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Category: Nursing | Monthly Briefing

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December 2011 Briefing - Nursing

Last Updated: January 02, 2012.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for December 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Use of Propofol Saves Time Compared to Midazolam/Ketamine

FRIDAY, Dec. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Procedural sedation with propofol accelerates patient management in emergency departments, and saves time in comparison with midazolam/ketamine sedation, according to a study published in the Dec. 21 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract
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Anesthesia Boosts Colonoscopy Price Tag

THURSDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- In asymptomatic adults who undergo screening colonoscopies, the use of anesthesia significantly increases the cost of the procedure and is most likely to be ordered by a surgeon, according to research published in the January issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Abstract
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Early Childhood Factors ID'd for Predicting Adult Obesity

THURSDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood growth patterns, childhood obesity, maternal body mass index (BMI), and father's employment are probable early markers for adult obesity, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in Obesity Reviews.

Abstract
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More Fat Than Lean Mass Regained During Weight Regain

THURSDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women who regain weight in the year following intentional weight loss, fat mass is regained to a greater extent than lean mass, according to a study published in a recent issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Abstract
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Oseltamivir-Resistant H1N1 Identified in Australia

THURSDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Oseltamivir-resistant prepandemic seasonal influenza 1 (H1N1) viruses with a neuraminidase substitution (H275Y) (A[H1N1]pdm09) have been identified in Australia, according to a letter published in the Dec. 29 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Letter

Early Palliative Care Improves Quality of Life in NSCLC

THURSDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Early palliative care for patients with terminal non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) improves the timing of final chemotherapy administration and is associated with an earlier transition to hospice care, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
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Editorial

Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Overactive Bladder in Females

THURSDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic syndrome is significantly associated with overactive bladder in female patients, according to a study published in the January issue of Urology.

Abstract
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Air Pollution Linked to Diabetes

THURSDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term exposure to air pollution from traffic is associated with a higher incidence of diabetes in adults, especially in nonsmokers, the physically active, and individuals who lead a healthy lifestyle, according to research published in the January issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract
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Metformin Hikes B12 Deficiency in Type 2 Diabetes

THURSDAY, Dec. 29 (HealthDay News) -- The use of metformin therapy in adults with type 2 diabetes is linked to a biochemical B12 deficiency greater than that found in other adults with type 2 diabetes and adults without diabetes, and current over-the-counter supplements are not sufficient to correct the deficiency in either of these type 2 diabetes groups, according to research published online Dec. 16 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
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Enoxaparin Doesn't Reduce Death Rate for Acutely Ill

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- For hospitalized, acutely ill medical patients, use of enoxaparin plus elastic stockings with graduated compressions, does not reduce the rate of death from any cause at 30 days, according to a study published in the Dec. 29 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Bevacizumab Ups Progression-Free Survival in Ovarian Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- For women with ovarian cancer, the addition of bevacizumab to standard chemotherapy results in significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS), according to two phase 3 studies published in the Dec. 29 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Nutrition Tied to Cognitive Decline, Cerebral Volume Loss

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- In elderly adults with high intake of B vitamins; vitamins C, D, and E; and omega-3 fatty acids, cognitive testing and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrate less cognitive decline and cerebral volume loss, while high-trans-fat diets have the opposite effects, according to research published online Dec. 28 in Neurology.

Abstract
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Rhinoviruses Frequently Cause ARIs in VLBW Premature Infants

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- More than half (55 percent) of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with acute respiratory illness (ARI) have infection with human rhinoviruses (HRVs), according to a study published online Dec. 26 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
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Prevalence of High-Risk HPV, Cytologic Abnormalities ID'd

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Estimates of the baseline prevalence of cytologic abnormalities, high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV; defined as 1 of 14 high-risk types of HPV including HPV 16 and HPV 18), HPV 16, HPV 18, and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) or greater have been established using the Addressing the Need for Advanced HPV Diagnostics screening trial, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract
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New Equation Accurately Predicts Body Fat Percentage

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A new prediction equation estimates body fat percentage (BF%) in adults with a low error rate and acceptable accuracy and may be a good first-screening tool for identifying patients at cardiovascular and type 2 diabetes risk, according to research published online Dec. 16 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
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Irradiation of Left Breast Linked to Coronary Stenosis Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Women with irradiated left sided breast cancer (BC) have an increased risk of high-grade coronary artery stenosis in the mid and distal left anterior descending artery and distal diagonal (mdLAD + dD), according to a study published online Dec. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
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Editorial

Serial Change in hsTnI or cTnI Accurately Rule In/Out AMI

TUESDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- For patients admitted with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS), use of highly sensitive troponin I (hsTnI) or contemporary troponin I (cTnI) assays on admission, and changes in their levels within three hours, can confirm the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to a study published in the Dec. 28 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
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Perceptions of Inappropriate Care Prevalent Among ICU Staff

TUESDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Perceptions of inappropriate care are prevalent among intensive care unit (ICU) clinicians in Europe and Israel, according to a study published in the Dec. 28 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
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Vaginal Prolapse Outcomes Similar With or Without Mesh

TUESDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Vaginal prolapse repair improves quality of life, with or without mesh, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract
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U.S. Spends Up to $34.4 Billion Annually on Uterine Fibroids

TUESDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The total annual societal cost of uterine fibroids in the United States is estimated to range from $5.9 to $34.4 billion, based on direct and indirect costs, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract
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Risk Factors for Post-Spinal Fusion Visual Loss Identified

TUESDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Significant risk factors for ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) after spinal fusion surgery include male gender, obesity, Wilson frame use, longer anesthetic duration, greater estimated blood loss, and lower percent colloid administration, according to a study published in the January issue of Anesthesiology.

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Smoking During Pregnancy Affects Children's Vasculature

TUESDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Parental smoking during pregnancy affects children's arterial structure and function in early life; and interventions that encourage parents to quit smoking for their children's benefit may increase parental quit rates, according to two studies published online Dec. 26 in Pediatrics.

Abstract - Geerts
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Abstract - Rosen
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Norway Shows Rise in Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Symptoms

TUESDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms (GORS) in a Norwegian county increased substantially between 1995-7 and 2006-9, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in Gut.

Abstract
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Extreme Preemies Can Achieve Normal Exercise Capacity

TUESDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals born extremely preterm can achieve normal exercise capacity as well as aerobic capacity and response to physical training comparable to their peers born at term, according to a study published online Dec. 26 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
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Coronary MRI Good Alternative to SPECT for CHD Diagnosis

MONDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with suspected coronary heart disease, a multiparametric cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) protocol has better sensitivity and negative predictive value, and similar specificity as single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), according to a study published online Dec. 23 in The Lancet.

Abstract
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Study Compares Onset of Action of Two Types of Botulinum Toxin

MONDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Two botulinum neuromodulators demonstrate early improvements in the appearance of lateral orbital rhytids (crow's feet), but abobotulinumtoxinA results in greater improvement than onabotulinumtoxinA, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Extended Nevirapine Reduces Breastfeeding HIV Transmission

FRIDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Prophylactic nevirapine is safe and can reduce mother-to-child Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) transmission during breastfeeding up to 6 months of age, according to a study published online Dec. 23 in The Lancet.

Abstract
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Poor Compliance With Sunscreen Advice Found in Adult Skiers

FRIDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Very few adult skiers and snowboarders show full compliance with sunscreen advice, especially with the advice to reapply sunscreen after two hours, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Abstract
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CDC Outlines HPV and Hep B Vaccine Recommendations

THURSDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) in young males and hepatitis B in adults with diabetes mellitus is recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for infection control, according to two reports published in the Dec. 23 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text - HPV
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Postmenopausal HRT Improves Sexual Function

THURSDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Twelve months of daily oral hormonal replacement therapy with estradiol plus dihydrogesterone (HRT), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), or tibolone improves sexual function and frequency in early postmenopausal women, according to a study published in the December issue of Climacteric.

Abstract
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School Absenteeism Linked to Mental Health Problems

THURSDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- School absenteeism may be reciprocally associated with psychopathology during childhood and adolescence, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in Child Development.

Abstract
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Correcting Anemia Reduces Odds of Renal Transplant Failure

THURSDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Complete correction of anemia (hemoglobin, ≥13 g/dL) in kidney transplant recipients slows progression to chronic allograft nephropathy, according to a study published online Dec. 22 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract
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Screening Mammography Over-Recommended in Terminally Ill

THURSDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Over-recommendation of screening mammography for women with a terminal comorbidity is common, and is associated with physician and practice characteristics, including specialty, gender, race, and size of practice, according to a study published in the Jan. 1 issue of Cancer.

Abstract
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Recurrent Cutaneous Melanoma Hazard Rates Vary With Stage

THURSDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The hazard rates (HRs) for recurrent and secondary cutaneous melanoma (CM) after incident stage IA melanoma are low, while the HRs of recurrence after incident stage IB, II, and III CM are high, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Abstract
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Tobacco Smoke Ups Aspirin-Exacerbated Respiratory Disease

THURSDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Active smoking, and combined childhood and adulthood exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) are associated with significantly higher odds of developing aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), according to a study published in the January issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

Abstract
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Mindfulness Program Curbs Distress in Rheumatic Disease

THURSDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- In adults with inflammatory rheumatic joint diseases, a mindfulness-based group intervention reduces psychological distress, pain, and fatigue as compared to individual use of home exercises, according to research published online Dec. 20 in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

Abstract
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Isentress Approval Expanded to Include Children and Teens

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Approval for the HIV drug Isentress (raltegravir) has been expanded to include children and adolescents ages 2 to 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Wednesday.

HIV/AIDS

Quantitative MRI Biomarker IDs Cognitive Decline Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitively normal (CN) older adults with a low measure of Alzheimer's disease signature (ADsig), a quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) biomarker, are more likely to develop cognitive decline, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in Neurology.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Medical Team Training Program Cuts Surgical Morbidity Rate

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The Veterans Health Administration Medical Team Training (MTT) program is associated with a significant decrease in the annual surgical morbidity rate, according to a study published in the December issue of the Archives of Surgery.

Abstract
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NCHS: Poisonings Are Leading Cause of Injury Deaths

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- From 1980 to 2008, the number of poisoning deaths increased almost six-fold, and became the leading cause of injury deaths (death attributable to a force external to the body), according to research published online Dec. 20 by the National Center for Health Statistics.

More Information

Trauma Quality Indicators Linked to Clinical Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Several of the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma (ACSCOT) quality indicators have significant associations with in-hospital mortality and the composite outcome of death or major complications, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Archives of Surgery.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

ADA Updates Standards of Care for Driving With Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For people with diabetes, the eligibility to receive a driver's license should be an individual decision, based on clinical evidence and appropriate consideration of potential safety risks, according to a position statement from the American Diabetes Association published in a supplement to the January issue of Diabetes Care.

Diabetes and Driving Position Statement
Standard of Care Position Statement

Aflibercept Shows Clinical Activity for Malignant Ascites

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Aflibercept, a potent inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), shows clinical activity and increases the time to repeat paracentesis for patients with advanced chemo-resistant ovarian cancer and recurrent symptomatic malignant ascites, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in The Lancet Oncology.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Cixutumumab Tolerated for Pediatric Refractory Solid Tumors

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Cixutumumab is well tolerated in children with refractory solid tumors, but limited single-agent activity is seen in Ewing sarcoma (ES), according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
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Sleep Disorders Tied to Adverse Health Outcomes for Police

TUESDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep disorders are common among police officers and are associated with adverse health, safety, and performance outcomes, according to a study published in the Dec. 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Sunless Tanning Product Use Tied to Reduced UV Exposure

TUESDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Use of sunless tanning products is associated with decreased exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation tanning methods, especially among women who use such products frequently, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Archives of Dermatology.

Abstract
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Long-Term Increase in Resting Heart Rate Ups Mortality

TUESDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- An increase in resting heart rate (RHR) over a 10-year period is associated with an increased risk of dying from ischemic heart disease (IHD), according to a study published in the Dec. 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
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Vitamin D, Calcium Found to Cut Fracture, Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D supplementation can reduce the risk of fracture and cancer; and although there is a biological association between vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular disease (CVD), there is no evidence that vitamin D supplementation prevents CVD, according to two reviews published in the Dec. 20 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract - Chung
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Abstract - Greevy and Williams
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Initial Wound Debridement Faster With Maggot Therapy

TUESDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with conventional therapy, wound debridement is significantly faster with maggot therapy during the first week of treatment, but there is no significant difference at day 15, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Archives of Dermatology.

Abstract
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Low Device Failure, Reimplant for Pediatric Cochlear Implants

TUESDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Children with cochlear implant (CI) devices show low rates of CI device failure and reimplantation (CIri), according to a study published in the December issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract
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Little Risk to Offspring From Maternal Inhaled Steroids

TUESDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- In pregnant women with asthma, the use of inhaled glucocorticoids does not increase the risk of most pediatric diseases in the offspring, though it may be a risk factor for endocrine and metabolic disorders, according to research published online Dec. 16 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Blood Pressure in Middle Age Affects Lifetime CVD Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Changes in blood pressure (BP) during middle age significantly impact lifetime risk (LTR) for cardiovascular disease (CVD), with a possible dose-response effect for the number of years with high BP on the LTR of CVD, coronary heart disease, and stroke, according to research published online Dec. 19 in Circulation.

Abstract
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Physician Opinions on Benefits of Open Visit Notes Vary

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care physicians (PCPs) have varied opinions about open access to doctors' notes; and most users of a personal health record (PHR) system are interested in sharing access to their information, according to two studies published in the Dec. 20 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract - Walker
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Abstract - Zulman
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

High BMI Up to Age 4 Does Not Impact School-Age Asthma Risk

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Having a high body mass index (BMI) in the first four years of life does not impact asthma risk at age 8 for those whose BMI normalizes by age 7 years, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
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Ovarian Failure Risk Differs with Chemo Type in Hodgkin's

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- For female survivors of Hodgkin's lymphoma, treatment with nonalkylating chemotherapy carries little risk of premature ovarian failure (POF) for those younger than 32 years, whereas alkylating chemotherapy carries a substantially increased risk of POF, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
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Combo Therapies in Psoriasis More Effective Than Monotherapy

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Many combination topical therapies for psoriasis are more effective than topical monotherapies, and adding phototherapy to topical monotherapy generally improves psoriasis clearance, compared to monotherapy alone, according to a meta-analysis published online Dec. 19 in the Archives of Dermatology.

Abstract
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Nearly One-Half of Short-Term PCI Deaths Occur Post-Discharge

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 40 percent of all post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) short-term deaths occur after discharge and within 30 days of the procedure, according to a study published in the Jan. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
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Rule of 7's Sensitive in ID'ing Low Risk of Lyme Meningitis

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- The "Rule of 7's," a Lyme meningitis clinical prediction rule based on clinical and laboratory parameters, identifies children with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis who are at low risk for Lyme meningitis with high sensitivity, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
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Higher Mortality Risk in Very Premature Males Than Females

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Male infants born extremely prematurely have a significantly higher risk of mortality and poorer long-term neurologic outcomes, but this gender difference loses significance at 27 weeks of gestation, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
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Omega-3 Index Not Linked to Bleeding in Acute MI

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), there is no association between the omega-3 fatty acid index (red blood cell eicosapentaenoic acid plus docosahexaenoic acid) and bleeding, according to a study published in the Jan. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
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Increasing U.S. Renal Cancer Incidence Differs by Age

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- The increase in renal cancer incidence seen from 1995 to 2006 in the United States differs by age, according to a study published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology.

Abstract
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Suboptimal Intensive Statin Therapy Use After ACS

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive statin therapy (IST) use during hospitalization is suboptimal following acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and there is poor persistence after discharge, according to a study published in the Jan. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
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Laws Impact School Support for Anaphylaxis Management

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- School boards in jurisdictions that legislate anaphylaxis policy make greater efforts to support students at risk for anaphylaxis compared with schools in nonlegislated environments, although significant gaps exist in both environments with respect to awareness of school anaphylaxis procedures and EpiPen administration technique, according to a study published in the January issue of Allergy.

Abstract
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Vaginal Progesterone Cuts Preterm Birth, Neonatal Deaths

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- For asymptomatic women with a sonographically identified short cervix in the mid-trimester, treatment with vaginal progesterone reduces the risk of preterm birth and neonatal morbidity and mortality, according to a meta-analysis published online Dec. 12 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract
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Patient Isolation During Hospitalization Tied to Delirium

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who are newly placed under contact precautions during hospitalization are at a higher risk for delirium, according to a study published in the January issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

Abstract
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Quitting Smoking Improves Happiness, Quality of Life

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- People who successfully quit smoking are happier and more satisfied with their lives than people who continue to smoke, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

Abstract
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Pre-Pregnancy Maternal BMI Impacts Baby's Birth Weight

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Birth weight is influenced by both pre-pregnancy weight and weight gain during pregnancy, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica.

Abstract
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Sexual Problems Highly Prevalent Among Older Men

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Sexual problems are highly prevalent in older men, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract
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Intense Interval Training Impacts Diabetic Blood Glucose

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Low-volume high-intensity interval training (HIT) lowers the 24-hour blood glucose concentration, and increases markers of skeletal muscle mitochondrial capacity in individuals with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of Applied Physiology.

Abstract
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Low Serum Iron Ups Blood Clot Risk in At-Risk Population

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, low serum iron levels are associated with elevated plasma levels of coagulation factor VIII and the risk of venous thromboemboli (VTE), according to a study published online Dec. 14 in Thorax.

Abstract
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Adjuvant Bevacizumab Feasible for Nasopharyngeal Cancer

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with stage IIB to IVB locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma, the addition of bevacizumab to standard chemoradiation therapy is safe and effective, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in The Lancet Oncology.

Abstract
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Training Improves Physical Function After Hip Replacement

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with osteoarthritis who undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA), a walking skill training program performed three to five months after THA improves physical functioning, according to a study published online Dec. 14 in Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
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Babesiosis Rates Among U.S. Elderly Explored

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of babesiosis among elderly Medicare beneficiaries in the United States increased from 2006 to 2008, with significant variations across race, gender, age, and state of diagnosis, according to a study published online Dec. 14 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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High-Dose Aspirin Impacts Fibrin Network in Diabetes

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with high-dose (320 mg), but not low-dose (75 mg), aspirin increases fibrin network permeability in patients with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
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Long-Term Gait Benefits With Post-Stroke Robotic Therapy

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- For stroke survivors with greater motor impairments, a combination of robotic assistance and conventional therapy is more effective at discharge and after two years than conventional therapy alone, according to a study published online Dec. 15 in Stroke.

Abstract
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AHA: U.S. Cardiovascular Disease Burden Still High

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Despite a decrease in the rate of death attributable to cardiovascular disease and stroke, the burden of disease is still high, according to the American Heart Association's (AHA's) Heart Disease and Stroke Statistical Update 2012, published online Dec. 15 in Circulation.

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2009 Florida Outbreak May Signify Dengue Reemergence

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The 2009 dengue-virus (DENV) infection among Florida residents may indicate dengue reemergence, according to a study published online Dec. 14 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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School-Based Clinics Feasible for ID'ing Chronic Fatigue

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- School-based clinics can identify children with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME), and may be useful for diagnosing children with less severe symptoms, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in BMJ Open.

Abstract
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High Prevalence of Obesity Found Among Adults in Spain

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of obesity is high in the adult population of Spain and is affected by sociodemographic factors, including age and education levels, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in Obesity Reviews.

Abstract
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Physical Activity Tied to Sexual Function in Young Men

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- For young, healthy men, leading a sedentary lifestyle is associated with increased sexual dysfunction on various domains of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), according to a study published online Dec. 6 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract
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Statins Lower Death Risk in Adults Hospitalized With Flu

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- In adults hospitalized for influenza virus infections, administration of statins before or during the hospitalization is associated with a reduced risk of mortality, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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HPV DNA Testing Leads to Early Detection of Cervical Cancer

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing at a first screening results in detection of fewer cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2 or worse, CIN grade 3 or worse, and cervical cancer at a second screening five years later, according to a study published online Dec. 15 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Ankle Dorsiflexion Improves After Plantar Flexor Surgery

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- For children with cerebral palsy, ankle plantar flexor lengthening surgery results in significantly improved passive ankle motion, strength, selective motor control, and improved dorsiflexion during the swing phase, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Some RA Remission Criteria Underestimate Foot Synovitis

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), remission criteria based on 28 joint counts underestimate foot involvement, compared with criteria which assess full joint counts, according to a study published online Dec. 1 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Chemotherapy Options ID'd for Cisplatin-Unfit Urothelial Cancer

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with urothelial cancer who are ineligible for cisplatin therapy, treatment with gemcitabine/carboplatin (GC) or methotrexate/carboplatin/vinblastine (M-CAVI) regimens show similar efficacy, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Concurrent-, Staged-Bilateral Knee Arthroplasty Compared

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Simultaneous-bilateral arthroplasty is associated with reduced incidence of periprosthetic joint infection and malfunction, and with increased cardiovascular risk, compared with staged-bilateral arthroplasty, according to a study published in the Dec. 7 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Liberal Transfusion Nonsuperior Post-Hip Fracture Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- A liberal blood transfusion strategy (maintenance at a threshold of 10 g/dL hemoglobin) is not superior to a restrictive strategy (transfusion at symptoms of anemia or <8 g/dL hemoglobin) for reducing death and inability to walk independently after hip fracture surgery, according to a study published online Dec. 14 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Fetal Tracheal Occlusion Improves Neonatal Survival

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) is associated with improved neonatal survival in severe isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), according to a study published online Dec. 14 in Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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CPAP Improves BP, Metabolic Abnormalities in Sleep Apnea

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea, three months of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is associated with reduced blood pressure, and partial reversal of metabolic abnormalities, according to a study published in the Dec. 15 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Brain Stimulation May Improve Hemispatial Neglect in Stroke

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with subacute right hemispheric (RH) ischemic stroke, continuous theta-burst stimulation (cTBS) of intact posterior parietal cortex (PPC) of the left hemisphere (LH) improves hemispatial neglect after two weeks of treatment, according to a study published online Dec. 14 in Neurology.

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Regional Rehospitalization Rate Tied to Overall Admissions

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with congestive heart failure or pneumonia, regional rates of rehospitalizations are substantially associated with overall admission rates at 30, 60, and 90 days, according to a study published in the Dec. 15 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Pediatric Football-Linked Risk Factors for Stroke Explored

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Several factors, including repeated head or neurological injury and obesity, may contribute to the risk of stroke among young football players, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of Child Neurology.

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More Pain in Erosive OA Than OA/Inflammatory Arthritis

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with erosive osteoarthritis (EOA) have significantly more pain and more functional impairment than those with osteoarthritis (OA) or inflammatory arthritis, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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