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Category: AIDS | Monthly Briefing

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July 2012 Briefing - HIV & AIDS

Last Updated: August 01, 2012.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for July 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

CDC: Disparities Identified at All Stages of HIV Care

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Improvements are needed to reduce disparities at each stage of HIV care, according to a report released July 17 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to coincide with the International AIDS Conference, held from July 22 to 27 in Washington, D.C.

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Syphilis Cuts CD4 Counts, Ups Viral Load in HIV-Infected Men

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Syphilis is associated with a transient decrease in the CD4 cell count and with an increase in viral load (VL) in HIV-infected men, according to a study published online July 23 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Editorial

CDC: HIV-Risk Behaviors Stable for U.S. High School Students

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- Although there were reductions in HIV-related risk behavior among U.S high school students from 1991 to the early 2000s, behaviors have subsequently stabilized, according to research published in the June 24 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report to coincide with the International AIDS Conference, held from July 22 to 27 in Washington, D.C.

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About One in Six With HIV in U.S. Was Born Outside the U.S.

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- A total of 16.2 percent of individuals who received a diagnosis of HIV in the 46 U.S. states and five U.S. territories in 2007 to 2010 were born outside the United States, according to a study published online July 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS, to coincide with the International AIDS Conference, held from July 22 to 27 in Washington, D.C.

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Experts Advise Antiretrovirals for All HIV-Infected Patients

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Based on recent data, current recommendations suggest that all patients infected with HIV should be treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART), according to research published in the July 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS, to coincide with the International AIDS Conference, held from July 22 to 27 in Washington, D.C.

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HIV Drug-Resistance Up in Resource-Limited Settings

MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- In resource-limited settings, the prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance has increased since antiretroviral rollout, according to a study published online July 23 in The Lancet.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

HIV Racial Disparities Noted for Men Who Have Sex With Men

FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Similar racial disparities are seen in HIV infection for men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States and the United Kingdom, according to a study published online July 20 in The Lancet.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Most Doctors Satisfied With Electronic Health Records

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Although only 55 percent of physicians had adopted electronic health records (EHRs) in 2011, most are somewhat or very satisfied with their system and most report enhanced patient care, according to a July data brief issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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~12,000 Preventable Deaths in English Hospitals Annually

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately 12,000 hospital deaths in England each year are preventable, according to research published online July 7 in BMJ Quality & Safety.

Abstract
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Poorer Patient Experience at Safety-Net Hospitals

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Safety-net hospitals (SNHs) perform worse on nearly every measure of patient experience, according to a study published online July 16 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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HIV-2 Infection Inhibits HIV-1 Disease Progression

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- HIV-1 disease progression seems to be inhibited by co-infection with HIV-2, with the slower rate of progression enhanced in those whose HIV-2 infection preceded HIV-1 infection, according to a study published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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First Drug Approved to Lower Risk of Acquiring HIV

TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Truvada (emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) is the first drug to be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to reduce the risk of contracting HIV among adults at higher risk of acquiring the AIDS-causing virus.

AIDS.gov

Social Network Analysis IDs Informal Physician Networks

TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Informal networks among physicians who share patients demonstrate substantial geographic variability, while within networks, physician and patient characteristics are similar, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Factors Influencing Hepatitis C RNA Levels in Drug Users ID'd

MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- Levels of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA in injection drug users are independently associated with various demographic, viral, and host genetic factors, including being older, male, African-American, and co-infected with HIV, according to a study published in the July issue of Hepatology.

Abstract
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Erectile Dysfunction Prevalence Higher in HIV-Infected Men

THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- HIV infection in men is a strong, independent predictor of erectile dysfunction (ED), regardless of age and body mass index (BMI), according to a study published in the July issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract
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HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis With Antiretrovirals Explored

WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- The efficacy of prophylactic treatment with the antiretroviral combination of tenofovir and emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) seems to vary in different populations, according to three studies published online July 11 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract - Baeten
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Abstract - Van Damme
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Abstract - Thigpen
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First Over-the-Counter HIV Test Approved

TUESDAY, July 3 (HealthDay News) -- The first over-the-counter test to detect antibodies to the virus that causes AIDS has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the agency said Tuesday.

AIDS.gov

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