Create Account | Sign In: Author or Forum

 
News  |  Journals  |  Conferences  |  Opinion  |  Articles  |  Forums  |  Twitter    
 
Category: Nursing | Monthly Briefing

Back to Journal Articles

August 2012 Briefing - Nursing

Last Updated: September 04, 2012.

 

Share |

Comments: (0)

Tell-a-Friend

 

  Related
 

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for August 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Study Quantifies Effect of TV Viewing on Adolescent BMI

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, a decrease in television (TV) viewing time correlates with a lower body mass index (BMI) z score, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Fructose and Sugar Substitutes Alter Gut Microbiota

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- High consumption of fructose, artificial sweeteners, and sugar alcohols affect host-gastrointestinal microbe interactions and may contribute to the development of metabolic disorders and obesity, according to research published in the September issue of Obesity Reviews.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

HbA1c ≥6.5 Percent Is Specific, Not Sensitive for T1DM

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Using a glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) threshold of ≥6.5 percent is a specific but not sensitive early indicator of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in high-risk children and young adults, according to a study published in the September issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Factors Affecting Life Expectancy for Older Adults Studied

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Even for adults aged 75 years and older, keeping up a healthy lifestyle, including physical activity and not smoking, is associated with increased life expectancy, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in BMJ.

Full Text

Advanced-Stage Cancer Patients Often Reluctant to Exercise

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with advanced cancer, reluctance to participate in exercise may be due to symptoms, lack of specific guidance, and lack of recognition of the role of exercise in mitigating symptoms, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Preemie, Low Birth Weight Risk Up After Induced Abortions

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Women who have had induced abortions (IAs) have an increased likelihood of having a very premature or low birth weight first baby, and the likelihood increases with each IA, according to research published online Aug. 29 in Human Reproduction.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

MRI Scanners Temporarily Impair Neurocognitive Function

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to movement-induced time-varying magnetic fields within a static magnetic stray field of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner, which is always present even if no imaging is taking place, temporarily impairs attention, concentration, and visuospatial orientation, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Effective Short-, Long-Term Weight-Loss Strategies Differ

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- In postmenopausal women, some weight-loss strategies that are successful for the short-term are not effective or sustainable for long-term weight loss, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

'Temper Loss' Model Defines Spectrum of Child Tantrums

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The "Temper Loss" model indicates that temper tantrums occur occasionally in most preschoolers, and differentiates between normative misbehavior and less frequent clinically concerning behavior, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Even Normal Range Albuminuria Ups Cardiovascular Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes with normal albumin levels, any degree of albuminuria is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Colpocleisis Deemed Safe for Advanced Pelvic Organ Prolapse

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Colpocleisis is a safe and effective treatment for advanced pelvic organ prolapse; however, urinary frequency and urgency often persist after the procedure, according to research published in the September issue of Urology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Teen Vaccinations Found to Be Increasing As Recommended

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Since 2006, a year after the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices expanded the vaccination schedule for adolescents, vaccination coverage has increased, but vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV) in females lags behind other routine vaccinations, according to research published in the Aug. 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text

New Drug Approved for Irritable Bowel, Chronic Constipation

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Linzess (linaclotide) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat forms of chronic constipation that don't respond to traditional treatment, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) accompanied by constipation, the agency said Thursday in a news release.

constipation

Little Evidence on Efficacy of Interventions in Autism

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders, few studies have assessed treatment approaches, and there is limited evidence available to support specific interventions, with most available studies of poor quality, according to a review published online Aug. 27 by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

More Information

Human Whey Better Promotes Gut Bacteria Colonization

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Infant formulas may not support biofilm growth as effectively as human milk does, according to a study published in the August issue of Current Nutrition & Food Science.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Only Female Gender Ups Stoke Risk in A-Fib Patients ≥75 Years

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), female gender increases the risk of stroke only in patients aged 75 years or older, according to a study presented at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

Abstract
More Information

Resistance to Second-Line TB Drugs Is Common Globally

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of patients with tuberculosis in eight countries show resistance to at least one second-line drug, with previous treatment with second-line drugs strongly associated with resistance to these drugs and with extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Cognitive Decline Worse for Women vs. Men in Alzheimer's

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Women with Alzheimer's disease consistently experience greater cognitive deterioration than men, according to results from a meta-analysis published Aug. 23 in the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology.

Abstract
Full Text

Novel Pathogenic Virus Identified in Missouri

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- A novel pathogenic virus dubbed the Heartland virus, which is a member of the phlebovirus genus, has been identified in two patients from Missouri, according to a report published in the Aug. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Similar Rate of CV Events With Atenolol, Metoprolol Tartrate

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- There are no significant differences in the rates of incident myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure, or stroke for patients with hypertension starting treatment with atenolol or metoprolol tartrate, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Nutrient Intake Reduces Sperm DNA Damage in Older Men

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Older men who consume higher amounts of certain micronutrients such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and zinc have less DNA damage to their sperm, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in Fertility and Sterility.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Lung Cancer Risk Unaffected by Metformin Use in Diabetes

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with type 2 diabetes who take metformin do not have a reduced risk of lung cancer, in contrast to previous observational studies, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Lower Prostate Cancer-Specific Death With Anticoagulant Use

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Anticoagulant (AC) therapy, particularly aspirin, is associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) among men treated with radical prostatectomy (RP) or radiotherapy (RT), according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Lacunar Stroke Outcomes No Better With Dual Antiplatelets

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Treating patients with recent lacunar strokes with dual antiplatelet therapy (clopidogrel plus aspirin) is not associated with a reduction in the risk of recurrent stroke, and correlates with significant increases in the risk of major hemorrhage and death, according to research published in the Aug. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Eating Chocolate May Lower Stroke Risk for Men

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- In men, moderate chocolate consumption on a regular basis may lower the risk of any type of stroke by about 17 to 19 percent, according to research published online Aug. 29 in Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

High Midlife Fitness Levels Linked to Healthier Old Age

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- High midlife fitness levels are significantly associated with a lower risk of developing chronic conditions later in life, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

No 30-Day Mortality Reduction With Intraaortic Balloon Pump

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction, for whom early revascularization strategy is planned, intraaortic balloon counterpulsation does not significantly lower 30-day mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial
More Information

National Test Identifies Barriers to Organ Donation

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- A national test of the Rapid Assessment of Hospital Procurement Barriers in Donation (RAPiD) has identified specific barriers to organ donation and patient referral, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Dual Effects Noted for Alcohol and Energy Drink Co-Ingestion

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Although consuming alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) increases alertness and may negate some intoxication-related sedation effects, it can lead to negative physiological and psychological side effects associated with overstimulation, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

GI Pathogen at Lake Linked to Human Fecal Contamination

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Water at beaches along Lake Erie contains a pathogen associated with human fecal contamination, Arcobacter species, which are known to cause gastrointestinal illness in humans, and levels correlate with beach advisories, according to a study published in the August issue of Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Long-Term Thrombosis Rates Similar for Drug-Eluting Stents

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Two types of drug-eluting stents with distinct antiproliferative properties have similar long-term rates of stent thrombosis and outcomes, including death and heart attack, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in The Lancet to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)
More Information

Subclinical Atherosclerosis Noted in Diffuse Scleroderma

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diffuse systemic sclerosis (SSc), without any clinical evidence of cardiovascular disease, have indicators of subclinical atherosclerosis, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Gene Score IDs Prognosis in Metastatic Neuroblastoma

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For children with metastatic MYCN-nonamplified neuroblastoma (NBL-NA) diagnosed at age 18 months or older, increased expression of tumor-associated inflammatory genes seems to correlate with poor prognosis, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

STEMI Mortality Down in France From 1995 to 2010

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) mortality declined in France from 1995 to 2010 due to greater use of reperfusion therapy and early admission and medications as well as changes in patient characteristics, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

Abstract
Full Text
More Information

Functional Flow Reserve CT Improves Diagnosis of CAD

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Noninvasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) computed from computed tomography (CT) (FFRCT) plus CT improves the diagnostic accuracy of coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with CT alone, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial
More Information

Sleep Apnea Tied to Insulin Resistance in Young, Lean Men

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- In healthy, lean, young men, the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) correlates with insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia to maintain normal glucose levels, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

New Diagnostic Definition of Myocardial Infarction Issued

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- An updated universal definition of myocardial infarction (MI) includes detection of a rise and/or fall in cardiac biomarker values, preferably cardiac troponin (cTn), according to a statement published online Aug. 26 in Circulation to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

Full Text
More Information

Variation Noted in Pattern of Alcohol-Related Birth Defects

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to alcohol early in pregnancy produces a pattern of facial and brain defects that can vary greatly depending on the time of exposure, according to an experimental study published online Aug. 22 in PLoS One.

Abstract
Full Text

LABA Withdrawal Increases Asthma-Related Impairment

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with asthma controlled with a combination of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and a long-acting β2-agonist (LABA), withdrawal of the LABA once asthma is controlled correlates with increased asthma-associated impairment, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Regular Aspirin Use Doesn't Reduce Breast Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Regular use of aspirin, other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or acetaminophen does not appear to affect the risk of breast cancer overall or by specific subtypes in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

New Class of Drugs Shows Promise for Heart Failure

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- After 12 weeks of treatment, the first-in-class angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor, LCZ696, lowers N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II to III heart failure and preserves left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) significantly more than valsartan, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in The Lancet to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)
More Information

Teenage Pot Use Linked to Neuropsychological Decline

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Persistent marijuana use is associated with neuropsychological decline, with those who start regularly using marijuana as teenagers experiencing greater declines in neuropsychological function than those who start later, and function is not fully restored even if they eventually quit, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

For Patients With Prior MI, Vorapaxar Cuts Cardiac Events

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- When added to standard antiplatelet treatment, including aspirin, the protease-activated receptor 1 inhibitor vorapaxar reduces the risk of a primary end point of cardiovascular (CV) death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke, for patients with a history of MI, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in The Lancet to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Effect of Maternal Eating Disorder on Perinatal Outcome Minimal

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women with current or past eating disorders have few adverse perinatal outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Obesity Up With Transition to Information-Based Society

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The transition toward an information/knowledge-based society has increased the worldwide prevalence of obesity, according to a report, Waistlines of the World: The Effect of Information and Communications Technology on Obesity, published online Aug. 21 by the Milken Institute.

More Information

AAP: Health Benefits of Male Circumcision Outweigh Risks

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The health benefits of circumcision for newborn males outweigh the risks, according to a policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Aug. 27 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text
Technical Report

Improved Survival for Prostate Cancer Seen in Post-PSA Era

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Overall survival for metastatic prostate cancer is significantly improved in a post-prostate-specific antigen (PSA) era trial compared with two trials conducted before the PSA era, according to research published online Aug. 23 in The Journal of Urology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Prasugrel, Clopidogrel Similar for Acute Coronary Syndromes

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with unstable angina or myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevation who do not undergo revascularization, intensified platelet inhibition with prasugrel does not reduce the frequency of the primary end point (death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke) and has similar risks of bleeding as clopidogrel, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

Abstract
Full Text
More Information

Mild Cognitive Decline in Nearly Half Lacunar Stroke Patients

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is present in nearly half of patients with lacunar stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Poorer Bone Health Seen in Black Children With Fractures

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- African-American children with forearm fractures are more likely to have vitamin D deficiency and lower bone mineral density than their peers without fractures, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Poor Survival for Obese Women With HR+ Breast Cancer

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Women with hormone receptor-positive operable breast cancer have reduced survival if they are obese, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in Cancer.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Stress Causes Lower INR in VTE Patients Not on Blood Thinners

FRIDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The effect of psychological distress on clotting times and clotting factors varies in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) and depends on whether or not they are receiving oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy, according to a Swiss study published in the August issue of the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Muscle-Related Statin Effects Seem to Correlate With Potency

FRIDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of muscle-related adverse effects (AEs) differ greatly for various statins, with the highest reported rates seen for rosuvastatin, according to research published online Aug. 22 in PLoS One.

Abstract
Full Text

Outcomes Similar With Partial, Whole Breast Irradiation

FRIDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) yields five-year clinical outcomes and patterns of failure similar to those achieved with whole breast irradiation (WBI), with excellent three-year survival for women who develop an ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of Cancer.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

OASIS Risk Up for Nulliparous Women With Vacuum Delivery

FRIDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- For women whose infants are delivered by vacuum extraction, the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) is significantly higher among nulliparous women than multiparous women, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Neti Pots Linked to Deaths From Amebic Infection

THURSDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Two patients who died of an amebic infection had no history of freshwater exposure but had ameba in their household plumbing and used a nasal irrigation device for sinus problems, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Modifiable Risk Factors Key in Social Inequality of Diabetes

THURSDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Modifiable risk factors, particularly health behaviors and body mass index (BMI), measured repeatedly over time, account for about half of the socioeconomic differential observed in type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in BMJ.

Full Text

New Decision Aid for Treatment of Herniated Disc Beneficial

THURSDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- A new patient decision instrument meets the criteria of acceptability, reliability, and validity, and improves the quality of patient decision-making for treatment of a herniated disc, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of Spine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Reporting of Dietary Intake Methods in Obesity Trials Poor

THURSDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- More care needs to be taken in reporting dietary intake methods in childhood and adolescent obesity intervention trials in order to be able to better evaluate and replicate study methods, according to the results of a systematic review published online Aug. 15 in Obesity Reviews.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Racial Disparity ID'd in Health Behaviors of Fifth-Graders

THURSDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Harmful health-related behaviors are more common among black and Latino fifth-graders than among white fifth-graders, according to a study published in the Aug. 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Psychological Consequences Up for Spouses of MI Victims

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Spouses of individuals who have a sudden heart attack are more likely to experience depression, anxiety, and suicide, even if the individual survives, than spouses of those who experience other illnesses, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the European Heart Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Bariatric Surgery Cuts Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in Obese

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Bariatric surgery is very effective in reducing the long-term incidence of type 2 diabetes in obese individuals, according to a study published in the Aug. 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Fewer Circumcisions May Increase Infections and Costs

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The reduced rate of neonatal male circumcision (MC) procedures performed in the United States is estimated to lead to increased infection prevalence and higher medical costs for men and women, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Prolonged Dexamethasone Cuts Delayed Nausea After Chemo

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Adding dexamethasone to prochlorperazine on days two and three, following palonosetron and dexamethasone on day one, reduces delayed nausea (DN) in patients receiving chemotherapy containing a platinum-based drug or an anthracycline, according to research published online Aug. 20 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Mindfulness Stress Reduction Reduces Loneliness in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- An eight-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program reduces loneliness compared with a wait-list control, and also reduces pro-inflammatory gene expression in older adults, according to a study published online July 20 in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Process Areas for Improvement ID'd in Early Prostate Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- For men with early prostate cancer undergoing expectant management, compliance with RAND structural indicators is high, but there is considerable variability in compliance with process indicators, according to a study published in the September issue of The Journal of Urology.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

At-Home Diode Laser Effective for Permanent Hair Reduction

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Eight treatments with a home-use diode laser provide effective and safe permanent hair reduction one year after the last treatment, according to research published in the September issue of Lasers in Surgery and Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Factors Tied to Photoprotection ID'd for Organ Recipients

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For organ transplant recipients, patients factors, including sex and skin type, and receipt of advice from health care providers, are both associated with sun protective behaviors, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Resting Heart Rate Predicts Overall, Cardiovascular Mortality

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- High resting heart rates seem to be predictive of increased risk for overall and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and shorter survival times, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Family Hx of Early Death Ups Risk of Early Cardiac Disease

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of early cardiovascular disease in patients younger than 50 years of age is significantly and consistently increased for those with a family history of premature cardiovascular death, according to a study published in the Aug. 28 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text

Study Identifies Sleep Apnea in 50 Percent of Women

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Half of adult women aged 20 to 70 years may have obstructive sleep apnea, which correlates with age, obesity, and hypertension, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the European Respiratory Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Prior Substance Abuse Linked to Opioid Abuse in Young Men

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Any prior substance abuse is associated with current abuse of prescription opioids among 18- to 25-year-old men, but only previous marijuana use correlates with subsequent prescription opioid abuse in young women, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Evidence-Based Public Health Interventions Identified

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence-based public health interventions to improve dietary habits, increase physical activity, and reduce tobacco use are identified in an American Heart Association scientific statement published online Aug. 20 in Circulation.

Abstract
Full Text

Brain Damage Linked to Believing Misleading Ads

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Damage to a particular region of the brain makes individuals more likely to believe a misleading advertisement, which could explain why some elderly fall for fraud schemes, according to a study published online July 9 in Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience.

Abstract
Full Text

Post-Polyp Detection, CRC Risk ID'd by Colonoscopy Factors

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- In the community setting, after colonoscopic polyp detection, colonoscopy-related factors such as incomplete polyp removal and lack of surveillance colonoscopies are more important than polyp characteristics in predicting subsequent colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, according to a study published in the Aug. 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

2012 Indicators of Well-Being for Older Americans Issued

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- The estimates of selected indicators for well-being for older Americans for 2012 have been released by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

More Information

Yo-Yo Dieters Still Benefit From Weight Loss Efforts

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Yo-yo dieting does not negatively affect participation in lifestyle intervention or the benefits of diet and exercise, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in Metabolism -- Clinical and Experimental.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Prevalence of TB, Hepatitis C, HIV High Among Homeless

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- The global prevalence of tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus infection, and HIV is high among homeless people, although significant heterogeneity is seen in prevalence estimates, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Study Shows 'SuperAgers' Have Thicker Cortex, No Atrophy

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- 'SuperAgers,' individuals over the age of 80 with episodic memory performance as good as normative values for 50- to 65-year-olds, do exist, and they have a thicker cerebral cortex, with no atrophy, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society.

Abstract
Full Text

Substance in Human Breast Milk Protects Against HIV Transmission

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- High concentrations of specific human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) appear to be protective against postnatal HIV transmission, according to research published online Aug. 15 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Soy Linked to Exacerbated Congenital Hypothyroidism

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Soy products appear to interfere with levothyroxine absorption and can exacerbate congenital hypothyroidism in infants and young children, according to a case report published online Aug. 20 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Study Links Eating Egg Yolks With Carotid Plaque Area

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Eating three or more egg yolks, which are high in cholesterol, per week may increase the rate of carotid plaque area build-up, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Atherosclerosis.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Delayed Gratification at Age 4 Predictive of BMI in Adulthood

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Delayed gratification among preschoolers can predict body mass index (BMI) about 30 years later, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

Full Text

Considerable Variation in Outcomes for Cleft Lip/Palate

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in the neuropsychological, behavioral, and academic outcomes of individuals with cleft lip and palate, as the outcomes are affected by developmental level, sex, and cleft type, according to a study published in the July issue of The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal.

Abstract
Full Text

Study Finds Tobacco Use High in Developing Countries

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Despite global tobacco control efforts, in low- and middle-income countries, nearly half of men use tobacco, women are starting to smoke at earlier ages, and quit ratios are low, according to a study published in the Aug. 18 issue of The Lancet, a theme issue on respiratory medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Pegylated Interferon Affects Growth, BMI in Children

THURSDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Pegylated interferon alpha-2a (Peg-IFN-α2a) treatment is linked to significant changes in body weight, linear growth, body mass index (BMI), and body composition in children treated for hepatitis C, according to a study published in the August issue of Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Catastrophizing Doesn't Predict Low Back Pain Evolution

THURSDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- For adult patients with acute or chronic low back pain (LBP), assessing the baseline score for catastrophizing does not help clinicians in routine clinical practice predict the evolution of LBP or the patient's disability at three months, according to a study published online July 23 in The Spine Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Sedentary Behavior Linked to Motor Coordination in Children

THURSDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Sedentary behavior among children is linked to motor coordination, with those who engage in low levels of sedentary behavior more likely to have good motor coordination, regardless of physical activity, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the American Journal of Human Biology.

Abstract
Full Text

Computer-Based Obesity Tx Programs Show Promise

THURSDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Interactive computer-based weight loss and weight maintenance interventions are more effective than no or minimal interventions, but are less effective than in-person treatment, according to a systematic review published online Aug. 15 in The Cochrane Library.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Benefit of PSA Reduced by Loss of Quality-Adjusted Life-Years

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Although the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC) has reported a 29 percent reduction in prostate-cancer mortality for men who undergo prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening, the benefit is attenuated by loss of quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) due to post-diagnosis effects, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA: Codeine May Be Fatal in Subset of Children

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Some children may be at risk for serious adverse events, including death, after taking codeine for relief of pain following tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy for obstructive sleep apnea, according to a safety communication issued Aug. 15 by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration.

More Information

Hospital Deaths From Head Trauma Higher on Weekends

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults admitted for substantial head trauma during a weekend have a significantly increased mortality risk compared to those admitted on a weekday, according to a study published online July 9 in the Journal of Surgical Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

2008 to 2010 U.K. Recession

Copyright © 2012 ScoutNews, LLC. All rights reserved.


Previous: August 2012 Briefing - Neurology Next: August 2012 Briefing - OBGYN & Women's Health

Reader comments on this article are listed below. Review our comments policy.


Submit your opinion:

Name:

Email:

Location:

URL:

Remember my personal information

Notify me of follow-up comments?

advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)
 

Are you a Doctor, Pharmacist, PA or a Nurse?

Join the Doctors Lounge online medical community

  • Editorial activities: Publish, peer review, edit online articles.

Doctors Lounge Membership Application

 
     

 advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)

 

 

Useful Sites
MediLexicon
  Tools & Services: Follow DoctorsLounge on Twitter Follow us on Twitter | RSS News | Newsletter | Contact us
Copyright © 2001-2014
Doctors Lounge.
All rights reserved.

Medical Reference:
Diseases | Symptoms
Drugs | Labs | Procedures
Software | Tutorials

Advertising
Links | Humor
Forum Archive
CME | Conferences

Privacy Statement
Terms & Conditions
Editorial Board
About us | Email

This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
verify here.