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Category: Internal Medicine | Monthly Briefing

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February 2011 Briefing - Internal Medicine

Last Updated: March 01, 2011.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for February 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Edarbi Approved for Treatment of Hypertension

MONDAY, Feb. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Edarbi (azilsartan medoxomil) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat adults with hypertension.

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Trial Results May Have Influenced PSA Testing Trend

MONDAY, Feb. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing of men for prostate cancer appears to have declined slightly since the 2009 publication of trials with conflicting findings on the effect of PSA testing on mortality, according to research published online Feb. 28 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteomes Differentiate Diseases

FRIDAY, Feb. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Neurologic post-treatment Lyme disease (nPTLS) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) can be differentiated by group-specific and individual cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein complements, according to a study published online Feb. 23 in PLoS ONE.

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Androgenic Alopecia Tied to Prostate Cancer Risk

FRIDAY, Feb. 25 (HealthDay News) - Early-onset androgenic alopecia is associated with the development of prostate cancer later in life, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in the Annals of Oncology.

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Denosumab May Delay Skeletal-Related Events

FRIDAY, Feb. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Denosumab prevents skeletal-related events for longer than zoledronic acid in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer with bone metastases, according to research published online Feb. 25 in The Lancet.

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Prostate-Specific Antigen Velocity No Indication for Biopsy

FRIDAY, Feb. 25 (HealthDay News) -- A current guideline on early detection of prostate cancer, which recommends biopsy based on high prostate-specific antigen (PSA) velocity even without other indications, may lead to many unnecessary biopsies, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Dietary Patterns May Influence Kidney Health

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- A diet high in red and processed meats and sweets may lead to microalbuminuria and rapid kidney function decline, but a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may protect against rapid estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline, according to research published in the February issue of the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

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Equations Predict Quadriceps Strength in Knee Osteoarthritis

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Predictive equations can be used to assess maximal quadriceps strength in individuals who have osteoarthritis in a knee joint, according to a study published in the February issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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Intensive Diabetes Treatment May Slow Atherosclerosis

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive treatment of type 1 diabetes slows the progression of atherosclerosis during a 12-year period after therapy, according to a study published in the February issue of Diabetes.

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Air Pollution Is Important Trigger of Heart Attacks

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Air pollution triggers about the same number of myocardial infarctions as individual risk factors such as physical exertion and alcohol and coffee consumption, according to research published online Feb. 24 in The Lancet.

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Underweight Tied to Higher Death Risk in All Asian Groups

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Among all Asian populations, underweight is associated with a substantially increased risk of death, but the excess death risk related to a high body mass index (BMI) is seen only among East Asians, according to the results of a large pooled analysis published in the Feb. 24 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Bupropion Improves Sexual Function in Type 2 Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with type 2 diabetes who are treated with bupropion (BU) for major depressive disorder (MDD) show significant improvement in sexual function, according to a study published in the February issue of Diabetes Care.

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Herpes Zoster Risk Tied to COPD

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), especially those using oral steroids, are at increased risk of developing herpes zoster, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Nitroglycerin Strengthens Bones in Older Women

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Nitroglycerin ointment appears to increase bone mineral density (BMD) and decrease bone resorption in postmenopausal women when administered daily, according to research published in the Feb. 23 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Review Finds Alcohol Intake Tied to Lower Heart Disease Risk

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Light to moderate alcohol consumption appears to have a protective effect against cardiovascular disease, according to two meta-analyses published online Feb. 22 in BMJ.

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Prolonged Bisphosphonate Use Tied to Fracture Risk

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Bisphosphonate therapy lasting more than five years is associated with an increased risk of subtrochanteric or femoral shaft fractures in older women, according to a study published in the Feb. 23 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Aspirin May Lower Type 2 Diabetes Atherosclerosis Risk

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose aspirin therapy may lower the risk of atherosclerotic events in patients with type 2 diabetes with mild renal dysfunction, according to a study published in the February issue of Diabetes Care.

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Structured Self-Monitoring Improves Glycemic Control

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Structured self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) improves glycemic control in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes who do not use insulin, according to a study published in the February issue of Diabetes Care.

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Stent Thrombosis Most Likely to Occur in Early Morning

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Coronary artery stent thrombosis tends to follow circadian and seasonal fluctuations, occurring most frequently in the early morning and during the summer, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Office-Based Tests Identify Unsafe Drivers After Stroke

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Several office-based tests on road safety can be administered to post-stroke patients to identify those individuals at risk of failing an on-road evaluation, according to a review published in the February issue of Neurology.

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Gastric Bypass, Duodenum Exclusion Effective in Diabetes

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Gastric bypass surgery with duodenum exclusion is more likely than sleeve gastrectomy without duodenum exclusion to result in remission of type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the February issue of the Archives of Surgery. According to a related article in the same issue, laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has a better risk-benefit profile than laparoscopic gastric banding.

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Obesity Independently Tied to Risk of Fatal Heart Attack

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is independently associated with fatal coronary heart disease (CHD), irrespective of other known biological or social risk factors, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in Heart.

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New Therapy for Helicobacter Pylori Eradication

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to standard therapy, quadruple therapy is better at eliminating Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in adults and should be considered as the first-line treatment in clarithromycin-resistant H. pylori, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in The Lancet.

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Increasing Triglycerides Tied to Ischemic Stroke Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Increasing levels of nonfasting triglycerides are associated with an increasing risk of ischemic stroke in both men and women, and high cholesterol levels are associated with ischemic stroke risk in men only, according to research published online Feb. 18 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Fostamatinib Safe, Not Effective in Rheumatoid Arthritis

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Fostamatinib disodium (R788), an oral spleen tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is safe but ineffective for treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who failed biologic therapies, according to a study published in the February issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Considerable Lack of Test Result Follow-Up in Hospitals

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Failure to follow up on test results is a considerable problem, which can negatively impact patient health, according to a review published in the February issue of BMJ Quality & Safety.

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Hyperprolactinemia Diagnosis Sufficient With Single Test

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- One serum blood test is sufficient to diagnose hyperprolactinemia, and dynamic testing of prolactin secretion should be avoided, according to new guidelines published in the February issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Low Pay for New Female Doctors Tied to Gender, Not Job

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- In 2008, male physicians who were newly trained in New York State made an average of $16,819 more than newly trained female physicians, compared to a $3,600 difference in 1999, according to a study published in the February issue of Health Affairs.

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Guidelines Set for Insulin Therapy in Hospital Setting

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Physicians has established guidelines for insulin therapy in hospitalized patients with or without diabetes, and another group of researchers has determined that there are no benefits for achieving strict glycemic control rather than less strict control in hospitalized patients; both articles have been published in the Feb. 15 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Different Therapies Improve Chronic Fatigue Outcomes

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For chronic fatigue patients, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and graded exercise therapy (GET) may moderately improve outcomes when added to specialist medical care (SMC), according to research published online Feb. 18 in The Lancet.

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Decreased Glaucoma Risk Seen in Obese Women

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity in women is linked to increased intraocular pressure and a reduced risk of developing open-angle glaucoma (OAG), according to a study published online Feb. 14 in the Archives of Ophthalmology.

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Insomnia in Arthritis Tied to Pain, Depression Ups Risk

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep disturbances are more prevalent among adults with arthritis compared to those without the disease, with the greatest risk affecting those with anxiety and depression, according to a study published in the February issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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Dialysis Patients Want More Information on Options

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) feel they do not receive enough information about the various treatment options, particularly home-based therapies, according to the results of a survey published online Feb. 17 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Alcohol Intoxication Increases Sleep Disruption in Women

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol intoxication elevates subjective sleepiness and disrupts sleep objectively in women more than in men, regardless of family history of alcoholism, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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Quality of Diabetes Social Networking Sites Varies

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The quality and safety of diabetes social networking (SN) sites vary, but observed better practice indicates that improvement is possible, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

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Warfarin Lot Being Recalled Due to Mislabeled Bottle

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Upsher-Smith Laboratories Inc. is voluntarily recalling a single lot of warfarin after one bottle labeled to contain 3 mg tablets was found to contain 10 mg tablets, the company and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration have announced.

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CDC: U.S. Influenza Activity Rates Up Since Mid-December

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza activity rates began increasing in mid-December 2010, and influenza-related hospitalizations have been highest among very young children and the elderly, according to a report in the Feb. 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Oral Bisphosphonates May Lower Colorectal Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Use of oral bisphosphonates for more than one year in postmenopausal women is associated with a 59 percent decrease in the relative risk of colorectal cancer, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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People Who Weigh Less Now Qualify for Gastric Device

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- The Lap-Band gastric banding device has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for people who are less obese than previous candidates, device maker Allergan said.

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Gallstones Linked to Increased Risk of Death

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with ultrasound documented gallstone disease or evidence of cholecystectomy have increased mortality from all causes and increased mortality related to cardiovascular disease and cancer, according to a study published in the February issue of Gastroenterology.

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Clean Uniforms Have Same Bacteria As Dirty White Coats

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- After an eight-hour work day, there is no difference in bacterial colonization of physicians' infrequently laundered white coats or freshly laundered short-sleeved uniform shirts, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Analgesic Efficacy Altered by Patient Beliefs

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- An individual's expectation of a drug's effect influences both its therapeutic efficacy and the pain-related brain pathways that are activated during treatment, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Leisure Inactivity Levels Highest in U.S. South, Appalachia

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Levels of leisure-time inactivity vary around the country, but the proportion of U.S. adults who do not engage in physical activity outside of work is highest -- nearly 30 percent -- in parts of the South and Appalachia, according to estimates released Feb. 16 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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New U.S. Report on the Nation's Health 2010 Released

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics' 34th annual report, presenting the latest information on health status and determinants, utilization of health care, health care resources, expenditures, and a special feature on death and dying, was published Feb. 16.

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Zinc May Reduce Duration and Severity of Common Cold

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Zinc taken within 24 hours of common cold symptoms reduces symptom duration and severity; and preventive zinc therapy in children reduces cold incidence, missing school, and antibiotic prescriptions, according to a review published online Feb. 16 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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Steroids Up Risk of Bowel Perforation in Arthritis Patients

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with glucocorticoids or with a history of diverticulitis have increased risk of gastrointestinal (GI) perforation, according to a study in the February issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Cardiac Resynchronization Aids Less Symptomatic Patients

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), which reduces morbidity and mortality in patients with advanced heart failure, also reduces mortality and frequency of heart failure-related hospitalizations in patients with milder heart failure, according to a review published online Feb. 15 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Increased Errors With Liquid Medications and Inhalers

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The administration of medicines in liquid form, or by devices such as inhalers, injections, or transdermals, is associated with a significantly increased likelihood of errors, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in BMJ Quality & Safety.

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Hospital Readmissions Higher for Blacks Than for Whites

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Blacks tend to have a higher level of hospital readmissions than whites, and, in children, a small percentage of patients with recurrent admissions make up a fairly large proportion of overall admissions, according to two articles published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Dementia Risk Increases With Severity of Hearing Loss

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Hearing loss is independently associated with incident all-cause dementia and Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published in the February issue of the Archives of Neurology.

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Higher Bilirubin Tied to Lower Respiratory Disease Risk

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with bilirubin levels in the normal range, an increased level is associated with a reduced risk of respiratory disease and all-cause death, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Blood-Borne Infection Risk Dropping Among Drug Users

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of HIV infection among injection drug users (IDUs) declined from 1988 to 2008, while infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) has decreased but is still significant, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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MRI With Mammography Useful for High-Risk Women

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- When used together with mammography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful screening tool for high-risk women who have undergone chest irradiation, according to research published online Feb. 15 in Radiology.

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Most Recalled Medical Devices Given Lenient Approval

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of medical devices recalled from 2005 to 2009 for risk of serious health hazard or death were approved by the less strict 510(k) process intended for devices considered low or moderate risk, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Heart Disease Prevention Guidelines for Women Updated

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Practical medical advice that works in the "real world," taking into account personal and socioeconomic realities, may more successfully prevent cardiovascular disease in women than recommendations based only on research findings, according to an update to the American Heart Association (AHA) guideline for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in women, published online Feb. 14 in Circulation.

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Obesity, Arthritis Shorten Quality-Adjusted Life-Years

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- A substantial number of quality-adjusted life-years are lost due to knee osteoarthritis and obesity, with a disproportionate number of black and Hispanic women affected, according to a study published in the Feb. 15 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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High Body Mass Index Linked to Poor Infliximab Response

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who have a high body mass index (BMI) respond less well to infliximab, even when adjusting for disease activity and anti-citrullinated protein antibody status, according to a study published in the February issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Dietary Fiber Consumption Linked to Reduced Mortality

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Dietary fiber consumption is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause death in both men and women, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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New Drug Offers Alternative to Warfarin

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have issued an updated guideline, describing the newly approved medication dabigatran as an alternative to warfarin for patients with atrial fibrillation who need anticoagulation therapy; the guideline update has been published online Feb. 14 in Circulation.

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Researchers Explore Nature of Difficult Clinical Encounters

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Both patients and physicians can bring qualities to a clinical encounter that result in its being perceived as difficult, and patients involved in these types of encounters have worse short-term outcomes, according to research published online Jan. 25 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Different Black Box Warnings Common in Same-Class Drugs

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Labeling differences of black box warnings (BBWs) in drugs of the same class are common and affect perceptions of safety of similar agents, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Undefined Liver Failure Linked to Acetaminophen

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with acute liver failure (ALF) from an uncertain cause have a relatively high prevalence of unrecognized acetaminophen toxicity, according to a study published in the February issue of Hepatology.

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Too Much, Too Little Sleep Affects Cardio Outcomes

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Both short and long sleep duration are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular events, according to research published online Feb. 7 in the European Heart Journal.

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Traditional Measures Miss Obesity in Women With Lupus

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Obese women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may be misclassified by anthropometric measures. Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can be used to adjust the traditional guidelines to improve diagnostic accuracy, according to a study published in the February issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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Addison's Disease Is a Risk Factor for Hip Fracture

FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Clinically diagnosed and undiagnosed cases of Addison's disease (AD) are associated with hip fractures in patients aged 30 years or older, with the highest risk in women aged 50 years or younger, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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CDC: Smoking Prevalence in Minnesota Down

FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- In Minnesota, tobacco control efforts to limit the harm caused by tobacco use appear to have substantially reduced the state's smoking prevalence, according to data published in the Feb. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Hemodynamic Monitoring Affects Heart Failure Admissions

THURSDAY, Feb. 10 (HealthDay News) -- New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III heart failure patients managed by a wireless implantable hemodynamic monitoring (W-IHM) system require fewer hospitalizations, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in The Lancet.

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Few Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients Get Lipids Screen

THURSDAY, Feb. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Primary lipid screening was carried out in less than half of eligible rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, many of whom see their rheumatologist as often or more than their primary care provider (PCP), according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Public Sector Plays Big Role in Drug Research

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Public-sector research institutions (PSRIs) appear to play a bigger role in drug discovery than was previously thought, contributing to the discovery of about 10 to 20 percent of drugs approved for new drug applications since 1990, according to research published in the Feb. 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Capsule Endoscopy Improves Crohn's Disease Diagnosis

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- For patients without endoscopic or clinical suspicion of stenosis, capsule endoscopy (CE) demonstrates improved sensitivity for detection of Crohn's disease (CD) in the terminal ileum and superior diagnosis in the proximal small bowel, according to a study published in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Errors in Hospital Analgesia Prescriptions Nearly 3 in 1,000

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Analgesic drug errors in hospitals occur at a rate of almost three per 1,000 prescriptions, and more than twice that among pediatric patients, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Pain.

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Rheumatic Diseases Afflict 1 in 12 Women, 1 in 20 Men

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- About 8 percent of women and 5 percent of men will develop an inflammatory autoimmune rheumatic disease such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during their lifetime, according to research published online Dec. 28 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Metabolic Syndrome Doesn't Affect Female Sexual Function

TUESDAY, Feb. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic syndrome appears to have little impact on sexual function in middle- to old-aged women, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Radiation Exposure After Heart Attack May Raise Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, Feb. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Acute myocardial infarction patients exposed to low-dose ionizing radiation for cardiac imaging or therapeutic procedures may be at an increased risk for developing cancer, according to research published online Feb. 7 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Metabolic Syndrome May Hasten Cognitive Decline

MONDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its individual components appear to have a deleterious effect on cognitive function in older adults, according to research published online Feb. 2 in Neurology.

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Nonalcoholic Liver Disease Rate Exceeds Past Estimates

MONDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is higher than previously estimated, with Hispanics and those with diabetes at the highest risk, according to a study published in the January issue of Gastroenterology.

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Cirrhosis Patients at Increased Risk of Extrahepatic Cancer

MONDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with liver cirrhosis have more than double the risk of developing extrahepatic cancer than the general population, and they also have a significantly increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to a study published in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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More Screen Time Linked to Slower Heart Rate Recovery

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Prolonged screen-viewing time appears to slow the rate at which the heart returns to normal after exertion, according to research published online Jan. 17 in Heart Asia.

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Incidence of ST-Segment Elevation MI Decreasing

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence rate of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has decreased in recent years, as has long-term mortality in patients with STEMI and non-STEMI, according to a study published in the January issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

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Stroke-Related Mortality Lower for Blacks Than Whites

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Blacks have lower mortality rates than whites following acute ischemic stroke, and they are more likely to receive life-sustaining interventions, according to research published in the Feb. 1 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Restricted Diet Can Identify Food-Induced ADHD

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Dietary restriction may be a useful tool in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, according to research published in the Feb. 5 issue of The Lancet.

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Global Obesity Prevalence Nearly Double 1980 Levels

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Although many of the world's regions have experienced falling blood pressure and cholesterol levels, the prevalence of obesity has nearly doubled since 1980; three papers documenting trends in these health indicators have been published online Feb. 4 in The Lancet.

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Hydrolyzed Wheat Flour Foods Safe for Celiac Disease Patients

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Baked goods made from hydrolyzed wheat flour and manufactured with sourdough lactobacilli and fungal proteases do not appear toxic to patients with celiac disease, according to a study published in the January issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Strong Association Between Enterovirus and Diabetes Found

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A review of molecular studies has found a strong association between enterovirus infection and the development of type 1 diabetes; the research has been published online Feb. 3 in BMJ.

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Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine Highly Effective in Young

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A single dose of H1N1 vaccine administered during the fall of 2009 in Canada appears to have been more than 90 percent effective in protecting recipients, particularly children and young adults, from the pandemic, according to research published online Feb. 3 in BMJ.

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Among Statin Users, Smoking Cessation Deserves Emphasis

THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients taking statins for coronary heart disease (CHD), smokers are still more likely to suffer a major cardiovascular event (MCVE), when compared with nonsmokers, according to a study published in the Jan. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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More Than 5 Percent of Elderly Have Cognitive Disorders

THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- More than 5 percent of the 38.7 million U.S. individuals aged 65 years and older in 2007 reported having one or more cognitive disorders, according to a January statistical brief from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

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Good Response to Omalizumab at 16 Weeks Is Predictive

THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- For the majority of patients, response to omalizumab is an effective predictor of continuing persistent response to omalizumab, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in Allergy.

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H1N1 Vaccine Appears Safe

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Adverse events associated with influenza A (H1N1) vaccine appear to be limited and relatively rare, and there is no evidence of an increased risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome associated with the virus, according to research published online Feb. 2 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Vaccine Prevents Human Papillomavirus in Males

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) appears effective in preventing HPV-6, 11, 16, and 18 as well as the development of external genital lesions in boys and men, according to research published in the Feb. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Tumor Recurrence May Predict Stage Progression

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Frequency of tumor recurrence is a predictor of subsequent stage progression in patients diagnosed with nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer, according to a study published in the February issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Maternal Stroke Associated With Heart Disease in Women

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Female patients who have acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are more likely to have a familial history of stroke in a female first-degree relative (FDR) than a male FDR, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics.

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Half With Hypertension Don't Have it Controlled

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately one-half of Americans with hypertension and two-thirds with high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) do not have their condition under control, with individuals lacking health insurance having the lowest rates of control, according to two reports published in the Feb. 1 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Gastric Bypass Surgery Improves Cardiac Function

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Marked weight loss after gastric bypass surgery (GBS) is associated with reversal of unfavorable cardiac remodeling and improved left and right ventricular function, according to a study published in the Feb. 8 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Increased Length of Stay in For-Profit Hospices

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Hospice agencies that operate for profit have a higher percentage of patients with diagnoses associated with lower-skilled needs, and longer length of stay compared to nonprofit hospice agencies, according to a study published in the Feb. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Age, Race, and Wealth Affect Arthritis Drug Receipt

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Among Medicare-managed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, receipt of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) varies based on demographic and other factors, according to a study published in the Feb. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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FDA: B. Braun Safety Infusion System Recalled

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and B. Braun have notified health care providers and consumers of a class 1 recall of the B. Braun Outlook 400ES Safety Infusion System upgra

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