July 2012 Briefing - PulmonologyLast Updated: August 01, 2012.
Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for July 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
KRAS Mutations Predict Shorter Survival in Lung Cancer
THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with advanced lung adenocarcinomas, KRAS mutations predict shorter survival, according to a study published online July 18 in Cancer.
Tudorza Pressair Approved for COPD
TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- The Tudorza Pressair (aclidinium bromide) inhaler has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat narrowing of the lung airways associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in people 18 and older.
Researchers Find New Treatment Promising for Tuberculosis
TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- Based on early bactericidal activity (EBA) studies, PA-824-moxifloxacin-pyrazinamide may be suitable for development as an anti-tuberculosis agent, according to a study published online July 23 in The Lancet.
For Smokers, Vitamin D Deficiency Tied to Lung Decline
MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- For current male smokers, vitamin D deficiency correlates with lower lung function and more rapid lung function decline, according to a study published online July 19 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Health Benefits of More Stringent Ozone Standard Estimated
FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Achieving more stringent primary ozone standards could lead to considerable reductions in ozone-related premature deaths, acute respiratory symptoms, and lost school days, according to a study published online July 18 in Environmental Health Perspectives.
Pertussis Reaches Epidemic Level in Washington State
THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Pertussis rates may reach record levels this year in the United States, where Washington state is experiencing an ongoing epidemic, according to a report published in the July 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.
Most Doctors Satisfied With Electronic Health Records
THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Although only 55 percent of physicians had adopted electronic health records (EHRs) in 2011, most are somewhat or very satisfied with their system and most report enhanced patient care, according to a July data brief issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).
Poorer Patient Experience at Safety-Net Hospitals
THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Safety-net hospitals (SNHs) perform worse on nearly every measure of patient experience, according to a study published online July 16 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Post-Pneumonectomy, New Lung Growth ID'd in Adult Patient
THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- New lung growth can occur in adult humans, according to a case report published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
~12,000 Preventable Deaths in English Hospitals Annually
THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately 12,000 hospital deaths in England each year are preventable, according to research published online July 7 in BMJ Quality & Safety.
Social Network Analysis IDs Informal Physician Networks
TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Informal networks among physicians who share patients demonstrate substantial geographic variability, while within networks, physician and patient characteristics are similar, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Missed Sleep May Contribute to Asthma Morbidity
TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Missed sleep may contribute to asthma morbidity in urban children, according to a study published in the July issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.
Drotrecogin Alfa (Activated) Effective in Severe Sepsis
TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with severe sepsis, drotrecogin alfa (activated) is associated with significant reductions in hospital mortality, according to a study published online July 17 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Poorer Lung Function in Children
FRIDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- For children with asthma treated with inhaled corticosteroids, vitamin D deficiency correlates with poorer lung function, compared to that of children with vitamin D sufficiency or insufficiency, according to a study published online July 12 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Meditation Training May Lower Respiratory Illness Burden
TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- Training in mindfulness meditation or exercise is linked to a decrease in the severity and duration of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in adults, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.
Sleep Deprivation Affects Immune Cell Rhythm
TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep deprivation affects the daily rhythms and levels of granulocytes, and mirrors the body's immune response to stress, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of SLEEP.
Babies With Dogs in Home Have Fewer Respiratory Infections
MONDAY, July 9 (HealthDay News) -- Frequent contact with dogs during a child's first year of life is associated with fewer respiratory symptoms and infections, less frequent otitis, and the need for fewer antibiotic courses, according to research published online July 9 in Pediatrics.
Handling of Confounding in Diet and Asthma, Allergy Studies Poor
TUESDAY, July 3 (HealthDay News) -- Studies investigating the effect of diet on the development of childhood asthma and allergies generally have substantial shortcomings with regard to how they handle confounding and effect modification, according to research published online June 19 in Allergy.