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Category: Family Medicine | Monthly Briefing

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December 2010 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: January 03, 2011.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for December 2010. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Underage Drinking Emergency Room Visits Rise Over Holiday

FRIDAY, Dec. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital emergency department visits for underage drinking increased 263 percent on New Year's Day in 2009 as compared with emergency department visits on an average day during that year, according to a new Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) report published Dec. 30.

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Alcohol Consumption Tied to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

FRIDAY, Dec. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol consumption among caregivers of infants appears to be associated with a higher risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDs), which surges on New Year's Day and increases on weekends, according to research published online Nov. 9 in Addiction.

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Drug Insurance Coverage Not a Factor in Diabetes Control

THURSDAY, Dec. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Patient demographics, cardiometabolic health, ethnicity, and ongoing drug therapy contribute more to the care gap between patients with type 2 diabetes than access to private drug insurance coverage, according to a study published in the December issue of Diabetes Care.

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Gestational Diabetes Testing Guidelines Updated

THURSDAY, Dec. 30 (HealthDay News) -- In an effort to increase the identification of women with gestational diabetes and reduce health risks to mother and fetus, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) has adopted new guidelines for testing pregnant women for gestational diabetes; these guidelines have been published in a special supplement to the January issue of Diabetes Care.

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Deprivation Tied to Higher Assault Injury Rate in Youths

THURSDAY, Dec. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Deprivation correlates with violence-associated injury rates for both boys and girls in Wales, and the correlation appears to be particularly strong for girls in cities as opposed to towns, according to research published online Dec. 22 in the Emergency Medicine Journal.

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Pediatric Acute Sinusitis Visit Rates Unchanged

THURSDAY, Dec. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Office and emergency department visits for acute sinusitis among children appear to have remained stable since the introduction of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, but amoxicillin use has increased substantially in accordance with American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Vary Regionally

THURSDAY, Dec. 30 (HealthDay News) -- While the overall rate of admissions for substance abuse treatment in the United States remained stable between 1998 and 2008, there were substantial variations between regions, according to a new Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) report published Dec. 23.

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ROI Production Tied to Survival in Granulomatous Disease

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Disease severity and survival in patients with chronic granulomatous disease appear to be linked to the degree of residual reactive oxygen intermediate (ROI) production, which can be determined at diagnosis and used to guide treatment choices, according to research published in the Dec. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Collaborative Intervention May Trump Usual Care

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Collaborative, coordinated management, in which a supervised nurse works in tandem with a patient's primary care physician to provide guideline-based care, appears to result in better disease and depression control and management in patients than usual care, according to research published in the Dec. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Energy Drinks at Lower Doses May Help Reaction Times

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- An energy drink may improve individuals' reaction times, but improvements may dwindle with increasing doses, and acute caffeine consumption among adolescents has many effects that may be influenced by gender, according to two studies published in the December issue of Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology.

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Alternative Medicine Tied to Adverse Events in Children

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among children is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, according to a study published online Dec. 22 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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No Improvement Seen in Very Premature Infants

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Although postnatal steroid exposure has fallen in recent years for babies born before 25 weeks' gestation, survival rates and adverse neurosensory and cognitive outcomes have changed little, according to research published online Dec. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Nasal Congestion May Point to More Severe Asthma

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Nasal congestion may be a sign of severe asthma, according to a study published online Nov. 26 in Respiratory Research.

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Prepregnancy Overweight May Not Lead to Behavior Issues

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Being overweight prior to pregnancy may not increase the offspring's risk of behavioral problems or cognitive issues, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Weight Gain Accelerated With Cow Milk Formula

TUESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Infants fed cow milk formula (CMF) seem to experience accelerated weight gain compared with infants fed protein hydrolysate formula (PHF), which seems to result in earlier satiety and leads to normative weight gain, according to research published online Dec. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Well-Balanced Diet Linked to Improved Survival in Elderly

TUESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A diet consisting of a high intake of low-fat dairy products, fruit, whole grains, poultry, fish, and vegetables appears to be associated with improved survival and quality of life among older adults, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Tied to Diabetes, Dyslipidemia

TUESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) appear to be at a higher risk of diabetes and dyslipidemia, independent of body mass index (BMI), according to a study published in the January issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Doubt Cast on Need for Some Esophageal Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Screening for esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is not warranted in younger white men with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or white women of any age with GERD symptoms, according to research published online Dec. 7 in the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

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Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence High in Psoriasis Patients

TUESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- The metabolic syndrome occurs substantially more frequently in people with psoriasis than in the general population, according to research published online Dec. 20 in the Archives of Dermatology.

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Maternal Vitamin D Levels Tied to Infant Respiratory Health

TUESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Infants with higher cord-blood levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) appear to have a lower risk for respiratory infection and wheezing, but 25(OH)D levels do not appear to have an association with asthma, according to research published online Dec. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Contraceptives Linked to Higher Glucose, Insulin Levels

TUESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- The use of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate appears to be associated with slightly higher levels of fasting glucose and insulin, according to a study in the January issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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More Recreational Noise Tied to Hearing Loss in Girls

MONDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Increased exposure to recreational noise and lack of hearing-protection use may have led to an increase in noise-induced threshold shifts (NITSs), especially among female youths, in the last two decades, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in Pediatrics.

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FullPIERS Model Predicts Preeclampsia Adverse Events

MONDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- A new model, called the fullPIERS model, may help identify women at risk for adverse maternal outcomes associated with preeclampsia up to seven days prior to complication onset, according to a study published online Dec. 25 in The Lancet.

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Metabolic Syndrome Increases Risk of Hyperuricemia

FRIDAY, Dec. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) who have hyperuricemia are at increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and sudden cardiac death, according to a report published in the Dec. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Primary Care Interventions Can Reduce Falls in Elderly

FRIDAY, Dec. 24 (HealthDay News) -- A review and analysis of the literature suggests primary care-based interventions can reduce the number of falls suffered by the elderly; the research has been published in the Dec. 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Fetal Antiretroviral Exposure Impacts Cardiac Development

THURSDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Fetal exposure to antiretroviral therapy (ART) appears to be associated with increased left ventricular (LV) fractional shortening and contractility as well as reduced LV mass, septal thickness, and LV dimension, especially in girls, according to a study published in the Jan. 4 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Negative Aspects of Social Relations Tied to Angina Risk

THURSDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Negative aspects of social relations, including excessive demands and serious worries from significant others, children, or family members, appear to be risk factors for the development of angina pectoris, according to a study published online Dec. 22 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

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Immunochemical Fecal Testing Speeds Cancer Detection

THURSDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Patients at high risk for colorectal cancer who undergo yearly fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) along with scheduled colonoscopies are likely to have neoplasia detected a median of 25 months earlier than colonoscopy alone, according to a study published in the December issue of Gastroenterology.

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Expanded Screening, Treatment Could Reduce New HIV Infections

THURSDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Expanding screening and treatment for HIV would likely reduce the rate of new infections, especially if combined with interventions that result in less risky behavior, according to research published in the Dec. 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Placebos Without Deception Still Work in IBS

THURSDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The placebo effect appears to work in some irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients even when they know their treatment contains nothing more than an inert substance, according to research published online Dec. 22 in PLoS ONE.

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Fish Consumption Differences May Affect Stroke Disparities

THURSDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The amount of fish consumed, and preferences for preparation (i.e., fried versus nonfried), vary regionally and by race and may be a factor behind disparities in stroke, according to research published online Dec. 22 in Neurology.

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Childhood-Onset Epilepsy Tied to Much Higher Death Risk

THURSDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood-onset epilepsy is associated with a substantially increased risk of epilepsy-related death, including sudden, unexplained death, especially among those not in five-year terminal remission, according to a study published in the Dec. 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Rotavirus Vaccine Linked to Consistent Effect in Children

THURSDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The drop in pediatric hospitalizations linked to diarrhea and rotavirus that was seen in the 2007 to 2008 season, compared to prevaccine seasons, was sustained but smaller in the 2008 to 2009 season, according to research published online Dec. 20 in Pediatrics.

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Caffeine Citrate Cost-Effective for Infant Apnea

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Use of caffeine citrate, at a cost of $0.21 (Canadian) per mg is both less expensive and more effective than placebo to treat apnea in premature infants, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in Pediatrics.

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Web-Based Shared Medical Records Useful for Sick Patients

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Web-based shared medical records (SMR) may provide an effective way for physicians to conduct non-visit-based health care, specifically for older individuals with diabetes, according to a report published in the November issue of Diabetes Care.

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Prenatal Micronutrients Tied to Increased Functioning

TUESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- In areas where the community diet may be lacking in iron, prenatal supplementation with iron and folic acid is associated with increased intellectual and motor functioning in offspring, according to research published in the Dec. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Fatty Acid Tied to Lower Diabetes and Dyslipidemia Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of circulating trans-palmitoleate, which may result from consumption of whole-fat dairy products, appear to be associated with lower insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and incident diabetes, according to a study in the Dec. 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Few Tie Tanning Bed Avoidance to Lower Skin Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Indoor tanning use is higher among women than men, but few individuals of either gender say that avoidance of tanning beds reduces skin cancer risk, according to a study in the December issue of the Archives of Dermatology.

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CDC: Birth Rates in 2009 at Record Lows

TUESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The birth rate among women in their twenties and thirties, preterm birth rate, percentage of births to teenagers, general fertility rate, and total number of births declined in 2009, with the birth rate among women in their forties and the cesarean delivery rate increasing, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Corticosteroid Use May Increase Risk of Diabetes

TUESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The use of inhaled corticosteroids among patients with respiratory disease appears to be associated with modest increases in the risk of diabetes onset and progression, according to a study published in the November issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

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Echinacea Unlikely Beneficial for Common Cold Symptoms

TUESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Echinacea does not appear to improve the duration or severity of the common cold, according to a study published in the Dec. 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Inequities Seen in Children's Physicians in the United States

MONDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Though the primary care physician work force for children grew substantially in a recent 10-year period, the physicians specializing in children's health aren't equitably distributed across the United States, according to research published online Dec. 20 in Pediatrics.

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Breast-Feeding Duration Tied to Educational Outcomes

MONDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Infants who are predominantly breast-fed for six months or longer have better educational outcomes in middle childhood, though it appears these effects are evident in boys only, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in Pediatrics.

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Birth Rates Fall, As Do Death Rates in Children

MONDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to the previous year, 2008 found birth rates falling in teens and women, preterm birth rates and infant mortality rates decreasing, and death rates for children and teenagers also falling, according to a summary of vital statistics published online Dec. 20 in Pediatrics.

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Race, Economics Linked to Parkinsonism Outcomes

MONDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Race and socioeconomic status appear to influence disease severity related to parkinsonism in patients treated at a tertiary Movement Disorders Center, according to research published online Dec. 13 in the Archives of Neurology.

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Adherence to Schedule for HPV Vaccination Series Low

FRIDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to recommended schedules for human papillomavirus (HPV) quadrivalent vaccine is relatively low, and even lower among blacks, raising concerns about disease disparity, according to research published online Dec. 13 in Pediatrics.

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Colorectal Screening Reminders May Be Useful

FRIDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- The use of colorectal cancer screening reminders may be effective in getting people to be screened, according to research published online Dec. 13 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Fat Distribution Tied to Higher Risk of ER-Negative Cancer

FRIDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Abdominal adiposity does not appear to play a significant role in the risk for premenopausal breast cancer overall, though it does seem to be associated with an increased risk of estrogen receptor (ER)-negative cancer, according to research published online Dec. 16 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences High

FRIDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- A history of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is commonly reported by adults, with more than half reporting at least one ACE, according to a report published in the Dec. 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Many Children Consuming Sizable Amount of Caffeine

FRIDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Many children may be consuming more caffeine than previously reported, with older children consuming enough to cause physiological effects in adults, according to research published online Dec. 17 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Novel Tool Predicts Crohn's Disease Risks

FRIDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers have developed a tool that can be used to predict complications of Crohn's disease (CD) and suggest a likely response to treatment; their research has been published in the January issue of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

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Genetic Marker Test Score Predicts Low-Risk Scoliosis

FRIDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- A saliva-based test for 53 genetic markers can identify patients at low risk of progression to severe adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), according to research published in the Dec. 1 issue of Spine.

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Statement Stresses Importance of Exercise in Diabetes

FRIDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- People who engage in regular physical activity (PA) may reduce their risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and people with T2DM may reduce symptoms and complications and increase quality of life by participating in regular PA, according to a statement published in the December issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

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Death, Readmission Likely for Medicare Stroke Patients

FRIDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Most Medicare beneficiaries discharged from the hospital after ischemic stroke either die or are rehospitalized within one year, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in Stroke.

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Sweet Drinks May Lead to Metabolic Syndrome, Type 2 DM

THURSDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Higher consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with development of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, according to research published in the November issue of Diabetes Care.

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Early Cell Phone Exposure Linked to Behavioral Problems

THURSDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Early (i.e., prenatal and postnatal) cell phone exposure may set children up for subsequent behavioral problems, according to research published online Dec. 7 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

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Report Addresses Vaccination Disparities in Older Adults

THURSDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Older African-Americans and Hispanics are much less likely than older whites to get vaccinated against influenza and pneumonia, according to a report by the American Lung Association, "Missed Opportunities: Influenza and Pneumonia Vaccination in Older Adults."

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Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Occupation

THURSDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Transportation workers and farm managers are among the occupational groups with the greatest risk for developing metabolic syndrome, according to research published in the November issue of Diabetes Care.

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Statistics Update Finds CVD, Stroke Death Rates Declining

THURSDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Death rates from cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke fell in a recent period, but inpatient cardiovascular procedures rose at the same time and costs exerted a sizable burden compared to other conditions, according to updated statistics published online Dec. 15 in Circulation.

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HEPA Cleaners May Benefit Children With Asthma

THURSDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- High-efficiency, particle-arresting (HEPA) air cleaners may be useful as part of a larger strategy to reduce asthma morbidity in children exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke, according to research published online Dec. 13 in Pediatrics.

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48 Million Americans Acquire Foodborne Illnesses Annually

THURSDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately 48 million Americans acquire foodborne illnesses annually, with 128,000 becoming hospitalized and 3,000 dying each year as a result of the diseases, according to new estimates from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, published online Dec. 15 in Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Two More Placental miRNAs May Be Tied to Preeclampsia

THURSDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Differences in the expression of eight placental micro RNAs (miRNA) may contribute to the development of preeclampsia, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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2009 H1N1 Vaccine Effective and Safe in Beijing

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The PANFLU.1 vaccine, a monovalent split-virion vaccine of 15 µg of hemagglutinin antigen without adjuvant, appears to be safe and effective against H1N1 virus infection in school-age children in Beijing, according to a study published in the Dec. 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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FDA Warns of Tainted Dietary Supplement Products

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has expressed concern regarding undeclared or deceptively-labeled ingredients in products marketed as dietary supplements in a letter sent Dec. 15 to dietary supplement manufacturers.

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Video Games May Promote Produce Intake in Children

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Video games designed to promote healthy behaviors may be effective in increasing fruit and vegetable intake in children, though they don't seem to increase other healthy activities, according to research published in the January issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Different Opioids Linked to Different Risks of Events

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The risks of adverse events among older adults using opioid analgesics for nonmalignant pain varies by agent, according to research published in the Dec. 13/27 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Walking Linked to Improved Metabolic Control in Type 2 DM

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diabetes who walk with a trainer may improve their A1C score, need fewer medications, and improve their fasting blood glucose levels, according to a study published in the November issue of Diabetes Care.

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Vitamin D Levels Moderately Tied to Frailty Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Low and elevated 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels appear to be moderately associated with a higher risk of frailty among older women, with lower 25(OH)D levels among non-frail women modestly associated with an elevated risk of incident frailty or death within a few years, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Maternal Age Over 45 Linked to Higher Maternal and Fetal Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnancy at extreme advanced maternal age is associated with increased maternal and fetal risk, according to research published in the December issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Obesity Prevalence Has Risen for All Socioeconomic Groups

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- By 2008, more than a third of adults and almost 17 percent of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 in the United States were obese, and obesity prevalence had risen among all income and education levels, according to research recently released by the National Center for Health Statistics at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Maternal Depression Tied to Offspring Stress

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- An elevated level of depressive symptoms among women during pregnancy appears to be associated with higher levels of stress hormones among offspring at birth, as well as other neurological and behavioral differences in offspring, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in Infant Behavior and Development.

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Benzonatate Tied to Adverse Events in Young Children

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has notified health care professionals and consumers that ingestion of the cough suppressant benzonatate (Tessalon) in children younger than 10 years of age may result in serious adverse events or death.

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Staying Active May Prevent Middle-Aged Weight Gain

TUESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Men and women who stay highly physically active as they transition from young adulthood to middle age appear to be less likely to experience substantial weight gain than their less active peers, according to research published in the Dec. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems' Safety Questioned

TUESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic cigarettes, known as electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), are poorly designed and labeled, leading to safety concerns which might merit removal from the market, according to research published online Dec. 7 in Tobacco Control.

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Incidence of Neonatal Herpes Varies by Region, Insurance

TUESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Neonatal herpes simplex virus (nHSV) is relatively rare, but more common among Midwestern newborns and those covered by public health insurance, according to research published online Dec. 13 in Pediatrics.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis Linked to Early Myocardial Infarction Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Following a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), individuals may face a rapidly increasing risk of myocardial infarction (MI), according to research published in the December issue of the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Intervention Addresses Opioid Delivery in Pediatric Fractures

TUESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- A quality- and process-improvement effort can lead to improved timeliness of pain management in children with clinically apparent extremity fractures who present to the emergency department, according to research published online Dec. 13 in Pediatrics.

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Healthy Diet Tied to Reversion of Metabolic Syndrome

TUESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who adhere to a healthy diet may be able to reverse metabolic syndrome (MetS), according to a study published in the November issue of Diabetes Care.

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Unhealthy Teens More Isolated, Have Weaker Social Networks

MONDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Unhealthy adolescents are more likely to have a small social circle and to be on the periphery of that circle, according to a study in the Dec. 3 issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

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Racial Disparity Seen in Pediatric-Onset MS Patients

MONDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- African-American children with pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) may experience greater impairment of certain cognitive functions than their Caucasian peers, according to research published in the Dec. 7 issue of Neurology.

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For Treatment of Depression, Psychotherapy on the Decline

MONDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Two studies published in the December issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry address treatment of depression, with one study finding that use of psychotherapy has significantly decreased since 1998. The other study found that, for maintenance of remission, either pharmacotherapy or mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) should be continued.

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CVB1 Is Predominant Enterovirus Serotype Detected

MONDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- In 2007 and 2008, coxsackievirus B1 (CVB1) was the predominant enterovirus serotype detected, with states in the South reporting the most serotyped enterovirus detections, according to research published in the Dec. 10 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Smoking Laws Linked to Fewer Asthma Symptoms in Youths

MONDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Smoke-free laws may reduce asthma symptoms in youths, and children in homes in which no one smokes indoors may have higher cotinine levels if they live in apartments compared to detached houses, according to research published online Dec. 13 in Pediatrics.

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Tailored Program Helps PAD Patients Quit Smoking

FRIDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Participation in an intensive smoking cessation program tailored to help people with peripheral artery disease (PAD) appears to be an effective alternative to minimal care, according to research published in the Dec. 14/21 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Familial Alcoholism, Obesity Appear Linked

FRIDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- There is strong epidemiologic support for a link between familial alcoholism and obesity risk in women, with a less robust linkage found in men, according to research published in the December issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Media Exposure May Hinder Infants' Cognitive Development

FRIDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The more exposure 6-month-old infants have to media, particularly media directed toward older children and adults, the less developed their cognitive and language skills may be at 14 months, according to research published in the December issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Physical Activity During Youth Sports Likely Not Enough

FRIDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Participation of children and teens in organized sports often does not provide them with enough physical activity (PA) to meet guidelines of at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) during practice, according to a cross-sectional study published online Dec. 6 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Resistance Exercise Improves Sugar Levels in Gestational DM

FRIDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who perform resistance exercises during pregnancy may have better capillary glycemic levels and be less likely to require insulin coverage, according to a study in the December issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Rates of Drunk, Drugged Driving in U.S. Decline

FRIDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- In the last year, 13.2 percent of those age 16 or older drove while under the influence of alcohol, and 4.3 percent drove while under the influence of illicit drugs, according to a recently released Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services (SAMHSA) report, the "National Survey on Drug Use and Health: State Estimates of Drunk and Drugged Driving."

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U.S. Falling Short on Women's Health Goals

FRIDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- In terms of women's health, the United States hasn't met a number of its goals, many of which are found on the Healthy People 2010 list, according to a new report from the National Women's Law Center and the Oregon Health & Science University.

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Death Rate in U.S. Down, but So Is Life Expectancy, Slightly

THURSDAY, Dec. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Life expectancy has declined slightly in the United States, stroke is no longer the third leading cause of death, and heart disease and cancer still account for nearly half of U.S. deaths; these and other statistics can be found in a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, entitled "Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2008."

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Brief, Slight Exposure to Smoke Can Still Cause Damage

THURSDAY, Dec. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Even very brief exposure to tobacco smoke may cause immediate damage that can have serious long-term consequences, according to a recently released Surgeon General's report, "How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease."

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Counseling May Lead to Some Improvement in Patient Health

THURSDAY, Dec. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Behavioral counseling to improve diet or increase physical activity, provided at medium to high intensity, can lead to small improvements in patients' blood pressure, weight, and cholesterol, according to research published in the Dec. 7 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Many Youths With Diabetes Smoke Cigarettes

THURSDAY, Dec. 9 (HealthDay News) -- High proportions of youths with types 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus use tobacco, which adds to their already elevated risk for developing cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in the Journal of Pediatrics.

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Depression Tied to Decreased Gestational Age, Birth Weight

THURSDAY, Dec. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women with depressive symptoms may give birth earlier and to lower-birth-weight offspring than those without depressive symptoms, according to a study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Longer Anxiety Therapy Reduces Relapse Rate

THURSDAY, Dec. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) treated with venlafaxine hydrochloride extended release (XR) for 12 months have substantially lower relapse rates when they stop the medication than patients who stop the medication after six months, according to a study in the December issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Children in Group Care Early See Infection Rates Drop Later

THURSDAY, Dec. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Children who attend group child care (GCC) in their early preschool years have higher respiratory and ear infection rates in those years than children cared for at home, but by school age they have lower infection rates, according to a study in the December issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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In Pregnancy, Buprenorphine Effective for Opioid Dependency

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Buprenorphine is an acceptable alternative to methadone for the treatment of opioid dependency during pregnancy that appears to reduce the severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), according to a study published in the Dec. 9 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Secondhand Smoke Tied to Invasive Bacterial Disease

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) appears to be associated with the risk for invasive meningococcal disease, according to research published online Dec.

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