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Category: Nursing | Monthly Briefing

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November 2011 Briefing - Nursing

Last Updated: December 01, 2011.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for November 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Birth Weight Inversely Impacts Diabetes Risk

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Birth weight is inversely associated with adult fasting-glucose levels and with the risk of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), according to a study published online Nov. 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Metal, Ceramics on Par With Traditional Hip Implants

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Implantable hip devices with metal on metal or ceramic on ceramic bearings do not offer an advantage over those with traditional bearings, according to a review published online Nov. 29 in BMJ.

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IL-2 Tied to Regulatory T-Cell Expansion in Graft-Versus-Host

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Daily low-dose interleukin-2 is safe and induces regulatory T (Treg) cell expansion with suppression of clinical manifestations in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and is also associated with Treg recovery and clinical improvement in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-induced vasculitis, according to two studies published in the Dec. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Objective Physical Activity Impacts Sleep Variables

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Objectively-measured physical activity is significantly associated with sleep-related parameters in adults of all ages, according to a study published in the December issue of Mental Health and Physical Activity.

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Wrongly ID'd Ectopic Pregnancy + Methotrexate Catastrophic

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Misdiagnosis of intrauterine pregnancies as ectopic, with subsequent first-trimester exposure to high-dose methotrexate, may result in severely malformed newborns or fetal deaths, according to a study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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U.S. Patients Highly Satisfied With Outpatient Medical Care

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Patients in the United States are, in general, highly satisfied with their outpatient medical care, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in Health Outcomes Research in Medicine.

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Long-Term Superiority Seen in Group Intervention for Neck Pain

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with persistent tension-type neck pain, a multi-component pain and stress self-management group intervention (PASS) is superior to individually-administered physical therapy (IAPT) at two years, according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of Spine.

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Risk Factors ID'd for Radiation-Induced Hypothyroidism

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Factors associated with an increased risk of radiation-induced hypothyroidism (RIHT) include female gender and surgery involving the thyroid gland or other neck surgery, with Caucasians at increased risk compared with African-Americans, according to a meta-analysis published in the Dec. 1 issue of Cancer.

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Pronounced Childhood Effects Seen With MC4R Deficiency

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The effects of melanocortin-4-receptor (MC4R) deficiency on the body mass accumulation rate are more pronounced during childhood, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Diabetes.

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Delayed Acyclovir in Neonates With Herpes Ups Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Delayed initiation of acyclovir therapy in neonates with herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is associated with in-hospital mortality, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Bone Suppression Imaging Ups Small Lung Cancer Detection

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Accuracy of small lung cancer detection on chest radiographs is higher when using bone suppression (BS) imaging with a standard radiograph, and the accuracy improves when using dual-energy subtraction (DES) radiography, according to a study published in the December issue of Radiology.

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Abnormal Brain Enlargement in Boys With Regressive Autism

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Boys with regressive autism have abnormal brain enlargement, with a head circumference that diverges from other groups at age 4 to 6 months, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Young Adult Back Pain Severity Tied to Spinal Disc Degeneration

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- In young adults, lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration (DD) is associated with low back pain (LBP) symptom severity, independent of other degenerative findings, according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of Spine.

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Nonfasting Tests Useful for Peds Dysglycemia Screening

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- A one-hour 50-gram nonfasting glucose challenge test (1-h GCT) and random blood glucose test are more reliable screening tools for dysglycemia (prediabetes or diabetes) in children than hemoglobin (Hb) A1c testing, according to a study published in the December issue of Diabetes Care.

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Uterine Anomalies Linked to Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- The presence of a uterine anomaly is significantly associated with preterm birth (PTB), primary nonbreech cesarean delivery, preterm rupture of membranes, and breech presentation, according to a study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Prediagnosis BMI Predicts Mortality in Patients With CRC

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with nonmetastatic colorectal cancer (CRC), prediagnosis, but not postdiagnosis, body mass index (BMI) is an important predictor of all-cause and cause-specific mortality; and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a higher risk of mortality, according to two studies published online Nov. 28 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract - Campbell
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Abstract - Dehal
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Concomitant MMRV With PCV-7 Highly Immunogenic, Safe

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Concomitant administration of a combined measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella vaccine (MMRV) and pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV-7) is immunogenic and safe for healthy 12- to 15-month-old children, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Crash Injuries of Children in Restraints Not Tied to Weight

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of clinically significant crash-related injuries in motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) is not correlated with weight among children using forward-facing child restraints (FFCRs) or belt-positioning booster seats (BPBs), according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Opioid Rx for Chronic Abdominal Pain Up Over Last Decade

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of opioid prescriptions for chronic abdominal pain more than doubled between 1997 and 2008 in the United States, with prescriptions most common for patients aged 25 to 40 years, according to a study published in the December issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Few U.S. Infants Exclusively Breastfed for First Six Months

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life is low among U.S. infants, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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NSAID, Statin Use Cuts Cancer Risk in Barrett's Esophagus

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with Barrett's esophagus, use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and statins reduces the risk of neoplastic progression, with combined use giving additional protection, according to a study published in the December issue of Gastroenterology.

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Temperature-Controlled Laminar Airflow Helps Atopic Asthma

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with persistent atopic asthma, environmental control for one year, using nocturnal temperature-controlled laminar airflow (TLA), improves asthma-related quality of life and reduces airway inflammation, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in Thorax.

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Intensified Immunochemotherapy Benefits B-Cell Lymphoma

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, intensified immunochemotherapy with rituximab, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vindesine, bleomycin, and prednisone (R-ACVBP) is associated with improved survival compared to standard therapy with rituximab, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP), according to a study published in the Nov. 26 issue of The Lancet.

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Chronic Disease Management Ups Smoking Abstinence

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A chronic disease management approach is associated with increased short- and long-term abstinence from smoking; and nicotine replacement therapy (NT) during a practice quit attempt (PQA) correlates with increased incidence of any quit attempt, according to two studies published in the Nov. 28 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract - Joseph
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Abstract - Carpenter
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High-Performing Docs Learn Equally From Success, Failure

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Among physicians making decisions in a medically-framed learning task, high and low performers show distinct behavioral and neural patterns of learning, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in PLoS One.

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Small Cell Carcinoma of Urinary Bladder Incidence Up

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder (SCCB) increased from 1991 to 2005, with elderly Caucasian men being the most commonly affected, according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of Cancer.

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Nearly One in 10 Patients With PCI Readmits Within 30 Days

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- About one in 10 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are readmitted within 30 days; and 30-day readmission is associated with an increased risk of one-year mortality, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Everolimus Ups Survival in Carcinoid Syndrome

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with low- or intermediate-grade advanced neuroendocrine tumors (carcinoids), everolimus plus octreotide long-acting repeatable (LAR) improves progression-free survival versus placebo plus octreotide LAR, according to a study published online Nov. 25 in The Lancet.

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GIP Identified As Bifunctional Blood Glucose Stabilizer

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Infusion of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) increases glucagon responses during hypoglycemia and euglycemia, with no effect on insulin secretion, and more than doubles the insulin secretion rate during hyperglycemia, with no effect on glucagon responses, according to a study published in the December issue of Diabetes.

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Afternoon Shots Up Post-Immunization Sleep Duration

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Infants who have immunizations in the afternoon, or have an increased temperature in response to vaccines, have increased sleep duration after immunization, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Home Birth Imposes Higher Risks for First-Time Mothers

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- For healthy women with low-risk pregnancies, the incidence of adverse perinatal outcomes is low in all birth settings, giving these women more options when choosing where to have their baby, according to a study published online Nov. 24 in BMJ.

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AAP Issues Infant Positional Skull Deformity Guidelines

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians and health care clinicians should be able to diagnose positional skull deformities among infants, implement preventive counseling among parents, initiate appropriate management, and make referrals, when necessary, according to a scientific statement published Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Short Stature Tied to Low-Frequency, Rare Gene Deletions

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Short stature is associated with an increased global burden of copy-number variants (CNVs) as well as a greater average length of CNVs for lower-frequency and rare deletions, according to a report published online Nov. 23 in the American Journal of Human Genetics.

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Autoimmune Disorders Tied to Pulmonary Embolism Risk

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Autoimmune disorders are associated with an increased risk of pulmonary embolism, particularly during the first year after hospitalization, according to a study published online Nov. 26 in The Lancet.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Many Pediatricians OK With Alternative Vaccine Schedules

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians in Washington State are frequently asked to use alternative childhood immunization schedules (ACISs), and the majority are comfortable using them, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Pathologist Case Volume Affects Thyroid FNA Reading

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Case volume significantly affects pathologic interpretation of thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA), but does not impact diagnostic yield, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract
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Substance Abuse Health Programs Benefit Surgeons

FRIDAY, Nov. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Surgeons being monitored for diagnosed substance use disorders have similar outcomes to their non-surgeon counterparts, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of Surgery.

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Processed Red Meat Tied to Incident Type 2 Diabetes

FRIDAY, Nov. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The intake of processed, but not unprocessed red meat, is associated with incident type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Nov. 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Stem-Cell-Seeded Bioartificial Tracheal Transplant Feasible

THURSDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- A stem-cell-seeded bioartificial nanocomposite tracheobronchial scaffold can be used successfully to replace a complex airway defect, according to a proof-of-concept study published online Nov. 24 in The Lancet.

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Default-Mode Brain Network Deactivation Seen in Meditators

THURSDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Experienced meditators have relative deactivation of the main modes of the default mode network (DMN), and stronger coupling between the posterior cingulate, dorsal anterior cingulate, and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract
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Blood Transfusion Services Improve in Africa

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- From 2004 to 2007, 14 countries supported by the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) made rapid progress in the safety and adequacy of their blood supply; during the second phase, incremental progress continued, according to a report published in the Nov. 25 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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Dabigatran Poses Challenge in Treating Injured Patients

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Dabigatran etexilate, a new oral direct thrombin inhibitor, should be used with caution due to a lack of readily available methods to assess the degree of anticoagulation or reverse its effects, posing a threat of fatal bleeding complications for injured patients, according to a letter published in the Nov. 24 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Letter

Similar Asthma Outcomes With Daily, Intermittent Budesonide

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Daily low-dose budesonide therapy is not superior to intermittent high-dose therapy for reducing asthma exacerbations in children, according to a study published in the Nov. 24 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Drugs ID'd in Most Older Adult Emergency Hospitalizations

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Adverse drug events from commonly used medications, including warfarin, insulin, oral antiplatelet agents, and oral hypoglycemic agents, account for the majority of emergency hospitalizations in older adults in the United States, according to a study published in the Nov. 24 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Low in Youths

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- High school students are consuming far fewer fruits and vegetables than are recommended for optimal health, according to research published in the Nov. 25 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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SAMHSA: Energy Drink-Related Emergency Visits Up in U.S.

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency department visits involving energy drinks increased approximately 10-fold between 2005 and 2009, according to a report published online Nov. 22 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Alendronate Ups BMD in Patients Taking Steroids for Skin Diseases

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Alendronate therapy is associated with significantly increased bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and femoral neck at 12 months in patients with immunobullous skin diseases and glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Archives of Dermatology.

Abstract
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Staggered Acetaminophen Overdose Tied to Poor Outcome

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Staggered acetaminophen overdose and delayed presentation after overdose are associated with adverse outcomes, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Long-Term Survival Factors ID'd for Head, Neck Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Older age, advanced stage, pain, poor quality of life, and smoking are risk factors associated with poorer survival among two-year survivors of head and neck cancer, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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Prolonged LDL-Lowering Statin Treatment Beneficial, Safe

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Prolonged statin treatment reduces low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and is accompanied by a proportional decrease in vascular events, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in The Lancet.

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Continuous Glucose Monitoring Improves Glycemic Control

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes not taking prandial insulin, 12 weeks of intermittent real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM) significantly improves and sustains glycemic control compared with use of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), according to a study published online Nov. 18 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
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Ambulatory Systolic BP Tied to White Matter Hyperintensity

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Among older individuals, ambulatory systolic blood pressure (BP), but not clinic BP, is associated with longitudinal progression of white matter hyperintensity (WMH) volume, according to a study published in the Nov. 22 issue of Circulation.

Abstract
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Carbon Dioxide Laser Feasible in Primary Lentigo Maligna

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Carbon dioxide laser ablation could be an alternative treatment for managing primary lentigo maligna, according to a study published in the November/December issue of the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Recent Drop Seen in Oral, Pharyngeal Cancer Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- From 1993 to 2007, mortality rates decreased for black and white men and women with oral cavity and pharyngeal cancer, with a significant decline seen among those with more than 12 years of education, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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Adjuvant Capecitabine Does Not Improve Breast Cancer Survival

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of capecitabine to a regimen with docetaxel, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide does not significantly improve recurrence-free survival (RFS) in women with early breast cancer, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Behavioral Therapy Effective in Juvenile Fibromyalgia

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is superior to fibromyalgia education (FE) for reducing functional disability in adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM), according to a study published online Nov. 22 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract
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Breast CA, Tenderness Linked in Women on Combo HRT

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- For women, use of conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) and medroxyprogesterone (MPA) is associated with new-onset breast tenderness, which correlates with increased breast cancer risk, according to a study published online Nov. 1 in Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.

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Urinary Potassium, Sodium Excretion Tied to CV Events

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Estimated urinary sodium and potassium excretion are associated with cardiovascular (CV) events, according to a study published in the Nov. 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Valvular Surgery Tied to Reduced Mortality in Endocarditis

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with infective endocarditis complicated by heart failure, valvular surgery is strongly associated with lower in-hospital and one-year mortality, according to a study published the Nov. 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Higher Coffee Consumption May Lower Endometrial Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of four or more cups of coffee per day is associated with a 25 percent reduced risk of endometrial cancer, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Decision Aids Help Caregivers Discuss Terminal Illness

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- A decision aid, consisting of a video and an accompanying workbook, can help family caregivers discuss terminal disease status with a family member with cancer, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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BMI Predicts 30-Day Post-Surgery Mortality Risk

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Body mass index (BMI) is a significant predictor of 30-day mortality after surgical procedures, irrespective of the type of surgery, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Archives of Surgery.

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Radial Fracture Type Doesn't Impact Volar Plate Outcome

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Open reduction and internal fixation of extra-articular and single sagittal intra-articular fractures of the distal radius using volar locking plates have similar outcomes, according to a study published in the Nov. 16 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Process Attributes Most Impact Psoriasis Therapy Choice

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with psoriasis attach greater importance to process attributes (treatment location, frequency, duration, delivery method, and individual cost) than to outcome attributes (probability, magnitude and duration of benefit, and probability, severity, and reversibility of adverse effects) when choosing a treatment option for psoriasis, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of Dermatology.

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Plasma MicroRNA Panel ID'd for Diagnosing Hepatocellular Cancer

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be diagnosed with high accuracy using a microRNA panel, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Post-Mortem CT More Accurate Than MRI for Cause of Death

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Post-mortem computed tomography (CT) is more accurate than magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for providing a cause of death, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in The Lancet.

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Black Patients Have Worse Diverticulitis Surgery Outcomes

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Black patients who undergo surgery for diverticulitis have a higher risk of undergoing emergency procedures, and an increased mortality risk than white patients, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of Surgery.

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Oliguria in Bariatric Surgery Not Tied to Intra-Op Fluids

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery have low urine output, irrespective of the intraoperative fluid volume administered, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Archives of Surgery.

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Similar Specific Survival for Unilateral, Bilateral Breast CA

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The 10-year breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) of patients with synchronous bilateral breast cancer (SBBC) and high-risk matches with unilateral breast cancer is not significantly different, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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High Early Adulthood BP Ups Mortality Risk in Later Years

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Men with higher blood pressure in early adulthood have an increased risk of overall, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in later life, according to a study published in the Nov. 29 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Oral Antibiotic Use in Acne Tied to Reported Pharyngitis

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Use of oral antibiotics for treatment of acne is associated with a more than three-fold increased risk of reported pharyngitis, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Archives of Dermatology.

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Presence of Alzheimer's Biomarkers, Low BMI Linked

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Biomarkers of increased Alzheimer's disease (AD) burden, including Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB), β-amyloid peptide (Aβ), and total tau, are associated with lower body mass index (BMI) in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or no dementia, according to a study published in the Nov. 22 issue of Neurology.

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Canadian Task Force Issues Breast CA Screening Guidelines

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For women at average risk of breast cancer, routine mammography screening is not recommended for 40- to 49-year-olds, and is recommended every two to three years for 50- to 74-year-olds, according to the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care's screening guidelines published in the Nov. 22 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Adverse Effects of Pediatric Acupuncture Usually Mild

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of adverse effects (AEs) associated with pediatric acupuncture are mild in severity, according to a review published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Survival Up With Posterior Cruciate-Retaining TKR

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Posterior cruciate-retaining total knee replacements (TKRs) show better survival at 15 years than posterior cruciate-stabilizing TKRs, according to a study published in the Nov. 16 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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NIH: The 90-Plus Population Is on the Rise in the U.S.

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. population aged 90 years and older (90-plus) is increasing and has distinct characteristics, according to a report by the U.S. Census Bureau, commissioned by the National Institute on Aging at the National Institutes of Health.

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Nonpunitive Method Improves Medical Error Reporting

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Medical error reporting in an academic pediatric ambulatory practice can be improved by a voluntary, nonpunitive, error-reporting system, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Grape Seed Extract Lowers Squamous Cell Carcinoma Risk

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Use of grape seed extract is associated with a reduced risk of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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African-American Women Lose Less Weight in Trials

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- African-American women lose less weight than other subgroups through behavioral weight loss interventions, according to a review published online Nov. 10 in Obesity Reviews.

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Text-Messaging-Based Negative Experiences Up 2006 to 2008

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of Internet-based violent experiences and exposures among children in the United States have remained constant from 2006 to 2008, whereas text-messaging-based experiences have increased, according to a report published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Largest Percentile Gain in BMI Seen in Elementary School

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The largest gains in body mass index (BMI) percentile are seen during elementary school, specifically between first and third grades, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Pain, Function Key Factors in Elective Amputation Decision

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with a functionally impaired lower limb, the decision to opt for elective amputation is largely influenced by the severity of pain and desire for improved function, according to a study published in the Nov. 16 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Restrictive Policies Push Gene Influence on Smoking Behavior

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to dizygotic twins, monozygotic twins are more likely to quit smoking during a similar time frame, and the influence of genetic factors was more pronounced in 1975 to 1980 than in 1960 to 1974, coincident with the implententation of restrictive smoking legislation, according to a study published in the November issue of Demography.

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Post-Bat Exposure Prophylaxis Up in New York

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- During a 10-year period of reporting concurrent with implementation of revised post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) guidelines for bat rabies, there were increases in the number of bats submitted for testing, reports of exposure, and instances of human PEP, according to a letter published online Nov. 16 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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CT Scan Beats Radiograph for Diagnosing Sacroiliitis

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with suspected spondyloarthritis (SpA), sacroiliitis is underestimated by radiography compared with computerized tomography (CT) scans, according to a study published online Nov. 11 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Hospital Readmission Common Post-Colorectal Surgery

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For patients who undergo colorectal surgery, 30- and 90-day readmissions are common, and cost an average of $8,885 per stay, according to a study published in the December issue of Diseases of the Colon & Rectum.

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Evidence-Based Spine Surgery Recommendations Issued

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence-based recommendations from six studies can help guide clinical practice in spinal surgeries, according to a review published online Nov. 14 in Spine.

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Growth Hormone Replacement Ups Diabetes Incidence

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy (GHRT) in adult patients with GH deficiency increases the risk of developing diabetes, according to a study published online Nov. 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Safety Initiative Reduces Adverse Obstetric Outcomes

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The introduction of a comprehensive, multicomponent perinatal safety initiative (PSI) can reduce adverse obstetric outcomes, improving patient safety and enhancing staff and patient experiences, according to a study published in the Journal for Healthcare Quality.

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'Number of Criteria' Approach Best Defines Gout Flare

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Gout flare is best defined using a "number of criteria" approach that includes the presence of four patient-reported features associated with flare, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Long-Term Antiepileptic Drug Therapy Ups Atherosclerosis

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with epilepsy, long-term monotherapy with carbamazepine (CBZ), phenytoin (PHT), or valproic acid (VPA), but not lamotrigine (LTG), is associated with increased common carotid artery intima media thickness (CCA IMT) and altered circulatory markers of vascular risk, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in Epilepsia.

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Minoxidil Foam Is Effective in Androgenic Alopecia

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For women with androgenic alopecia, hair growth can be stimulated effectively with once-daily 5 percent minoxidil topical foam (MTF), according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Factors Impacting Assignment to Triage Risk Level 2/3 ID'd

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- A triage nurse's decision to assign a patient to risk level 2 or 3 of the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triage system is influenced by specific factors, according to a study published in the November issue of the Journal of Emergency Nursing.

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Rapid Safety Monitoring of H1N1 Vaccine Feasible

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- A rapid safety surveillance system using modern technology is feasible for monitoring new H1N1 vaccines given or offered to large numbers of patients under normal conditions within a short period of time, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Lower Floor Stiffness Reduces Peak Spine Forces in Falls

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Peak spine force in backward falls is affected by the floor stiffness, according to a study published online Nov. 8 in Spine.

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CDC: 2010 Saw Decrease in Birth and Fertility Rates

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Birth and fertility rates decreased by 3 percent in 2010, with teenage birth

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