Create Account | Sign In: Author or Forum

 
 
News  |  Journals  |  Conferences  |  Blogs  |  Articles  |  Forums  |  Twitter    
 

 Headlines:

 

Category: Internal Medicine | Monthly Briefing

Back to Journal Articles

October 2011 Briefing - Internal Medicine

Last Updated: November 01, 2011.

 

Share |

Comments: (0)

Tell-a-Friend

 

  Related
 

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for October 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Preexisting Dementia in Stroke Patients Ups Disability

MONDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with stroke, preexisting dementia is associated with increased disability at discharge and lower likelihood of being discharged to prestroke domicile, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Noncarriers of BRCA Do Not Have Increased Breast CA Risk

MONDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Women testing negative for their family-specific BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation (noncarriers) do not have an increased risk of breast cancer, according to a study published online Oct. 31 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

Momentary Positive Affect Tied to Improved Survival

MONDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Positive affect (PA) is associated with survival, with high PA linked to considerably improved survival in older men and women, according to a study published online Oct. 31 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Proportion of MELD Exceptions Up From 2002 to 2010

MONDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The proportion of liver transplant candidates who are model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) exceptions increased from 2002 to 2010, and since April 2005, exceptions have been associated with a reduced risk of wait-list mortality, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Transplantation.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Switching From IV to Oral Meds Cuts Health Care Costs

MONDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For patients who are clinically eligible for oral (PO) medication intake, switching from intravenous (IV) to oral medication can substantially reduce the annual cost of health care, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Clinical Therapeutics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pre-Op Erythropoietin Reduces Need for Peri-Op Transfusion

MONDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Preoperative administration of erythropoietin and an iron supplement significantly reduces the requirement for perioperative transfusion in anemic patients undergoing valvular heart surgery, according to a study published in the November issue of Anesthesiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Disc Herniation Symptom Duration Tied to Outcome

MONDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Longer pretreatment symptom duration from lumbar disc herniation is associated with poorer outcomes after both surgical and nonsurgical intervention, according to a study published in the Oct. 19 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Complete Remission for Many With Nonsyndromic Epilepsy

MONDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of young patients with nonsyndromic epilepsy (NSE) undergo complete remission, which usually persists, according to a study published in the October issue of the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Self-Reported Knee Function, Pain Worse Than Doc-Assessed

FRIDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Following total knee arthroplasty, self-reported American Knee Society pain and function subscores are worse than clinician-assessed scores, but self- and clinician-assessment of the Oxford Knee Score is similar, according to a study published in the Oct. 19 issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Thalidomide Effective, Safe in GI Vascular Malformations

FRIDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with refractory bleeding from gastrointestinal vascular malformations, treatment with thalidomide is effective, according to a study published in the November issue of Gastroenterology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

ATA: Thyroidectomy Improves Sleep Apnea Symptoms

FRIDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Surgical reduction or removal of an enlarged thyroid gland improves obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) symptoms, including snoring, according to a study being presented in the annual meeting of the American Thyroid Association, held from Oct. 26 to 30 in Palm Springs, Calif.

Press Release
More Information

Long-Term Aspirin Use Lowers CRC Risk in Lynch Syndrome

FRIDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term use of aspirin reduces the risk for colorectal cancer in carriers of Lynch syndrome, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Nonclinical Factors Impact Back Pain Treatment Decisions

FRIDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Nonclinical factors, including gender, socioeconomic status, and patient presentation, influence physicians' treatment recommendations for acute nonspecific low back pain, with patient presentation the most influential factor, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of Spine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Neurogenesis Indicative of Poor Colorectal Cancer Outcomes

FRIDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Neurogenesis is associated with colorectal cancer progression, and is predictive of poor outcomes for patients, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of Cancer.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Fecal Assays Help Identify Food Hypersensitivity in IBS

FRIDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A quarter of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have food hypersensitivity (FH), which can be detected using fecal assays; most accurately with eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) assay, according to a study published in the November issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy Safe for Selected Patients

FRIDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) can be safe when used for properly-selected women with breast cancer, according to a study published in the November issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Weight Loss in Obese Tied to Low-Order Cognitive Upturn

FRIDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Weight loss in obese individuals is associated with low-order significant improvements in executive/attention functioning and memory, according to a meta-analysis published in the November issue of Obesity Reviews.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

IBS Patient-Reported Outcomes Tied to Symptom Severity Ratings

FRIDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Pain catastrophizing and somatization affect patients' judgments of pain, bloating, and/or bowel habits, which impact patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to a study published in the November issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Adipose Tissue Inflammation Tied to Fat Deposition

THURSDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) inflammation is not correlated with gender or ethnicity, and is associated with visceral adipose tissue (VAT) deposition, hepatic fat fraction (HFF), hyperinsulinemia, and stimulation of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) stress pathway, according to a study published in the November issue of Diabetes.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Cannabinoid Receptor Tied to Cognitive Chaos

THURSDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Disrupted temporal coordination of hippocampal and medial prefrontal cortical networks (mPFC) due to systemic activation of the cannabinoid receptor is associated with impaired accuracy during working-memory task performance in rats, according to an experimental study published in the Oct. 26 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Low Income, Less Health Care Spending Ups Stroke Incidence

THURSDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Lower per-capita gross domestic product and lower total health expenditure per capita are associated with increased stroke incidence, according to a study published online Oct. 27 in Stroke.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Mice Study: Probiotics Do Not Alter Gut Microbiota Makeup

THURSDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of a commercially available probiotic fermented milk product (FMP) does not induce significant changes in gut microbiota composition in human and gnotobiotic mice, but does induce changes in bacterial metabolic pathways, according to an experimental study published online Oct. 26 in Science Translational Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Bedside Geriatric Assessment Feasible in Elderly With AML

THURSDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Inpatient bedside geriatric assessment (GA) is feasible, and is useful for identifying multiple geriatric impairments in elderly patients initiating chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Gene Variation Tied to Rate of Age-Related Mental Decline

THURSDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- A valine-to-methionine substitution at position 66 (val66met) of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is associated with the rate of decline in skilled task performance and age-dependent hippocampal volume changes in middle-aged and older healthy individuals, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in Translational Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text

Ovarian Stimulation Ups Risk of Ovarian Tumors in Later Life

THURSDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization (IVF) is associated with an increase in the risk of ovarian malignancies, especially borderline ovarian tumors, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in Human Reproduction.

Abstract
Full Text

Obesity Tied to Impaired Immunity After Flu Vaccine

THURSDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Obese individuals have reduced levels of influenza antibody titers and decreased CD8+ T-cell responses 12 months after influenza vaccination, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in the International Journal of Obesity.

Abstract
Full Text

Briakinumab More Effective Than Methotrexate in Psoriasis

THURSDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with moderate to severe psoriasis, briakinumab is more effective than methotrexate, although serious infections and cancers occur more frequently with briakinumab, according to a study published in the Oct. 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Long-Term Moderate, High Stress Ups Male Mortality Rate

THURSDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term moderate or high levels of stress in men are associated with higher mortality rates, independent of demographics and health behavior habits, according to a study published in the Journal of Aging Research.

Abstract
Full Text

Similar Clinical Impairments for Men, Women Who Binge Eat

THURSDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Men and women who binge eat suffer similar levels of clinical impairment, despite an underrepresentation of men in treatment studies, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Hormonal Alterations Persist One Year After Weight Loss

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Altered levels of several peripheral hormones involved in the homeostatic regulation of body weight persist more than one year after initial weight reduction, according to a study published in the Oct. 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

No Lung Cancer Mortality Drop With Chest X-Ray Screening

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Annual lung cancer screening with chest radiographs for four years does not significantly decrease lung cancer mortality compared to usual care, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians, held from Oct. 22 to 26 in Honolulu.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

qHPV Vaccine Efficacious in Anal Intraepithelial Neoplasia

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Quadrivalent human papillomavirus (qHPV) vaccine is safe and efficacious against anal intraepithelial neoplasia in men who have sex with men, according to a study published in the Oct. 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Bedtime Medications Offer Better BP Control in CKD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), taking at least one hypertension medication at bedtime results in better blood pressure (BP) control compared to morning medication, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Small Airway Obstruction Heralds Emphysema in COPD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- The number of airways with a diameter of 2 to 2.5 mm is significantly reduced in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the narrowing and disappearance of small-airways precedes emphysematous destruction, according to a study published in the Oct. 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Newer Progestogen Types in the Pill Tied to Higher VTE Risk

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Women who use oral contraceptives with desogestrel, gestodene, or drospirenone have an increased risk of first-ever venous thromboembolism (VTE), compared to users of oral contraceptives with levonorgestrel, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in BMJ.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Evidence Suggests Variable Effectiveness for Flu Vaccine

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccines provide variable effectiveness and efficacy in young children and adults, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Smoking Rarely Cited As Cause of Death on Death Certificates

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors rarely cite smoking as the cause of death (COD) on death certificates, even in cases where there is a strong causal link to smoking, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in the Journal of Clinical Pathology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Yoga As Effective As Stretching for Chronic Low Back Pain

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- For primary care patients with chronic low back pain, yoga is as effective as conventional stretching exercises and more effective than a self-care book for improving function and reducing symptoms, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Ghost Authorship Prevalent in About One-Fifth of Articles

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of articles with honorary authorship, ghost authorship, or both is 21 percent, which marks a significant decrease since 1996, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in BMJ.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA: Xigris Pulled From Global Market

TUESDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Xigris (drotrecogin alfa [activated]), used in the treatment of patients with severe sepsis, is being voluntarily pulled from the market by its manufacturer, Eli Lilly and Company, after failing to show a survival benefit in these patients, according to a drug safety notification issued Oct. 25 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

More Information

Clinical, Genetic Factors Linked to Early Stent Thrombosis

TUESDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Both genetic and clinical factors are independently associated with early stent thrombosis, according to a study published in the Oct. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text

Low-Dose Lung Cancer CT Screens May Help Identify COPD

TUESDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose inspiratory and expiratory lung cancer screening computed tomography (CT) scans can be used to identify chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published in the Oct. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Mortgage Default Associated With Worse Health Status

TUESDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Falling behind in mortgage payments is correlated with elevated depressive symptoms, food insecurity, and cost-related medication nonadherence, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in the American Journal of Public Health.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Radiographic Osteoarthritis Phenotypes Linked to Race

TUESDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- African-Americans are less likely to have hand radiographic osteoarthritis (rOA) phenotypes, but are more likely to have knee rOA phenotypes involving the tibiofemoral joints (TFJ), according to a study published online Oct. 20 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Vandetanib Ups Survival in Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma

TUESDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Administration of vandetanib to patients with advanced medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) improves progression-free survival (PFS) compared to placebo, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Capecitabine First-Line Option in Advanced Breast Cancer Therapy

TUESDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Capecitabine is a good first-line treatment alternative to cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil (CMF) for some women with advanced breast cancer, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

New Estimates of Rotavirus-Attributable Diarrhea Mortality

TUESDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Worldwide in 2008, 453,000 deaths in children younger than 5 years old resulted from diarrhea attributable to rotavirus, according to a meta-analysis published online Oct. 25 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

First Versions of Generic Zyprexa Approved

MONDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The first generic versions of Zyprexa (olanzapine) have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, the agency said Monday.

Zyprexa

Pre-Op Regimen Tolerable for Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

MONDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Use of neoadjuvant oxaliplatin, protracted-infusion fluorouracil (PI-FU), and external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is tolerable for esophageal adenocarcinoma, but fails to achieve the predefined pathologic complete response (pCR) rate, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

HPV Infection, Cardiovascular Disease in Women Linked

MONDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in women, especially tumor-associated oncogenic HPV, is correlated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Insomnia Moderately Raises Risk of Myocardial Infarction

MONDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Insomnia symptoms are associated with a moderate increase in the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to a study published online Oct. 24 in Circulation.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Excision Margin of 2 cm Safe in Melanoma Thicker Than 2 mm

MONDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with cutaneous melanoma thicker than 2 mm, a surgical excision margin of 2 cm is sufficient and has similar overall survival as with a 4-cm excision margin, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Breast Reconstruction Ups Psychosocial, Sexual Health

MONDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Women undergoing autologous tissue breast reconstruction experience significant gains in breast satisfaction, and psychological and sexual well-being as early as three weeks post surgery, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in Cancer.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

LABA Use Ups Risk of Serious Asthma Events in Children

MONDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The use of long acting β²-adrenergic receptor agonists (LABAs) in children increases the risk for an excess of serious asthma-related events, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Immunotherapy-Chemo Combo Improves Survival in NSCLC

MONDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with advanced non-small-cell-lung cancer (NSCLC), combining TG4010 immunotherapy with standard chemotherapy improves six-month progression-free survival (PFS), according to a study published online Oct. 22 in The Lancet Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Successful Pregnancy Feasible After Kidney Transplantation

MONDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnancy after kidney transplantation is associated with an increased live birth rate, lower miscarriage rate, and higher rate of complications compared to the general U.S. population, according to a study published online July 27 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

New Method Improves Renal Transplant Biopsy Accuracy

MONDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Adding molecular phenotyping to histological classification of kidney transplantation biopsies facilitates more accurate classification of borderline rejection biopsies, and helps eliminate this category in most cases, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

High Rate of Elevated BP Post Pediatric Liver Transplant

FRIDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For children who undergo liver transplant (LT), there is a high prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) at five to 10 years post-transplant, and this can be predicted by age at LT, decreased calculated glomerular filtration rate (cGFR), and recent steroid use, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Early Impact of RA on Women's Daily Activities, Occupation

FRIDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), daily activities and occupational identity are affected in the first 12 months after diagnosis, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CLIP-170 Mediates Paclitaxel Sensitivity in Breast Cancer

FRIDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- CLIP-170 regulates paclitaxel sensitivity in breast cancer cells by mediating the effects of paclitaxel on microtubule assembly, mitosis, and apoptosis, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in The Journal of Pathology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Vulvar Lesions Should Always Be Indication for Treatment

FRIDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), a problem that appears to be on the rise in women in their 40s, should always receive treatment, according to a joint committee opinion issued by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology and published in the November issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Cardiac Troponin Predicts Mortality in Acute Heart Failure

FRIDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- A sensitive cardiac troponin I (s-cTnI) assay can predict mortality risk for patients with acute heart failure, according to a study published online Oct. 11 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Cough Predicts Idiopathic Lung Fibrosis Disease Progression

FRIDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Cough is common in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and is an independent predictor of disease progression, according to a study published in the August issue of Respirology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Trabecular Bone Texture Predicts Arthritis Progression

FRIDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Automated analysis of tibial trabecular bone (TB) texture in individuals with or without radiographic knee osteoarthritis shows promise for predicting progressive tibiofemoral joint space loss, according to a study published online Oct. 11 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Letrozole Monotherapy Shows Breast CA Long-Term Benefits

FRIDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer, letrozole monotherapy reduces breast cancer recurrence and mortality in the long-term more effectively than tamoxifen monotherapy, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in The Lancet Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

No Link Found Between Cell Phone Use and Cancer

FRIDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- In what may be the largest study to date evaluating cancer risk in cell phone subscribers, Danish researchers have found no evidence of increased central nervous system tumor rates in long-term holders of cell phone subscriptions; their findings have been published online Oct. 20 in BMJ.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Multiple Hormones Influence Breast Cancer Risk

FRIDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- High levels of sex and growth hormones are known to increase the risk of breast cancer, and it appears that other hormones circulating at high levels may also have a profound influence on the likelihood that a woman will develop postmenopausal breast cancer, according to research published online Oct. 21 in Breast Cancer Research.

Abstract
Full Text

Ultrasound, Shock Wave Not Effective for Low Back Pain

FRIDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The available evidence does not support the effectiveness of ultrasound or shock wave for treating low back pain (LBP), according to a review published in the October issue of The Spine Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Local LV Remodeling Linked to Mitral Regurgitation

FRIDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) and wide QRS durations, local left ventricular (LV) remodeling contributes toward development of mitral regurgitation (MR), which can be reduced by cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Article Collection Sheds Light on U.S. Melanoma Trends

THURSDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, and melanoma, the third-most common form of skin cancer, may strike more than 45,000 people annually, according to a recent supplement published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text

Social Network Size Associated With Brain Structure

THURSDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- The size of a person's online social network is associated with the gray matter density of specific regions in the brain, and these regions are specific to Web-based networks rather than real-world social networks, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Abstract
Full Text

Sodium-Sensitive Populations Fail to Curb Intake

THURSDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of all Americans should limit their sodium intake for the sake of their health, but less than 2 percent of those who meet the criteria for sodium limitation actually do so, and most Americans ingest too much sodium, according to research published in the Oct. 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text

Drug-Eluting Stents With Abnormal ABI Tied to Mortality

THURSDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, an abnormal ankle brachial index (ABI) is independently associated with one-year risk of total mortality and cardiovascular mortality, but not with risk of stroke, nonfatal acute coronary syndrome (ACS), or newer revascularization, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

3-D CT Useful for Classification of Ligament Ossification

THURSDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Use of three-dimensional computed tomography (3-D CT) to visualize ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) can aid with classification of lesions, according to a study published in the October issue of The Spine Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Intensive Lipid Therapy Lowers Plaque Lipid Content

THURSDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Significant decreases are observed in carotid plaque lipids after one year of intensive lipid therapy and continue in the second year, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Imaging.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

IBD Increases Risk of Post-Op Thromboembolism

THURSDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk of developing postoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), with a higher risk in those undergoing nonintestinal surgery, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in the Archives of Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Platelet-Rich Fibrin Matrix Shots Induce Cellular Changes

THURSDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Administration of platelet-rich fibrin matrix (PRFM) into the deep dermis and immediate subdermis stimulates cellular changes, including activated fibroblasts, new collagen deposition, new blood vessel development, intradermal adipocyte collection, and subdermal adipocyte stimulation, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text

Oropharyngeal Exam Confirms Obstructive Sleep Apnea

THURSDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- The Friedman tongue position (FTP) score on oropharyngeal examination confirms obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and is associated with its severity, according to a study published in the October issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Low Lethal Potential for Atypical Spitz Tumors

THURSDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Atypical Spitz tumors (ASTs) are associated with a favorable prognosis, an increased melanoma risk, and a moderate risk of metastasis to regional nodes, according to a study published in the October issue of the Archives of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Antidepressants Used by About 11 Percent of Americans

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately one out of 10 Americans aged 12 and over take antidepressant medications, the use of which is most prevalent in women aged 40 to 59, according to an October data brief released by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

More Information

Early Initiation of ART After TB Treatment Ups Survival

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with HIV and tuberculosis, initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) early after starting tuberculosis treatment improves survival in those with CD4+ T-cell counts of less than 50/mm³, according to three studies published in the Oct. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract - Blanc
Full Text
Abstract - Havlir
Full Text
Abstract - Abdool Karim
Full Text
Editorial

Neighborhood Poverty Level Linked to Obesity, Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Moving from a neighborhood with a high level of poverty to one with a low level of poverty is associated with a slight reduction in the prevalence of extreme obesity and diabetes, according to a study published in the Oct. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Deletion in ADAM17 Connected to Skin, Bowel Disease

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- A deletion mutation in ADAM17 may be the cause of a neonatal-onset inflammatory skin and bowel disease, according to a study published in the Oct. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Nicotine Dependence Underdiagnosed in U.S. Vets

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. veterans are more likely than the general population to have a nicotine dependency, especially if they've struggled with other substances, mental illness, or homelessness, but VA services may be underestimating the scope of the problem, according to research published in the November issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

Full Text

Different CD8+ T-Cell Targets in New, Established Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Autoreactive CD8+ T cells specific for preproinsulin (PPI) include central and effector memory cells and show different specificities for epitopes in patients with recent-onset and long-standing type 1 diabetes (T1D), according to a study published online Oct. 13 in Diabetes.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Erectile Dysfunction After Colorectal CA Poorly Managed

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Most men who experience erectile dysfunction after treatment for colorectal cancer feel profound distress, do not receive adequate information, and often feel they have been treated poorly by clinicians, according to a study published online Oct. 18 in BMJ.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Distinct Risks for Superficial Spreading, Lentigo Melanomas

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM) and superficial spreading melanoma (SSM) have distinct risk profiles, with the strongest determinants of LMM and SSM being the number of solar lentigines and the number of nevi, respectively, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in the Archives of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

H. pylori Not Detected in Hyperplastic Adenoids

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and other Helicobacteraceae family members do not majorly contribute toward development of hyperplastic adenoids in children, according to a study published in the October issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

High Resource Use Ups Congenital Heart Surgery Risk

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with high resource use (HRU) undergoing congenital heart surgery in pediatric hospitals have higher mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 18 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Maternal ACE Inhibitor Use Not Tied to Congenital Defects

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- For pregnant women with hypertension, use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in the first trimester does not increase the risk of congenital heart defects in offspring compared to no treatment, according to a study published online Oct. 18 in BMJ.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Heart Failure Hospitalizations Down From 1998 to 2008

TUESDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Overall heart failure hospitalization rates in the United States declined significantly from 1998 to 2008, with black men showing the lowest rate of decline, according to a study published in the Oct. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

E-Beam Sterilized Dialyzers Up Risk of Thrombocytopenia

TUESDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Use of electron-beam (e-beam) sterilized hemodialysis membranes increases the risk of significant thrombocytopenia, according to a study published in the Oct. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Readmission Risk Models Display Poor Predictive Ability

TUESDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Most hospital readmission risk models have poor predictive ability, according to a review published in the Oct. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Cardiac Device Lead Removal by Laser Safe for Octogenarians

TUESDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Laser assisted extraction of leads from implanted cardiac devices (pacemakers and defibrillators) is safe and effective in the octogenarian population, with risks similar to those in the non-octogenarian population, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Addition of Dulanermin Doesn't Improve Outcomes in NSCLC

TUESDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Addition of dulanermin to paclitaxel and carboplatin (PC) and bevacizumab (PCB) does not improve outcomes for patients with advanced squamous or nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a study published online Oct. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract

Copyright © 2011 ScoutNews, LLC. All rights reserved.


Previous: October 2011 Briefing - Urology Next: October 2011 Briefing - Critical Care

Reader comments on this article are listed below. Review our comments policy.


Submit your opinion:

Name:

Email:

Location:

URL:

Remember my personal information

Notify me of follow-up comments?

advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)
 

Are you a Doctor, Pharmacist, PA or a Nurse?

Join the Doctors Lounge online medical community

  • Editorial activities: Publish, peer review, edit online articles.

  • Ask a Doctor Teams: Respond to patient questions and discuss challenging presentations with other members.

Doctors Lounge Membership Application

 
     

 advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)

 

 

Useful Sites
MediLexicon
  Tools & Services: Follow DoctorsLounge on Twitter Follow us on Twitter | RSS News | Newsletter | Contact us
Copyright © 2001-2014
Doctors Lounge.
All rights reserved.

Medical Reference:
Diseases | Symptoms
Drugs | Labs | Procedures
Software | Tutorials

Advertising
Links | Humor
Forum Archive
CME | Conferences

Privacy Statement
Terms & Conditions
Editorial Board
About us | Email

This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
verify here.