Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for January 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Drug Approved for Advanced Kidney Cancer
FRIDAY, Jan. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Inlyta (axitinib) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat advanced renal cell carcinoma in people who haven't responded to another drug. Six medications had been sanctioned previously for advanced kidney cancer, the agency said.
Not Enough Americans Being Screened for Cancer
THURSDAY, Jan. 26 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. residents are not being screened for cancer at the recommended levels, and screening rates vary by several demographic factors, according to research published in the Jan. 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.
Oral HPV Infection Prevalence in U.S. Close to 7 Percent
THURSDAY, Jan. 26 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, the prevalence of oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is 6.9 percent, with higher prevalence in men than women, according to a study published online Jan. 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Overuse of Health Care Services Understudied
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Overuse of health care services in the United States is an understudied problem, with the majority of research limited to a few interventions, according to a review published in the Jan. 23 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Imaging May Spare Nerves in Prostate Cancer Surgery
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The use of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can help guide surgical decisions that may spare nerves in men with prostate cancer undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP), according to a study published online Jan. 24 in Radiology.
Unemployed Have Poorer Mental and Physical Health
TUESDAY, Jan. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Unemployed adults are about half as likely to have health insurance as employed individuals; have poorer mental and physical health, regardless of their insurance status; and are less likely to receive needed medical care and prescriptions, according to a January data brief issued by the National Center for Health Statistics.
Dutasteride Delays Low-Risk Prostate Cancer Progression
TUESDAY, Jan. 24 (HealthDay News) -- For men with low-risk prostate cancer who undergo active surveillance, treatment with dutasteride delays the time to cancer progression, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in The Lancet.
Unhealthy Narcissism Linked to Elevated Cortisol in Men
TUESDAY, Jan. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Narcissism is associated with elevated levels of cortisol in men, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in PLoS One.
Variability in Number of Lymph Nodes After Surgery Probed
FRIDAY, Jan. 20 (HealthDay News) -- In two pathology departments in different hospitals, significant differences have been seen in the number of lymph nodes found following pelvic lymph node dissection for bladder cancer, according to a study published in the February issue of The Journal of Urology.
Sexual Activity Safe for Most Cardiovascular Disease Patients
THURSDAY, Jan. 19 (HealthDay News) -- For most individuals with stable cardiovascular disease (CVD), sexual activity is safe, according to a scientific statement from the American Heart Association published online Jan. 19 in Circulation.
Calcium Associated With Lower Risk of Prostate Cancer
THURSDAY, Jan. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Dietary calcium intake is inversely associated with prostate cancer risk, according to a study published online Jan. 12 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.
U.S. Health Care Expenditure Still Unevenly Distributed
FRIDAY, Jan. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Health care expenditure in the United States is still unevenly distributed, with 1 percent of the population accounting for approximately 20 percent of expenditure in 2008 and 2009, according to a January statistical brief published by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
Erectile Dysfunction Linked to Previous Psoriasis Diagnosis
THURSDAY, Jan. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Erectile dysfunction (ED) is associated with a previous diagnosis of psoriasis, according to a study published in the January issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Gene Variant Linked to Hereditary Prostate Cancer
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11 (HealthDay News) -- A mutation in a gene important in prostate development is associated with a higher risk of hereditary prostate cancer, particularly early-onset cancers, according to a study published in the Jan. 12 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
CDC: 2010 Saw Decrease in Age-Adjusted Death Rates
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11 (HealthDay News) -- From 2009 to 2010, age-adjusted death rates decreased and life expectancy increased, according to a Jan. 11 report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Rx Provides Fast Relief of Pain, Urgency of Interstitial Cystitis
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Alkalinized lidocaine plus heparin provides significant and immediate relief from the pain and urgency symptoms of interstitial cystitis (IC) for 12 hours after treatment, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Dementia Associated With More Hospital Admissions
TUESDAY, Jan. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital admission rates for all causes, and for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSCs), are significantly higher among patients with dementia compared to older patients without dementia, according to a study published in the Jan. 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
No Mortality Benefit for Annual Prostate Cancer Screening
FRIDAY, Jan. 6 (HealthDay News) -- There is no evidence of a mortality benefit for organized annual prostate cancer screening versus usual care, according to a study published online Jan. 6 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
In-Hospital, 30-Day Standardized Mortality Measures Differ
THURSDAY, Jan. 5 (HealthDay News) -- The mean risk-standardized mortality rates (RSMRs) differ for in-hospital and 30-day models, with wide variability across U.S. hospitals, according to a study published in the Jan. 3 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Cancer-Related Mortality Continues to Decrease
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Overall cancer rates have decreased for men and remained stable for women, but mortality from cancer has declined for both men and women, according to a report from the American Cancer Society published online Jan. 4 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.
Vaccine Helps Prevent HSV-1 Genital Disease and Infection
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4 (HealthDay News) -- An investigational vaccine effectively prevents herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) but not HSV type 2 (HSV-2) genital disease and infection, according to a study published in the Jan. 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Vasoepididymostomy Ups Patency in Obstructive Azoospermia
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4 (HealthDay News) -- For men with idiopathic obstructive azoospermia, longitudinal intussusception vasoepididymostomy (LIVE; microsurgical vasoepididymostomy) achieves good patency rates, according to a study published in the January issue of Urology.
Prostatic Urethral Lift Relieves Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
TUESDAY, Jan. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Use of a prostatic urethral lift procedure, a minimally invasive treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) resulting from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), preserves sexual function, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Music May Lower Pain and Anxiety During Prostate Biopsy
MONDAY, Jan. 2 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy, a music-induced attention shift may reduce procedural anxiety and pain perception, according to a study published in the January issue of Urology.
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