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Category: Pediatrics | Monthly Briefing

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August 2011 Briefing - Pediatrics

Last Updated: September 01, 2011.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for August 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Predictors of Child Ventricular Assist Device Mortality ID'd

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- In children with ventricular assist device (VAD) support, congenital etiology, norepinephrine requirement, C-reactive protein (CRP) levels higher than 6.3 mg/dL, and central venous pressure (CVP) greater than 17 mm Hg are independent predictors of in-hospital mortality, according to a study published in the Sept. 6 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Deletion in β-Globin ID'd in Fetal Hemoglobin Silencing

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- A small intergenic region required for γ-globin (fetal hemoglobin) gene silencing has been identified near the 5' end of the δ-globin gene, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Pediatric Window-Fall-Related Head Injuries Analyzed

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Children younger than 4 years of age or those landing on hard surfaces are more likely to sustain head injuries, be hospitalized, or die in window-related falls than older children or those who fall on cushioning surfaces, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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AAP Updates Infant/Young Child Febrile UTI Guidelines

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a technical report, "Diagnosis and Management of an Initial UTI in Febrile Infants and Young Children," detailing changes that include updated recommendations for imaging. The report was published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Medical Liability Training Important for Peds Residents

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Residents and fellows should be educated by their training institutions on matters relating to professional liability coverage throughout their careers, according to a policy statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Rate of Maternal Weight Gain Impacts Size of Neonate

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Greater than recommended rates of weight gain during the second and third trimesters increase the odds of large-for-gestational-age babies regardless of prepregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI), and gaining at a lower than recommended rate increases the odds of small-for-gestational age babies for all except the most obese women, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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AAP, CPS Oppose Boxing for Children and Adolescents

TUESDAY, Aug. 230 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS) oppose boxing for children and adolescents, and recommend that physicians encourage participation in alternate sports that do not involve head blows, according to a policy statement by the AAP and the CPS, published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

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AAP Recommends Quadrivalent MMRV for Most Children

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Use of measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine (MMRV) is generally preferred over separate injections of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) and varicella vaccines, unless there is a personal or family history of seizures, or difficulty communicating the risks involved to parents or caregivers, according to a policy statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Child-Care Settings Opportunity to Prevent Childhood Obesity

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Child-care settings can offer numerous opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity to prevent childhood obesity, but few interventions have been designed to address these issues, according to a review published online Aug. 26 in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

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Exclusive Breast-Feeding Doesn't Lower Eczema Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- There is no evidence that exclusive breast-feeding for four or more months provides protection against childhood eczema, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Age, Income Tied to Youth Adherence to ADA Guidelines

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Overall adherence of youth to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) testing guidelines is good and is correlated with age and family income, with older age and lower income associated with non-adherence, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Intervention Boosts Parental Involvement in Infant Pain Care

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Parents who participate in an intervention to increase involvement in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infant pain management take a more active role in infant pain care, and have increased role attainment after discharge, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Permissive Parenting Linked to Watching More TV/Day

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- More children with permissive mothers watch more than four hours TV per day, and children for whom both parents demonstrate high restriction are more likely to watch less than two hours per day, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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IOM: Few Health Issues Caused By Vaccines

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Few health issues or illnesses appear to be associated with or caused by vaccines, according to a new report published online August 25 from the Institute of Medicine(IOM).

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At-Risk Youth ID'd in School-Based Mental Health Screening

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- School-based mental health screening effectively identifies youth at high risk for mental illness and connects them to school- or community-based services, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

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Evidence Shows Vitamin A Cuts Death, Illness in Children

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin A supplementation reduces mortality, morbidity, and vision problems in children aged 6 months to 5 years, according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 25 in the BMJ.

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Complementary Medicine Used More by Health Care Workers

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health care workers, especially health care providers, are more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) than the general, employed U.S. population, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Health Services Research.

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Pharmaceutical Ads Often Don't Adhere to U.S. FDA Guidelines

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Physician-targeting pharmaceutical advertisements have low rates of adherence to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines and provide inadequate information for safe prescribing, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in PLoS One.

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CDC: State Preemption Rates Unchanged in Tobacco Efforts

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The number of U.S. states that preempt local advertising restrictions and youth access restrictions to tobacco products appears to have remained unchanged, according to a report in the August 26 issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: HPV Vaccine Rates Lag Behind Other Teen Vaccines

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccination coverage in adolescents appears to be increasing, however, the increase in human papillomavirus (HPV) coverage among adolescent females has been lagging, according to a report in the August 26 issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Socioeconomic Status, Gender Affect Cystic Fibrosis Survival

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with cystic fibrosis, socioeconomic status and gender remained constant, strong predictors of survival above the annual median age at death from 1959 to 2008, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the BMJ.

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CDC: Two Salmonella Outbreaks Investigated

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Two outbreaks of Salmonella infections, Salmonella Altona and Salmonella Johannesburg, have been linked to chicks and ducklings from a single mail-order hatchery, according to an update from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

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Persistent Asthma Tied to In Utero Smoke Exposure

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- In utero tobacco smoke exposure is significantly associated with development of persistent asthma in Mexican, Puerto Rican, and black children, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Walking School Bus Program Ups Active Commuting Time

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- A walking school bus program increases children's active commuting to school and daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Pulse Oximeter Recommended For Critical CHD Screening

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved motion-tolerant pulse oximeters should be used to screen critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in newborns, according to the recommendations in a report endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Cardiology Foundation, and the American Heart Association, and published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics in preprint format.

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ADHD Tied to Risk of Written-Language Disorder in Children

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Children of both genders with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an increased risk of written-language disorder (WLD), with girls having a significantly higher risk of WLD with reading disability (RD) than boys, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Pre-Pregnancy Weight Tied to Adolescent Asthma Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal pre-pregnancy weight and obesity is associated with an increase in asthma symptoms in adolescents, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in issue of Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

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Methotrexate Lowers Response to Pneumococcal Vaccine

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or spondylarthropathy (SpA), treatment with methotrexate (MTX), but not with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers, reduces antibody response after vaccination with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Follow-Up Time Affects Age-Related CA Survival Difference

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The relative survival of children and adults with medulloblastomas and primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) is affected by the length of follow-up, with adults having a worse prognosis four years after diagnosis, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Cancer.

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Peak Brown Adipose Tissue Activity Seen in Adolescence

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Peak brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity occurs in adolescence among both boys and girls and is inversely associated with body mass index (BMI)-percentile, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Sarcoma Characteristics ID'd in TP53 Mutation Carriers

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with a TP53 germline mutation have an increased risk of developing sarcoma, which depends on the type of mutation, with rhabdomyosarcoma more likely before 5 years of age, osteosarcoma developing in carriers at any age, and leiomyosarcoma occurring after 20 years of age, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Cancer.

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Staphylococcal Biofilms Linked to Chronic Rhinosinusitis

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- The significant association between Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) biofilms and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is attributed to skewing of the T-cell response toward the T-helper2 pathway, independent of superantigen activities, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Allergy.

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Budesonide Ups Expression of GILZ and FKBP51 in Asthma

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with inhaled budesonide increases the expression of GILZ and FKBP51 in patients with atopic asthma, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the British Journal of Pharmacology.

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CDC: 2010/2011 Flu Vaccination Coverage Studied

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination coverage among health care personnel (HCP) and pregnant women in the 2010/2011 influenza season was similar to coverage for the 2009/2010 season, according to two reports in the Aug. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: Flu Vaccine Recommendations Unchanged

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination of all persons aged ≥6 months in the United States continues to be recommended for the 2011/2012 influenza season, as in previous influenza seasons, according to an Aug. 18 early-release report in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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1998 to 2009 Saw Rise in ADHD Prevalence in U.S. Children

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) showed an increasing trend from 1998-2000 to 2007-2009 among children aged 5 to 17 years, according to a report published online Aug. 18 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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TV Viewing Reduces Life Expectancy in Australian Adults

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Television (TV) viewing time is correlated with a substantial reduction in life expectancy among Australian adults, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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Increase in U.S. Inpatient Psych Care in All but Elderly

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2007, inpatient discharges in short-stay facilities for a primary psychiatric diagnosis in the United States increased significantly for children, adolescents, and adults, and decreased for the elderly, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Archives in General Psychiatry.

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High Cumulative Malpractice Risk for All Physicians

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians in all specialties have a high cumulative risk of facing a malpractice claim by age 65; although most claims do not lead to indemnity payments, according to a study published in the Aug. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Fructose-Rich Corn Syrup Intake Raises CVD Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Consuming high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) for two weeks at 25 percent of energy requirements (E) increases triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and apolipoprotein B (apoB) levels in young adults comparably to fructose but more than glucose, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Prolonged Tetracycline for Acne Lowers S. aureus Colonization

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with acne, the prolonged use of tetracycline antibiotics lowers the prevalence of colonization by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and does not increase resistance to tetracycline antibiotics, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of Dermatology.

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Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria Ups Youth ESRD Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults with persistent asymptomatic isolated microscopic hematuria have a significantly increased risk of treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD), although the incidence and absolute risk remain quite low for prolonged periods, according to a study published in the Aug. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Bordetella Infections Rare in Children With Cough Illness

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) and Bordetella parapertussis (B. parapertussis) infections are rarely found in young patients with cough illness, as are concomitant virus/Bordetella infections, according to a study published in the August issue of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.

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Glucocorticoid Reduces Renal Scarring After Pyelonephritis

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with adjunctive oral methylprednisolone sodium phosphate (MPD) combined with antibiotics significantly reduces the occurrence and severity of renal scarring among children with acute pyelonephritis (APN), according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Chinese Herbal Decoction Cuts Time to H1N1 Fever Resolution

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Chinese herbal decoction maxingshigan-yinqiaosan, alone or in combination with oseltamivir, is associated with a reduced time to fever resolution in patients with H1N1 influenza virus infection, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Model Estimates Neutron Leak From Japanese Nuclear Plant

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- A model based on measurements of radioactive 35S in sulfate aerosols and SO2 gas estimates that 35SO42− concentrations at the Fukushima marine boundary are around 365 times higher than normal, and that the radioactive sulphate reached Southern California, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Quality Indicators Developed for Children With Sickle Cell

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- A set of 41 quality-of-care indicators, which can measure and improve care among children with sickle cell disease (SCD), has been developed by an expert panel, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Maternal Asthma Ups Risk of Perinatal Complications

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal asthma is associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes, including increased risk of low birth weight, small for gestational age (SGA), preterm labor and delivery, and preeclampsia, according to a meta-analysis published online July 13 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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UVR Exposure From Tanning Beds Ups Cerebral Blood Flow

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) during use of a tanning bed increases regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the dorsal striatum, anterior insula, and medial orbitofrontal cortex, according to a study published online April 11 in Addiction Biology.

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Clindamycin More Effective in Treating Soft Tissue Infections

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Use of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and β-lactams for treatment of pediatric skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) is associated with increased risks of treatment failure and recurrence compared to treatment with clindamycin, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Antiretrovirals Raise Cholesterol in HIV-Infected Children

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Children with HIV receiving antiretroviral therapy have increased cholesterol levels; and hypercholesterolemia in children perinatally infected with HIV remains elevated over time, according to two studies published in the Aug. 15 issue of the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.

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Sexually Abused Children at Risk of Genital HPV Infection

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Detection of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) is significantly more likely in sexually abused children than those without evidence of child sexual abuse (CSA), and increases with certainty of abuse, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Sibling Recurrence Risk of Autism Nearly 19 Percent

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The sibling recurrence risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) among infants with an older affected sibling is almost 19 percent, and is significantly predicted by infant gender and having more than one affected sibling, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Early Sulfonylureas Benefit Mice With Neonatal Diabetes

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- For mice with neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) with adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive K channel mutations (KATP), early treatment with sulphonylurea therapy leads to permanent remission in approximately 30 percent of cases, according to an experimental study published online Aug. 3 in Diabetes.

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Researchers Identify Causative Gene in Juvenile ALS

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- A mutation in the Sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R) of the SIGMAR1 gene is associated with the development of juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to a study published online Aug. 12 in the Annals of Neurology.

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CDC: Canine Seroprevalence Tied to Lyme Disease Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Canine seroprevalence is a sensitive marker of risk of human Lyme disease infection; and risk of infection is lower on pasture land than on meadow or fallow land, according to two studies published online Aug. 10 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Childbearing Patterns Differ Across Three U.S. Generations

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Each generation of women faces unique sociohistorical experiences, which impact childbearing patterns across generations, according to a report published Aug. 11 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Vitamin D Deficiency, Gene Polymorphisms Up Food Sensitivity

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) increases the risk of food sensitization (FS) in children with certain single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), specifically in IL4, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Allergy.

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De Novo, Rare Inherited Copy Number Variations Tied to ADHD

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- De novo and rare inherited copy number variations (CNVs) are associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and include genes previously implicated by rare CNVs in other neurodevelopmental conditions including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study published in the Aug. 10 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Anthropometric Differences Seen in Teen Girls With Scoliosis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have anthropometric differences, including lower mean weight, lower body mass index (BMI), and higher ponderal index (IP), compared to healthy age-matched peers, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of Spine.

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Cell-Free DNA Fetal Sex Tests Most Accurate After 20 Weeks

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Fetal sex determination tests using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTQ-PCR) have the highest sensitivity and specificity for detection of Y chromosome sequences after 20 weeks' gestation, according to a meta-analysis published in the Aug. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Urinary Peptide Strong Predictor of Retinopathy of Prematurity

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Elevated urinary N-terminal fragment of B-type natriuretic peptide normalized to creatinine (UNBCR) concentrations at 14 and 28 days of life (DOL) are strongly associated with the development of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm babies weighing less than 1,500 g at birth, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Pediatrics.

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Birth Defects, Pregnancy Losses Tied to Childhood CNS Tumors

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Children with birth defects and offspring of mothers with multiple pregnancy losses after 20 weeks of gestation have an increased risk of developing childhood central nervous system (CNS) tumors , according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Pediatrics.

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Certain Suicidal Behaviors Differ for Early, Late Teens

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Suicidal behavior among early and late adolescents prescribed antidepressants differs in terms of the methods used, history of abuse, and psychotic disorders, although for both groups the most frequent method is medication ingestion, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Pediatrics.

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Multi-Screen Viewing Common Behavior Among Children

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Children in the United Kingdom regularly engage in two or more forms of screen viewing at the same time, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.

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Cost of Interacting With Payers Higher in U.S. Than Canada

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Physician practices in the United States spend considerably more on interactions with health plans than Canadian practices, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Pulse Oximetry Able to Detect Congenital Heart Defects

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Pulse oximetry is a reasonably accurate screening test for detecting congenital heart defects in newborns, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in The Lancet.

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Child's Temperament Impacts Susceptibility to Parenting

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- A child's temperament impacts the effects of negative parenting, with more symptoms reported for children who are low in effortful control, according to a study published online July 30 in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.

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CDC: Age Range Expanded for Meningococcal Vaccine

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- MenACWY-CRM (Menveo, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics), a quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine, appears to be safe and effective for use with the recently extended age indication, and is interchangeable with the other licensed meningococcal conjugate vaccine, MenACWY-D (Menactra, Sanofi Pasteur), according to a report in the Aug. 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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First Treatment Solely for Scorpion Stings Approved

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Anascorp, the first injection devised solely to treat scorpion stings, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Teens Who Misuse Controlled Meds More Likely to Abuse Drugs

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Among adolescents who take at least one prescribed controlled medication, 22 percent report misuse, and misusers are significantly more likely to have a positive screening result for drug abuse, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Childhood Adversities Tied to Adult-Onset Chronic Conditions

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood adversities and early-onset mental disorders are independent predictors of increased risk of diverse adult-onset chronic physical conditions, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Prenatal Magnetic Field Exposure Ups Children's Asthma Risk

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal exposure to high levels of magnetic fields (MFs) during pregnancy is associated with increased asthma risk in the offspring, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Teen Masturbation Frequency, Prevalence Differs by Gender

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence and frequency of masturbation differs between males and females throughout adolescence but is associated in both with several partnered sexual behaviors, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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High Doses of Zinc Found to Reduce Common Cold Duration

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In individuals with natural common cold infections, use of lozenges containing a daily zinc dose of over 75 mg significantly reduces cold symptoms, but use of a daily total of less than 75 mg shows no effect, according to a meta-analysis published online June 23 in the Open Respiratory Medicine Journal.

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Fast Ripples Possible Marker for Seizure-Onset Zone in Children

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In pediatric patients with epilepsy, high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) at more than 200/250 Hz (fast ripples [FR]) are better potential surrogate markers of the seizure-onset zone (SOZ) than HFOs at 80 to 200 Hz (ripples), with resection of the brain regions containing high-rate interictal FRs significantly associated with better seizure outcome, according to a study published online July 29 in Epilepsia.

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CDC: Many Hospitals Do Not Fully Support Breastfeeding

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Only 4 percent of U.S. hospitals provide the complete range of support for mothers to learn, practice, and engage in breastfeeding, according to a Vital Signs report published in the Aug. 2 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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FDA: GEM Premier 4000 PAK Cartridges Recalled

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has notified health care professionals and patients that the GEM Premier 4000 PAK Cartridges for use on the GEM Premier 4000 System have been recalled, as test results may lead to inappropriate patient treatment and may cause serious adverse effects, including death.

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DHA Intake in Pregnancy Tied to Fewer Colds in Infants

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation during pregnancy is associated with reduced occurrence of cold symptoms in infants at 1 month, and influences the duration of certain illness symptoms at 1, 3, and 6 months, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Pediatrics.

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Pubertal Status Predicts Some Functional Somatic Symptoms

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- There are no significant gender differences in the association between pubertal development and functional somatic symptoms (FSS) in Dutch or American adolescents, but pubertal stage can predict later back pain, overtiredness, and dizziness, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Pediatrics.

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One-Shot Flu Vaccine Partially Effective After Teen Transplant

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- A single dose of pandemic influenza A (pH1N1/09) vaccine offers a modest rate of seroconversion in pediatric liver transplant patients above the age of 10 years, according to a study published in the August issue of Liver Transplantation.

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