The American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference and Exhibition was held from Oct. 15 to 18 in Boston, and attracted approximately 8,000 participants from around the world, including primary care pediatricians, pediatric medical sub-specialists, pediatric surgical specialists, and other health care professionals. The conference featured more than 300 scientific sessions that focused on the latest advances in the care of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults, as well as 1,200 scientific papers, posters, and education exhibits.
In one study, Mike Gittelman, M.D., of the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and colleagues (along with two seventh-grade students) found that both teachers and kindergarten students had difficulty differentiating between medication and candy. The investigators surveyed 30 teachers (25 female and five male) and 30 students (16 female and 14 male).
The investigators found that students and teachers correctly differentiated candy from medicine at a rate of 71 and 78 percent, respectively. Compared to students who could read, students who could not read had a harder time distinguishing between candy and medication.
"Most students and teachers had the most difficulty distinguishing between candy and medicine when the combination was round, shiny, and/or didn't have any identifiable markers," Gittelman said. "Despite not being able to distinguish between candy and medicine, only 10 percent of study subjects locked their medicine out of the reach of children in the house."
Overall, Gittelman recommends that pediatricians should discuss with families the importance of locking up medication and keeping it out of the reach of children because unintentional ingestions are a problem.
In another study, Rebecca Stark, M.D., of the Harbor-University of California Los Angeles Medical Center in Torrance, and colleagues found that less than one-half of 30,000 children injured during motor vehicle accidents were restrained with a seat belt. Asians were most likely to wear seat belts, while African-Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans were least likely to wear seat belts.
"As expected, we found a link between injury severity and non-seat belt use. Those children who did not wear a seat belt experienced more severe injuries, and those with more severe injuries had the highest mortality. So overall, there was a correlation between seat belt use and better outcomes," Stark said. "These results are important because the findings highlight the necessity of seat belt usage in the pediatric population."
Zachary E. Pittsenbarger, M.D., and Rebekah Mannix, M.D., M.P.H., of Children's Hospital Boston, found an increase in the number of pediatric patients receiving psychiatric care in hospital emergency departments. The investigators evaluated national trends in psychiatric visits by pediatric patients using the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (1999 to 2007).
"We also found that patients with public insurance such as Medicaid were increasingly receiving psychiatric care in the emergency department, at a faster rate than those with private insurance or in other pay categories," Pittsenbarger said. "The reason that the number of pediatric patients receiving psychiatric care in the emergency department [has increased] may be attributable to limited outpatient mental health options for those with public insurance, which may force them to seek the care they need in the emergency department."
AAP: New Guidelines Issued for SIDS, Sleep-Related Deaths
TUESDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- To reduce the risk of sleep-related infant deaths, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), infants should be breast-fed, receive all immunizations, and bumper pads should not be used in their cribs, according to a policy statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Oct. 17 in Pediatrics to coincide with its presentation at the annual conference of the AAP, held from Oct. 15 to 18 in Boston.
AAP: New Guidelines Issued for ADHD Diagnosis, Treatment
MONDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has expanded the age for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis and treatment by primary care physicians (PCPs) to 4 to 18 years, and recommends age-based interventions, according to a report published online Oct. 16 in Pediatrics to coincide with presentation at the annual conference of the AAP, held from Oct. 15 to 18 in Boston.
AAP: CT Overuse for White Children, Low Brain-Injury Risk
FRIDAY, Oct. 14 (HealthDay News) -- For children presenting to the emergency department with a minor head injury, racial disparity in the receipt of cranial computed tomography (CT) scans varies according to the risk for traumatic brain injury, according to a study being presented at the annual conference of the American Academy of Pediatrics, held from Oct. 15 to 18 in Boston.
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