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Category: Family Medicine | Monthly Briefing

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June 2011 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: July 01, 2011.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for June 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Most Addicted Americans Start Using Before Age 18

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- Most Americans currently meeting medical criteria for addiction began smoking, drinking, or using drugs before their 18th birthday, according to a study released June 29 by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University.

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Text Messaging Can Help Smokers Stop Smoking

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- An automated mobile phone text messaging smoking cessation program (txt2stop) can significantly improve continued abstinence in smokers, according to a study published online June 30 in The Lancet.

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Pain Is a Public Health Issue and Economic Burden in U.S.

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- An integrated approach that responds to all the factors influencing pain can successfully treat, manage, and prevent chronic pain, according to a report published in June by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), on behalf of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

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Bottles of Tylenol Recalled

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- The manufacturer of Tylenol is recalling one lot of U.S.-distributed Tylenol Extra Strength Caplets 225 count bottles, according to an announcement by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Parent, Child Surgery May Spur Parents to Quit Smoking

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- Parents are more likely to try to quit smoking if they or their child had a recent surgery, and are more likely to succeed if they underwent the surgical procedure and not their child, according to a study published in the July issue of Anesthesiology.

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Black Patients Have Slower Transfer for Revascularization

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- Black patients who have an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and present to a nonrevascularization hospital are transferred more slowly to revascularization hospitals than their white counterparts, according to a study published in the July issue of Medical Care.

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Poorer Thyroid Cancer Survival in African-Americans

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- African-Americans (AAs) with thyroid cancer have a poorer survival rate than whites, which may be attributed to differences in disease characteristics, according to a study published online June 21 in Ethnicity & Disease.

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COPD Rates Remain Stable in U.S. Between 1998 and 2009

WEDNESDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remained stable in the United States between 1998 and 2009, according to a report published online June 29 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Incentives Negatively Impact Non-Incentivized Activities

WEDNESDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Incentives may have a detrimental impact on non-incentivized activities of quality of care in the long-term, according to a study published online June 28 in BMJ.

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Higher Mortality in Obese, Low Occupational-Class Women

WEDNESDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- For women who have never smoked, low socioeconomic status is linked to a higher prevalence of obesity and higher mortality rates from cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online June 28 in BMJ.

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E-Alerts Found to Help Prevent Thromboembolism

WEDNESDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic alerts (e-alerts) may be a cost-effective prophylactic strategy to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in hospitalized patients, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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In Lumbar Stenosis, ABI and TBI Needed for PAD Diagnosis

WEDNESDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS) with or without normal arterial pulses, screening for peripheral artery disease (PAD) should include measuring the ankle brachial pressure index (ABI) and toe brachial pressure index (TBI), according to a study published in the July 1 issue of Spine.

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Ambulatory BP Monitoring Can Predict Renal, Cardiac Risk

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring, especially at night, may predict renal and cardiovascular risks better than office BP measurements, according to a study published in the June 27 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Flu Vaccine Safe for Sunitinib, Sorafenib Treated Patients

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Patients undergoing chemotherapy with sunitinib or sorafenib develop seroprotection rates similar to healthy controls following vaccination against influenza, according to a study published online June 28 in Clinical Cancer Research.

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Moderate, Severe Diastolic Dysfunction Predicts Mortality

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with normal systolic function, the presence of moderate or severe diastolic dysfunction (DD) may be an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality and survival rate, according to a study published in the June 27 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Vitamin D, Calcium Don't Reduce Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose vitamin D and calcium supplementation do not reduce the overall incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in postmenopausal women, but may benefit women with a history of NMSC, according to a study published online June 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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New Model Estimates Impact of Breast-Cancer Risk Factors

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- A new breast cancer risk model predicts that changes in the modifiable risk factors in a woman's lifestyle may reduce the absolute risk of developing breast cancer, according to a study published online June 24 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Brief Intervention Helps Employees Return to Work

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- A brief intervention is as efficient as multidisciplinary intervention for increasing one-year return to work (RTW) for sick-listed employees with low back pain (LBP), according to a study published in the July 1 issue of Spine.

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Evening Media Use Affects Sleep in Children

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Evening media or daytime violent media use may increase sleep problems in preschool-aged children, but nonviolent daytime media use does not, according to a study published online June 27 in Pediatrics.

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New Tool Validated for Vision-Related Quality of Life

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- The Effects of Youngsters' Eyesight on Quality of Life (EYE-Q) instrument is a validated and reliable tool which may be useful for determining vision-related quality of life (VRQOL) in visually impaired children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated uveitis (JIA-U), according to a study published online June 15 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Normal CT Scan Tied to Favorable Head Trauma Result

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Children with minor blunt head injury with normal initial computed tomography (CT) scan results and a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 14 to 15 are very unlikely to need neurosurgical intervention, according to a study published online June 17 in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

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Obesity in Children and Adolescents Linked to Media

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Media, and specifically television viewing, may be correlated with childhood and adolescent obesity, which is related in part to advertising of unhealthy foods, according to a policy statement issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and published online June 27 in Pediatrics.

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More Pediatricians Utilizing Formal Screening Tools

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- An increased use of developmental tools by pediatricians was observed between 2002 and 2009, according to a study published online June 27 in Pediatrics.

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Prophylactic Heparin May Not Prevent Placental Insufficiency

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Women at risk of placental insufficiency who are treated with unfractionated heparin (UFH) during pregnancy may not have significantly better outcomes than those undergoing standard care, according to a study published online June 20 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Induction of Labor May Not Raise Emergency Cesarean Risk

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Induction of labor does not increase the risk of emergency cesarean section (CS), when comparing gestational weeks 39, 40, or 41 with a later induced or spontaneous labor, according to a study published online June 16 in the Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica.

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Higher Prevalence of Autism Disorders Seen in IT Regions

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Autism spectrum conditions (ASC) are more common in children residing in regions which are centers of information technology (IT), according to a study published online June 17 in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

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FDA Changes Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agent Dosing

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has recommended more conservative dosing guidelines for the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in the treatment of anemia associated with chronic kidney disease, as these drugs are tied to an increased risk of cardiovascular events.

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Home Stress Adds to Child's Lung Damage by Air Pollutants

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) - The presence of psychosocial stress at home is correlated with increased susceptibility to the effects of traffic-related air pollution (TRP) on lung function, according to a study published online June 23 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Simvastatin Tops Ezetimibe for Endothelial Protection

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Simvastatin is more effective than ezetimibe in treating patients with high cholesterol levels, but treatment with a combination is most beneficial, according to a study published online May 30 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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IOM Addresses Prevention of Obesity in Young Children

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Encouraging more physical activity and limiting television and other media use as well as requiring child care providers to promote healthy sleeping practices are a few of the recommendations in a new report from the Institute of Medicine that is part of an effort to reduce obesity in very young children.

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Disordered Eating Persists From Adolescence to Adulthood

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Dieting and disordered eating behaviors that begin during adolescence continue to be prevalent in early adulthood, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

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Obese Teen Girls Have Higher Nicotine Addiction Risk

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Obese adolescent females have a significantly increased risk of nicotine addiction in young adulthood, which is strongly predicted by family smoking, according to a study published online June 21 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Long-Term Pollutant Exposure Tied to Uncontrolled Asthma

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) - Long-term exposure to particulate matter smaller than 10 µm (PM10) and ozone (O3) is associated with uncontrolled asthma in adults, according to a study published online June 20 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

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Glow Gel Enhances Hand-Washing Ability in Children

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- The use of glow gel to wash hands is an effective way to improve hand hygiene in children, even without specific education, according to a study published in the July issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

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Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Approach Feasible for Infants

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) using a feed-and-swaddle approach does not require deep sedation or cardiac anesthesia, and can be used to evaluate aortic arch abnormalities in infants, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Most Young Adults Receive Routine Health Care

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of young American adults regularly seek health care and have access to insurance, according to a survey published online June 14 by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).

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Poor Bowel Preparation Tied to Missed Adenoma Diagnosis

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who undergo colonoscopies with suboptimal preparation of the bowel may have missed adenoma diagnoses, which are detected at repeat colonoscopy, according to a study published in the June issue of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

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CDC: Expanded HIV Testing Initiative Effective

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Initiatives to expand HIV testing, including an opt-out HIV screening approach used among inmates during prison medical intake evaluation, appear to be effective in identifying new HIV cases, according to two reports in the June 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Motivational Interviewing May Improve Post-Stroke Mood

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Motivational interviewing (MI) is associated with improved mood and reduced mortality in post-stroke patients, according to a study published online June 23 in Stroke.

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Tighter Control of Systolic BP Lowers Stroke Risk for Some

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Tight control of systolic blood pressure (SBP) to levels of less than 130 mm Hg is associated with additional risk reduction of stroke among people with risk factors but no established cardiovascular disease, according to a meta-analysis published online June 2 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Perinatal Depression Care Influenced by Care Providers

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal care providers are largely influenced by internal factors while making decisions regarding perinatal depression care, according to a study published in the May issue of General Hospital Psychiatry.

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Maternal Smoking May Lower Children's HDL Cholesterol

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Healthy 8-year-olds whose mothers smoked during pregnancy may have reduced levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, according to a study published online June 21 in the European Heart Journal.

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Autism Tied to Disrupted Neural Synchronization

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Toddlers with autism display disrupted neural synchronization during sleep compared to language-delayed or typically developing children, according to a study published in the June 23 issue of Neuron.

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Statin Therapy Tied to Lower Prostate Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Statin therapy may decrease the risk and severity of prostate cancer, according to a study published in the July issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Higher Antibiotic Use Among Younger Home Care Patients

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Home care patients younger than 65 years and those with poor health are more likely to receive antibiotic treatment, according to a study published in the July issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

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Syndrome Caused by E. coli Mostly in Adults, Women

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- A large, ongoing outbreak of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome caused by Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) in Germany is occurring mostly in adults, primarily women, according to a study published online June 22 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Variability Seen in Primary Care High-Risk Prescribing

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- High-risk prescribing or potentially inappropriate prescribing of drugs in primary care patients shows considerable unexplained variation between practices, and it is more likely in patients prescribed long-term drugs, according to a study published online June 21 in BMJ.

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Specific Diet, Lifestyle Factors Tied to Long-Term Weight Gain

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Specific dietary and lifestyle behaviors are independently associated with long-term weight gain, according to a study published in the June 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Increased Prevalence of Diabetic Kidney Disease

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in the United States increased between 1988 and 2008 in proportion to the prevalence of diabetes, according to a study published online June 22/29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Melanoma Screening Advised for High-Risk Patients

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Screening for early melanoma detection should be focused on the at-risk population, according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of Dermatology.

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Perinatal Exposures May Impact Breast Development

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Gestational or perinatal exposure to certain endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) can alter mammary gland (MG) development, disrupt lactation, and increase susceptibility to breast cancer, according to a review published online June 22 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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Nasal Spray May Reduce IL-6 in Pediatric Sleep Apnea

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- The treatment of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) with fluticasone furoate nasal spray may reduce secretions of interleukin 6 (IL-6), according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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Obesity Linked to Lower IVF Pregnancy, Live Birth Rates

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Women with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 kg/m² or more who undergo in vitro fertilization (IVF) have a significantly reduced likelihood of clinical pregnancy and live birth than women with normal BMI, according to a study published in the July issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Insufficient Evidence for Pretesting TPMT Status

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- There is insufficient evidence to support pretesting for thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) status before initiating thiopurine treatment, and estimates of the sensitivity of genotyping are imprecise, according to a review published in the June 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Intensive-Dose Statins Linked to Increased Diabetes Risk

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive-dose statin therapy may be associated with an increased risk of new-onset diabetes and a lower risk of cardiovascular events, according to a meta-analysis published in the June 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Anti-TNF Doesn't Increase Complication Risk in Early RA

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who are treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy do not have an increased risk of serious infections and malignancies compared to those treated with methotrexate (MTX), according to a meta-analysis published in the June issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Multidetector CT Scan Diagnostic of Appendicitis

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is a highly sensitive and specific test for routine evaluation of suspected appendicitis in adults, according to a study published in the June 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Longer Peri- and Preshock Pauses Linked to Poor Survival

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- For patients who suffer cardiac arrest and present with a shockable rhythm, longer perishock and preshock pauses are independently associated with a decrease in survival to hospital discharge, according to a study published online June 20 in Circulation.

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Millions in U.S. Do Not Receive PAD Prevention Therapies

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of U.S. adults with peripheral artery disease (PAD) may not be receiving secondary prevention therapies, despite the fact that treatment with multiple agents is significantly correlated with lower all-cause mortality, according to a study published online June 20 in Circulation.

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Safe Weight Loss Guidelines Issued for Athletes

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Weight loss and weight maintenance for athletes and active individuals should be encouraged in a safe way, based on scientific evidence and with advice from appropriately trained health care personnel and athletic trainers, according to recommendations published in the May-June issue of the Journal of Athletic Training.

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Early Statin Therapy May Reduce Unstable Angina

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Early statin therapy following acute coronary syndromes (ACS) may reduce the risk of unstable angina at four months, but does not significantly reduce the risk of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke, according to a review published in the June issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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Cancer Survivors Have Increased Medical Expenses

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- The increased expenditure attributable to cancer applies to all cancer survivors, including longer-term survivors, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of Cancer.

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Averaging BP Measurements May Help Control Classification

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- An average of several blood pressure (BP) measurements should be used to classify patients' BP control, as a single clinic recording is not a meaningful quality metric, according to a study published online June 20 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives Safe for Most

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) are safe and effective for almost all women of reproductive age, according to an American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) practice bulletin published in the July issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Vessel Sealing System May Be Superior Tonsillectomy Method

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- The vessel sealing system (VSS) may be a superior tonsillectomy method than other conventional or modern technology-assisted methods, according to a meta-analysis published in the June issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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Food Stores Near Schools Not Tied to Obesity in Students

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- The presence of food stores with unhealthful food near high schools in Maine has no significant impact on the obesity risk of students, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

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Medication at Bedtime Gives Better BP Control in Diabetes

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with diabetes, taking one or more hypertension medications at bedtime gives better blood pressure control and major cardiovascular event risk reduction compared to morning medication, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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Updated Performance Measures May Improve Patient Care

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- A series of 10 performance measures for adults may help improve the care of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and hypertension by providing treatment and controlling risk factors; the measures were published online June 13 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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U.S. Food Allergy Prevalence Higher Than Reported

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence and severity of childhood food allergy in the United States is greater than previously reported, with disparities in childhood allergy and its clinical diagnosis, according to a study published online June 20 in Pediatrics.

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No Conclusive Evidence for Use of Psychosis Interventions

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- There is emerging but inconclusive evidence that individuals with prodromal symptoms or first-episode psychosis may benefit from specialized early intervention services and phase-specific treatment, according to a review published in the June issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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Portable Pools May Pose Submersion Risk for Children

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of pediatric submersion events in portable pools involve children younger than 5 years and take place in the child's own yard, according to a study published online June 20 in Pediatrics.

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Childhood Asthma Linked to ADHD in Adolescence

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood asthma is associated with subsequent development of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), particularly the hyperactivity-impulsivity (HI) component in adolescence, according to a study published online May 21 in Allergy.

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Many Primary Care Physicians Not Addressing Weight Issues

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- A large number of primary care physicians (PCPs) do not offer adequate counseling for weight status for adults or children, according to two studies published in the July issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Low Use of Screenings by Sexual Minority Young Women

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- Routine reproductive health screenings, including Papanicolaou (Pap) smears and sexually transmitted infection (STI) tests, are underutilized by sexual minority adolescent and young adult women, according to a study published online June 7 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Caregiver Support May Reduce Psychological Distress

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- The psychological distress of caring for a friend or relative with a terminal disease may be reduced if informal caregivers receive direct support, although the quality of evidence is low, according to a review published in the June issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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HPV Vaccination Program Tied to Fewer Cervical Abnormalities

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of high-grade cervical abnormalities (HGAs) has decreased in girls younger than 18 years, within three years of the implementation of a population-wide human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program in Australia, according to a review published in the June 18 issue of The Lancet.

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FDA: Smoking Cessation Drug Tied to Cardiac Issues

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has warned consumers and health care professionals that varenicline (Chantix) may be associated with a small but increased risk of cardiovascular adverse events in individuals with cardiovascular disease.

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CDC: Small Percent of Youth Meet Physical Activity Goals

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Only a small percentage of youth have met the objective for aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities outlined in the Healthy People 2020 (HP 2020) physical activity guidelines, and daily consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is high, especially among male and black youth, according to two reports in the June 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Syphilis Screening May Reduce Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Screening interventions may reduce the incidence of perinatal death and stillbirth attributed to syphilis, according to a review published online June 16 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Gene Mutation Tied to Increased Vitamin D Sensitivity

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Mutations in CYP24A1 are associated with increased sensitivity to vitamin D in patients with idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia, and may be a potential genetic risk factor for the development of symptomatic hypercalcemia in otherwise healthy infants, according to a study published online June 15 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Infectious Patients on Flights May Raise Influenza Risk

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza-like illness (ILI) may be transmitted during a flight, with disease incidence being clustered closely around a passenger who was symptomatic or infectious during the flight, according to a study published online June 16 in Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Flecainide Treatment Linked to Sudden Cardiac Death

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated with flecainide develop an increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) or proarrhythmic events, according to a study published online June 2 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Multifactorial Causes Linked to Increasing Opioid Deaths

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid-related deaths occur due to multifactorial causes, and solutions are required to address all the causes, according to a review published online June 13 in a supplement of Pain Medicine.

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Increased Risk of Femoral Arterial Thrombosis in Children

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- For children with indwelling arterial catheters (IACs), the incidence of arterial thrombosis is increased in the femoral artery and is independently associated with age, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Vitamin D Supplementation Widely Recommended

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Depending on age and clinic circumstances, vitamin D supplementation at suggested daily-intake and tolerable upper-limit levels is widely recommended, particularly for those individuals at risk of deficiency, according to the Endocrine Society's guidelines published online June 6 in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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High Olive Oil Consumption May Prevent Stroke in Elderly

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- High olive oil consumption is associated with a decreased risk of stroke in older people, according to a study published online June 15 in Neurology.

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Unequal Care Access for Children With Public Insurance

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Access to outpatient care is restricted for children with public insurance compared to those with private insurance, according to a study published in the June 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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New Meningococcal A Conjugate Vaccine Is Effective

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- A new meningococcal A (MenA) conjugate vaccine (PsA-TT) has been found to have a stronger antibody response to group A meningococci than a quadrivalent polysaccharide reference vaccine (PsACWY), according to a study published in the June 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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New Rotavirus Vaccine Reduces Cases of Infant Diarrhea

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- In Mexico and Brazil, use of the new monovalent rotavirus vaccine (RV1) is associated with a short-term risk of intussusception in vaccinated infants but prevents a far higher number of hospitalizations and deaths from diarrhea, according to a study published in the June 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Sleep Positions and Practices May Influence Late Stillbirth

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal sleep positions and practices may be associated with late stillbirth risk, according to a study published online June 14 in BMJ.

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Early Childhood Exposure to Pets Influences Sensitization

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Indoor exposure to dogs or cats in the first year of life may influence sensitization to that animal in adulthood, according to a study published in the July issue of Clinical & Experimental Allergy.

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Life Expectancy in U.S. Counties Below Many Nations

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Most counties within the United States fall behind the international frontier with the best life expectancies in the world, according to a study published online June 15 in Population Health Metrics.

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Inappropriate Medicines Tied to Serious Avoidable Adverse Events

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Use of the Screening Tool of Older Persons' potentially inappropriate prescriptions (STOPP) criteria has identified an association between potentially inappropriate medicine (PIM) prescriptions and the likelihood of a serious adverse drug event (ADE) in older people; and, when hospitalized, older people are at risk of being prescribed PIMs and actually inappropriate medicines (AIMs), especially in intensive care units (ICUs), according to a study and research letter published in the June 13 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Psychiatric, Substance Abuse Disorders Common in Homeless

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- A high proportion of homeless people in Denmark have psychiatric disorders and/or a substance abuse diagnosis, which is associated with increased mortality, according to a study published online June 14 in The Lancet.

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Similar Number for Outpatient, Inpatient Malpractice Claims

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- The number of paid malpractice claims is similar in both inpatient and outpatient settings, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Lengthy TV Viewing Tied to Increased Morbidity, Mortality

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Prolonged television viewing is associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, fatal or nonfatal cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality, according to a meta-analysis published in the June 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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FDA Announces Sunscreen Label Changes

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has announced that sunscreen products that meet modern standards of effectiveness may be labeled with new information to help consumers reduce the risk of skin cancer, prevent sunburn, and lower the risk of early skin aging.

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