Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for May 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Radiation Ups Event-Free, Not Overall Survival in Ped Hodgkin's
THURSDAY, May 31 (HealthDay News) -- For children with Hodgkin's lymphoma who respond to chemotherapy, treatment with low-dose involved-field radiation therapy (IFRT) improves event-free survival (EFS), but has no significant impact on overall survival (OS), in long-term follow-up, according to a study published online May 29 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Repeat CT Scan Urged for Head Trauma Patients on Warfarin
WEDNESDAY, May 30 (HealthDay News) -- Minor head trauma patients taking warfarin should have a repeat computed tomography (CT) scan prior to discharge to detect delayed hemorrhage, particularly in those with an initial international normalized ratio (INR) higher than 3, according to research published in the June issue of the Annals of Emergency Medicine.
Treatment With rt-PA Within Six Hours of Stroke Beneficial
WEDNESDAY, May 23 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute ischemic stroke, treatment with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) within six hours is associated with improved outcomes, according to two studies published online May 23 in The Lancet to coincide with presentation at the European Stroke Conference, held from May 22 to 25 in Lisbon, Portugal.
Abstract - Sandercock
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract - Wardlaw
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)
Imaging Predicts Breast Cancer Response to Chemotherapy
WEDNESDAY, May 23 (HealthDay News) -- For women with breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery, measurements taken by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) predict clinical response better than clinical assessment, according to a study published in the June issue of Radiology.
Chemoradiotherapy Improves Survival for Elderly With NSCLC
TUESDAY, May 22 (HealthDay News) -- For elderly patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), treatment with radiotherapy plus carboplatin improves overall survival versus radiotherapy alone, according to a study published May 22 in The Lancet Oncology.
Inadequate Pain Meds in ER for Patients With Long-Bone Fx
FRIDAY, May 18 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of patients with long-bone fractures receive inadequate pain medication in the emergency department, and disparities in management exist, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of Emergency Nursing.
Adjuvant Radiochemotherapy Has Lasting Benefit in Gastric Cancer
FRIDAY, May 18 (HealthDay News) -- Ten-year data from the Southwestern Oncology Group-directed Intergroup Study 0116 confirm the benefits of adjuvant radiochemotherapy after gastric cancer resection in terms of overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS), according to research published online May 14 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
PET More Sensitive Than CT for Merkel Cell Carcinoma
TUESDAY, May 15 (HealthDay News) -- Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) is significantly more sensitive and equally specific compared with traditional computed tomography (CT) imaging for evaluation of the regional lymph node basin in patients with Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), according to research published online May 2 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
Better Outcomes at High-Volume Stroke Centers
TUESDAY, May 15 (HealthDay News) -- High-volume endovascular stroke centers provide faster times to treatment, and patients are more likely to have good clinical outcomes and successful reperfusion, according to a study published online May 13 in the Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery.
CT Colonography Accurate for 10 mm Adenomas
MONDAY, May 14 (HealthDay News) -- For patients at average-to-moderate risk of colon cancer, computed tomographic colonography (CTC) accurately detects adenomas 10 mm or larger, but not smaller lesions, according to a study published in the May 15 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Lack of Sleep Not Necessarily Detrimental to Surgical Skills
WEDNESDAY, May 9 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep-deprived medical students are able to perform and learn surgical skills, although they have an increased total subjective mental workload, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Surgery.
CMS Policy Helping Hospitals to Prevent Targeted Infections
FRIDAY, May 4 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitals seem to be paying greater attention to preventing targeted health care-associated infections (HAIs) as a result of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) nonpayment policy, according to a study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.
Recent Improvement in 3D ECHO Accuracy for LV Mass
THURSDAY, May 3 (HealthDay News) -- In the past decade there has been an improvement in the accuracy of three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) for measurement of left ventricular (LV) mass, according to a meta-analysis published online April 30 in The American Journal of Cardiology.
Breast Brachytherapy May Not Be Best Choice in Older Women
TUESDAY, May 1 (HealthDay News) -- For older women with invasive breast cancer, treatment with brachytherapy following a lumpectomy is associated with a decreased likelihood of long-term breast preservation and an increased likelihood of complications, but no difference in overall survival, compared to whole-breast irradiation (WBI) treatment, according to a study published in the May 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Copyright © 2012 ScoutNews, LLC. All rights reserved.
|Previous: May 2012 Briefing - Pathology||Next: May 2012 Briefing - Anesthesiology|
Reader comments on this article are listed below. Review our comments policy.
Submit your opinion:
Are you a Doctor, Pharmacist, PA or a Nurse?
Join the Doctors Lounge online medical community