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Category: Psychiatry | Monthly Briefing

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November 2011 Briefing - Psychiatry

Last Updated: December 01, 2011.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for November 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Pediatric Sports Concussion Alters Cerebral Blood Flow

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatric sports-related concussions (SRC) significantly alter cerebral blood flow (CBF) without measurable structural, metabolic, neuronal or axonal injury; and, about 40 percent of U.S. high schools that employ athletic trainers (ATs) manage SRCs using computerized neurocognitive tests, according to two studies published online Nov. 30 in Pediatrics.

Abstract - Maugans
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Abstract - Meehan
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Objective Physical Activity Impacts Sleep Variables

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Objectively-measured physical activity is significantly associated with sleep-related parameters in adults of all ages, according to a study published in the December issue of Mental Health and Physical Activity.

Abstract
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U.S. Patients Highly Satisfied With Outpatient Medical Care

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Patients in the United States are, in general, highly satisfied with their outpatient medical care, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in Health Outcomes Research in Medicine.

Abstract
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Abnormal Brain Enlargement in Boys With Regressive Autism

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Boys with regressive autism have abnormal brain enlargement, with a head circumference that diverges from other groups at age 4 to 6 months, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Study Looks at Location-Updating Effect of Doorways on Memory

TUESDAY, Nov. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Walking through a doorway has a location-updating effect, reflecting the influence of experienced context in terms of the degree of immersion in an environment, according to a study published in the Quarterly Journal Of Experimental Psychology.

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Chronic Disease Management Ups Smoking Abstinence

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A chronic disease management approach is associated with increased short- and long-term abstinence from smoking; and nicotine replacement therapy (NT) during a practice quit attempt (PQA) correlates with increased incidence of any quit attempt, according to two studies published in the Nov. 28 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract - Joseph
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Abstract - Carpenter
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High-Performing Docs Learn Equally From Success, Failure

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Among physicians making decisions in a medically-framed learning task, high and low performers show distinct behavioral and neural patterns of learning, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in PLoS One.

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Substance Abuse Health Programs Benefit Surgeons

FRIDAY, Nov. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Surgeons being monitored for diagnosed substance use disorders have similar outcomes to their non-surgeon counterparts, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of Surgery.

Abstract
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Default-Mode Brain Network Deactivation Seen in Meditators

THURSDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Experienced meditators have relative deactivation of the main modes of the default mode network (DMN), and stronger coupling between the posterior cingulate, dorsal anterior cingulate, and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract
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SAMHSA: Energy Drink-Related Emergency Visits Up in U.S.

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency department visits involving energy drinks increased approximately 10-fold between 2005 and 2009, according to a report published online Nov. 22 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Behavioral Therapy Effective in Juvenile Fibromyalgia

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is superior to fibromyalgia education (FE) for reducing functional disability in adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM), according to a study published online Nov. 22 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract
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Adverse Effects of Pediatric Acupuncture Usually Mild

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of adverse effects (AEs) associated with pediatric acupuncture are mild in severity, according to a review published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
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Presence of Alzheimer's Biomarkers, Low BMI Linked

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Biomarkers of increased Alzheimer's disease (AD) burden, including Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB), β-amyloid peptide (Aβ), and total tau, are associated with lower body mass index (BMI) in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or no dementia, according to a study published in the Nov. 22 issue of Neurology.

Abstract
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Nonpunitive Method Improves Medical Error Reporting

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Medical error reporting in an academic pediatric ambulatory practice can be improved by a voluntary, nonpunitive, error-reporting system, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
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Text-Messaging-Based Negative Experiences Up 2006 to 2008

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of Internet-based violent experiences and exposures among children in the United States have remained constant from 2006 to 2008, whereas text-messaging-based experiences have increased, according to a report published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
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African-American Women Lose Less Weight in Trials

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- African-American women lose less weight than other subgroups through behavioral weight loss interventions, according to a review published online Nov. 10 in Obesity Reviews.

Abstract
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Pain, Function Key Factors in Elective Amputation Decision

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with a functionally impaired lower limb, the decision to opt for elective amputation is largely influenced by the severity of pain and desire for improved function, according to a study published in the Nov. 16 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract
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Restrictive Policies Push Gene Influence on Smoking Behavior

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to dizygotic twins, monozygotic twins are more likely to quit smoking during a similar time frame, and the influence of genetic factors was more pronounced in 1975 to 1980 than in 1960 to 1974, coincident with the implententation of restrictive smoking legislation, according to a study published in the November issue of Demography.

Abstract
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Drinking Age Law Impacts Adult Women's Suicide Risk

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- A minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) of less than 21 years is associated with a higher risk of adulthood suicides and homicides in women, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

Abstract
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Self-Harm Frequency Reduces From Adolescence to Adulthood

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- The frequency of self-harm reduces substantially from middle to late adolescence to young adulthood, according to a study published online Nov. 17 in The Lancet.

Abstract
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Sleep Problem Severity Tied to Fibromyalgia Risk in Women

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- The severity of self-reported sleep problems in women has a significant dose-response association with their risk of developing fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome, with the association stronger among older and middle-aged women, according to a study published online Nov. 11 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract
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SNP on OXTR Impacts Behavioral Prosociality Displays

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals homozygous for the G allele on rs53576 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene are observed to be more prosocial than carriers of the A allele, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract
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Breast Cancer Survivors Have Impaired Neurological Function

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Breast cancer (BC) survivors have significantly reduced activation of the prefrontal cortex, with additional reductions in prefrontal function and poorer executive functioning for women treated with chemotherapy, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of Neurology.

Abstract
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Patients Without Insurance Have Shorter Hospital Stays

TUESDAY, Nov. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Patients without Medicaid or any other insurance, with ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSCs) or non-ACSCs, have shorter lengths of stay in hospitals than patients with insurance, according to a study published in the November/December issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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About 15,000 Intentional Poisoning ER Visits in 2009

FRIDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- In 2009, there were an estimated 14,720 emergency department visits due to intentional drug poisoning, with alcohol and drug combinations involved in 60 percent of these cases, according to a report published online Nov. 3 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Child Abuse Underreported by Primary Health Care Providers

FRIDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- There is general agreement between child abuse experts and primary health care providers (PHCPs) concerning the assessment of suspected child abuse, but PHCPs report fewer cases of child abuse injuries to child protective services (CPS) than the experts, according to a report published online Oct. 13 in Academic Pediatrics.

Abstract
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Methamphetamine Linked to Increased Schizophrenia Risk

FRIDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with methamphetamine-related conditions have an increased risk of developing schizophrenia compared to other drug use disorders, and a similar risk to those with cannabis-use disorders, according to a study published online Nov. 8 in The American Journal of Psychiatry.

Abstract
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Brain Hypoxia Tied to Poor Post-Traumatic Injury Outcome

FRIDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Brain hypoxia (BH), or reduced brain oxygen (Pbto2), is independently associated with poor short-term outcomes in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), according to a study published in the November issue of Neurosurgery.

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Half of U.S. Adult Smokers Tried to Quit Last Year

THURSDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of adults who smoke would like to quit, but only about a third of them seek medical help and/or support to do so, according to research published in the Nov. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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Glove Use Linked to Reduced Hand Hygiene Compliance

THURSDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Glove usage among healthcare workers is often inappropriate, and hand hygiene compliance is worse when gloves are worn, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

Abstract
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Childhood ADHD Tied to Adult Anatomic Brain Changes

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with combined-type childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a significantly thinner cortex and reduced gray matter, regardless of their current diagnosis, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract
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C-SSRS Useful for Assessing Suicidal Ideation and Behavior

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9 (HealthDay News) -- The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) is a useful standardized measure for assessing suicidal behavior and ideation, according to a study published online Nov. 8 in The American Journal of Psychiatry.

Abstract
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Indoor Air Laws Up Adoption of Smokefree-Home Policy

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Clean indoor air laws are associated with increased adoption of smokefree-home policies; and complete home smoking bans more than tripled among U.S. households from 1992/1993 to 2006/2007, according to two studies published online Nov. 8 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Male Children With Autism Have More Prefrontal Neurons

TUESDAY, Nov. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Brain overgrowth in male children with autism involves an increase in the number of neurons in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), according to a study published in the Nov. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Substance Use, Abuse Highest Among Native American Teens

TUESDAY, Nov. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Substance use varies according to race/ethnicity, with Native American adolescents having the highest prevalence of use and substance-related disorders, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract
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Clinical Diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorders Vary Widely

TUESDAY, Nov. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Best-estimate clinical diagnoses of different diagnostic subtypes of autism spectrum disorders vary widely across sites, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract
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SNP in TBL1X ID'd As Candidate Gene for Male Autism

TUESDAY, Nov. 8 (HealthDay News) -- A genome-wide association study on the X-chromosome shows that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs17321050, in the transducin β-like 1X-linked (TBL1X) gene is significantly linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in males, according to a study published online Nov. 4 in Molecular Autism.

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Great Achievement at Young Age Function of Time, Not Field

MONDAY, Nov. 7 (HealthDay News) -- The frequency of great scientific achievements at young age is a function of time, and not related to the field, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract
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Paternal Depression Tied to Child's Emotional Behavior

MONDAY, Nov. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Paternal mental health problems and depressive symptoms are independently associated with increased rates of emotional and behavioral problems in children, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
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Perceived Distortion in Scoliosis Tied to Quality of Life

FRIDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- For adult patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, there is an inverse association between perceived distortion and quality of life (QOL), according to a study published online Oct. 27 in Spine.

Abstract
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Receptionists Contribute to Safety of Repeat Prescriptions

FRIDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Receptionists and administrative staff of general practices in the United Kingdom make important contributions to quality and safety in repeat prescribing, which are often unknown to clinicians, according to a study published online Nov. 3 in BMJ.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Factors Influencing Smoking Cessation Post-Stroke ID'd

FRIDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- For smokers who have a stroke, only 40 percent are nonsmokers at one year following stroke, with insular damage and prestroke intention to stop smoking strongly influencing smoking cessation, according to a study published online Nov. 3 in Stroke.

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Rooms of Patients With A. baumannii Often Contaminated

FRIDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of rooms of patients colonized or infected with multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) (MDR-AB) have surfaces which are positive for A. baumannii, even in patients with a remote history of infection, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

Abstract
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Carisoprodol-Related Emergency Visits Up in United States

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Carisoprodol misuse- or abuse-related emergency department visits increased in the United States between 2004 and 2009, with the majority of visits involving other pharmaceuticals, according to a report published online Nov. 3 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

Report

NIH Questions the Link Between Dyslexia and IQ

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The discrepancy model, which classifies a child as dyslexic based on a difference between reading skills and overall IQ scores, is being called into question as a new study by the National Institutes of Health finds no difference in brain activity between children with dyslexia, regardless of their IQ scores.

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No Medicare Savings From Disease-Management Hotline

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Commercial disease-management companies using nurse-based call centers modestly improve quality-of-care measures in Medicare fee-for-service programs with no evident reduction in costs of care or acute care utilization, according to a study published in the Nov. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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CDC: Opioid Overdoses Have Reached Epidemic Proportions

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid pain relievers (OPR) are involved in most drug overdose deaths; and OPR-related deaths, sales, and treatment admissions have increased in the last decade, according to a report published in the Nov. 1 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Poor Sleep Quality in Early Pregnancy Tied to Preterm Birth

TUESDAY, Nov. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Poor sleep quality in pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of preterm birth, with the largest effect seen in early pregnancy, according to a study published in the November issue of SLEEP.

Abstract
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Loneliness Significantly Linked to Sleep Fragmentation

TUESDAY, Nov. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Loneliness is significantly associated with sleep fragmentation, but not sleep duration or subjective sleep measures, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of SLEEP.

Abstract
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