Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for June 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Supreme Court Upholds Health Care Reform Law
THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Supreme Court voted June 28 to uphold the constitutionality of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), which has been the subject of debate and multiple lawsuits since its 2010 inception.
Oxytocin Levels Linked to Behavior in Williams Syndrome
WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with Williams Syndrome, which is characterized by a deletion of nearly 30 genes and altered social behaviors, levels of the neuropeptide oxytocin are associated with the altered behaviors, according to a study published online June 12 in PLoS One.
Duplicate Payments by Federal Government Increasing
WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- The federal government spends a substantial and increasing amount on individuals who are dually enrolled in separate managed care programs (the Veterans Affairs health care system [VA] and Medicare Advantage plan [MA]), according to a study published online June 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the Annual Research Meeting of AcademyHealth, held from June 24 to 26 in Orlando, Fla.
Use of Electronic Records Tied to Fewer Malpractice Claims
TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Use of electronic health records (EHRs) is associated with fewer medical malpractice claims among physicians from multiple surgical and medical specialties, according to a research letter published online June 25 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Copy Number Variations May Be Linked to Alcohol Dependence
TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Copy number variations (CNVs) on two chromosomes may be associated with alcohol dependence, according to research published online June 15 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.
Older Mothers More Prone to Psychological Distress
TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- First-time mothers in their early 30s and beyond are more likely to experience psychological distress during pregnancy and after birth than younger women, but only if they have a history of depression, according to a study published online June 18 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Early Start to ADHD Meds Lowers Risk of Academic Decline
MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Earlier initiation of stimulant treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with a lower risk of decline in academic performance, according to a study published online June 25 in Pediatrics.
Cannabis Use for Fibromyalgia Linked to Poor Mental Health
FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- More than 10 percent of patients with a diagnosis of fibromyalgia report using marijuana to relieve pain, and those who do so are more likely to be in poorer mental health, seek drugs, and be unemployed, according to a study published online June 21 in Arthritis Care & Research.
Parents Overestimate Deformity-Related Stress in Scoliosis
THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with idiopathic adolescent scoliosis and their parents perceive the emotional stress connected to brace treatment in the same way, but parents overestimate the stress related to body deformity, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of Spine.
Eating Disorder Symptoms Evident in Women Over 50
THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- For women aged 50 years and older there is wide endorsement of weight and shape concerns and of eating disorder symptoms, dieting, and body checking behaviors, according to a study published online June 21 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.
Living Alone Linked to Higher Mortality in Older Adults
THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults who live alone have a higher risk of death; and elderly adults who report loneliness experience increased functional decline and an increased risk of death, according to two studies published online June 18 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Genetic Contribution Detected in Responses to Opioids
THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- The responses to opioid drugs, such as nausea, respiratory depression, and drug liking or disliking, have a significant inherited component, according to a study published in the July issue of Anesthesiology.
Half of Residents Report Working While Sick
THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- About half of residents have worked while sick, with many reporting feeling obligated to colleagues and patients, according to a research letter published online June 18 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Prevalence of ACS-Induced PTSD Is About 12 Percent
THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), such as myocardial infarction or unstable angina, the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is approximately 12 percent, and the presence of ACS-induced PTSD is associated with a doubling of the risk of subsequent ACS events and death, according to a study published online June 20 in PLoS One.
Psychological Distress Increases Cerebrovascular Death Risk
MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- Psychological distress, as assessed using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), is associated with an increased risk of death due to cerebrovascular disease and ischemic heart disease, according to a study published online June 18 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.
A Shift in Pediatric Drug Utilization Seen 2002 to 2010
MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- From 2002 to 2010 there was a 7 percent decrease in outpatient pediatric prescription medication utilization, due in part to a decrease in antibiotics and allergy medication prescriptions, according to a study published online June 18 in Pediatrics.
Mental Health Disorders Up Long-Term Opioid Use in Youth
THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- When presenting with a new episode of chronic pain, the presence of preexisting mental health disorders is associated with an increased risk of long-term opioid pain use, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.
Cognitive Benefit of Omega-3s in Older Adults Questioned
THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplementation has no benefit on cognitive function in cognitively healthy older people, according to a review published online June 13 in The Cochrane Library.
Female APOE ε4 Carriers Have Preclinical Signs of Alzheimer's
THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Healthy elderly women carrying the apolipoprotein E type 4 allele (APOE ε4) show changes in the brain's memory network characteristic of Alzheimer's disease, which can be observed before any symptoms appear, according to a study published in the June 13 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience.
Gender Gap Exists in Physician Researchers' Salaries
TUESDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- A survey of mid-career academic physician researchers shows that gender differences in salary exist even after adjusting for differences in specialty, institutional characteristics, academic productivity, academic rank, and work hours, according to a study published in the June 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Short-Term Meditation Improves Brain Function
TUESDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- Meditating for only a few weeks leads to improved white matter changes in areas of the brain linked to self-regulation, according to a study published online June 11 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Walking Speed May Be Early Marker of Cognitive Impairment
MONDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- For elderly patients, walking speed and its variability may help distinguish individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from those with normal cognition, according to a study published in the June 12 issue of Neurology.
~8 Percent of Children Engage in Nonsuicidal Self-Injury
MONDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) occurs in about 8 percent of children and adolescents and the prevalence is highest among ninth-grade girls, who tend to engage in cutting or carving of the skin, according to a study published online June 11 in Pediatrics.
Antidepressants Affect Emotional Temperament
FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- The effects of antidepressants appear to be due, in part, to their effects on improving patient emotional temperament, according to the results of a literature review published in the June issue of CNS Neurosciences & Therapeutics.
Treating Teen Depression May Reduce Subsequent Drug Abuse
THURSDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescents can reduce the likelihood of subsequent substance use disorders (SUD), but does not reduce alcohol use disorders (AUD), according to a study published in the April issue of the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
Depression Linked to Reduced Temporofrontolimbic Coupling
WEDNESDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with remitted major depressive disorder (MDD) have reduced guilt-selective temporofrontolimbic coupling between the right superior anterior temporal lobe (ATL) and subgenual cingulate cortex and adjacent septal region (SCSR), a region of interest for biases toward guilt versus indignation, according to a study published online June 4 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Telephone Therapy Effective for Treating Depression
TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Telephone-administered cognitive behavioral therapy (T-CBT) correlates with reduced attrition and similar post-treatment improvement in depression compared to face-to-face CBT, but at six months, those who undergo face-to-face CBT are significantly less depressed, according to a study published in the June 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Basal Cell Carcinoma Response Affected by Past + Recent Stress
MONDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with basal cell carcinoma (BCC), parental emotional maltreatment combined with a severe life event in the past year correlates with poor immune response to the BCC tumor, according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Gene Variants Impact Smokers' Response to Cessation Therapy
FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Smokers with certain high-risk genetic variants find it more difficult to quit smoking but are more likely to respond to cessation pharmacotherapy, according to a study published online May 30 in the American Journal of Psychiatry.
PTSD Linked to Urinary Incontinence in Female Veterans
FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is independently associated with urgency/mixed urinary incontinence (UI) symptoms in female veterans, according to a study published in the June issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.
Depression Found to Increase Risk of Death in Diabetes
FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, depression is associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality, regardless of previous cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online May 22 in Diabetes Care.
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