Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for February 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Pulmonary Fibrosis Flare-Ups Often Not Due to Viruses
MONDAY, Feb. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Acute viral infection is not detected in the majority of cases of acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), according to a study published online Feb. 25 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Cochrane Review Examines Safety of Biologic Agents
MONDAY, Feb. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Patients taking biologic agents for rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory conditions may experience a higher rate of adverse events, withdrawals from studies due to adverse events, and tuberculosis reactivation, compared to placebo, according to a literature review published online Feb. 16 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
Raised Risk of Pulmonary Embolism in Specific Cancers
THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of pulmonary embolism (PE) is significantly higher for outpatients with central nervous system (CNS), pancreatic, upper gastrointestinal, and lung/pleural malignancies, and lower for hematological and breast malignancies, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in Cancer.
Family Mealtime Interaction Affects Children's Health
THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The health of children with persistent asthma is linked to the quality of social interaction with their families during mealtime, according to a study published in the January/February issue of Child Development.
Microbial Exposure May Protect Against Asthma
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- There appears to be an inverse relationship between asthma and exposure to a wide variety of microbes, according to comparative analyses of children who grow up on farms and those who do not; the results have been published in the Feb. 24 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Herpes Zoster Risk Tied to COPD
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), especially those using oral steroids, are at increased risk of developing herpes zoster, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.
Low Pay for New Female Doctors Tied to Gender, Not Job
MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- In 2008, male physicians who were newly trained in New York State made an average of $16,819 more than newly trained female physicians, compared to a $3,600 difference in 1999, according to a study published in the February issue of Health Affairs.
Warfarin Lot Being Recalled Due to Mislabeled Bottle
FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Upsher-Smith Laboratories Inc. is voluntarily recalling a single lot of warfarin after one bottle labeled to contain 3 mg tablets was found to contain 10 mg tablets, the company and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration have announced.
New U.S. Report on the Nation's Health 2010 Released
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics' 34th annual report, presenting the latest information on health status and determinants, utilization of health care, health care resources, expenditures, and a special feature on death and dying, was published Feb. 16.
Child Outpatient Pneumonia Rates Unaffected by Vaccine
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Despite introduction of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in 2000, incidence rates of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) did not change between 1997 and 2004, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in Pediatrics.
Higher Bilirubin Tied to Lower Respiratory Disease Risk
TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with bilirubin levels in the normal range, an increased level is associated with a reduced risk of respiratory disease and all-cause death, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Most Recalled Medical Devices Given Lenient Approval
TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of medical devices recalled from 2005 to 2009 for risk of serious health hazard or death were approved by the less strict 510(k) process intended for devices considered low or moderate risk, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Corticosteroid Effective Asthma Rescue Addition
TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Inhaled corticosteroids as rescue medication with albuterol may be a useful step-down strategy for children with well-controlled, mild asthma as it is more effective at reducing exacerbations than is use of rescue albuterol alone in this population, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in The Lancet.
Dietary Fiber Consumption Linked to Reduced Mortality
TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Dietary fiber consumption is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause death in both men and women, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Researchers Explore Nature of Difficult Clinical Encounters
MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Both patients and physicians can bring qualities to a clinical encounter that result in its being perceived as difficult, and patients involved in these types of encounters have worse short-term outcomes, according to research published online Jan. 25 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
Single-Lung Tumors Respond to Radiofrequency Ablation
MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Pulmonary radiofrequency (RF) ablation is a safe and effective treatment option for lung tumors in patients with a single lung, according to a study published in the February issue of Radiology.
Indoor Coal Use May Slow Children's Growth
FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to household, coal-derived pollution may stunt the growth of children whose families rely on coal for heating, according to research published online Feb. 7 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.
CDC: Smoking Prevalence in Minnesota Down
FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- In Minnesota, tobacco control efforts to limit the harm caused by tobacco use appear to have substantially reduced the state's smoking prevalence, according to data published in the Feb. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
In Oxygen-Dependent COPD, Mortality Has Increased
THURSDAY, Feb. 10 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with oxygen-dependent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on long-term oxygen treatment (LTOT), overall mortality and mortality from non-respiratory causes have increased over time, according to research published online Jan. 7 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Public Sector Plays Big Role in Drug Research
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Public-sector research institutions (PSRIs) appear to play a bigger role in drug discovery than was previously thought, contributing to the discovery of about 10 to 20 percent of drugs approved for new drug applications since 1990, according to research published in the Feb. 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Faster Preemie Weight Gain Tied to Better Lung Function
TUESDAY, Feb. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Longitudinal measures of pulmonary function in infants and young children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia show significant airflow obstruction and restriction, which persists with time; however, infants with above-average weight gain show greater lung growth, according to a study published online Nov. 17 in Pediatric Pulmonology.
Nurses' Work Burden Linked to Patient Mortality
TUESDAY, Feb. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Long work hours among nurses are associated with an increased patient risk of acute myocardial infarction and mortality from pneumonia, according to research published in the January/February issue of Nursing Research.
Cystic Fibrosis Gene Mutation Tied to Pancreatitis Risk
THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with pancreatic-sufficient cystic fibrosis (CF) carrying genotypes associated with mild phenotypes appear to be at an increased risk of developing pancreatitis as compared to patients with the disease carrying genotypes associated with moderate-severe phenotypes, according to a study published in the January issue of Gastroenterology.
Good Response to Omalizumab at 16 Weeks Is Predictive
THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- For the majority of patients, response to omalizumab is an effective predictor of continuing persistent response to omalizumab, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in Allergy.
Long-Term Sequelae Affect Childhood Meningitis Survivors
TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of childhood bacterial meningitis may have long-term academic and behavioral limitations, and other long-term sequelae, according to a review published in the January issue of The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.
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