Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for October 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Switching From IV to Oral Meds Cuts Health Care Costs
MONDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For patients who are clinically eligible for oral (PO) medication intake, switching from intravenous (IV) to oral medication can substantially reduce the annual cost of health care, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Clinical Therapeutics.
qHPV Vaccine Efficacious in Anal Intraepithelial Neoplasia
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Quadrivalent human papillomavirus (qHPV) vaccine is safe and efficacious against anal intraepithelial neoplasia in men who have sex with men, according to a study published in the Oct. 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Ghost Authorship Prevalent in About One-Fifth of Articles
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of articles with honorary authorship, ghost authorship, or both is 21 percent, which marks a significant decrease since 1996, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in BMJ.
CDC Recommends HPV Vaccination in Males
TUESDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Young males should receive routine vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV), according to a recommendation announced Oct. 25 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Erectile Dysfunction After Colorectal CA Poorly Managed
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Most men who experience erectile dysfunction after treatment for colorectal cancer feel profound distress, do not receive adequate information, and often feel they have been treated poorly by clinicians, according to a study published online Oct. 18 in BMJ.
Readmission Risk Models Display Poor Predictive Ability
TUESDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Most hospital readmission risk models have poor predictive ability, according to a review published in the Oct. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Single Kidney Outcome Similar With Nephrectomy, Ablation
MONDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with a tumor in a solitary kidney, short-term renal function outcomes are similar for treatment with partial nephrectomy or percutaneous ablation, according to a study published in the November issue of The Journal of Urology.
DNA Fragmentation in Sperm Tied to Repeat Pregnancy Loss
FRIDAY, Oct. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Sperm from men whose partners have a history of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) have increased DNA fragmentation and poor motility compared with sperm from men whose partners had recent term pregnancies, according to a study published in the October issue of Urology.
Rare Disorders ID'd by NIH Undiagnosed Diseases Program
THURSDAY, Oct. 13 (HealthDay News) -- The extensive application of genomic technology under the U.S. National Institutes of Health Undiagnosed Diseases Program (NIH-UDP) helps diagnose complex and rare multisystem disorders, according to a report published online Sept. 26 in Genetics in Medicine.
Tension-Free Vaginal Tape Effective in Long Term
THURSDAY, Oct. 13 (HealthDay News) -- For women with stress urinary incontinence, treatment with tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) is associated with a high long-term cure rate with no adverse effects, according to a study published in the October issue of Urology.
Financial Conflicts of Interest Prevalent, Under-Reported
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Conflicts of interest (COI) are prevalent among members and chairs of guideline panels, and are under-reported, according to a study published online Oct. 11 in BMJ.
Long-Term Vitamin E Use Increases Prostate Cancer Risk
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term vitamin E supplementation is associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer in healthy men, according to a study published in the Oct. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Men With Disabilities More Likely to Be Sexually Abused
TUESDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Men with disabilities have an increased risk of lifetime and past-year sexual violence victimization, compared to men without disabilities, according to a study published online Oct. 11 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Septicemia Most Costly Reason for Hospitalization in 2009
MONDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Septicemia was the single most expensive condition treated in U.S. hospitals in 2009, with expenditure totaling nearly $15.4 billion, according to an October statistical brief based on Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) data published by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
Electronic Records Enhance Care Transitions for Elderly
MONDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of electronic health care record (EHR) systems is likely to enhance communication and patient care during care transitions, particularly for older patients, according to a study published in the October issue of the AORN Journal.
Prevalence of Sexual Abuse ID'd in Urological Patients
FRIDAY, Oct. 7 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of sexual abuse (SA) in patients seeking urological care in the Netherlands is 2.1 percent for men and 13.0 percent for women, according to a study published in the October issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Cialis Approved to Treat Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
FRIDAY, Oct. 7 (HealthDay News) -- The erectile dysfunction drug Cialis (tadalafil) has received new approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Many Elderly in U.S. Undergo Surgery in Last Year of Life
THURSDAY, Oct. 6 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of elderly people in the United States undergo surgery in the year before their death, with the rate varying with age and geographical region, according to a study published online Oct. 6 in The Lancet.
Early ID of Morbidly Obese Improves Surgical Care
THURSDAY, Oct. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Early identification of patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 35 kg/m² or more improves perioperative care and outcomes, according to a study published in the October issue of the AORN Journal.
Pre-Op Anemia Ups Mortality After Non-Cardiac Surgery
THURSDAY, Oct. 6 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery, even a mild degree of preoperative anemia is independently associated with an increased risk of 30-day morbidity and mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 6 in The Lancet.
More Minority Patients in Low-Quality, High-Cost Hospitals
THURSDAY, Oct. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitals where the quality is low and costs high (worst hospitals) in the United States care for a higher proportion of elderly black, Hispanic, and Medicaid patients than high-quality, low-cost institutions (best hospitals), according to a study published in the October issue of Health Affairs.
Father's Age Tied to Intellectual Disability in Offspring
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- A large majority of rare de novo copy number variations (CNVs) in intellectual disability (ID) have a paternal origin, and certain CNVs are generated with advanced paternal age, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in the Journal of Medical Genetics.
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