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Category: Family Medicine | Monthly Briefing

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July 2012 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: August 01, 2012.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for July 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Higher Rates of Pertussis With Acellular Pertussis Vaccine

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Children who receive acellular pertussis vaccines have higher rates of pertussis compared with those receiving whole cell pertussis vaccines, according to a research letter published in the Aug. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Levels of Etonogestrel Lower in Obese Women After Implant

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Obese women who receive a contraceptive implant have lower drug levels in the six months following implant insertion compared with normal-weight women, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Cataract Surgery Tied to Lower Hip Fracture Risk in Elderly

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Elderly patients with cataract who receive cataract surgery have a reduced likelihood of subsequent hip fracture, compared with those who do not undergo surgery, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Fifth Link Ups Neuro Outcome in Non-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Following implementation of the fifth link (multidisciplinary postresuscitation care in a regional center) to the previous four links in the chain of survival concept improves neurological outcomes for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, according to a study published in the July 31 issue of Circulation.

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Pre-Op Statin Use Ups Insulin Resistance in Heart Surgery

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Patients without diabetes who are taking statins prior to cardiac surgery experience increased insulin resistance compared with those not taking statins, according to a study published online July 24 in Diabetes Care.

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No Link Between Telomere Length and Diabetes Risk

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Leukocyte telomere length is not independently associated with type 2 diabetes risk in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online July 24 in Diabetes.

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Pelvic Floor Exercises Help With Incontinence in Late Pregnancy

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- A 12-week exercise program, including pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), during pregnancy can help prevent and treat urinary incontinence in late pregnancy, according to research published online July 17 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Task Force Still Recommends Against Routine ECG Screening

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- In an update of the 2004 recommendations, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) continues to recommend against routine use of electrocardiogram (ECG) screening of asymptomatic adults for coronary heart disease (CHD), according to a scientific statement published online July 31 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Cases of Delayed Anaphylaxis to Red Meat Described

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals who have been bitten by the lone star tick may develop immunoglobulin E (IgE) to the carbohydrate galactose-α-1,3-galactose (alpha-gal), which puts them at risk for delayed anaphylaxis after consumption of meat containing alpha-gal on glycoproteins or glycolipids, according to a study published online July 20 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Donepezil Found Helpful in Dementia With Lewy Bodies

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), treatment with 5 or 10 mg/day donepezil is associated with significant cognitive, behavioral, and global function improvements, according to research published in the July issue of the Annals of Neurology.

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Depression Triples Between Ages 12 and 15 in Girls in U.S.

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- An average of 12.0 percent of girls aged 12 to 17 years have experienced a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past year, with the rates tripling for girls between the ages of 12 and 15, according to a report published July 19 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Baseline HPV Test Predicts Cervical Cancer in Long Term

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Over 18 years of follow-up, baseline testing showing a negative result for human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA provides greater reassurance against invasive cervical cancer (CIN3+) than baseline normal Papanicolaou (Pap) testing, according to a study published online July 30 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Early Mediterranean Diet Benefits Arteries in Adulthood

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern in early life is associated with lower arterial stiffness in adulthood, according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Energy-Saving Light Bulbs May Be Harmful to Human Skin

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Energy-saving compact fluorescent light bulbs emit ultraviolet radiation and may have damaging effects on skin cells, according to a study published online July 20 in Photochemistry and Photobiology.

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Cadmium Linked to Plaque Development in Older Women

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Cadmium levels in blood and urine are independently associated with the development of atherosclerotic plaques in older women, according to a study published online July 20 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Prior Basal Cell Carcinoma Is Main Predictor of Future BCC

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Prior basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the greatest predictor of future incidence of BCC, according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology.

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Emotional Abuse of Children Prevalent, Yet Hard to Prevent

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Health care providers can help to promote sensitive and attuned parenting using a range of educational strategies to support families that are at risk for, or show evidence of, psychological mistreatment of children, according to a clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online July 30 in Pediatrics.

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Time Outdoors May Reduce Myopia in Children

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Increasing time spent outdoors may reduce the development or progression of myopia in children and adolescents, according to a study published online July 20 in Ophthalmology.

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Women With Diabetes Report Low Sexual Satisfaction

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Women with diabetes are more likely than those without diabetes to report low overall sexual satisfaction, with insulin-treated women at higher risk for problems such as lubrication and orgasm, according to a study published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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PSA Test Has Cut Metastatic Prostate Cancer at Presentation

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- If incidence rates for the pre-prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing era (1983 to 1985) were present in the modern U.S. population, three times the number of men would have been expected to present with metastatic (M1) prostate cancer (PC) than the actual number observed in 2008, according to a study published online July 30 in Cancer.

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Self-Efficacy Predicts Fibromyalgia Symptomatology

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Self-efficacy is a significant predictor of fibromyalgia symptomatology, according to a study published online July 17 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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CDC: Disparities Identified at All Stages of HIV Care

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Improvements are needed to reduce disparities at each stage of HIV care, according to a report released July 17 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to coincide with the International AIDS Conference, held from July 22 to 27 in Washington, D.C.

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Poor Sleep Increases Odds of Nursing Home Placement

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Older women with fragmented or disturbed sleep have a significantly increased risk of placement in a nursing home or assisted living facility five years later, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Short/Long-Term Analyses Deem Etanercept Safe for Psoriasis

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Etanercept treatment is well tolerated for psoriasis, with no indication of dose-related or cumulative toxicity in short- or long-term analyses, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Good Long-Term Limb Salvage for Diabetic Foot Patients

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), long-term limb salvage is favorable; however, long-term survival remains poor, particularly for those with peripheral artery disease (PAD) or chronic renal insufficiency, according to a study published online July 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Study Assesses Impact of Lesion Severity on Coronary Event Risk

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Contrary to previous evidence, angiographic lesion severity may predict subsequent risk of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) within three months, according to a study published in the July 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Racial Disparity in Diabetes Mostly Due to Lifestyle

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women there are large racial/ethnic differences in diabetes incidence, but these are mostly attributable to lifestyle factors, according to a study published online July 25 in Diabetes Care.

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MRSA Skin Infections Up, Linked to Furunculosis

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) in the United States is increasing and is associated with follicular infection, most commonly folliculitis followed by furunculosis, according to a review published online July 16 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Increased Risk of Vascular Events for Shift Workers

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Shift work correlates with an increased risk of vascular events, according to a review published online July 26 in BMJ.

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Rituximab Useful in Idiopathic Membranous Nephropathy

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) and persistent nephrotic syndrome, rituximab treatment is associated with good rates of partial or complete remission with stabilized or improved renal function, according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Oral Contraceptives Typically Have Little Impact on Libido

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- For most women, oral contraceptives do not affect libido, but health care providers should be aware that some women may experience negative effects on sexual function, according to a study published online July 12 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Low-Dose Duloxetine Deemed Safe for Urinary Incontinence

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Duloxetine appears safe for the routine clinical care of women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI), according to a study published online July 23 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Excess Maternal Iodine Linked to Congenital Hypothyroidism

THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Excess maternal iodine supplementation can result in congenital hypothyroidism, according to a study published online July 26 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Clopidogrel Response Remains Stable After Acute MI

THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the rate of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) despite clopidogrel therapy remains relatively stable for six months, according to a study published online in the August issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Yoga-Based Rehabilitation Improves Balance After Stroke

THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic stroke, a yoga-based rehabilitation is associated with improvements in post-stroke variables, including balance and fear of falling, according to a study published online July 26 in Stroke.

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Female Athletes Have Shorter Season Time to Injury

THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Female varsity athletes have a significantly shorter time to injury than males, regardless of sport or preseason fitness, according to a study published online July 23 in the Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology.

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Selenium, Vitamins C, E May Lower Pancreatic Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Higher intakes of the antioxidants selenium and vitamins C and E reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer by two-thirds, according to a study published online July 23 in Gut.

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Breast Cancer Doesn't Affect Sexual Function in Women

THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Sexual function does not seem to be significantly disrupted in women with a diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), according to a study published online July 19 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Expanding Medicaid Coverage Cuts Mortality, Improves Health

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Expansion of Medicaid eligibility is associated with reduced mortality and improvements in various health-related measures, according to a study published online July 25 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Study Assesses Cardio Risk Factors in Severely Obese Children

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly two-thirds of severely obese children aged 12 or younger have at least one cardiovascular risk factor, according to a study published online July 23 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Immunosuppressant Switch Cuts Skin Cancer Post-Transplant

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- In kidney-transplant patients with at least one cutaneous squamous-cell carcinoma, switching immunosuppressants (from calcineurin inhibitors to sirolimus) is associated with increased skin cancer-free survival and delayed development of new skin cancers, according to a study published in the July 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Coronary CT Angiography in ER Ups Decision-Making Efficiency

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Incorporating coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) into evaluation of patients presenting to the emergency department with acute coronary syndrome symptoms improves the efficacy of clinical decision making, according to a study published in the July 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Review Assesses Melanoma Burden From Use of Sunbeds

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Sunbed use correlates with a significantly increased risk of melanoma, with a dose-response association noted as well as an increased risk for those who first use sunbeds before age 35, according to a review published online July 24 in BMJ.

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Shortened Telomere Length Tied to Dementia, Mortality Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Shortened telomere length (TL) is associated with risks for dementia and mortality in a population of older adults, according to a study published online July 23 in the Archives of Neurology.

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Vitamin E Intake Inversely Linked to Liver Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence suggests that vitamin E in the diet or from supplements may reduce the risk of developing liver cancer in men and women, according to research published online July 17 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Pramlintide Improves Glucose Control in Type 1 Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of pramlintide, an analog of the naturally-occurring β-cell peptide amylin, before meals improves blood glucose control in patients with type 1 diabetes receiving insulin through an external closed-loop artificial pancreas system, according to a study published online June 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Increased Risk of Heart Attack After Hip, Knee Replacement

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- There is a significantly elevated risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the six weeks following total hip replacement (THR) and the two weeks following total knee replacement (TKR) surgery, according to a study published online July 23 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Younger Cancer Patients' Psychosocial Needs Unmet

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Substantial proportions of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients are not getting their psychosocial needs met, particularly in adult care settings, according to a study published in a supplement to the May 15 issue of Cancer.

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Forefoot Joints Don't Improve 28-Joint Count Measurement

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- For the assessment of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), including forefoot joints does not significantly improve the precision or range of measurement of the 28-tender and swollen joint count, according to a study published online July 16 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Two-Thirds of Medicaid Patients Adherent to Chronic Meds

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- Based on a Medicaid claims model, among New York City (NYC) Medicaid participants, adherence to chronic medications is inadequate, with considerable racial disparities noted, according to a study published online June 22 in the Journal of Urban Health.

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Recommended Tests Poorly Utilized in Hypertensive Teens

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- Guideline-recommended diagnostic echocardiograms and renal ultrasonography are poorly utilized in Medicaid-eligible adolescents with essential hypertension, according to research published online July 23 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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CDC: HIV-Risk Behaviors Stable for U.S. High School Students

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- Although there were reductions in HIV-related risk behavior among U.S high school students from 1991 to the early 2000s, behaviors have subsequently stabilized, according to research published in the June 24 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report to coincide with the International AIDS Conference, held from July 22 to 27 in Washington, D.C.

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CDC: No Change in Proportion of Unintended Births in U.S.

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- The proportion of unintended births in the United States has remained unchanged from 1982, and was about 37 percent in 2006 to 2010, according to a report issued July 24 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Role of Annual Well-Woman Assessment Reviewed

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- For women, an annual assessment is an important part of medical care and should include screening, evaluation, and counseling, according to a Committee Opinion published online July 23 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Altered Brain Structure Seen in Institutionalized Children

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- Romanian children who are institutionalized have less gray and white brain matter, although white matter volume returns to normal levels in children who go into high-quality foster care, according to a study published online July 23 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Many With Private Insurance Dissatisfied With Coverage

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- A comparison of patient experiences with Medicare and employer-sponsored insurance suggests that there are more negative experiences and less satisfaction among individuals with private plans, according to a study published online July 18 in Health Affairs.

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Effects of Heavy Alcohol Exposure During Pregnancy Evaluated

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- Binge drinking and total alcohol intake during pregnancy correlate with child abnormalities linked to alcohol exposure, according to a study published online July 23 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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Father-Infant Interactions Predict Behavior Problems

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- The quality of interactions between fathers and their infants may predict the development of behavioral problems in childhood, according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

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Modest Prediction of Preterm Birth Using Clinical Features

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- For healthy nulliparous women, the ability to predict spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) using clinical characteristics is modest, according to a study published online July 16 in PLoS One.

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Study Supports Longer Scope Intervals Post-Polypectomy

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals who have had at least one adenoma removed at colonoscopy, the risk of developing colorectal cancer is greatly reduced up to five years later, according to a study published online June 23 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Accurate Videos of Epley Maneuver Available on YouTube

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Video-sharing Web sites such as YouTube accurately demonstrate the Epley Maneuver (EM), a simple treatment for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior canal, according to a study published in the July 24 issue of Neurology.

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For Smokers, Vitamin D Deficiency Tied to Lung Decline

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- For current male smokers, vitamin D deficiency correlates with lower lung function and more rapid lung function decline, according to a study published online July 19 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Experts Advise Antiretrovirals for All HIV-Infected Patients

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Based on recent data, current recommendations suggest that all patients infected with HIV should be treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART), according to research published in the July 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS, to coincide with the International AIDS Conference, held from July 22 to 27 in Washington, D.C.

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Infants at Greatest Risk in 2010 California Pertussis Epidemic

FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- In the 2010 California pertussis epidemic, all deaths and most hospitalizations occurred in infants younger than 3 months of age, according to research published online July 19 in the Journal of Pediatrics.

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Study Examines Effect of Trisomy 13, 18 on Families, Providers

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Parents of children with trisomy 13 and trisomy 18 (T13-18) who belong to social networks have positive experiences in spite of the difficulties, and report that their children enrich their family life, according to a study published online July 23 in Pediatrics.

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Most Idiopathic Toe-Walkers Stop Spontaneously by Age 5.5 Years

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Idiopathic toe-walking at age 5.5 years is more prevalent among children with a neuropsychiatric diagnosis or developmental delay, according to a study published online July 23 in Pediatrics.

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Children Continue to Be Underrepresented in Drug Trials

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Even for conditions with a high pediatric disease burden, only a small proportion of clinical drug trials study pediatric patients, according to research published online July 23 in Pediatrics.

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HIV Drug-Resistance Up in Resource-Limited Settings

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- In resource-limited settings, the prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance has increased since antiretroviral rollout, according to a study published online July 23 in The Lancet.

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Many Adults With Diabetes Have No Insurance Coverage

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately two million adults under the age of 65 years with diabetes have no health insurance, according to research published online July 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Hair Loss Drug Shows Long-Term Sexual Side Effects

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- For men with finasteride-associated side effects, sexual dysfunction may persist for months or years, even after discontinuation of the drug, according to a study published online July 12 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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'Genetic Score' May Improve Prostate Cancer Prediction

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- A genetic score can modestly improve the prediction of which men are likely to have positive biopsies for prostate cancer after an initial negative biopsy, according to a study published online May 16 in European Urology.

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Health Benefits of More Stringent Ozone Standard Estimated

FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Achieving more stringent primary ozone standards could lead to considerable reductions in ozone-related premature deaths, acute respiratory symptoms, and lost school days, according to a study published online July 18 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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HIV Racial Disparities Noted for Men Who Have Sex With Men

FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Similar racial disparities are seen in HIV infection for men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States and the United Kingdom, according to a study published online July 20 in The Lancet.

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Adoption of New Screening Guidelines Ups GDM Diagnosis

FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of the International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) recommendations for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) screening in Israel would increase GDM diagnoses by approximately 50 percent, with risk stratification recommended to reduce over-treatment, according to research published online July 11 in Diabetes Care.

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High-Strain, Active Jobs Up Cardio Disease Risk for Women

FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- For women, high-strain and active jobs correlate with an increased long-term risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online July 18 in PLoS One.

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Peri-Op Antidepressant Use Safe for Face-Lift Surgery

FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing face-lift surgery, perioperative use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) seems safe and does not adversely affect outcome, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Animal Study: Long-Term Ritalin Doesn't Impact Growth

FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic use of methylphenidate (Ritalin) in young monkeys has no significant effect on growth or the dopamine system, or the likelihood of becoming addicted to cocaine, according to a study published online July 18 in Neuropsychopharmacology.

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Pertussis Reaches Epidemic Level in Washington State

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Pertussis rates may reach record levels this year in the United States, where Washington state is experiencing an ongoing epidemic, according to a report published in the July 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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Higher Phthalate Levels Linked to Diabetes Risk in Women

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Urinary levels of several phthalates are associated with an increased odds of diabetes in women, according to a study published online July 13 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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Drop in Children's Milk Intake Not Tied to Sweet Drink Intake

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Decreased milk consumption in children from fifth grade to eighth grade is not associated with changes in sweetened-beverage consumption, according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

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Benefits of Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Remain Unclear

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- It remains unclear whether the benefits of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing outweigh the harms, but evidence suggests that men with a longer life expectancy may benefit from testing, according to a provisional clinical opinion from the American Society of Clinical Oncology published online July 16 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Most Doctors Satisfied With Electronic Health Records

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Although only 55 percent of physicians had adopted electronic health records (EHRs) in 2011, most are somewhat or very satisfied with their system and most report enhanced patient care, according to a July data brief issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Chronic Periodontitis Increases Risk of Psoriasis

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) are 1.5 times more likely to be diagnosed with psoriasis, and this risk is lessened but not nullified by CP treatment using gingivectomy or periodontal flap operation, according to research published online July 3 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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High Serum Ceramides Linked to Increased Alzheimer's Risk

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Older women with high levels of specific serum ceramides have an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to a study published online July 18 in Neurology.

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~12,000 Preventable Deaths in English Hospitals Annually

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately 12,000 hospital deaths in England each year are preventable, according to research published online July 7 in BMJ Quality & Safety.

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Post-Pneumonectomy, New Lung Growth ID'd in Adult Patient

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- New lung growth can occur in adult humans, according to a case report published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Swedish Study Questions Value of Mammography Screening

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- County-specific mortality statistics from Sweden indicate little benefit of mammography screening on breast cancer mortality, according to a study published online July 17 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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ANCA-Associated Vasculitis Has Genetic Component

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- A genome-wide association study of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis shows a genetic contribution to disease susceptibility, which differs between granulomatosis with polyangiitis and microscopic polyangiitis, according to a study published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Discrepancy in Perception of RA Disease Activity Elucidated

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) see pain as the most significant determinant of their disease activity, while physicians see joint swelling as the most important determinant, according to a study published online July 18 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Poorer Patient Experience at Safety-Net Hospitals

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Safety-net hospitals (SNHs) perform worse on nearly every measure of patient experience, according to a study published online July 16 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Another New Weight-Loss Drug Approved

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Qsymia (phentermine and topiramate extended-release) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, making it the second weight-loss drug to be given the agency's green light in less than a month.

this approval

HIV-2 Infection Inhibits HIV-1 Disease Progression

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- HIV-1 disease progression seems to be inhibited by co-infection with HIV-2, with the slower rate of progression enhanced in those whose HIV-2 infection preceded HIV-1 infection, according to a study published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Oral Immunotherapy Promising for Children With Egg Allergy

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Oral immunotherapy represents a promising therapeutic intervention for children with egg allergy, according to a study published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Radical Prostatectomy Doesn't Cut Mortality Versus Observation

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- For men with clinically localized prostate cancer, radical prostatectomy does not significantly reduce all-cause or prostate-cancer mortality compared with observation through 12 years of follow-up, according to a study published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Intervention to Prevent Stroke, Dementia Cuts Long-Term Care

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- In a real-world clinical setting, a multidomain prevention program for stroke and dementia can reduce the risk of long-term care (LTC) dependence, according to a study published online July 17 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Bariatric Surgery Does Not Reduce Health Care Expenses

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- In a group of older men with substantial disease burden, bariatric surgery is not associated with reduced health care expenditures within three years of surgery, according to research published in the July issue of the Archives of Surgery.

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Mortality Risk Up for Fast-Walking Elderly With High BP

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Among elderly adults, the correlation between blood pressure (BP) and mortality varies with walking speed, according to research published online July 16 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Physical Inactivity Accounts for Considerable Disease Burden

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Physical inactivity has a considerable impact on the burden of major non-communicable diseases, and causes 9 percent of premature mortality worldwide, according to a study published online July 18 in The Lancet.

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Smoking Ups Recurrent Viral Hepatitis Post-Liver Transplant

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- For liver transplant recipients, smoking correlates with an increased risk of recurrent viral hepatitis, according to a study published in the July issue of Liver Transplantation.

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High Infant Birth Weight Ups Maternal Breast Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- For women who give birth to large birth weight infants, there is an increased risk of breast cancer, even after adjustment for the mother's birth weight and traditional breast cancer risk factors, according to a study published online July 17 in PLoS One.

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Milk Thi

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