July 2012 Briefing - Critical CareLast Updated: August 01, 2012.
Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for July 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Fifth Link Ups Neuro Outcome in Non-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Following implementation of the fifth link (multidisciplinary postresuscitation care in a regional center) to the previous four links in the chain of survival concept improves neurological outcomes for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, according to a study published in the July 31 issue of Circulation.
Study Assesses Impact of Lesion Severity on Coronary Event Risk
FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Contrary to previous evidence, angiographic lesion severity may predict subsequent risk of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) within three months, according to a study published in the July 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.
Wives of Patients With Severe Sepsis at Risk for Depression
WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Older women whose husbands are hospitalized for severe sepsis may be at a higher risk of depression, even when their spouse survives, according to research published in the August issue of Critical Care Medicine.
For Smokers, Vitamin D Deficiency Tied to Lung Decline
MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- For current male smokers, vitamin D deficiency correlates with lower lung function and more rapid lung function decline, according to a study published online July 19 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Most Doctors Satisfied With Electronic Health Records
THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Although only 55 percent of physicians had adopted electronic health records (EHRs) in 2011, most are somewhat or very satisfied with their system and most report enhanced patient care, according to a July data brief issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).
~12,000 Preventable Deaths in English Hospitals Annually
THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately 12,000 hospital deaths in England each year are preventable, according to research published online July 7 in BMJ Quality & Safety.
Poorer Patient Experience at Safety-Net Hospitals
THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Safety-net hospitals (SNHs) perform worse on nearly every measure of patient experience, according to a study published online July 16 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Social Network Analysis IDs Informal Physician Networks
TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Informal networks among physicians who share patients demonstrate substantial geographic variability, while within networks, physician and patient characteristics are similar, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Drotrecogin Alfa (Activated) Effective in Severe Sepsis
TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with severe sepsis, drotrecogin alfa (activated) is associated with significant reductions in hospital mortality, according to a study published online July 17 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
Physical Illness Hospitalization Found to Increase Suicide Risk
MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalization for physical illness more than doubles the risk of suicide, with approximately one-quarter of suicides attributable to physical illness, according to research published online July 9 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.
Long-Term Mortality Risk Low After Cerebral Vein Thrombosis
THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- For patients who survive a cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT), the long-term risk of mortality and recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) seems to be low, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.
Drug-Eluting Stent Use Unrelated to Probable Benefit
WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- The use of drug-eluting stents (DES) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not related to the patients' predicted risk of target-vessel revascularization (TVR), according to a study published online July 9 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Emergency Service Hospital Prenotification Ups Stroke Tx
TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency medical service (EMS) hospital prenotification results in more timely imaging and administration of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and an increased proportion of eligible patients with acute ischemic stroke receiving tPA, according to a study published online July 10 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.