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Category: Pediatrics | Monthly Briefing

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November 2011 Briefing - Pediatrics

Last Updated: December 01, 2011.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for November 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Birth Weight Inversely Impacts Diabetes Risk

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Birth weight is inversely associated with adult fasting-glucose levels and with the risk of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), according to a study published online Nov. 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Delayed Acyclovir in Neonates With Herpes Ups Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Delayed initiation of acyclovir therapy in neonates with herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is associated with in-hospital mortality, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Pronounced Childhood Effects Seen With MC4R Deficiency

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The effects of melanocortin-4-receptor (MC4R) deficiency on the body mass accumulation rate are more pronounced during childhood, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Diabetes.

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Pediatric Sports Concussion Alters Cerebral Blood Flow

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatric sports-related concussions (SRC) significantly alter cerebral blood flow (CBF) without measurable structural, metabolic, neuronal or axonal injury; and, about 40 percent of U.S. high schools that employ athletic trainers (ATs) manage SRCs using computerized neurocognitive tests, according to two studies published online Nov. 30 in Pediatrics.

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Abnormal Brain Enlargement in Boys With Regressive Autism

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Boys with regressive autism have abnormal brain enlargement, with a head circumference that diverges from other groups at age 4 to 6 months, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Nonfasting Tests Useful for Peds Dysglycemia Screening

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- A one-hour 50-gram nonfasting glucose challenge test (1-h GCT) and random blood glucose test are more reliable screening tools for dysglycemia (prediabetes or diabetes) in children than hemoglobin (Hb) A1c testing, according to a study published in the December issue of Diabetes Care.

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Crash Injuries of Children in Restraints Not Tied to Weight

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of clinically significant crash-related injuries in motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) is not correlated with weight among children using forward-facing child restraints (FFCRs) or belt-positioning booster seats (BPBs), according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Concomitant MMRV With PCV-7 Highly Immunogenic, Safe

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Concomitant administration of a combined measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella vaccine (MMRV) and pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV-7) is immunogenic and safe for healthy 12- to 15-month-old children, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Few U.S. Infants Exclusively Breastfed for First Six Months

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life is low among U.S. infants, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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High-Performing Docs Learn Equally From Success, Failure

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Among physicians making decisions in a medically-framed learning task, high and low performers show distinct behavioral and neural patterns of learning, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in PLoS One.

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Many Pediatricians OK With Alternative Vaccine Schedules

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians in Washington State are frequently asked to use alternative childhood immunization schedules (ACISs), and the majority are comfortable using them, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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AAP Issues Infant Positional Skull Deformity Guidelines

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians and health care clinicians should be able to diagnose positional skull deformities among infants, implement preventive counseling among parents, initiate appropriate management, and make referrals, when necessary, according to a scientific statement published Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Short Stature Tied to Low-Frequency, Rare Gene Deletions

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Short stature is associated with an increased global burden of copy-number variants (CNVs) as well as a greater average length of CNVs for lower-frequency and rare deletions, according to a report published online Nov. 23 in the American Journal of Human Genetics.

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Home Birth Imposes Higher Risks for First-Time Mothers

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- For healthy women with low-risk pregnancies, the incidence of adverse perinatal outcomes is low in all birth settings, giving these women more options when choosing where to have their baby, according to a study published online Nov. 24 in BMJ.

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Afternoon Shots Up Post-Immunization Sleep Duration

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Infants who have immunizations in the afternoon, or have an increased temperature in response to vaccines, have increased sleep duration after immunization, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Low in Youths

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- High school students are consuming far fewer fruits and vegetables than are recommended for optimal health, according to research published in the Nov. 25 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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Similar Asthma Outcomes With Daily, Intermittent Budesonide

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Daily low-dose budesonide therapy is not superior to intermittent high-dose therapy for reducing asthma exacerbations in children, according to a study published in the Nov. 24 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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SAMHSA: Energy Drink-Related Emergency Visits Up in U.S.

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency department visits involving energy drinks increased approximately 10-fold between 2005 and 2009, according to a report published online Nov. 22 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Behavioral Therapy Effective in Juvenile Fibromyalgia

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is superior to fibromyalgia education (FE) for reducing functional disability in adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM), according to a study published online Nov. 22 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Adverse Effects of Pediatric Acupuncture Usually Mild

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of adverse effects (AEs) associated with pediatric acupuncture are mild in severity, according to a review published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Oral Antibiotic Use in Acne Tied to Reported Pharyngitis

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Use of oral antibiotics for treatment of acne is associated with a more than three-fold increased risk of reported pharyngitis, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Archives of Dermatology.

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Largest Percentile Gain in BMI Seen in Elementary School

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The largest gains in body mass index (BMI) percentile are seen during elementary school, specifically between first and third grades, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Text-Messaging-Based Negative Experiences Up 2006 to 2008

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of Internet-based violent experiences and exposures among children in the United States have remained constant from 2006 to 2008, whereas text-messaging-based experiences have increased, according to a report published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Nonpunitive Method Improves Medical Error Reporting

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Medical error reporting in an academic pediatric ambulatory practice can be improved by a voluntary, nonpunitive, error-reporting system, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Safety Initiative Reduces Adverse Obstetric Outcomes

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The introduction of a comprehensive, multicomponent perinatal safety initiative (PSI) can reduce adverse obstetric outcomes, improving patient safety and enhancing staff and patient experiences, according to a study published in the Journal for Healthcare Quality.

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Rapid Safety Monitoring of H1N1 Vaccine Feasible

FRIDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- A rapid safety surveillance system using modern technology is feasible for monitoring new H1N1 vaccines given or offered to large numbers of patients under normal conditions within a short period of time, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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CDC: 2010 Saw Decrease in Birth and Fertility Rates

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Birth and fertility rates decreased by 3 percent in 2010, with teenage birth rates at a historic low, according to a report published Nov. 17 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Drinking Age Law Impacts Adult Women's Suicide Risk

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- A minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) of less than 21 years is associated with a higher risk of adulthood suicides and homicides in women, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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Self-Harm Frequency Reduces From Adolescence to Adulthood

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- The frequency of self-harm reduces substantially from middle to late adolescence to young adulthood, according to a study published online Nov. 17 in The Lancet.

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Hib Vaccine Has Cut H. influenzae Incidence Dramatically

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- The introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae (H. influenzae) serotype b vaccine (Hib) has significantly reduced the incidence of invasive disease, according to a study published in the Dec. 15 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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SNP on OXTR Impacts Behavioral Prosociality Displays

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals homozygous for the G allele on rs53576 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene are observed to be more prosocial than carriers of the A allele, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Delayed Cord Clamping Tied to Improved Neonatal Iron Status

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Delayed cord clamping is associated with improved iron status and reduced prevalence of iron deficiency at 4 months of age, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in BMJ.

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Delayed Acyclovir Ups Hospital Stay for Eczema Herpeticum

MONDAY, Nov. 14 (HealthDay News) -- For children hospitalized for eczema herpeticum, a delay in acyclovir initiation increases the length of stay (LOS), according to a study published online Nov. 14 in Pediatrics.

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U.S. Teen Vaccination Coverage Up From 2006 to 2009

MONDAY, Nov. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent vaccination coverage in the United States increased from 2006 to 2009, and could be further improved, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in Pediatrics.

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Family History, Alcohol Tied to Benign Breast Disease Risk

MONDAY, Nov. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of seven alcoholic drinks per week during adolescence more than doubles the risk for benign breast disease (BBD) for those with a family history of breast cancer (BC) or BBD, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in Cancer.

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Panel Recommends Cholesterol Screenings for Children

MONDAY, Nov. 14 (HealthDay News) -- New guidelines sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute recommend screening children as young as 9 years old for high cholesterol; the guidelines have been summarized and published online Nov. 11 in Pediatrics.

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Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine Effective in Two, Three Doses

MONDAY, Nov. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Three doses of pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5) provide sustained protection against rotavirus disease, while two doses offer good protection, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in Pediatrics.

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Western Diet in Youth May Up Diabetes Risk in Middle-Age

FRIDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Eating like an American while in high school may set the stage for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) later in life, according to research published online Nov. 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Community-Based Treatment Improves Pneumonia Outcomes

FRIDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of community case management by lady health workers (LHWs) is associated with decreased treatment failure rates for children with severe pneumonia in Pakistan, according to a study published online Nov. 11 in The Lancet.

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Estimated Flu Incidence of 90 Million for 2008 in Under-5s

FRIDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- In 2008, there were an estimated 90 million new cases of influenza in children younger than 5 years of age, according to a review published online Nov. 11 in The Lancet.

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Child Abuse Underreported by Primary Health Care Providers

FRIDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- There is general agreement between child abuse experts and primary health care providers (PHCPs) concerning the assessment of suspected child abuse, but PHCPs report fewer cases of child abuse injuries to child protective services (CPS) than the experts, according to a report published online Oct. 13 in Academic Pediatrics.

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About 15,000 Intentional Poisoning ER Visits in 2009

FRIDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- In 2009, there were an estimated 14,720 emergency department visits due to intentional drug poisoning, with alcohol and drug combinations involved in 60 percent of these cases, according to a report published online Nov. 3 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Glove Use Linked to Reduced Hand Hygiene Compliance

THURSDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Glove usage among healthcare workers is often inappropriate, and hand hygiene compliance is worse when gloves are worn, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

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Maternal DNA Analysis IDs Fetal Gene Microdeletions

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Fetal chromosomal microdeletion can be identified by noninvasive analysis of maternal plasma DNA, according to a letter published in the Nov. 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Childhood ADHD Tied to Adult Anatomic Brain Changes

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with combined-type childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a significantly thinner cortex and reduced gray matter, regardless of their current diagnosis, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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HPV-16/18 Efficacious Against CIN3+, Adenocarcinoma in Situ

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9 (HealthDay News) -- The human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine shows excellent efficacy against CIN3+ and adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), and cross-protective efficacy against four oncogenic non-vaccine HPV types, according to two studies published online Nov. 9 in The Lancet Oncology.

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C-SSRS Useful for Assessing Suicidal Ideation and Behavior

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9 (HealthDay News) -- The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) is a useful standardized measure for assessing suicidal behavior and ideation, according to a study published online Nov. 8 in The American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Indoor Air Laws Up Adoption of Smokefree-Home Policy

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Clean indoor air laws are associated with increased adoption of smokefree-home policies; and complete home smoking bans more than tripled among U.S. households from 1992/1993 to 2006/2007, according to two studies published online Nov. 8 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Varying Response to Etanercept in Juvenile Arthritis

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), the treatment response to etanercept varies, with excellent response associated with lower baseline disability scores, fewer pretreatment disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and younger age of onset, according to a study published online Nov. 6 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Spinal Subdural Hemorrhage Linked to Abusive Head Trauma

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of spinal subdural hemorrhage is high among children with abusive head trauma, and rare among those with accidental trauma, according to a study published online Nov. 8 in Radiology.

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Male Children With Autism Have More Prefrontal Neurons

TUESDAY, Nov. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Brain overgrowth in male children with autism involves an increase in the number of neurons in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), according to a study published in the Nov. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Neuromuscular Warm-Up Cuts Lower Extremity Injury

TUESDAY, Nov. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of coach-led neuromuscular warm-up reduces the incidence of non-contact lower extremity (LE) injuries in female high school athletes, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Banning Sugar-Sweetened Drinks Cuts In-School Access

TUESDAY, Nov. 8 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. state policies that ban all sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) reduce in-school SSB access and purchasing, but do not reduce their overall consumption, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Substance Use, Abuse Highest Among Native American Teens

TUESDAY, Nov. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Substance use varies according to race/ethnicity, with Native American adolescents having the highest prevalence of use and substance-related disorders, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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SNP in TBL1X ID'd As Candidate Gene for Male Autism

TUESDAY, Nov. 8 (HealthDay News) -- A genome-wide association study on the X-chromosome shows that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs17321050, in the transducin β-like 1X-linked (TBL1X) gene is significantly linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in males, according to a study published online Nov. 4 in Molecular Autism.

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Clinical Diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorders Vary Widely

TUESDAY, Nov. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Best-estimate clinical diagnoses of different diagnostic subtypes of autism spectrum disorders vary widely across sites, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Great Achievement at Young Age Function of Time, Not Field

MONDAY, Nov. 7 (HealthDay News) -- The frequency of great scientific achievements at young age is a function of time, and not related to the field, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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K2 Linked to Cases of ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

MONDAY, Nov. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Use of K2, a synthetic cannabinoid, among adolescents is associated with ST-segment elevation-myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published online Nov. 7 in Pediatrics.

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Paternal Depression Tied to Child's Emotional Behavior

MONDAY, Nov. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Paternal mental health problems and depressive symptoms are independently associated with increased rates of emotional and behavioral problems in children, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in Pediatrics.

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Causal Link Suggested Between Acetaminophen Use, Asthma

MONDAY, Nov. 7 (HealthDay News) -- The use of acetaminophen in children with asthma or at risk of asthma should be avoided until the drug's safety is established, as observations suggest a causative association between acetaminophen use and increased asthma prevalence in children, according to a report published online Nov. 7 in Pediatrics.

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FDA Enhancing Surveillance for Anti-TNF Malignancy

FRIDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is stepping up their safety surveillance of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors, such as infliximab and adalimumab, amidst ongoing reports of hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma in children and young adults, according to a safety alert issued Nov. 4 by the agency.

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Renin-Angiotensin Systems Tied to Obesity

FRIDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Both the systemic and adipose tissue renin-angiotensin systems (RASs) are associated with obesity and insulin resistance, according to research published online Oct. 31 in Obesity Reviews.

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Perceived Distortion in Scoliosis Tied to Quality of Life

FRIDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- For adult patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, there is an inverse association between perceived distortion and quality of life (QOL), according to a study published online Oct. 27 in Spine.

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Receptionists Contribute to Safety of Repeat Prescriptions

FRIDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Receptionists and administrative staff of general practices in the United Kingdom make important contributions to quality and safety in repeat prescribing, which are often unknown to clinicians, according to a study published online Nov. 3 in BMJ.

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Rooms of Patients With A. baumannii Often Contaminated

FRIDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of rooms of patients colonized or infected with multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) (MDR-AB) have surfaces which are positive for A. baumannii, even in patients with a remote history of infection, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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Carisoprodol-Related Emergency Visits Up in United States

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Carisoprodol misuse- or abuse-related emergency department visits increased in the United States between 2004 and 2009, with the majority of visits involving other pharmaceuticals, according to a report published online Nov. 3 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Children Not Vaccinated Against Pneumonia Remain Vulnerable

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Some children are not receiving the current recommended 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), a replacement for the 7-valent vaccine (PCV7) in all children and a supplement for those aged 14 to 59 months, leaving them susceptible to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and death, according to research published in the Nov. 4 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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NIH Questions the Link Between Dyslexia and IQ

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The discrepancy model, which classifies a child as dyslexic based on a difference between reading skills and overall IQ scores, is being called into question as a new study by the National Institutes of Health finds no difference in brain activity between children with dyslexia, regardless of their IQ scores.

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No Medicare Savings From Disease-Management Hotline

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Commercial disease-management companies using nurse-based call centers modestly improve quality-of-care measures in Medicare fee-for-service programs with no evident reduction in costs of care or acute care utilization, according to a study published in the Nov. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Risks for C. difficile Infection, Colonization Identified

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Health care-associated Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection and colonization are differentially associated with defined host and pathogen variables, according to a study published in the Nov. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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No Concerning Patterns Seen With H1N1 Vaccine in Pregnancy

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Administration of the influenza A (H1N1) vaccine to pregnant women seems to be safe and is not associated with an increase in adverse maternal or fetal outcomes, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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C1 Esterase Inhibitor Effective in Hereditary Angioedema

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- A single dose of 20 U/kg C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) concentrate is safe and effective for treatment of successive hereditary angioedema (HAE) attacks at any body location, according to a study published in the December issue of Allergy.

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Prophylactic Therapy Reduces Bleeding in Hemophilia A

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with severe hemophilia A, anti-inhibitor coagulant complex (AICC) prophylaxis is safe and significantly reduces bleeding episodes compared with on-demand therapy, according to a study published in the Nov. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Ivacaftor Safe, Efficacious for Cystic Fibrosis

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Use of ivacaftor is associated with improved lung function in cystic fibrosis, according to a study published in the Nov. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Radiation Dose Predicts Growth Hormone Deficit

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2 (HealthDay News) -- For children with brain tumors, growth hormone deficiency (GHD) can be predicted by the time after conformal radiation therapy (CRT) and the mean radiation dose to the hypothalamus, according to a study published online Oct. 31 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Childhood Diet Tied to Adult Glycemic, BP Control

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Following a low-fat and high-fiber diet in childhood and adolescence may improve long-term glycemic control and lower blood pressure in adult women, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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CDC: Opioid Overdoses Have Reached Epidemic Proportions

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid pain relievers (OPR) are involved in most drug overdose deaths; and OPR-related deaths, sales, and treatment admissions have increased in the last decade, according to a report published in the Nov. 1 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Preterm Birth Rate Down in Most U.S. States

TUESDAY, Nov. 1 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of preterm births declined from 2006 to 2009, with decreases in almost every state in the United States, according to the 2011 Premature Birth Report Card published Nov. 1 by the March of Dimes.

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ADHD Drug Use Not Tied to Serious Cardiovascular Events

TUESDAY, Nov. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Current use of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) drugs is not associated with a significantly increased risk of serious cardiovascular events, according to a study published online Nov. 1 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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