance, according to research published online Nov. 15 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Intra-Abdominal Fat Predicts Hepatectomy Complications

THURSDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Use of imaging to identify patients with intra-abdominal fat, as opposed to outer-abdominal fat or mere high body mass index (BMI), may help assess risk for increased complications, including death, following major hepatectomy, according to research published in the November issue of the Archives of Surgery.

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Fraud in Scientific Literature Appears Intentional

THURSDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Scientific papers retracted after publication due to fraudulent data represent a calculated, deliberate effort to deceive, according to research published online Nov. 15 in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

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Social Status May Affect Depression Treatment Outcome

THURSDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Working-class and poor individuals may see less improvement in their ability to function at work after treatment for depression compared to middle-class patients, according to research published in the July issue of Psychiatric Services.

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Smoking in Pregnancy, Criminal Behavior Link Confirmed

THURSDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The relationship between heavy maternal smoking in pregnancy (MSP) and criminal offenses committed by adult offspring remains significant even after adjustment for multiple potential confounders, according to research published online Nov. 15 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

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Longer Surgery, Night Duty Tied to Stress Among Surgeons

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Surgeons face stress associated with longer surgeries and decreased arousal following night shifts, according to research published online Nov. 15 in the Archives of Surgery.

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United States Still Has Too-High Rate of Preterm Birth

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Since the previous year's report card, the preterm birth rate in the United States has improved, but the nation still earns a D on the new March of Dimes 2010 Premature Birth Report Card when compared to Healthy People 2010 goals, according to the organization, which released the report on Nov. 17.

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Gray Matter Deficits Found in Sleep Apnea Patients

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive impairment in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) appears to be linked to a decrease of gray-matter volume in specific regions of the brain; however, these may be partially or fully reversed with early detection and treatment, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Energy Drinks Linked to Alcohol Problems in College Students

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Frequent consumption of energy drinks is associated with a higher risk of alcohol dependence in college students, according to research published online Nov. 12 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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OTC Analgesics Up Risk of Congenital Cryptorchidism

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Use of over-the-counter pain medication during pregnancy -- particularly in the second trimester -- may increase the risk of congenital cryptorchidism, a finding which may explain recent marked increases in the incidence of this condition, according to research published online Nov. 8 in Human Reproduction.

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Review Notes Shift in Otitis Media Microbiology After PCV7

TUESDAY, Nov. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Though the microbiology of acute otitis media (AOM) has shifted, there is still no gold standard for diagnosis or treatment of the condition, according to research published in the Nov. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Education Linked to Pain-Reducing Steps at Pediatrician

TUESDAY, Nov. 16 (HealthDay News) -- An hour-long teaching session in pediatric offices on reducing immunization pain is associated with increased use of pain-reducing strategies, according to research published online Nov. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Lactobacillus GG Linked to Benefits in Childhood IBS

TUESDAY, Nov. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) may reduce abdominal pain in children with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), possibly due to improvement of the gut barrier, according to research published online Nov. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Small Proportion of Prescriptions Are Abandoned

TUESDAY, Nov. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Prescription abandonment accounts for a small proportion of drug non-adherence, with prescriptions with higher copayments, those for new medication users, and those delivered electronically more likely to be abandoned, according to research published in the Nov. 16 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Poor Handwriting in Autism Persists Into Adolescence

TUESDAY, Nov. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Poor handwriting with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) persists from childhood into adolescence, but the main predictor for poor handwriting shifts from motor skills to perceptual reasoning ability in the older group, according to a study published the Nov. 16 issue of Neurology.

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Foreign Bodies Increase Cost, Length of Stay, Not Mortality

TUESDAY, Nov. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The procedures during which foreign bodies are most likely to be left behind in pediatric patients tend to be gynecologic, and although these mishaps increase hospital stay and cost, they do not appear to increase mortality, according to research published in the November issue of the Archives of Surgery.

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Vyvanse Approved for Adolescent ADHD

MONDAY, Nov. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) capsules have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among adolescents aged 13 to 17, maker Shire Pharmaceuticals said Monday.

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Problematic Teen Gamers Few; Adverse Effects Serious

MONDAY, Nov. 15 (HealthDay News) -- While playing video games in moderation does not adversely affect health for most adolescents, problematic gamers are more likely to smoke, use drugs, fight, and feel depressed, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Motorcycle Crashes a Major Cause of Brain Injury in Youths

MONDAY, Nov. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Motorcycle crashes are a substantial cause of hospitalization and traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adolescents, but helmet laws that target only younger riders are less effective than universal helmet laws in reducing TBI, according to a pair of studies published online Nov. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Child Mortality in India Found to Be Largely Preventable

MONDAY, Nov. 15 (HealthDay News) -- In India, nearly 1.5 million children who died in 2005 succumbed to five avoidable causes, according to research published online Nov. 15 in The Lancet.

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Pain Linked With Poorer Prognosis in Liver Cancer

FRIDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Pain at presentation may indicate a worse prognosis for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to research published in the October issue of the Journal of Pain.

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AHA Urges Certification Program for CVD, Stroke Care

FRIDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- The American Heart Association (AHA) has proposed the development of a national hospital certification program to improve and standardize the delivery of care for cardiovascular disease and stroke. The AHA proposal has been laid out in a Presidential Advisory published online Nov. 12 in Circulation.

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Men's Knowledge of Testicular Cancer May Be Rising

FRIDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to a few decades ago, men may be more aware of issues surrounding testis cancer, including symptoms and cure rates, and may be more likely to perform self-examination, according to research published in the October issue of Urology.

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Patients Treated for Severe Acne Have Higher Suicide Risk

FRIDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals treated with isotretinoin for severe acne are at an increased risk of attempted suicide up to six months after the end of treatment, though there is already an increased risk in acne patients before treatment, so an additional risk due to treatment cannot be established, according to a study published online Nov. 11 in BMJ.

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Childhood, Teenage Abuse Linked to Diabetes in Adulthood

FRIDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate to severe physical and sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence appears to increase the risk for type 2 diabetes in adult women, partly because of the higher body mass index in women who were abused as children, according to a study published online Nov. 9 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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ED in Spinal Stenosis Worsens After Decompression Surgery

FRIDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Lumbar spinal decompression improves pain and quality of life in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis, but the surgery appears to worsen already high levels of erectile dysfunction (ED) in men with the spine condition, according to a study in the Oct. 15 issue of Spine.

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AAGL: Laparoscopic or Vaginal Hysterectomy Preferred

FRIDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Most hysterectomies for benign disease should be performed either vaginally or laparoscopically, according to a position statement by the AAGL (formerly known as the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists and now referred to only by its acronym) published online Nov. 9 in the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.

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Physician-Industry Financial Ties Decreased Since 2004

FRIDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer physicians received drug samples, food and beverages, reimbursement, or payment for professional services in 2009 than in 2004, but a large majority of physicians still report financial relationships with industry, according to research published in the Nov. 8 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Combo Therapy With Ribavirin Superior in Children With Hep C

FRIDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- In children and adolescents with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), the combination of peginterferon alfa-2a (PEG2a) and ribavirin is effective for achieving sustained virologic response (SVR), according to a study published online Nov. 1 in Gastroenterology.

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Use of New Web-Based Error Reporting System Feasible

THURSDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- It may be feasible for physicians and office staff to anonymously report adverse drug events and medication errors, which raises their awareness of the types of medication errors that can occur, but time pressures and a fear of repercussion are still issues, according to research published in the November/December issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Prevalence Up

THURSDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of children aged 4 to 17 with a parent-reported attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis increased more than 20 percent between 2003 and 2007, with particularly notable increases among older teenagers and Hispanic children, according to a report published in the Nov. 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Most Family Doctors Provide Routine Vaccinations

THURSDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Most family physicians provide routine vaccinations as a part of their general services, but many refer patients to other locations for certain vaccines, often due to lack of adequate reimbursement, according to research published in the November/December issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Invasive Breast Cancers Show Decline in Older Women

THURSDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Alongside a steep decline in the use of hormone therapy, incidence of invasive breast cancer and ductal carcinoma in situ fell in older women undergoing regular mammography in 2002 to 2006, according to research published online Nov. 8 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Low Vitamin D Levels Not Tied to Postpartum MS Relapses

THURSDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Although pregnancy and exclusive breast-feeding are strongly related to low vitamin D levels in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, these low levels are not related to an increased risk of postpartum MS relapses, according to research published online Nov. 8 in the Archives of Neurology.

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Lancet Series Looks at Chronic Diseases on Global Stage

THURSDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- A number of political and societal attitudes may help explain why many nations are giving too little attention to chronic diseases, according to an article published online Nov. 11 in The Lancet as part of a five-part series on chronic diseases and development.

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Surgery Checklist Linked to Lower Complications, Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The use of a comprehensive, multidisciplinary surgical safety checklist in hospitals that already have a high standard of care appears to be associated with fewer surgical complications and lower mortality, according to research published in the Nov. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Infant Diet May Affect Beta-Cell Autoimmunity Markers

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- In infants at increased risk for type 1 diabetes due to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotype, supplementing breast milk with a highly hydrolyzed milk formula is associated with fewer signs of beta-cell autoimmunity into childhood, according to research published in the Nov. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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ACCF/ACG/AHA: PPIs + Antiplatelet Drugs May Be OK

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Despite recent concerns of increased cardiac events during concomitant use, using proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and antiplatelet drugs (thienopyridines) together may be appropriate treatment for patients with cardiovascular disease who are also at high risk of upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, according to a joint Expert Consensus Document released by the American College of Cardiology Foundation, the American College of Gastroenterology, and the American Heart Association. The document was published online Nov. 8 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Cell Phone Messaging Improves HIV Treatment in Kenya

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Cell phone text messages sent to patients starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) can improve medication adherence and increase the proportion of patients achieving viral load suppression, according to research published online Nov. 9 in The Lancet.

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