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Category: Nursing | Monthly Briefing

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August 2011 Briefing - Nursing

Last Updated: September 01, 2011.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for August 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Predictors of Child Ventricular Assist Device Mortality ID'd

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- In children with ventricular assist device (VAD) support, congenital etiology, norepinephrine requirement, C-reactive protein (CRP) levels higher than 6.3 mg/dL, and central venous pressure (CVP) greater than 17 mm Hg are independent predictors of in-hospital mortality, according to a study published in the Sept. 6 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Electronic Records Tied to Better Diabetes Care, Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Medical practices using electronic health records (EHRs) achieve significantly higher composite standards for diabetes care and outcomes than those using paper records, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Deletion in β-Globin ID'd in Fetal Hemoglobin Silencing

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- A small intergenic region required for γ-globin (fetal hemoglobin) gene silencing has been identified near the 5' end of the δ-globin gene, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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CPR Pre-Heart Rhythm Analysis Does Not Affect Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the outcome of a brief period of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with early rhythm analysis is similar to that of a longer period of CPR with delayed rhythm analysis; and the use of an impedance threshold device (ITD) during standard CPR does not significantly improve survival with satisfactory function, according to two studies published in the Sept. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Japan's Universal Health System Evaluated

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The disproportionate aging population in Japan and societal influences may negatively impact the country's universal health care system, according to six articles published in a Japan series online Aug. 30 in The Lancet.

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Pediatric Window-Fall-Related Head Injuries Analyzed

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Children younger than 4 years of age or those landing on hard surfaces are more likely to sustain head injuries, be hospitalized, or die in window-related falls than older children or those who fall on cushioning surfaces, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Undernutrition in Early Life Ups CHD Risk in Adult Women

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to undernutrition during postnatal developmental periods of childhood, adolescence, or young adulthood is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in adult women, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the European Heart Journal.

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Lower Early Restenosis Rate With Drug-Eluting Balloons

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Drug-eluting balloons (DEBs) seem to be safe and effective for treating long infrapopliteal lesions, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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AAP Updates Infant/Young Child Febrile UTI Guidelines

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a technical report, "Diagnosis and Management of an Initial UTI in Febrile Infants and Young Children," detailing changes that include updated recommendations for imaging. The report was published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Composition of ICU Team Affects Professional Burnout

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The composition of caregiver teams in intensive care units (ICUs) affects the risk of professional burnout, with an increased proportion of female nurses associated with a decreased risk, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Cost-Effective Perinatal HBV Transmission Prevention ID'ed

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- In hepatitis B surface-antigen-positive pregnant women, administration of lamivudine or hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) in the third trimester is a cost-effective method for prevention of perinatal transmission of hepatitis B, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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Variable Survival Benefit of Radioembolization in HCC

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The survival benefit for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with radioembolization with yttrium-90-labeled resin microspheres is affected by numerous factors with the most significant, independent prognostic factors including Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status, international normalized ratio >1.2, tumor burden and extrahepatic disease, according to a study published online June 30 in Hepatology.

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Rate of Maternal Weight Gain Impacts Size of Neonate

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Greater than recommended rates of weight gain during the second and third trimesters increase the odds of large-for-gestational-age babies regardless of prepregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI), and gaining at a lower than recommended rate increases the odds of small-for-gestational age babies for all except the most obese women, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Increasing BMI Ups Atonic Uterus Hemorrhage Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of postpartum atonic uterus hemorrhage increases with increasing maternal body mass index (BMI), but there is no correlation between obesity and postpartum hemorrhage with retained placenta, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Chronic Kidney Disease Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components are significantly associated with the development of estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) less than 60 ml/min/1.73 m², according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 18 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Four Categories of Eligibility for Contraceptive Use Endorsed

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians should assess the appropriateness of contraceptives for women with specific medical conditions or characteristics based on the four categories of medical eligibility defined by the 2010 U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (U.S. MEC), according to a Committee Opinion published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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AAP Recommends Quadrivalent MMRV for Most Children

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Use of measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine (MMRV) is generally preferred over separate injections of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) and varicella vaccines, unless there is a personal or family history of seizures, or difficulty communicating the risks involved to parents or caregivers, according to a policy statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

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AAP, CPS Oppose Boxing for Children and Adolescents

TUESDAY, Aug. 230 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS) oppose boxing for children and adolescents, and recommend that physicians encourage participation in alternate sports that do not involve head blows, according to a policy statement by the AAP and the CPS, published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Child-Care Settings Opportunity to Prevent Childhood Obesity

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Child-care settings can offer numerous opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity to prevent childhood obesity, but few interventions have been designed to address these issues, according to a review published online Aug. 26 in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

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Counseling Helps Smokers With Comorbid Disorders Quit

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Counseling by primary care providers (PCPs) is effective for encouraging smoking cessation for individuals with and without alcohol, drug, or mental (ADM) disorders, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

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Aerobic Training Better Than Resistance Training for Obese

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For sedentary, overweight and obese adults, aerobic training (AT) is more effective than resistance training (RT) at reducing visceral fat, total abdominal fat, liver fat, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, and fasting insulin resistance (HOMA), and there is no additional benefit of adding RT to AT, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism.

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ESC: Mortality Up With High Serum Cathepsin S in Elderly

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- High circulating serum cathepsin S levels are associated with an increased risk of mortality in the elderly, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, to coincide with its presentation at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2011, held Aug. 27 to 31, in Paris, France.

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Lack of Slow Wave Sleep Ups Hypertension Risk in Older Men

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of slow wave sleep (SWS) is significantly associated with incident hypertension in men aged 65 years and older, even after adjusting for confounding variables, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in Hypertension.

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ESC: Addition of IABC to PCI Doesn't Reduce Infarct Size

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) without shock, use of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) plus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) does not reduce the size of myocardial infarct more than PCI alone, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, to coincide with its presentation at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2011, held Aug. 27-31, in Paris, France.

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Public Sector Funds Large Part of State Obesity-Related Costs

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Between 22 and 55 percent of U.S. state-level obesity-related costs are financed by the public sector via Medicare and Medicaid, according to a study published online June 16 in Obesity.

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Apixaban Superior to Warfarin for Stroke Prevention in A-Fib

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Apixaban is superior to warfarin in lowering the risk of stroke or systemic embolism, and reduces the rate of major bleeding and mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2011 held Aug. 27 to 31 in Paris, France.

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Colchicine Safe, Effective Adjunct in Recurrent Pericarditis

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Colchicine appears to be safe and effective for the secondary prevention of recurrent pericarditis, according to a study published online first August 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Drug-Eluting Stents Better for Saphenous Vein Graft Lesions

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Drug-eluting stents are better than bare-metal stents for reducing the risk of adverse events for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for de-novo saphenous vein graft lesions, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in The Lancet, to coincide with the European Society of Cardiology Congress held Aug. 27 to 31 in Paris, France.

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Exclusive Breast-Feeding Doesn't Lower Eczema Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- There is no evidence that exclusive breast-feeding for four or more months provides protection against childhood eczema, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Age, Income Tied to Youth Adherence to ADA Guidelines

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Overall adherence of youth to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) testing guidelines is good and is correlated with age and family income, with older age and lower income associated with non-adherence, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Loss of Jobs Means Loss of Health Coverage for Many in U.S.

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For American adults who lose their health insurance coverage when they lose their jobs, the majority remain uninsured, delay getting needed health care or prescriptions, and report financial difficulties paying medical bills, according to a report published online Aug. 24 by The Commonwealth Fund.

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Self-Efficacy Tied to Achieving Physical Activity Goals in RA

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) having self-efficacy at baseline is tied to achieving physical activity goals, which has a direct effect on uality of life, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Intervention Boosts Parental Involvement in Infant Pain Care

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Parents who participate in an intervention to increase involvement in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infant pain management take a more active role in infant pain care, and have increased role attainment after discharge, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Wide Gaps in Immune Responses Post Flu Infection

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- The wide gap in the antiviral and inflammatory response seen in symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals exposed to influenza A infection is mediated by genomic signatures, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in PLoS Genetics.

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Permissive Parenting Linked to Watching More TV/Day

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- More children with permissive mothers watch more than four hours TV per day, and children for whom both parents demonstrate high restriction are more likely to watch less than two hours per day, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Higher 90-Day Mortality in New Jersey Weekend Stroke Admits

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with stroke admitted to New Jersey hospitals on weekends have a significantly increased 90-day mortality compared to those admitted on weekdays, but stroke admissions to comprehensive stroke centers (CSCs) have similar 90-day mortality for weekend versus weekday admissions, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Stroke.

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IOM: Few Health Issues Caused By Vaccines

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Few health issues or illnesses appear to be associated with or caused by vaccines, according to a new report published online August 25 from the Institute of Medicine(IOM).

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High Demand, But Minority of Ob-Gyns Provide Abortions

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, 97 percent of practicing obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) encounter patients seeking abortions, but only 14 percent perform abortions, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Extended-Release Opioid Pain Medication Approved

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Nucynta ER (tapentadol extended release) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat moderate-to-severe chronic pain in adults, maker Janssen Pharmaceuticals said.

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Evidence Shows Vitamin A Cuts Death, Illness in Children

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin A supplementation reduces mortality, morbidity, and vision problems in children aged 6 months to 5 years, according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 25 in the BMJ.

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Expedited Partner Therapy Use Benefits Gonorrhea, Chlamydia

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Expedited partner therapy should be used in accordance with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) guidelines to prevent reinfection by treating partners of patients with gonorrhea and chlamydia who are unable or unwilling to seek medical care, according to a committee opinion published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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ACOG Guidelines Issued for Thromboembolism in Pregnancy

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women are at an increased risk of venous thromboembolism, which can be prevented, diagnosed, and managed according to clinical guidelines published in the September issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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Obesity Epidemic Increasing Worldwide

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity appears to be increasing worldwide, affecting countries in varying degrees and negatively impacting quality of life and increasing associated societal costs, however, a new weight loss model and national government intervention may help slow and reverse the epidemic, according to four studies published in an obesity series online August 25 in The Lancet.

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Substantial Chemo Exposure Rates Among Oncology Nurses

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Oncology nurses practicing outside of hospital inpatient units report considerable rates of chemotherapy exposure to skin and eyes, which are lowered with adequate staffing and resources, and adherence to recognized practice standards, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in BMJ Quality & Safety.

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Clinical, Lab Variables Predict Survival in Advanced CA

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- A combination of clinical and laboratory variables can effectively predict two-week and two-month survival in patients with advanced cancer who are no longer being treated, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the BMJ.

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At-Risk Youth ID'd in School-Based Mental Health Screening

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- School-based mental health screening effectively identifies youth at high risk for mental illness and connects them to school- or community-based services, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

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Early Plasma Exchange Tied to Improved Course of HUS

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Early plasma exchange therapy is associated with increased median platelet count and glomerular filtration rate, decreased median lactate dehydrogenase concentration, and improved neurological status in adults with diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), according to a study published online Aug. 25 in The Lancet.

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Being Happily Married Ups Survival 15 Years Post Bypass

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Married individuals, particularly those in a highly satisfying marriage, are significantly more likely to be alive 15 years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Health Psychology.

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Complementary Medicine Used More by Health Care Workers

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health care workers, especially health care providers, are more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) than the general, employed U.S. population, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Health Services Research.

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Pharmaceutical Ads Often Don't Adhere to U.S. FDA Guidelines

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Physician-targeting pharmaceutical advertisements have low rates of adherence to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines and provide inadequate information for safe prescribing, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in PLoS One.

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HPV Test Beats Cytology-Alone in Cervical Cancer Screening

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for HPV16 and HPV18 strains may be an alternative and more efficient screening method for cervical cancer than liquid-based cytology alone; and bivalent HPV16 and 18 vaccine protects against anal HPV infection, according to two studies published online Aug. 22 in The Lancet Oncology.

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CDC: HPV Vaccine Rates Lag Behind Other Teen Vaccines

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccination coverage in adolescents appears to be increasing, however, the increase in human papillomavirus (HPV) coverage among adolescent females has been lagging, according to a report in the August 26 issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: State Preemption Rates Unchanged in Tobacco Efforts

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The number of U.S. states that preempt local advertising restrictions and youth access restrictions to tobacco products appears to have remained unchanged, according to a report in the August 26 issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Firazyr Approved for Acute Hereditary Angioedema

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Firazyr (icatibant) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat acute attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE) in adults.

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CDC: Reporting Delays Occurred in German E. coli Outbreak

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- During the outbreak of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and bloody diarrhea related to shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O104:H4 (STEC) in Germany during May and June 2011, there was a median delay of 20 days between symptom onset and reporting the cases, according to a study published in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's October Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Occipital Padding Maintains Neutral Spine Alignment

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The placement of padding beneath the occiput after helmet removal may be used as an effective measure to maintain neutral cervical spine alignment in the event of helmet removal among football athletes, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in Spine.

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Azithromycin Decreases COPD Exacerbation Frequency

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- In selected patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), daily azithromycin for one year together with usual treatment decreases the frequency of exacerbations but increases the frequency of hearing decrements, according to a study published Aug. 25 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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CDC: Two Salmonella Outbreaks Investigated

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Two outbreaks of Salmonella infections, Salmonella Altona and Salmonella Johannesburg, have been linked to chicks and ducklings from a single mail-order hatchery, according to an update from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

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Botox Approved to Treat Urinary Incontinence

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Botox (onabotulinumtoxinA) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat urinary incontinence in people with neurological conditions such as spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis.

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Ambulatory BP Monitoring Cost-Effective Diagnostic Strategy

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure is the most cost-effective strategy for the diagnosis of hypertension, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in The Lancet.

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Airway Infections Correlate With Narcolepsy Onset in China

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- In China, narcolepsy onset is significantly associated with seasonal and annual patterns of upper airway infections, including H1N1 influenza, and increased three-fold following the 2009 H1N1 winter influenza pandemic, independent of H1N1 vaccination in the majority of cases, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Annals of Neurology.

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CT Enterography More Sensitive Than Capsule Endoscopy

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB), multiphase computed tomographic (CT) enterography is significantly more sensitive than capsule endoscopy for detecting small bowel bleeding sources and masses, according to a study published online June 3 in Radiology.

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Clinical Features Differ for Men and Women With Heart Failure

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to men, women hospitalized for heart failure have different clinical characteristics and length of hospital stay, but similar clinical presentations, in-hospital mortality, and quality of care for most parameters, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in Circulation: Heart Failure.

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Diastolic Dysfunction Ups Heart Failure Risk in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction worsens over time and with advancing age, increasing the risk of subsequent heart failure, according to a study published in the Aug. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Prevalence of Mental Disorders Linked to Gender Differences

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence rates of mental illness are associated with gender differences, with women having higher rates of anxiety or depression and men having higher rates of substance abuse or antisocial disorders, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology.

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High Serum Phosphate Tied To Renal Disease Progression

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Serum phosphate is an independent risk factor for progression of renal disease in patients with proteinuric chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may reduce the renoprotective effect of ACE inhibitors, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Six Factors Impact Survival in Elderly Asians With Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Six domains of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) including age, albumin level, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status, geriatric depression scale (GDS) status, malnutrition risk, and disease stage are important predictors of overall survival (OS) in elderly Asian patients with cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Dietary Portfolio Significantly Lowers LDL-C in Hyperlipidemia

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with hyperlipidemia using a specific dietary portfolio at different levels of intensity have greater reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) during six months of follow-up than those receiving low-saturated fat dietary advice, according to a study published Aug. 24/31 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Hospitalization Ups Unintentional Discontinuation of Meds

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital or intensive care unit (ICU) admission is associated with unintentional discontinuation of medication for chronic diseases, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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EMR Language Analysis Identifies Post-Op Complications

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Natural language process analysis of electronic medical records has higher sensitivity and lower specificity for identifying postoperative complications than patient safety indicators based on discharge coding for patients undergoing surgical procedures, according to a study published in the Aug. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Drinkers, Smokers Less Likely to Adhere to Chemoprevention

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Women at high risk of breast cancer who drink alcohol each day are less likely to adhere fully to chemoprevention at one month, and cigarette smokers are less likely to adhere adequately at 36 months, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in Cancer Prevention Research.

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Mammography Decline Linked to Fall in Hormone Therapy

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The decrease in hormone therapy (HT) use seen in the United States is correlated with a decrease in mammography rates among U.S. women aged 50 to 64 years, but not in women 65 years or older, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Cancer.

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Dual Hepatitis B, C Infection Ups Lifetime HCC Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The individual and combined effects of HBV and HCV on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) vary according to age and gender, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Walking School Bus Program Ups Active Commuting Time

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- A walking school bus program increases children's active commuting to school and daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Pulse Oximeter Recommended For Critical CHD Screening

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved motion-tolerant pulse oximeters should be used to screen critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in newborns, according to the recommendations in a report endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Cardiology Foundation, and the American Heart Association, and published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics in preprint format.

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U.S. Door-To-Balloon Time Shortens From 2005 to 2010

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The door-to-balloon (D2B) time (from hospital arrival to mechanical reperfusion) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention in the United States improved between 2005 and 2010, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Circulation.

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ADHD Tied to Risk of Written-Language Disorder in Children

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Children of both genders with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an increased risk of written-language disorder (WLD), with girls having a significantly higher risk of WLD with reading disability (RD) than boys, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Mobile Phone-Based System Tied to Lower Glycated Hemoglobin

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- A mobile phone-based treatment/behavioral coaching program significantly improves glycated hemoglobin levels over 12 months in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 25 in Diabetes Care.

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NSAID Intolerance Indicative of Intolerance to Etoricoxib

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with urticaria and/or angioedema with hypersensitivity reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may also be intolerant to etoricoxib, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Allergy.

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Methotrexate Lowers Response to Pneumococcal Vaccine

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or spondylarthropathy (SpA), treatment with methotrexate (MTX), but not with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers, reduces antibody response after vaccination with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Similar Platelet Response With 50 or 100 mg Dose of Aspirin

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronary heart disease undergoing treatment with 50 or 100 mg aspirin for five years showed no difference in platelet response or cardiovascular (CV) events, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Half of Health Care Providers Recommend HPV Co-Test

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately half of health care providers recommend the combination of human papillomavirus (HPV) and Papanicolaou test (HPV co-test) for cervical cancer screening, but fewer than 15 percent follow the recommended guidelines of waiting three years for the next screening, according to a study published online June 13 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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CDC: Flu Vaccine Recommendations Unchanged

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination of all persons aged ≥6 months in the United States continues to be recommended for the 2011/2012 influenza season, as in previous influenza seasons, according to an Aug. 18 early-release report in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: 2010/2011 Flu Vaccination Coverage Studied

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination coverage among health care personnel (HCP) and pregnant women in the 2010/2011 influenza season was similar to coverage for the 2009/2010 season, according to two reports in the Aug. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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TV Viewing Reduces Life Expectancy in Australian Adults

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Television (TV) viewing time is correlated with a substantial reduction in life expectancy among Australian adults, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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Majority of DVT Cases After Surgery Linked to Catheter Use

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Following general surgical operations, the incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is low, but more than 60 percent of cases are catheter-induced, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Archives of Surgery.

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Fructose-Rich Corn Syrup Intake Raises CVD Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Consuming high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) for two weeks at 25 percent of energy requirements (E) increases triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and apolipoprotein B (apoB) levels in young adults comparably to fructose but more than glucose, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Bispectral Index Guided Anesthesia Not Superior

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Intraoperative anesthesia guided by a protocol incorporating the electroencephalogram derived bispectral index (B

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