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Category: Urology | Monthly Briefing

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November 2011 Briefing - Urology

Last Updated: December 01, 2011.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for November 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

U.S. Patients Highly Satisfied With Outpatient Medical Care

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Patients in the United States are, in general, highly satisfied with their outpatient medical care, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in Health Outcomes Research in Medicine.

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Small Cell Carcinoma of Urinary Bladder Incidence Up

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder (SCCB) increased from 1991 to 2005, with elderly Caucasian men being the most commonly affected, according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of Cancer.

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High-Performing Docs Learn Equally From Success, Failure

MONDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Among physicians making decisions in a medically-framed learning task, high and low performers show distinct behavioral and neural patterns of learning, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in PLoS One.

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Substance Abuse Health Programs Benefit Surgeons

FRIDAY, Nov. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Surgeons being monitored for diagnosed substance use disorders have similar outcomes to their non-surgeon counterparts, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of Surgery.

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Oliguria in Bariatric Surgery Not Tied to Intra-Op Fluids

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery have low urine output, irrespective of the intraoperative fluid volume administered, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Archives of Surgery.

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BMI Predicts 30-Day Post-Surgery Mortality Risk

TUESDAY, Nov. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Body mass index (BMI) is a significant predictor of 30-day mortality after surgical procedures, irrespective of the type of surgery, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Archives of Surgery.

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Nonpunitive Method Improves Medical Error Reporting

MONDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Medical error reporting in an academic pediatric ambulatory practice can be improved by a voluntary, nonpunitive, error-reporting system, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

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AURKA, MYCN Overexpressed in Neuroendocrine Prostate Cancer

THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- AURKA and MYCN are overexpressed in patients with neuroendocrine prostate cancers (NEPC) and cooperate to produce a neuroendocrine phenotype, according to a study published in the November issue of Cancer Discovery.

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Denosumab Improves Bone-Metastasis-Free Survival

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 16 (HealthDay News) -- For men with high-risk castration-resistant prostate cancer, treatment with a fully human anti-receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) monoclonal antibody, denosumab, significantly improves bone-metastasis-free survival, according to a study published online Nov. 16 in The Lancet.

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Global Oral Contraceptive Use Tied to Prostate Cancer Incidence

TUESDAY, Nov. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Population-based use of oral contraceptives (OC) is significantly associated with increased prostate cancer incidence and mortality, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in BMJ Open.

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Patients Without Insurance Have Shorter Hospital Stays

TUESDAY, Nov. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Patients without Medicaid or any other insurance, with ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSCs) or non-ACSCs, have shorter lengths of stay in hospitals than patients with insurance, according to a study published in the November/December issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Study Evaluates Clinical Implications of Genital Piercing

FRIDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- With the increasing popularity of all forms of body modification, genital piercing (GP) has become more common and, as such, the clinical and diagnostic implications need addressing, according to the results of an updated synopsis of GP literature published in the November issue of Urology.

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Recurrent Pelvic Inflammation Ups Infertility, Pelvic Pain

FRIDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is associated with a nearly two-fold increase in infertility and more than four-fold increase in chronic pelvic pain (CPP), according to a study published in the September issue of Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

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FDA: Manufacturer Recalls Operating Room Tables

THURSDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Mizuho OSI Modular Table Systems are the subject of a class I recall following reports of patient injury, according to a recall notice issued Nov. 9 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Overactive Bladder Prevalent in Patients With Diabetes

THURSDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Overactive bladder (OAB) is prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes, with the prevalence higher in older patients and those with long-standing diabetes, according to a study published in the November issue of Urology.

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Half of U.S. Adult Smokers Tried to Quit Last Year

THURSDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of adults who smoke would like to quit, but only about a third of them seek medical help and/or support to do so, according to research published in the Nov. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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Glove Use Linked to Reduced Hand Hygiene Compliance

THURSDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Glove usage among healthcare workers is often inappropriate, and hand hygiene compliance is worse when gloves are worn, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

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Hemodialysis Preferred Therapy in End-Stage Lupus Nephritis

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients with lupus nephritis (LN) end stage renal disease (ESRD) undergo hemodialysis (HD), and few receive peritoneal dialysis (PD) or pre-emptive kidney transplantation, according to a study published online Nov. 4 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Great Achievement at Young Age Function of Time, Not Field

MONDAY, Nov. 7 (HealthDay News) -- The frequency of great scientific achievements at young age is a function of time, and not related to the field, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Evidence Shows Robot-Assisted Cystectomy Safe, Effective

MONDAY, Nov. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) appears to be a safe and effective alternative to open radical cystectomy (ORC) for management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer, according to a review published in the November issue of Urology.

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Receptionists Contribute to Safety of Repeat Prescriptions

FRIDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Receptionists and administrative staff of general practices in the United Kingdom make important contributions to quality and safety in repeat prescribing, which are often unknown to clinicians, according to a study published online Nov. 3 in BMJ.

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Rooms of Patients With A. baumannii Often Contaminated

FRIDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of rooms of patients colonized or infected with multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) (MDR-AB) have surfaces which are positive for A. baumannii, even in patients with a remote history of infection, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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ADT Plus Radiotherapy Tied to Improved Prostate CA Survival

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of radiotherapy (RT) to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is associated with improved overall survival in patients with locally advanced prostate cancer, according to a study published online Nov. 3 in The Lancet.

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Rectal CA Radiotherapy Tied to Lower Testosterone Levels

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Men who are exposed to long-course radiotherapy for rectal cancer have significantly lower serum testosterone levels compared to pretreatment, according to a review published in the November issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Risks for C. difficile Infection, Colonization Identified

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Health care-associated Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection and colonization are differentially associated with defined host and pathogen variables, according to a study published in the Nov. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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No Medicare Savings From Disease-Management Hotline

THURSDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Commercial disease-management companies using nurse-based call centers modestly improve quality-of-care measures in Medicare fee-for-service programs with no evident reduction in costs of care or acute care utilization, according to a study published in the Nov. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Cut-Out Saddles Up Saddle Pressures for Female Cyclists

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The use of narrow and cut-out saddles by female competitive cyclists, rather than traditional or wider saddles, is associated with increased saddle pressures, according to a study published in the November issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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CDC: Opioid Overdoses Have Reached Epidemic Proportions

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid pain relievers (OPR) are involved in most drug overdose deaths; and OPR-related deaths, sales, and treatment admissions have increased in the last decade, according to a report published in the Nov. 1 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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