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Category: Nursing | Monthly Briefing

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June 2012 Briefing - Nursing

Last Updated: July 02, 2012.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for June 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Hep B Screening Urged Before TNF-Alpha Inhibitor Therapy

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- All patients with psoriasis should be screened for hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis B core antibody prior to the initiation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor therapy, according to research published online June 25 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Objective Decrease in Hot Flashes After Acute Exercise

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- For perimenopausal and postmenopausal women, a bout of moderate-intensity physical activity (PA) is associated with objective and subjective improvements in hot flashes (HFs), but performing more moderate PA than usual correlates with more self-reported HFs for women with lower levels of fitness, according to a study published online June 25 in Menopause.

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Vegetable Consumption Lowers Risk of Acute Pancreatitis

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Vegetable consumption significantly reduces the risk of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis, according to a study published online June 27 in Gut.

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Myrbetriq Approved for Overactive Bladder

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Myrbetriq (mirabegron) has been approved to treat adults with overactive bladder, a condition affecting some 33 million Americans, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday in a news release.

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Six Sigma Techniques Improve Operating Room Patient Flow

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of strategies such as Six Sigma methodology in hospital operating rooms (ORs) leads to improvements in patient flow and employee engagement, according to a study published in the July issue of the AORN Journal.

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Nelarabine Plus Chemo Viable in Children With T-Cell ALL

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment of children with newly-diagnosed T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) with nelarabine, in addition to an intensive Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) 86-based chemotherapy regimen, is feasible and safe, according to a study published online June 25 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Biophysical Abnormalities Seen in Aorta of Obese Children

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Obese children have abnormal measurements of the biophysical properties of the aorta, reflecting increased aortic stiffness and early cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online June 25 in The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Fluticasone Improves Histologic Eosinophilia in Esophagitis

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Swallowing aerosolized fluticasone improves histologic eosinophilia but does not improve dysphagia symptoms in adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), according to a study published online in the July issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Apolipoproteins Are Biomarkers for Diabetic Retinopathy

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with diabetes, with or without diabetic retinopathy, serum apolipoproteins (apos) are associated with markers of systemic and retinal microvascular dysfunction, according to a study published in the July issue of Diabetes.

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Lengthy Periods of Standing, Working Impact Fetal Growth

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Long periods of standing and long working hours per week during pregnancy may negatively influence intrauterine growth, including fetal weight and head circumference (HC), according to a study published online June 27 in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

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Few Retears After Partial-, Full-Thickness Rotator Cuff Repair

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Retear rates after arthroscopic repair of both partial-thickness and full-thickness rotator cuff tears are low, with no difference in the retear rate or postoperative shoulder stiffness rate for tear thickness, according to a study published in the June 20 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Survivorship of Uncemented Acetabular Parts Compared

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- For total hip arthroplasty revisions, titanium wire mesh cups and cross-linked polyethylene liners are among new uncemented acetabular components that improve long-term implant survival, according to a study published in the June 20 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Impact of Cutaneous Lupus on Quality of Life Evaluated

FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) similarly negatively impacts quality of life among patients treated at two different centers, according to a study published online June 18 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Chronic High Calcium Intake Increases Fat Oxidation

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic high calcium intake in adults increases fat oxidation and is particularly effective in those who habitually consume less than 700 mg/day of calcium, according to a study published online June 19 in Obesity Reviews.

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Aspirin Use Linked to Reduced Risk of Barrett's Esophagus

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Current aspirin users have a significantly reduced risk of being diagnosed with Barrett's esophagus (BE) on first endoscopy compared with nonusers, according to a study published in the July issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Supreme Court Upholds Health Care Reform Law

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Supreme Court voted June 28 to uphold the constitutionality of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), which has been the subject of debate and multiple lawsuits since its 2010 inception.

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Omega-3 Supplements Reduce Inflammation in Overweight

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults who are healthy but overweight and sedentary, taking omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can reduce levels of inflammatory markers, according to a study published online May 26 in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.

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Hyperinsulinemia in Early Adulthood Tied to Later HTN

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults with hyperinsulinemia are significantly more likely to have hypertension (HTN) later in life, regardless of sex, ethnicity, or body weight, according to a study published in the July issue of Diabetes Care.

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Exercise Training After Lung Transplant Found Beneficial

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- A three-month supervised exercise training program improves daily walking time, quadriceps force, six-minute walking distance, physical functioning, and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure for lung transplant patients who experience an uncomplicated postoperative period, according to research published in the June issue of the American Journal of Transplantation.

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One in Five Newly Admitted to Nursing Home Falls During Stay

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- About 20 percent of patients who are newly admitted to a nursing home sustain a fall during their stay, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Muscle Mass Linked to Parameters of Bone Health

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Muscle mass is associated with bone parameters at several sites in the body, according to a study published online May 23 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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FDA Clears First Weight-Loss Pill in 13 Years

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- The Arena Pharmaceuticals drug Belviq (lorcaserin hydrochloride) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the first approval of an anti-obesity medication in 13 years.

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Longer Labor for Women With Fear of Childbirth

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Women with a fear of childbirth have a significantly increased duration of labor, even after adjusting for multiple confounding variables, according to a study published online June 27 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Linagliptin Noninferior to Glimepiride in Type 2 Diabetes

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin is noninferior to the sulphonylurea glimepiride for second-line glycemic control and is associated with significantly less hypoglycemia and fewer cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online June 28 in The Lancet.

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Prolonged Disability Predictors Identified for Low Back Pain

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP), impaired fasting glucose tolerance, greater pain-related disability, higher body mass index, and lower quality of life (QoL) at baseline are all associated with an increased pain-related disability at one year, according to a study published online June 20 in Spine.

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Risk of Second Primary Melanoma Up in Pediatric Patients

THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatric patients diagnosed with an invasive cutaneous melanoma have nearly double the relative risk of developing a subsequent primary melanoma, compared with adults, according to a study published online June 20 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Ringer's Acetate Better for Patients With Severe Sepsis

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Fluid resuscitation with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 for patients with severe sepsis leads to an increased risk of death at day 90 and an increased likelihood of requiring renal-replacement therapy, compared with Ringer's acetate, according to a study published online June 27 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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ART Live-Birth Rates Can Approach Natural Fecundity

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- During assisted reproductive technology, increasing maternal age and number of cycles is linked to lower live-birth rates with the use of autologous oocytes, but not donor oocytes, according to a study published in the June 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Early Surgery Ups Outcomes in Infective Endocarditis

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with infective endocarditis and large vegetations, early surgery reduces death from any cause and embolic events, compared with conventional treatment, according to a study published in the June 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Environmental Risks ID'd for REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking, head injury, pesticide exposure, and farming are potential environmental and lifestyle risk factors for developing idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), according to research published online June 27 in Neurology.

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Long-Term Adverse Cardiac Outcomes for Low-Carb Diets

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Women who follow low carbohydrate-high protein diets have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online June 26 in BMJ.

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Home-Based Intervention Linked to Lower BMI at Age 2

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- A home-based intervention comprising eight visits from trained nurses to new mothers in the pre- and postnatal period is associated with lower body mass index (BMI) in children at age 2, according to a study published online June 26 in BMJ.

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Oxytocin Levels Linked to Behavior in Williams Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with Williams Syndrome, which is characterized by a deletion of nearly 30 genes and altered social behaviors, levels of the neuropeptide oxytocin are associated with the altered behaviors, according to a study published online June 12 in PLoS One.

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Prenatal Exposure to Butylbenzyl Phthalate Linked to Eczema

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal exposure to butylbenzyl phthalate (BBzP), as assessed by increased concentrations of monobenzyl phthalate (MBzP) in the urine, is associated with an increased risk of early-onset eczema in offspring, according to a study published online June 26 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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Bacterial Vaginosis Linked to Increased HIV-1 Transmission

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Bacterial vaginosis is associated with a three-fold higher risk of HIV-1 transmission from infected women to their uninfected male partners, according to a study published online June 26 in PLoS Medicine.

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Hospice Visit Number Affects Ability to Die at Home

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Hospice patients with cancer are more likely to be able to die in the setting of their choice if they receive at least one hospice visit per day during the first four days of hospice care, according to research published online June 25 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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iPad May Alter Programmable Shunt Valve Settings

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to a tablet device may result in a change to programmable shunt valve settings when the tablet is very close to the valve, according to a study published online June 26 in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.

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Specific Solvents May Increase Risk of Parkinson's Disease

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to specific solvents is associated with an increased risk of Parkinson's disease, according to a study published in the June issue of the Annals of Neurology.

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Nomogram Developed to Estimate Early Breast Cancer Survival

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- A nomogram has been developed to predict five- and 10-year mastectomy-free survival (MFS) in older women with early breast cancer and estimate the predicted benefit of radiation therapy (RT) following conservative surgery (CS), according to research published online June 25 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Duplicate Payments by Federal Government Increasing

WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- The federal government spends a substantial and increasing amount on individuals who are dually enrolled in separate managed care programs (the Veterans Affairs health care system [VA] and Medicare Advantage plan [MA]), according to a study published online June 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the Annual Research Meeting of AcademyHealth, held from June 24 to 26 in Orlando, Fla.

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Warfarin Safe After Ischemic Stroke in tPA-Treated Patients

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- For patients receiving tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) after ischemic stroke, warfarin has no effect on the risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH), according to a study published in the June 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Low-Fat Diet Cuts Energy Output, Signals Weight Regain

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- For obese and overweight young adults who have lost weight, a low-fat diet results in the greatest decreases in resting and total energy expenditure, which is an unfavorable effect that makes weight regain more likely; and for overweight and obese adults, a stepped-care weight-loss intervention (STEP) is linked to similar weight loss as a standard behavioral weight-loss intervention (SBWI), at a reduced cost per patient, according to two studies published in the June 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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J-Shaped Association for Coffee Consumption, Heart Failure

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Habitual consumption of moderate quantities of coffee, up to four cups per day, correlates with a moderately decreased risk of heart failure, but higher consumption potentially increases the risk, according to a review published online June 26 in Circulation: Heart Failure.

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Patient-Centered Medical Home Rating Tied to Operating Costs

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Federally funded community health centers with higher scores on a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) rating have higher operating costs, according to a study published online June 24 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the Annual Research Meeting of AcademyHealth, held from June 24 to 26 in Orlando, Fla.

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Use of Electronic Records Tied to Fewer Malpractice Claims

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Use of electronic health records (EHRs) is associated with fewer medical malpractice claims among physicians from multiple surgical and medical specialties, according to a research letter published online June 25 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Sleep Benefit Seen in Almost Half of Patients With Parkinson's

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Close to half of patients with Parkinson's disease may experience improved motor functioning upon awakening (sleep benefit), according to a study published online May 24 in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease.

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New Global Estimate Ups Number of H1N1-Linked Deaths

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated number of global respiratory and cardiovascular deaths associated with the 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 is higher than the number of laboratory-confirmed deaths, according to a modeling study published online June 26 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Olmesartan May Be Linked to Spruelike Enteropathy

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Patients treated with olmesartan may develop a severe form of spruelike enteropathy, which improves after suspension of the drug, according to research published online June 25 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Copy Number Variations May Be Linked to Alcohol Dependence

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Copy number variations (CNVs) on two chromosomes may be associated with alcohol dependence, according to research published online June 15 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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Steroid-Free Regimen Post-Pediatric Renal Transplant Safe

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- A steroid-free approach to immunosuppression following pediatric renal transplants is safe and effective, according to a study published online June 13 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

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Older Mothers More Prone to Psychological Distress

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- First-time mothers in their early 30s and beyond are more likely to experience psychological distress during pregnancy and after birth than younger women, but only if they have a history of depression, according to a study published online June 18 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Regional Anesthesia Linked to Better Hip Fracture Outcomes

TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Regional anesthesia is associated with a lower risk of death and pulmonary complications compared with general anesthesia in patients undergoing surgery for hip fracture, with improved outcomes specific to patients with intertrochanteric fractures, according to a study published in the July issue of Anesthesiology.

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Ozone Exposure Causes Negative Cardiovascular Changes

MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Ozone exposure in healthy young adults causes an increase in vascular markers of inflammation, changes in fibrinolytic markers that could potentially impair fibrinolysis, and changes in autonomic control of heart rate, according to a study published online June 25 in Circulation.

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Task Force Recommends Screening All Adults for Obesity

MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians should screen all adults for obesity; and, there is a small health benefit for initiating behavioral counseling interventions in a primary care setting for adults without cardiovascular disease (CVD) or its risk factors, according to two recommendation statements published online June 26 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Obese Asthma Patients Have Reduced Treatment Response

MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with lean patients, obese patients with asthma have higher neutrophil counts and a reduced response to corticosteroid treatment, according to a study published online June 12 in Allergy.

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Early Vaccinations Not Linked to Celiac Disease in Sweden

MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Early vaccinations do not seem to influence the risk of celiac disease (CD) among infants, nor do changes in the vaccination program explain the CD epidemic, according to a Swedish study published online June 25 in Pediatrics.

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Absolute Incretin Effect Reduced in Type 2 Diabetes

MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) the absolute incretin effect is reduced compared with healthy individuals, but its relative importance is increased, particularly in first-phase insulin secretion, according to a study published online June 20 in Diabetes.

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Recreational Physical Activity Reduces Breast Cancer Risk

MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- During the reproductive and postmenopausal years, recreational physical activity (RPA) at any intensity level is associated with reduced breast cancer risk, according to a study published online June 25 in Cancer.

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Unhealthy Food Predominates Youth Sports, Parents Report

MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Parents report dissatisfaction with the lack of healthy food and beverage choices available at youth sports settings, according to a study published online April 16 in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

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Early Start to ADHD Meds Lowers Risk of Academic Decline

MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Earlier initiation of stimulant treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with a lower risk of decline in academic performance, according to a study published online June 25 in Pediatrics.

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Accidental Exposure Causes Most Reactions in Allergic Infants

MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- For infants with documented or likely allergies to milk or eggs, most allergic reactions result from accidental exposures, according to a study published online June 25 in Pediatrics.

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Cannabis Use for Fibromyalgia Linked to Poor Mental Health

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- More than 10 percent of patients with a diagnosis of fibromyalgia report using marijuana to relieve pain, and those who do so are more likely to be in poorer mental health, seek drugs, and be unemployed, according to a study published online June 21 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Antimicrobials Tied to Allergic Sensitization in Children

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Antimicrobial endocrine-disrupting compounds commonly found in toothpaste and cosmetics are associated with a higher risk of allergic sensitization in children, according to a study published online June 18 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Low Bone Mass for Young Men on Antiretrovirals for HIV

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Young men recently diagnosed with HIV infection, treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART), have lower bone mass, according to a study published online May 9 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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No Therapy for ~20 Percent With Stage IV Solid Tumors

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- About 20 percent of patients diagnosed with stage IV metastatic solid tumors do not receive anticancer treatment, according to a study published online June 15 in Cancer.

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Similar Outcomes for Robot-Aided, Conventional Nephrectomy

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Robot-assisted and conventional laparoscopic partial nephrectomies have similar outcomes and complication rates, according to a study published in the July issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Drug-Eluting Stents Offer No Advantage for A-Fib Patients

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Drug-eluting stents (DESs) do not seem to offer advantages over bare-metal stents (BMSs) for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation, according to research published in the July 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Risk Factors ID'd for SCA in Heart Defect Repair Survivors

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- In adult survivors of surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD), severe subaortic ventricular systolic dysfunction is a significant and independent predictor of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), according to research published in the July 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Cold-Air Anesthesia Reduces Pain of Laser Treatment

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- In ablative fractionated carbon-dioxide (CO2) laser treatment for photoaging, cold-air anesthesia used in conjunction with topical anesthesia reduces pain significantly more than topical anesthesia alone, according to research published online June 13 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Reduced Efficacy for CRC Screenings Done by Non-GI Docs

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Having interval colorectal cancer (CRC) colonoscopy screenings performed by nongastroenterologists compared with gastroenterologists (GIs) results in a noticeable reduction in the long-term CRC prevention rate, according to research published online June 15 in Cancer.

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Increased Sick Leave Rates for Long-Term Cancer Survivors

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Five years after a cancer diagnosis, employed cancer survivors have a higher sick leave rate compared with prior to their diagnosis, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Cancer Survivorship.

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Telehealth Intervention Linked to Lower Admission Rates

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- A telehealth intervention is associated with improved emergency admission rates and lower mortality compared with usual care, according to a study published online June 21 in BMJ.

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Incomplete Recovery of Lumbar Discs Two Years After Bed Rest

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Recovery of the lumbar intervertebral discs following a 60-day period of bed rest is a lengthy process, with recovery incomplete at two years, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of Spine.

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Parents Overestimate Deformity-Related Stress in Scoliosis

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with idiopathic adolescent scoliosis and their parents perceive the emotional stress connected to brace treatment in the same way, but parents overestimate the stress related to body deformity, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of Spine.

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Sleep Apnea Linked to Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is independently associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy, even after adjustment for potential confounders, according to a study published online June 21 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Eating Disorder Symptoms Evident in Women Over 50

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- For women aged 50 years and older there is wide endorsement of weight and shape concerns and of eating disorder symptoms, dieting, and body checking behaviors, according to a study published online June 21 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Living Alone Linked to Higher Mortality in Older Adults

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults who live alone have a higher risk of death; and elderly adults who report loneliness experience increased functional decline and an increased risk of death, according to two studies published online June 18 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Ups Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Middle-aged women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a prospective long-term study published online June 14 in Diabetes.

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Genetic Contribution Detected in Responses to Opioids

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- The responses to opioid drugs, such as nausea, respiratory depression, and drug liking or disliking, have a significant inherited component, according to a study published in the July issue of Anesthesiology.

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Early Loss of Glucagon Response to Hypoglycemia Found in Teens

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- In adolescents with type 1 diabetes the glucagon response to hypoglycemia is lost as early as one month and at a median of eight months after diabetes diagnosis, according to a study published online June 14 in Diabetes Care.

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IVC Filters Confirmed Effective for Patients at Embolism Risk

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are safe for use in patients at higher risk for venous thromboembolic events (VTEs) while undergoing major spinal surgery, according to research published in the June issue of the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.

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Diabetes Linked to Cognitive Decline in Older Adults

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with worse cognitive function and greater cognitive decline among older adults, according to a study published online June 18 in the Archives of Neurology.

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Many Psoriasis Patients Undertreated for CV Risk Factors

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- A large proportion of patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis are underdiagnosed and undertreated for cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Half of Residents Report Working While Sick

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- About half of residents have worked while sick, with many reporting feeling obligated to colleagues and patients, according to a research letter published online June 18 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Deep Brain Stimulation Aids Motor Function in Parkinson's

THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- The globus pallidus interna (GPi) and subthalamic nucleus (STN) are both viable deep brain stimulation (DBS) targets for the treatment of motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease, providing stable improvements over 36 months, according to a study published online June 20 in Neurology.

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Multi-Drug Regimens Cut HIV Transmission Versus Zidovudine

WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- For infants of mothers with HIV who did not receive antenatal antiretroviral therapy (ART), treatment with two or three drugs reduces transmission compared with zidovudine alone; and more infants treated with nevirapine together with zidovudine and lamivudine have virologic failure by six months, according to two studies published in the June 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Diabetes Linked to Increased Cause-Specific Mortality

WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes is linked with a significantly increased risk of death from many diseases, including specific cancers, in both men and women, according to a study published online June 14 in Diabetes Care.

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Accuracy of Melanoma Detection Up in Specialized Clinics

WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- From 1998 to 2007, the accuracy of melanoma detection improved in specialized but not non-specialized clinical settings, according to research published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Periodontitis Linked to HPV-Positive Head, Neck Tumors

WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) there is an increased risk of human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive tumors among those with a history of periodontitis, according to a study published online June 18 in the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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Teen Pregnancies Down; Rates Up for Older Women in 2008

WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of teen pregnancies reached a historic low in 2008, while pregnancy rates for women in their 30s and early 40s increased, according to a June 20 report issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Hepatitis B Screening Before Chemo Deemed Cost-Effective

WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- Universal hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening before chemotherapy for lymphoma reduces costs in most settings, according to a study published online June 18 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocyte Grade IDs Melanoma Survival

WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- Tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) grade is an independent predictor of melanoma-specific survival and sentinel lymph node (SLN) status in patients with localized primary cutaneous melanoma, according to a study published online June 18 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Smoking Increases Risk of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking increases the risk of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma but is not associated with an increased risk of basal cell carcinoma or nonmelanoma skin cancer, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published online June 18 in the Archives of Dermatology.

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More Untreated Kidney Failure Seen in Older Adults

TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of untreated kidney failure is considerably higher in older adults than in younger adults, according to a study published in the June 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Emerging Lipoprotein Markers Slightly Up CVD Risk Detection

TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of certain apolipoproteins and lipoproteins to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk scores containing total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) slightly improves CVD risk prediction, according to a study published in the June 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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2011 Estimates of 15 Selected Health Measures Issued

TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- The estimates of selected health measures for 2011, based on National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data, have been released June 19 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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