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Category: Psychiatry | Monthly Briefing

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July 2012 Briefing - Psychiatry

Last Updated: August 01, 2012.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for July 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Donepezil Found Helpful in Dementia With Lewy Bodies

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), treatment with 5 or 10 mg/day donepezil is associated with significant cognitive, behavioral, and global function improvements, according to research published in the July issue of the Annals of Neurology.

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Helps Nurses Manage Stress

TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- A once-weekly cognitive behavioral intervention (CBI) significantly reduces nurses' occupational stress and fatigue and increases vigor, according to research published in the August issue of Applied Nursing Research.

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Depression Triples Between Ages 12 and 15 in Girls in U.S.

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- An average of 12.0 percent of girls aged 12 to 17 years have experienced a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past year, with the rates tripling for girls between the ages of 12 and 15, according to a report published July 19 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Emotional Abuse of Children Prevalent, Yet Hard to Prevent

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Health care providers can help to promote sensitive and attuned parenting using a range of educational strategies to support families that are at risk for, or show evidence of, psychological mistreatment of children, according to a clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online July 30 in Pediatrics.

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Quality of Life More Affected in Female Stroke, TIA Patients

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Female stroke patients self-report being more negatively affected in their quality of life than do male stroke patients, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Self-Efficacy Predicts Fibromyalgia Symptomatology

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Self-efficacy is a significant predictor of fibromyalgia symptomatology, according to a study published online July 17 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Women With Diabetes Report Low Sexual Satisfaction

MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Women with diabetes are more likely than those without diabetes to report low overall sexual satisfaction, with insulin-treated women at higher risk for problems such as lubrication and orgasm, according to a study published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Poor Sleep Increases Odds of Nursing Home Placement

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Older women with fragmented or disturbed sleep have a significantly increased risk of placement in a nursing home or assisted living facility five years later, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Low-Dose Duloxetine Deemed Safe for Urinary Incontinence

FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Duloxetine appears safe for the routine clinical care of women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI), according to a study published online July 23 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Breast Cancer Doesn't Affect Sexual Function in Women

THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Sexual function does not seem to be significantly disrupted in women with a diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), according to a study published online July 19 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Wives of Patients With Severe Sepsis at Risk for Depression

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Older women whose husbands are hospitalized for severe sepsis may be at a higher risk of depression, even when their spouse survives, according to research published in the August issue of Critical Care Medicine.

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Younger Cancer Patients' Psychosocial Needs Unmet

WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Substantial proportions of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients are not getting their psychosocial needs met, particularly in adult care settings, according to a study published in a supplement to the May 15 issue of Cancer.

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Altered Brain Structure Seen in Institutionalized Children

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- Romanian children who are institutionalized have less gray and white brain matter, although white matter volume returns to normal levels in children who go into high-quality foster care, according to a study published online July 23 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Father-Infant Interactions Predict Behavior Problems

TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- The quality of interactions between fathers and their infants may predict the development of behavioral problems in childhood, according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

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Peri-Op Antidepressant Use Safe for Face-Lift Surgery

FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing face-lift surgery, perioperative use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) seems safe and does not adversely affect outcome, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.

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High-Strain, Active Jobs Up Cardio Disease Risk for Women

FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- For women, high-strain and active jobs correlate with an increased long-term risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online July 18 in PLoS One.

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Animal Study: Long-Term Ritalin Doesn't Impact Growth

FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic use of methylphenidate (Ritalin) in young monkeys has no significant effect on growth or the dopamine system, or the likelihood of becoming addicted to cocaine, according to a study published online July 18 in Neuropsychopharmacology.

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Most Doctors Satisfied With Electronic Health Records

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Although only 55 percent of physicians had adopted electronic health records (EHRs) in 2011, most are somewhat or very satisfied with their system and most report enhanced patient care, according to a July data brief issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Poorer Patient Experience at Safety-Net Hospitals

THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Safety-net hospitals (SNHs) perform worse on nearly every measure of patient experience, according to a study published online July 16 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Another New Weight-Loss Drug Approved

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Qsymia (phentermine and topiramate extended-release) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, making it the second weight-loss drug to be given the agency's green light in less than a month.

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Intervention to Prevent Stroke, Dementia Cuts Long-Term Care

WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- In a real-world clinical setting, a multidomain prevention program for stroke and dementia can reduce the risk of long-term care (LTC) dependence, according to a study published online July 17 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Social Network Analysis IDs Informal Physician Networks

TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Informal networks among physicians who share patients demonstrate substantial geographic variability, while within networks, physician and patient characteristics are similar, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Physical Abuse Doubles Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Women

TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- After adjusting for age, ethnicity, and menopausal status, a history of childhood physical abuse more than doubles a woman's risk of developing metabolic syndrome during midlife, according to research published online July 9 in Health Psychology.

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Child Abuse Admissions Up During Mortgage Crisis

MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of hospital admissions of children for physical abuse and high-risk traumatic brain injury (TBI) have increased over the past 10 years and appear to be associated with the housing mortgage crisis, according to research published online July 16 in Pediatrics.

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Physical Illness Hospitalization Found to Increase Suicide Risk

MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalization for physical illness more than doubles the risk of suicide, with approximately one-quarter of suicides attributable to physical illness, according to research published online July 9 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Macromastia Has Substantial Negative Impact on Teens

MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents with macromastia have reduced health-related quality of life, lower self-esteem, more breast-related symptoms, and are at higher risk for disordered eating, compared with their peers, according to a study published online July 16 in Pediatrics.

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Vaginal Dilation Outcomes Equivalent to Vaginoplasty

FRIDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term psychosexual outcomes for patients undergoing vaginal dilation are at least equivalent to those undergoing vaginoplasty, according to a study published in the July issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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High Phobic Anxiety Linked to Relative Telomere Length

FRIDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- Older women who have phobic anxiety have shorter relative telomere lengths, according to a study published online July 11 in PLoS One.

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Brain Tracer Indicates Risk of Future Cognitive Decline

FRIDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- A radioactive tracer that can image amyloid-beta deposits in the brain can indicate whether older adults are at risk of cognitive decline and developing Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published online July 11 in Neurology.

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Less Stress Prevents Brain Lesions in Multiple Sclerosis

THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- A 24-week stress management therapy (SMT) program reduces the number of new gadolinium-enhancing (Gd+) brain lesions in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS), but effects are not sustained after 24 weeks, according to research published online July 11 in Neurology.

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Children With Disabilities More Likely to Experience Violence

THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- Children with disabilities are more likely to be the victims of violence than their nondisabled peers, but the paucity of robust evidence leaves gaps in the field that need to be addressed, according to a study published online July 12 in The Lancet.

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Erectile Dysfunction Prevalence Higher in HIV-Infected Men

THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- HIV infection in men is a strong, independent predictor of erectile dysfunction (ED), regardless of age and body mass index (BMI), according to a study published in the July issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Pathophysiology May Help ID Rare, Early Form of Alzheimer's

WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- In dominantly inherited Alzheimer's disease, clinical and biomarker changes occur decades before the expected onset of disease symptoms, according to a study published online July 11 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Legalization of Euthanasia Has Not Altered Prevalence

WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Current trends in the frequency and characteristics of euthanasia in the Netherlands are similar to those seen before enactment of the euthanasia law in 2002, according to a study published online July 11 in The Lancet.

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Considerable Variation in Weight Gain for Those Who Quit Smoking

WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals who quit smoking gain a mean of 4 to 5 kg within the first 12 months, with the greatest weight gain occurring during the first three months, according to a meta-analysis published online July 10 in BMJ.

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Current Resources Inadequate for Geriatric Mental Health

WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- As the geriatric population increases, the prevalence of geriatric mental health/substance use (MH/SU) disorders is increasing, necessitating changes, according to a report published July 10 by the Institute of Medicine (IOM).

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Anxiety, Depression Common in Adults With Arthritis

MONDAY, July 9 (HealthDay News) -- Anxiety and depression are both common among U.S. adults with arthritis, with anxiety found more often than depression, according to a study published in the July issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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Quality of Life Deteriorates Before Parkinson's Diagnosis

MONDAY, July 9 (HealthDay News) -- Quality of life begins to decline for Parkinson's disease (PD) patients years before diagnosis, according to a study published in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease.

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Gestational Diabetes Risk Up With Antipsychotic Use

FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal use of antipsychotic drugs during pregnancy is linked to an increased risk of gestational diabetes, according to a study published in the July issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Self-Directed Violence, Suicide Up in Parasite-Infected Women

FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Women infected with the common parasite Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) have an increased risk of self-directed violence, violent suicide attempts, and suicide, according to research published online July 2 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Medicare Part D Gap Lowers Maintenance Antidepressant Use

FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- The Medicare Part D coverage gap correlates with modest reductions in the use of antidepressants among older adults, which are similar to the reduction in prescriptions for heart failure and diabetes medications, according to a study published in the July issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Sadness Increases Subjective Experience of Pain

FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Sadness increases subjective pain ratings and affects pain-evoked cortical activity, according to a study published in the July issue of The Journal of Pain.

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One-Third of Opioid Overdose Deaths Involve Methadone

THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Methadone is involved in more than 30 percent of opioid-related overdose deaths, with the overdose death rate significantly higher than for other opioid pain relievers, according to a report published in the July 3 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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Common Etiology for ASD, Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder

THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder seem to share etiologic factors, with an increased risk of ASD for individuals whose first-degree relatives have schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, according to research published online July 2 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Post-Cardiac Op Delirium Tied to Long-Term Cognitive Decline

THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing cardiac surgery, postoperative development of delirium correlates with a decline in cognitive ability during the first year after surgery, according to a study published in the July 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Substance Use Among Teens Peaks During Summer Months

WEDNESDAY, July 4 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, initiation of substance use among adolescents peaks during the summer months of June and July, according to a July 2 report published by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Intermittent Explosive Disorder Is Prevalent Teen Mental Issue

TUESDAY, July 3 (HealthDay News) -- Intermittent explosive disorder (IED) is a highly prevalent, persistent adolescent mental disorder, which is significantly comorbid with a range of other mental disorders, according to a study published online July 2 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Childhood Physical Discipline Linked to Mental Health Issues

MONDAY, July 2 (HealthDay News) -- A significant percentage of mood, anxiety, and personality disorders and substance abuse in U.S. adults can be attributed to harsh physical punishment during childhood, according to research published online July 2 in Pediatrics.

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Behavioral Weight Loss Has Long-Term Benefit for Teens

MONDAY, July 2 (HealthDay News) -- For overweight or obese adolescents, two group-based behavioral weight control interventions, combined with either aerobic activity or activity-based peer therapy, produce sustained improvements in body mass index (BMI) through 24 months, according to a study published online July 2 in Pediatrics.

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