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Category: Psychiatry | Monthly Briefing

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June 2011 Briefing - Psychiatry

Last Updated: July 01, 2011.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for June 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Most Addicted Americans Start Using Before Age 18

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- Most Americans currently meeting medical criteria for addiction began smoking, drinking, or using drugs before their 18th birthday, according to a study released June 29 by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University.

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Pain Is a Public Health Issue and Economic Burden in U.S.

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- An integrated approach that responds to all the factors influencing pain can successfully treat, manage, and prevent chronic pain, according to a report published in June by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), on behalf of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Report

Text Messaging Can Help Smokers Stop Smoking

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- An automated mobile phone text messaging smoking cessation program (txt2stop) can significantly improve continued abstinence in smokers, according to a study published online June 30 in The Lancet.

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Married People More Likely to Survive Colon Cancer

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- Married patients with colon cancer may have improved survival rates compared to singles, according to a study published online April 5 in Cancer Epidemiology.

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Evening Media Use Affects Sleep in Children

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Evening media or daytime violent media use may increase sleep problems in preschool-aged children, but nonviolent daytime media use does not, according to a study published online June 27 in Pediatrics.

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Higher Prevalence of Autism Disorders Seen in IT Regions

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Autism spectrum conditions (ASC) are more common in children residing in regions which are centers of information technology (IT), according to a study published online June 17 in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Abstract
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Home Stress Adds to Child's Lung Damage by Air Pollutants

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) - The presence of psychosocial stress at home is correlated with increased susceptibility to the effects of traffic-related air pollution (TRP) on lung function, according to a study published online June 23 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Disordered Eating Persists From Adolescence to Adulthood

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Dieting and disordered eating behaviors that begin during adolescence continue to be prevalent in early adulthood, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Abstract
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Obese Teen Girls Have Higher Nicotine Addiction Risk

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Obese adolescent females have a significantly increased risk of nicotine addiction in young adulthood, which is strongly predicted by family smoking, according to a study published online June 21 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Abstract
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Motivational Interviewing May Improve Post-Stroke Mood

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Motivational interviewing (MI) is associated with improved mood and reduced mortality in post-stroke patients, according to a study published online June 23 in Stroke.

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Autism Tied to Disrupted Neural Synchronization

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Toddlers with autism display disrupted neural synchronization during sleep compared to language-delayed or typically developing children, according to a study published in the June 23 issue of Neuron.

Abstract
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Perinatal Depression Care Influenced by Care Providers

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal care providers are largely influenced by internal factors while making decisions regarding perinatal depression care, according to a study published in the May issue of General Hospital Psychiatry.

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Chronic Pruritus Adversely Impacts Quality of Life

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic pruritus may affect quality of life (QoL) and, after adjusting for confounding variables, is found to have a similar impact to chronic pain, according to a study published online June 16 in the Archives of Dermatology.

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No Conclusive Evidence for Use of Psychosis Interventions

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- There is emerging but inconclusive evidence that individuals with prodromal symptoms or first-episode psychosis may benefit from specialized early intervention services and phase-specific treatment, according to a review published in the June issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Abstract
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Childhood Asthma Linked to ADHD in Adolescence

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood asthma is associated with subsequent development of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), particularly the hyperactivity-impulsivity (HI) component in adolescence, according to a study published online May 21 in Allergy.

Abstract
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Caregiver Support May Reduce Psychological Distress

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- The psychological distress of caring for a friend or relative with a terminal disease may be reduced if informal caregivers receive direct support, although the quality of evidence is low, according to a review published in the June issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Abstract
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FDA: Smoking Cessation Drug Tied to Cardiac Issues

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has warned consumers and health care professionals that varenicline (Chantix) may be associated with a small but increased risk of cardiovascular adverse events in individuals with cardiovascular disease.

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Multifactorial Causes Linked to Increasing Opioid Deaths

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid-related deaths occur due to multifactorial causes, and solutions are required to address all the causes, according to a review published online June 13 in a supplement of Pain Medicine.

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Unequal Care Access for Children With Public Insurance

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Access to outpatient care is restricted for children with public insurance compared to those with private insurance, according to a study published in the June 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Life Expectancy in U.S. Counties Below Many Nations

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Most counties within the United States fall behind the international frontier with the best life expectancies in the world, according to a study published online June 15 in Population Health Metrics.

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Psychiatric, Substance Abuse Disorders Common in Homeless

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- A high proportion of homeless people in Denmark have psychiatric disorders and/or a substance abuse diagnosis, which is associated with increased mortality, according to a study published online June 14 in The Lancet.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Similar Number for Outpatient, Inpatient Malpractice Claims

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- The number of paid malpractice claims is similar in both inpatient and outpatient settings, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Mothers' Attitudes Affect Adult Children's Mental Illness

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Stigmatizing attitudes of family members, particularly mothers, can negatively impact individuals with mental illness, according to a study published in the June issue of Social Psychology Quarterly.

Abstract
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Women Soldiers As Resilient As Men to Combat Stress

MONDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Women may have levels of resilience to combat-related stressors that are comparable to that of men, according to a study published online May 30 in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology.

Abstract
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Potiga Approved for Adult Epileptic Seizures

MONDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Potiga (ezogabine) tablets have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat partial epileptic seizures in adults, the agency said Monday.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Recurrent Maternal Depression May Affect Child's Behavior

MONDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to recurrent maternal depressive symptoms in toddlerhood is significantly associated with childhood behavior problems at age 5 years; but formal child care at age 2 can positively impact negative behavior, according to a study published online June 13 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
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Age of Epilepsy Onset Linked to Cognitive Impairment

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- Age of seizure onset may be a significant predictor of cognitive impairment in preschool children with epilepsy, according to a study published online May 13 in Epilepsia.

Abstract
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Benzodiazepine Admissions Almost Tripled From '98 to '08

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- Benzodiazepine abuse-related admissions nearly tripled from 1998 to 2008 and are accompanied by abuse of another substance in 95 percent of cases, according to the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) report published online June 2 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Mindfulness Program Helps Reduce Bother of Hot Flashes

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- A mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program may help reduce the bother caused by hot flashes in peri- and early postmenopausal women, according to a study published in the June issue of Menopause.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Mentally Ill Get Fewer Coronary Revascularizations

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- Following cardiac events, patients with mental illness receive fewer invasive coronary procedures and have higher mortality rates than those without mental illness, according to a meta-analysis published in the June issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry.

Abstract
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Childhood ADHD Tied to Substance Use Issues in Adults

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a significant risk factor for the development of substance use disorder (SUD) in adulthood, irrespective of gender, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

Abstract
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Despite Psychiatric Care, Youths Continue to Visit ERs

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Most youths who repeatedly present to an emergency department report having a connection to outpatient mental health care, according to a study published in the June 1 issue of Psychiatric Services.

Abstract
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Fibromyalgia Syndrome May Be Linked to Abuse

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Significant correlations may exist between fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and self-reported sexual and physical abuse in childhood and/or adulthood, according to a meta-analysis published in the June issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
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Rare Gene Copy Number Variations Linked to Autism

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with the presence of rare de novo copy number variants (CNV), according to three studies published in the June issue of Neuron.

Abstract - Sanders
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Daily Activities Impacted by Cognitive Impairment

WEDNESDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- Mild deficits in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) are common in individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Ease Depression Symptoms

WEDNESDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for patients with depression who are receiving residential substance abuse treatment may improve depression and reduce substance abuse, according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract
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School Bullies More Likely to Commit Partner Violence

TUESDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Boys who bullied their peers as a child are more likely to commit intimate partner violence (IPV) as adults; and, men who are violent have increased gray matter (GM) volume in their mesolimbic reward systems, according to two studies published online June 6 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine and the Archives of General Psychiatry, respectively.

Abstract - Falb
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Abstract - Schiffer
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Youth Bear Large Burden of Global Death, Disease

TUESDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Youths between the ages of 10 and 24 years carry 15.5 percent of the global burden of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), according to a study published online June 7 in The Lancet.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: More Risky Behaviors Seen in Gay, Bisexual Teens

MONDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- Gay, lesbian, or bisexual students are more likely to engage in health-risk behaviors than heterosexual students, according to a report published in the June 6 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Paroxetine With Pravastatin Raises Blood Glucose Levels

MONDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- Co-administration of paroxetine and pravastatin is associated with an increase in blood glucose levels, especially in patients with diabetes, according to a study published online May 25 in Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics.

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REMIT Useful for Evaluating Depression Remission

FRIDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- The Remission Evaluation and Mood Inventory Tool (REMIT) 5 is an effective self-report method which may improve the assessment of depression remission by measuring nondepressive symptoms, according to a study published in the May issue of General Hospital Psychiatry.

Abstract
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ADHD and Deficient Emotional Control Run in Families

FRIDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- The inheritance pattern of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and deficient emotional self-regulation (DESR) suggests that DESR may be a familial subtype of ADHD, according to a study published online April 15 in The American Journal of Psychiatry.

Abstract
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Fear of Dying Tied to TNFα Levels in Cardiac Injury

THURSDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Fear of dying is seen in most patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and is correlated with inflammatory responses, according to a study published online June 1 in the European Heart Journal.

Abstract
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Functional MRI May Indicate Language Disability in Autism

WEDNESDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) may be used as an indicator of language impairment in children with autism, according to a study published online May 31 in Radiology.

Abstract
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