TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- A total of 16.2 percent of individuals who received a diagnosis of HIV in the 46 U.S. states and five U.S. territories in 2007 to 2010 were born outside the United States, according to a study published online July 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS, to coincide with the International AIDS Conference, held from July 22 to 27 in Washington, D.C.
Adria Tassy Prosser, Ph.D., from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues used data from the National HIV Surveillance System to describe the epidemiology of cases of HIV diagnosed in the United States from 2007 to 2010 among individuals born outside the United States and among U.S.-born individuals.
The researchers found that, in the study period, HIV was diagnosed in 191,697 U.S. individuals, of whom 30,995 (16.2 percent) were born outside the United States. Among 25,255 individuals with a specified place of birth outside the United States, 14.5 percent were from Africa, 41 percent from Central America, and 21.5 percent from the Caribbean. The highest numbers of individuals born outside the United States and diagnosed with HIV were found in California, Florida, New York, and Texas, which were the top four reporters of HIV overall. A total of 73.5 percent of those born outside the United States and diagnosed with HIV were male. Overall, 3.3 percent of whites, 10 percent of blacks, 42.2 percent of Hispanics, and 64.3 percent of Asians diagnosed with HIV were born outside the United States. More individuals born outside the United States were infected through heterosexual contact compared with U.S.-born individuals (39.4 versus 27.2 percent).
"These findings demonstrate the diversity of the HIV-infected population born outside the United States, presenting many clinical and public health challenges," the authors write.
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