Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for July 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Abuse-Related PTSD Linked to Poor Perinatal Outcomes
FRIDAY, July 29 (HealthDay News) -- Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes of lower birth weight and shorter gestation, particularly in childhood abuse survivors, according to a study published online July 27 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Hepatitis B and C Prevalent in Injecting Drug Users
THURSDAY, July 28 (HealthDay News) -- Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigens (HBsAg) are common in injecting drug users (IDUs), with an estimated 10.0 million IDUs positive for HCV and 1.2 million for HBsAg, according to a review published online July 28 in The Lancet.
Fatty Acid-Induced Gut-Brain Signaling Lessens Sad Emotion
THURSDAY, July 28 (HealthDay News) -- Fatty acid-induced gut-brain signaling attenuates experimentally induced sad emotion at both the behavioral and neural levels in healthy individuals, according to a report published online July 25 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
Parental Deployment Tied to Impaired Adolescent Well-Being
WEDNESDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Parental military service impairs parameters of adolescent well-being, particularly for boys, according to a study published online July 21 in the American Journal of Public Health.
FDA: Methylene Blue and Linezolid Tied to CNS Reactions
TUESDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has notified health care professionals and patients that individuals taking certain psychiatric medications may be at a higher risk of serious central nervous system (CNS) reactions when given reversible monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), including methylene blue or linezolid (Zyvox).
Crossing Environment Tied to Pedestrian Injury Rates in ADHD
TUESDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder combined type (ADHD-C) show appropriate pedestrian behavior on the curb but choose riskier pedestrian environments to cross the street, according to a study published online July 25 in Pediatrics.
Specific Child Health Care Needs Tied to Poor School Outcomes
MONDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Specific subgroups of children with special health care needs due to functional limitations or behavioral health problems are at higher risk of poor outcomes at school, including lower academic achievement, according to a study published online July 25 in Pediatrics.
Rat Study: Single Vaccine Against Heroin Addiction Feasible
MONDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- A single heroin vaccine producing specific antibody titers against heroin and its psychoactive metabolites successfully blunt the physiological effect of the drug, according to an experimental study published online June 21 in the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.
Personality Traits Predict BMI Changes Across Adulthood
MONDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Certain personality traits are predictors for changes in body mass index (BMI) across adulthood, but changes in those traits are mainly unrelated to BMI changes, according to a study published online July 11 in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
Propranolol Prevents Cocaine-Associated Memory Retrieval
MONDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- The common β-blocker propranolol has been shown to prevent retrieval of cocaine-associated memories in addiction-models in rats, according to an experimental study published in the August issue of Neuropsychopharmacology.
Disrupted Thalamic MRI Patterns in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), resting-state magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns are disrupted, with significantly increased thalamic resting-state networks (RSNs) and reduced symmetry, according to a study published online July 20 in Radiology.
Physical Activity Tied to Reduced Cognitive Decline Risk
WEDNESDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Regular physical activity reduces the rate of cognitive decline in older women with vascular disease or risk factors; and greater activity energy expenditure (AEE) reduces the incidence of cognitive impairment in older adults, according to two studies published online July 19 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Prenatal Partner Violence Tied to DNA Methylation in Offspring
WEDNESDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal exposure to intimate-partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is associated with methylation of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) promoter in adolescent children, according to a study published online July 19 in Translational Psychiatry.
Bed-Sharing With Children Not Linked to Cognitive Outcomes
TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- There appears to be no negative association between mother-child bed-sharing between the ages of 1 and 3 years, and cognitive and behavioral outcomes at age 5 years, according to a study published online July 18 in Pediatrics.
Antidepressants Found Lacking for Seniors With Dementia
TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Seniors with dementia who are prescribed antidepressants may not reap any benefit from the medication, but they do experience some adverse effects, according to research published online July 18 in The Lancet.
Unhealthy Lifestyle Factors Linked to Sexual Problems
THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- Unhealthy lifestyle factors are associated with sexual inactivity with a partner in sexually active men and women, with sexual dysfunction significantly more likely in men, according to a study published online May 13 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Age-Associated Health Decline Risk Factor for Alzheimer's
THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- A frailty index of 19 deficits not previously reported to predict dementia is associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to a study published online July 13 in Neurology.
Low Positive Affect in Childhood Factors Into Eventual Depression
THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- Low positive affect (PA) may be an early vulnerability factor for unipolar depressive disorder in at-risk children, and has more of an impact than high negative affect (NA), according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
Half of Parkinson's Patients With Psychosis Use Antipsychotics
WEDNESDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- The overall use of antipsychotics in Parkinson's disease (PD) remained unchanged from the 2002 fiscal year (FY) to the 2008 FY, with 50 percent of patients with PD and psychosis (PDP) prescribed an antipsychotic in routine clinical care in the 2008 FY, according to a study published in the July issue of the Archives of Neurology.
Mobile Sensor Device Effectively Monitors Sociability
TUESDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- Sociability and physical activity data from mobile-sensor devices in older adults correlate well with data from traditional questionnaires, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.
Secondhand Smoke Tied to Child Neurobehavioral Issues
MONDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Postnatal exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is associated with an increase in the risk of neurobehavioral disorders among children, according to a study published online July 11 in Pediatrics.
Satisfaction With Life Linked to Reduced Heart Disease
MONDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Satisfaction across specific life domains, particularly one's job, family, sex life, and self, is associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), with the association primarily mediated by angina, according to a study published online July 4 in the European Heart Journal.
Prenatal Distress Tied to Higher Risk of Childhood Wheeze
FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal demoralization is associated with an increased risk of childhood wheeze among low-income urban African-Americans and Hispanics, according to a study published in the July issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.
Dignity Therapy Benefits Terminally Ill Patients
THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- Terminally ill patients find dignity therapy helpful in alleviating secondary outcomes of distress, according to a study published online July 7 in The Lancet Oncology.
Conservative Scoliosis Treatment Tied to Lower Self-Concept
WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Conservative treatment of adolescent scoliosis may decrease self-concept scores, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of Spine.
Mental Illness Bed Provision Tied to Involuntary Admissions
WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- A reduction in the provision of mental illness beds is associated with an increase in involuntary admissions rates, especially with a one year time lag, according to a study published online July 5 in BMJ.
Parental Deployment to War Takes Mental Toll on Children
WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Increased mental health diagnoses are observed in children of U.S. military personnel deployed in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), according to a study published online July 4 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.
High Risk of Rereport in Child Abuse Cases
WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- A large percentage of children who remain in the home following an abuse report are at an increased risk of rereports and reabuse, according to a study published online July 4 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.
Eating Disorders Associated With High Mortality Rates
WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with eating disorders -- anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) -- have significantly increased mortality rates, with the highest rate in those with AN, according to a meta-analysis published in the July issue in the Archives of General Psychiatry.
First Trimester Antidepressant Use Tied to Childhood ASD
TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), especially during the first trimester of pregnancy, may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in children, according to a study published online July 4 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Shared Environment Tied to Autism Risk in Healthy Twin
TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- In twins, shared environment may have a greater impact on susceptibility to autism spectrum disorders (ASD) than genetic inheritance, according to a study published online July 4 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Late Talking Does Not Impact Later Behavioral Problems
TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Language delay is associated with behavioral problems at age 2, but this delay is not a risk factor for behavioral or emotional problems in later childhood and adolescence, according to a study published online July 4 in Pediatrics.
Memory Blackouts Predictive of Alcohol-Related Injury
MONDAY, July 4 (HealthDay News) -- A significant increase in alcohol-related injury (ARI) is seen in college drinkers who have memory blackout, with those suffering from more blackouts having a higher likelihood of ARI, according to a study published online June 27 in Injury Prevention.
Underage Men Drink More During Holiday Weekend
FRIDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- There are an increased number of visits to hospital emergency departments for alcohol-related events over the fourth of July weekend, with young men at a higher risk than women, according to a study published on June 30 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).
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