Create Account | Sign In: Author or Forum

 
News  |  Journals  |  Conferences  |  Opinion  |  Articles  |  Forums  |  Twitter    
 
Category: Family Medicine | Infections | Nursing | ENT | Pathology | Pediatrics | Pulmonology | Critical Care | Journal

Back to Journal Articles

Rhinovirus Frequently Causes ARIs in Premature Infants

Last Updated: December 28, 2011.

 

55 percent of VLBW infants with acute respiratory illness have human rhinovirus infections

Share |

Comments: (0)

Tell-a-Friend

 

  Related
 
More than half (55 percent) of very low birth weight infants with acute respiratory illness have infection with human rhinoviruses, according to a study published online Dec. 26 in Pediatrics.

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- More than half (55 percent) of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with acute respiratory illness (ARI) have infection with human rhinoviruses (HRVs), according to a study published online Dec. 26 in Pediatrics.

E. Kathryn Miller, M.D., M.P.H., of Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tenn., and colleagues prospectively assessed the incidence, burden of illness, and risk factors for HRV infection in a group of 119 VLBW infants, defined as a birth weight of <1,500 g. Nasal secretions were analyzed for HRV; respiratory syncytial virus (RSV); human metapneumovirus; human parainfluenza viruses 1, 2, and 3; and influenza virus.

HRVs caused ARIs in 55 percent of infants, and were identified as the pathogen in 40 percent of infants with bronchiolitis and 33 percent of hospitalizations. The researchers found that, in VLBW infants in the first year of life, HRV appeared to be a more frequent cause of severe respiratory infections than RSV, which was responsible for bronchiolitis in 7 percent of infants and 25 percent of hospitalizations. Infants who experienced HRV-associated hospitalization were more likely to have bronchopulmonary dysplasia and less likely to be breastfed than infants who did not experience HRV-associated hospitalization.

"Furthermore, because certain interventions can reduce relapses of HRV-associated wheezing in young infants and HRV-mediated wheezing during the first three years of life is a significant risk factor for childhood asthma, this study should foster initiatives for the development of specific therapies, promote stringent enforcement of infection control recommendations in neonatal intensive care units, and contribute to risk stratification in a vulnerable population," the authors write.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2011 HealthDay. All rights reserved.


Previous: Risk of Gastrointestinal Cancer in Celiac Patients Low Overall Next: Drugs ID'd in Mice to Possibly Treat Angelman Syndrome

Reader comments on this article are listed below. Review our comments policy.


Submit your opinion:

Name:

Email:

Location:

URL:

Remember my personal information

Notify me of follow-up comments?

advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)
 

Are you a Doctor, Pharmacist, PA or a Nurse?

Join the Doctors Lounge online medical community

  • Editorial activities: Publish, peer review, edit online articles.

Doctors Lounge Membership Application

 
     

 advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)

 

 

Useful Sites
MediLexicon
  Tools & Services: Follow DoctorsLounge on Twitter Follow us on Twitter | RSS News | Newsletter | Contact us
Copyright © 2001-2014
Doctors Lounge.
All rights reserved.

Medical Reference:
Diseases | Symptoms
Drugs | Labs | Procedures
Software | Tutorials

Advertising
Links | Humor
Forum Archive
CME | Conferences

Privacy Statement
Terms & Conditions
Editorial Board
About us | Email

This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
verify here.