Create Account | Sign In: Author or Forum

 
News  |  Journals  |  Conferences  |  Opinion  |  Articles  |  Forums  |  Twitter    
 
Category: Pediatrics | Monthly Briefing

Back to Journal Articles

May 2012 Briefing - Pediatrics

Last Updated: June 01, 2012.

 

Share |

Comments: (0)

Tell-a-Friend

 

  Related
 

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for May 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Infants May Be Exposed to Phthalates From PVC Floors

THURSDAY, May 31 (HealthDay News) -- Soft polyvinyl chloride (PVC) flooring material in an infant's bedroom, the infant's body surface area, and the use of infant formula are associated with an infant's increased uptake of phthalates, which may be linked to several chronic childhood diseases, according to research published online May 7 in Indoor Air.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Adjunct Zinc Cuts Antibiotic Treatment Failure for Infants

THURSDAY, May 31 (HealthDay News) -- For infants aged 7 to 120 days with probable serious bacterial infection, zinc given as an adjunct to standard antibiotic treatment is associated with less treatment failure, according to a study published online May 31 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Radiation Ups Event-Free, Not Overall Survival in Ped Hodgkin's

THURSDAY, May 31 (HealthDay News) -- For children with Hodgkin's lymphoma who respond to chemotherapy, treatment with low-dose involved-field radiation therapy (IFRT) improves event-free survival (EFS), but has no significant impact on overall survival (OS), in long-term follow-up, according to a study published online May 29 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Neural Link Between Resiliency and Alcohol, Drug Use Identified

THURSDAY, May 31 (HealthDay News) -- For young adults, the coupling strength between the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and median cingulate cortex may be involved in the association between resiliency and alcohol/drug use, according to a study published online May 15 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Hypothermia of Some Benefit to Neonates With Encephalopathy

WEDNESDAY, May 30 (HealthDay News) -- For infants with neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, undergoing whole-body hypothermia results in lower mortality rates as well as a nonsignificant reduction in the combined end point of death or an IQ score of less than 70 at age 6 to 7 years, compared with usual care, according to a study published in the May 31 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Oral, Injected Methotrexate Have Similar Efficacy in JIA

WEDNESDAY, May 30 (HealthDay News) -- Oral and injected methotrexate are equally effective for treating children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis, according to a study published online May 30 in Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Online Adderall May Contain Wrong Active Ingredients

WEDNESDAY, May 30 (HealthDay News) -- Consumers purchasing the drug Adderall online may be buying a counterfeit version that could be ineffective, unsafe, and potentially harmful, according to a safety alert issued May 30 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

More Information

School-Based Exercise Program Improves Bone Mass, Size

TUESDAY, May 29 (HealthDay News) -- A long-term, school-based exercise program for children is associated with increased bone mass and size, with no increase in the fracture risk, according to a study published online May 28 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

AAP Cautions Against Diagnosis of Sensory Processing Disorder

TUESDAY, May 29 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians should avoid the use of sensory processing disorder as an independent diagnosis and should integrate sensory-based therapy as one part of a comprehensive treatment plan, according to a policy statement issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online May 28 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text

Influenza Vaccine in Pregnancy May Improve Outcomes

TUESDAY, May 29 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women vaccinated for H1N1 influenza during their second or third trimesters were less likely to give birth before 32 weeks' gestation, have a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) baby, or have a stillbirth, compared with those who were not vaccinated, according to research published in the June issue of the American Journal of Public Health.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

PUFA Formula Supplementation Doesn't Up Infant Cognition

TUESDAY, May 29 (HealthDay News) -- Supplementation of infant formula with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) is not associated with improved cognition; and infants fed with milk- or soy protein-based formula have similar cognitive development scores, which are slightly lower than those of breastfed infants, according to two studies published online May 28 in Pediatrics.

Abstract - Qawasmi
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required
Abstract - Andres
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required

Social Networks Play a Role in Childhood Obesity

TUESDAY, May 29 (HealthDay News) -- Afterschool friendships play a critical role in setting physical activity patterns in children as young as 5 to 12 years, according to a study published online May 28 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

C-Section Linked to Increased Risk of Childhood Obesity

MONDAY, May 28 (HealthDay News) -- Infants delivered by cesarean section have two-fold higher odds of childhood obesity, even after adjusting for variables like maternal body mass index (BMI) and birth weight, according to a study published online May 23 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Video Games Positively Impact Variety of Health Outcomes

MONDAY, May 28 (HealthDay News) -- Although additional rigorous clinical trials are warranted, the literature suggests that video games can be useful in improving a variety of health outcomes, particularly those in the areas of psychological and physical therapy, according to research published online in the June issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Individual Variation in Antiviral Response Present at Birth

FRIDAY, May 25 (HealthDay News) -- Congenital variations in innate immunity, which are detectable at birth, might predict an infant's susceptibility to acute respiratory tract illness during the first year of life, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Childhood Obesity Linked to Idiopathic Intracranial HTN

FRIDAY, May 25 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obese children are at higher risk of developing idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), particularly non-Hispanic white adolescent girls, according to a study published online May 24 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

Full Text

School-Aged Children With ASD Usually Identified At Age 5

THURSDAY, May 24 (HealthDay News) -- School-aged children with special health care needs (CSHCN) who have an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are usually identified at age 5, and the majority use one or more services and/or at least one psychotropic medication to meet their developmental needs, according to a May data brief issued by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

More Information

Maternal Weight Ups Infant Size More Than Glucose Intolerance

WEDNESDAY, May 23 (HealthDay News) -- For women without gestational diabetes, excess maternal weight gain during pregnancy and body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy are greater predictors of large-for-gestational-age infants than mild glucose intolerance and lipid levels, according to a study published online May 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Cardiac Disease Risk Factors Prevalent Among U.S. Teens

MONDAY, May 21 (HealthDay News) -- From 1999 to 2008 the prevalence of several cardiovascular disease risk factors remained stable among U.S. adolescents, but the burden of risk factors is still considerable, according to a study published online May 21 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Parents of Children With Epilepsy Have Suboptimal Sleep

MONDAY, May 21 (HealthDay News) -- Parents of children with epilepsy often share a room or cosleep with their child, with both parents and child having suboptimal sleep and greater fatigue, according to a study published online May 17 in Epilepsia.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Folic Acid Enrichment May Reduce Specific Pediatric Cancers

MONDAY, May 21 (HealthDay News) -- Following mandatory folic acid fortification of enriched grain products in the United States in 1996 to 1998, there has been a decrease in the incidence of some childhood cancers, including Wilms tumor (WT) and primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs), according to a study published online May 21 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

'Risky Music Behaviors' Linked to Other Risk Behaviors in Youth

MONDAY, May 21 (HealthDay News) -- Listening to loud music is highly associated with traditional health-risk behaviors in youth, including binge drinking and unprotected sex in frequent visitors to live music venues and cannabis use in MP3-player listeners, according to a study published online May 21 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Early Addition of Prenatal Micronutrients Ups Child Survival

TUESDAY, May 15 (HealthDay News) -- Poor, pregnant women who receive multiple micronutrient supplementation (MMS), including iron and folic acid, with early food supplementation, have substantially improved infant survival, compared to women in a standard program, according to a study published in the May 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on global health.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

Sumatriptan/Naproxen Helpful in Treating Teens' Migraines

MONDAY, May 14 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with sumatriptan and naproxen sodium (suma/nap) is well tolerated and effective in reducing migraine pain in adolescents, according to a study published online May 14 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Batteries Increasing Culprit of ER Visits Among Young Boys

MONDAY, May 14 (HealthDay News) -- The number of emergency department visits for battery-related incidents is rising significantly, particularly in boys under the age of 5 years, according to a study published online May 14 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Walking While Bottle Drinking Causes Injuries in Toddlers

MONDAY, May 14 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately 2,000 injuries occur each year from toddlers falling with a bottle, pacifier, or sippy cup in their mouth, according to a study published online May 14 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Youth With ASD Have Poor Postsecondary Outcomes

MONDAY, May 14 (HealthDay News) -- Youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are at high risk for not participating in postsecondary education or employment, particularly in the first two years after high school, according to a study published online May 14 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Rituximab Little Use in Resistant Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome

FRIDAY, May 11 (HealthDay News) -- The anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, rituximab, added to prednisone and calcineurin inhibitors, does not provide any additional benefit in terms of reduced proteinuria in the treatment of children with resistant idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS), according a study published online May 10 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Global Deaths in Children Under 5 Down Since 2000

FRIDAY, May 11 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2010, there was a decrease in the global burden of death in children younger than 5 years of age, according to a study published online May 11 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Elective Induction of Labor Tied to Reduced Perinatal Mortality

FRIDAY, May 11 (HealthDay News) -- Elective induction of labor between 37 and 41 weeks of gestation is associated with a reduction in perinatal mortality but an increase in admission to neonatal units, compared with expectant management, according to a study published online May 10 in BMJ.

Full Text

Nonmedical Prescription Pain Medication Use Peaks at Age 16

THURSDAY, May 10 (HealthDay News) -- Use of prescription pain relievers to get high or for other nonmedical purposes (extramedical use) peaks around age 16 years, according to a study published online May 7 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Lowest Fused Vertebral Level Linked to Motion in Scoliosis

THURSDAY, May 10 (HealthDay News) -- For postoperative patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), preservation of vertebral motion segments allows for greater distribution of functional motion, according to a study published in the May 1 issue of Spine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Less Testing in ER for Children With Non-Private Insurance

THURSDAY, May 10 (HealthDay News) -- For children in the emergency department, non-private insurance status is associated with decreased diagnostic testing and interventions, according to a study published online May 10 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

Full Text

Health-Related QoL Evaluated for Children With Brain Tumors

WEDNESDAY, May 9 (HealthDay News) -- In children and adolescents with brain tumors treated with proton radiation, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores are affected by both disease type and treatment, with assessments made by the patients correlating well with those of their parents, according to a study published online May 7 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Pediatric Content in Drug Labeling Has Increased

WEDNESDAY, May 9 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatric content in the labeling of drugs has improved from 1975 to 1999, but still only 46 percent of drug labeling in the electronic Physicians' Desk Reference (ePDR) includes pediatric information, according to research published in the May 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

High Infection Rates Seen in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

WEDNESDAY, May 9 (HealthDay News) -- Children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) have higher rates of hospitalized bacterial infection than children without the condition, and high-dose steroids significantly increase the rate of infection, according to a study published online May 8 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Sun/Skin Cancer Counseling Recommended for Youth

TUESDAY, May 8 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that physicians counsel children, adolescents, and young adults who have fair skin about ultraviolet radiation exposure and skin cancer prevention, according to new recommendations published online May 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Doesn't Impact Fetal Growth

TUESDAY, May 8 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal use of the anti-HIV drug tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) does not affect fetal growth but may lead to a delayed effect on infant growth in the first year, according to a study published online Feb. 29 in AIDS.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Inexact Perception, but Most Moms Happy With Toddler Size

TUESDAY, May 8 (HealthDay News) -- Although most mothers are inaccurate in their perception of their toddler's weight, they are mainly satisfied with their toddler's body size, according to a study published in the May issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Television Viewing Linked to Unhealthy Eating in U.S. Teens

TUESDAY, May 8 (HealthDay News) -- Among U.S. adolescents, television viewing is associated with unhealthy eating behaviors, according to a study published in the May issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

New Meningitis B Vaccine Strongly Immunogenic

MONDAY, May 7 (HealthDay News) -- A new meningococcus serogroup B vaccine is strongly immunogenic against multiple strains and well tolerated in healthy adolescents, according to a study published online May 7 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Computer-Based Screening May Reduce Teen Substance Abuse

MONDAY, May 7 (HealthDay News) -- A computer-facilitated screening and provider brief advice (cSBA) system for primary care can increase adolescent receipt of substance use screening across a variety of practice settings, according to a study published online May 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Maternal Dietary Counseling Improves Child Nutrition

MONDAY, May 7 (HealthDay News) -- The delivery of home-based maternal counseling focusing on breastfeeding and complementary feeding to low-income mothers during their child's first year of life significantly improves the lipid profile in girls at 7 to 8 years of age, according to a study published online May 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

School Vaccination Requirements Up Coverage

MONDAY, May 7 (HealthDay News) -- Middle school entry vaccination requirements may increase coverage for adolescent vaccines, but education-only requirements do not appear to have an impact, according to a study published online May 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CMS Policy Helping Hospitals to Prevent Targeted Infections

FRIDAY, May 4 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitals seem to be paying greater attention to preventing targeted health care-associated infections (HAIs) as a result of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) nonpayment policy, according to a study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

Abstract
Full Text

CDC: Teen Birth Rate Decreasing in United States

THURSDAY, May 3 (HealthDay News) -- From 1990 to 2006-2010, the teen birth rate declined among U.S. females, according to a study published in the May 4 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text

Problem Behavior Up Among Children Born Post-Term

THURSDAY, May 3 (HealthDay News) -- Children born post-term have an increased risk of problem behavior and are more likely to have clinical attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in early childhood, according to a study published online May 2 in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

Abstract
Full Text

Generally No Link Between Prenatal Smoking and Autism

THURSDAY, May 3 (HealthDay News) -- Generally there is no association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and risk of the child developing autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), although there may be a link between smoking and development of high-functioning autism, according to a study published online April 25 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Peers Influence Both Pro- and Anti-Alcohol Behavior

THURSDAY, May 3 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents are very adaptable to changing their alcohol norms based on those of their peers, especially peers of high-status, who may successfully either encourage or discourage alcohol use, according to a study published online April 17 in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pulse Oximetry IDs Critical Congenital Heart Defects

WEDNESDAY, May 2 (HealthDay News) -- Pulse oximetry has high specificity, moderate sensitivity, and low false-positive rates for detecting critical congenital heart defects in asymptomatic newborns, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published online May 2 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Methodological Heterogeneity Seen in Clinical Trials

TUESDAY, May 1 (HealthDay News) -- Clinical studies registered with ClinicalTrials.gov from 2007 and 2010 are predominately small, single-center trials and contain significant heterogeneity in methodology, according to a study published in the May 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Food Allergy Risk Up for Children Born in the Fall

TUESDAY, May 1 (HealthDay News) -- Children born in the fall have an increased risk of food allergy, with a significantly increased risk seen only for Caucasians and those with eczema, according to a study published online April 19 in Allergy.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2012 ScoutNews, LLC. All rights reserved.


Previous: May 2012 Briefing - Orthopedics Next: May 2012 Briefing - Psychiatry

Reader comments on this article are listed below. Review our comments policy.


Submit your opinion:

Name:

Email:

Location:

URL:

Remember my personal information

Notify me of follow-up comments?

advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)
 

Are you a Doctor, Pharmacist, PA or a Nurse?

Join the Doctors Lounge online medical community

  • Editorial activities: Publish, peer review, edit online articles.

Doctors Lounge Membership Application

 
     

 advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)

 

 

Useful Sites
MediLexicon
  Tools & Services: Follow DoctorsLounge on Twitter Follow us on Twitter | RSS News | Newsletter | Contact us
Copyright © 2001-2014
Doctors Lounge.
All rights reserved.

Medical Reference:
Diseases | Symptoms
Drugs | Labs | Procedures
Software | Tutorials

Advertising
Links | Humor
Forum Archive
CME | Conferences

Privacy Statement
Terms & Conditions
Editorial Board
About us | Email

This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
verify here.