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Category: Psychiatry | Monthly Briefing

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August 2011 Briefing - Psychiatry

Last Updated: September 01, 2011.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for August 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Counseling Helps Smokers With Comorbid Disorders Quit

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Counseling by primary care providers (PCPs) is effective for encouraging smoking cessation for individuals with and without alcohol, drug, or mental (ADM) disorders, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

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Self-Efficacy Tied to Achieving Physical Activity Goals in RA

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) having self-efficacy at baseline is tied to achieving physical activity goals, which has a direct effect on uality of life, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
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Loss of Jobs Means Loss of Health Coverage for Many in U.S.

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For American adults who lose their health insurance coverage when they lose their jobs, the majority remain uninsured, delay getting needed health care or prescriptions, and report financial difficulties paying medical bills, according to a report published online Aug. 24 by The Commonwealth Fund.

Report

High Demand, But Minority of Ob-Gyns Provide Abortions

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, 97 percent of practicing obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) encounter patients seeking abortions, but only 14 percent perform abortions, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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At-Risk Youth ID'd in School-Based Mental Health Screening

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- School-based mental health screening effectively identifies youth at high risk for mental illness and connects them to school- or community-based services, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

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Being Happily Married Ups Survival 15 Years Post Bypass

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Married individuals, particularly those in a highly satisfying marriage, are significantly more likely to be alive 15 years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Health Psychology.

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Complementary Medicine Used More by Health Care Workers

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health care workers, especially health care providers, are more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) than the general, employed U.S. population, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Health Services Research.

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Pharmaceutical Ads Often Don't Adhere to U.S. FDA Guidelines

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Physician-targeting pharmaceutical advertisements have low rates of adherence to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines and provide inadequate information for safe prescribing, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in PLoS One.

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Firazyr Approved for Acute Hereditary Angioedema

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Firazyr (icatibant) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat acute attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE) in adults.

U.S. Hereditary Angioedema Association

Elevated 1H MRS Metabolites Tied to Cognitive Function

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- For cognitively normal older adults, elevated proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) metabolite choline (Cho)/creatine (Cr) ratios are associated with lower scores on cognitive tests, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Neurology.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Prevalence of Mental Disorders Linked to Gender Differences

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence rates of mental illness are associated with gender differences, with women having higher rates of anxiety or depression and men having higher rates of substance abuse or antisocial disorders, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology.

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ADHD Tied to Risk of Written-Language Disorder in Children

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Children of both genders with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an increased risk of written-language disorder (WLD), with girls having a significantly higher risk of WLD with reading disability (RD) than boys, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Testosterone Gel Ups Sexual Function in Hypogonadism

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) with Testim (testosterone 1 percent) topical gel for 12 months significantly increases total testosterone (TT), free testosterone (FT), and total brief male sexual function inventory (BMSFI) score in men with hypogonadism, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract
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1998 to 2009 Saw Rise in ADHD Prevalence in U.S. Children

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) showed an increasing trend from 1998-2000 to 2007-2009 among children aged 5 to 17 years, according to a report published online Aug. 18 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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CDC: 2010/2011 Flu Vaccination Coverage Studied

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination coverage among health care personnel (HCP) and pregnant women in the 2010/2011 influenza season was similar to coverage for the 2009/2010 season, according to two reports in the Aug. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text - Health Care Personnel
Full Text - Pregnant Women

Moderate Drinking Tied to Lower Dementia Risk in Seniors

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Light to moderate drinking is associated with a decreased risk of dementia and cognitive impairment in older individuals and does not appear to be linked to impaired cognition in younger individuals, according to a review published online Aug. 11 in Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment.

Abstract
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Increase in U.S. Inpatient Psych Care in All but Elderly

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2007, inpatient discharges in short-stay facilities for a primary psychiatric diagnosis in the United States increased significantly for children, adolescents, and adults, and decreased for the elderly, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Archives in General Psychiatry.

Abstract
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High Cumulative Malpractice Risk for All Physicians

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians in all specialties have a high cumulative risk of facing a malpractice claim by age 65; although most claims do not lead to indemnity payments, according to a study published in the Aug. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Significant Differences ID'd Between Antimanic Drugs

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- The various treatments for acute mania show statistically and clinically significant differences with haloperidol, risperidone, and olanzapine having better efficacy than other drugs, and olanzapine, risperidone, and quetiapine having lower dropout rates than haloperidol, which has the highest efficacy, according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 17 in The Lancet.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Antidepressants Don't Impact Stimulants' Efficacy in ADHD

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- In adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), concomitant use of antidepressants does not affect the safety or efficacy of osmotic release oral system methylphenidate (OROS-MPH), according to a study published online Aug. 5 in CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics.

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UVR Exposure From Tanning Beds Ups Cerebral Blood Flow

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) during use of a tanning bed increases regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the dorsal striatum, anterior insula, and medial orbitofrontal cortex, according to a study published online April 11 in Addiction Biology.

Abstract
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Biofield Healing Tied to Less Fatigue for Cancer Survivors

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Biofield healing is associated with a significant reduction in fatigue and cortisol slope in breast cancer survivors, independently of belief, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Cancer.

Abstract
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Distance Caregivers Face Lack of Communication, Control

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Lack of communication and control are the major issues that distance caregivers of patients with advance cancer experience, according to a study published in the May issue of the Oncology Nursing Forum.

Abstract
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Psychiatric Comorbidity Affects Costs in Severe Back Pain

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with severe back pain undergoing disc surgery have high direct and indirect costs, which are influenced by psychiatric comorbidity, according to a study published in the July issue of The Spine Journal.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Low Sexual Desire in Majority of Middle-Aged Brazilian Women

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Low sexual function is prevalent among middle-aged Brazilian women, with low sexual desire seen in the majority; and, low arousal and orgasmic function, each found in more than 30 percent of women, is affected by various factors, including presence of a sexual partner, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract
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Depression Tied to Moderately Higher Stroke Risk in Women

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Women with depression have a moderate but significant increased risk of subsequent stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Stroke.

Abstract
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Cognitive Function Tied to Markers of Cognitive Reserve

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive performance is correlated with markers of reserve; but the rate of cognitive decline is similar in all reserve groups, with a difference in cognitive decline seen only in the high occupation group, according to a study published in the August issue of the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract
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De Novo, Rare Inherited Copy Number Variations Tied to ADHD

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- De novo and rare inherited copy number variations (CNVs) are associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and include genes previously implicated by rare CNVs in other neurodevelopmental conditions including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study published in the Aug. 10 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Poor Verbal Memory in Elderly With Low Ejection Fraction

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- In older patients with heart failure, there is a significant association between memory function and left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), with verbal delayed recall and recognition most affected by an EF of less than 30 percent, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of Neurology.

Abstract
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Physical Activity Ups Satisfaction With Body Image, Function

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Predictors of improvement in satisfaction with body function and appearance in mid-life and older adults include greater physical activity, greater reductions in body mass index (BMI) and depressive symptoms, and being white, according to a study published in the June issue of the Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

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Certain Suicidal Behaviors Differ for Early, Late Teens

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Suicidal behavior among early and late adolescents prescribed antidepressants differs in terms of the methods used, history of abuse, and psychotic disorders, although for both groups the most frequent method is medication ingestion, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Pediatrics.

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De novo Gene Mutations Tied to Sporadic Schizophrenia

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- De novo protein-altering mutations, including a disruptive mutation in DGCR2 gene, contribute substantially to the genetic component of schizophrenia, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in Nature Genetics.

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Lifetime Eating Disorders Tied to Fertility Problems in Women

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Lifetime eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, in women are associated with fertility problems, unplanned pregnancies, and negative attitudes toward pregnancy, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Abstract
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Cost of Interacting With Payers Higher in U.S. Than Canada

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Physician practices in the United States spend considerably more on interactions with health plans than Canadian practices, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract
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Antidepressant Prescriptions for Non-Psych Disorders Up

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) --The number of antidepressants prescribed by non-psychiatrist physicians to patients without a psychiatric disorder continues to rise, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract
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Child's Temperament Impacts Susceptibility to Parenting

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- A child's temperament impacts the effects of negative parenting, with more symptoms reported for children who are low in effortful control, according to a study published online July 30 in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.

Abstract
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Childhood Adversities Tied to Adult-Onset Chronic Conditions

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood adversities and early-onset mental disorders are independent predictors of increased risk of diverse adult-onset chronic physical conditions, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract
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Specific Criteria Beat DSM-IV in ID of Bipolar in Major Depression

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In patients being treated for a major depressive episode (MDE), use of bipolarity-specifier criteria is a valid method of identifying bipolar disorders and identifies more cases than using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract
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High Risk of Adverse Outcomes Tied to SSRI Use in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In older individuals with depression, use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and certain other antidepressants is associated with higher risk of adverse outcomes than tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), according to a study published online Aug. 2 in BMJ.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Gender-Based Violence Tied to Women's Mental Health Disorders

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Gender-based violence (GBV) is significantly associated with mental health disorder, dysfunction, and disability in a representative sample of Australian women, according to a study published in the Aug. 3 violence/human-rights themed-issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
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Risperidone Not Effective for Military-Related PTSD

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The second-generation antipsychotic risperidone is not an effective treatment for veterans with chronic military-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) not responding to serotonin reuptake-inhibitors (SRIs) treatment, according to a study published in the Aug. 3 violence/human rights-themed issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Neurobehavioral Processes Affect Eating Behavior in Obese

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Personal choices in weight control are affected by three neurobehavioral processes, including food reward, inhibitory control, and time discounting; and understanding these processes may help control obesity, according to a commentary published in the August issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

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Major Depression Strongly Linked to Social Conditions

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Major depressive episode (MDE) is a significant public-health concern across high and low-to-middle-income countries, and it is strongly linked to social conditions, according to a study published online July 26 in BMC Medicine.

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