The annual meeting of the American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery was held from Sept. 9 to 12 in Washington, D.C., and attracted more than 8,000 participants from around the world, including otolaryngologists, medical experts, allied health professionals, and administrators. The conference featured approximately 100 mini seminars, 250 scientific sessions, 445 posters, and 350 instructional course hours. Presentations focused on the latest advances in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck.
In one study, Edmund A. Nahm, of the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary in New York City, and colleagues evaluated and used a new questionnaire to assess changes in the quality of life of patients with bilateral cochlear implants.
"Overall, across all 28 items, the Comprehensive Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (CCIQ) demonstrated satisfactory test-retest reliability and excellent internal consistency and showed improved quality of life for patients who received a second cochlear implant," Nahm said. "Many insurance companies are slow to approve coverage of a second cochlear implant due to the lack of evidence-based data on outcomes of bilateral cochlear implant. We believe the CCIQ is an important first step in creating a validated quality-of-life instrument assessing the benefits of bilateral cochlear implant."
In another study, Russell B. Smith, M.D., of the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha, and colleagues evaluated whether two localization imaging techniques (ultrasound and sestamibi) were necessary in patients with hyperparathyroidism undergoing minimally invasive surgery.
"Ultrasound and sestamibi scans have similar accuracy in detecting parathyroid adenomas. In the cases where ultrasound did not localize an abnormal area, or localized an incorrect area, the sestamibi was also unsuccessful in nearly half of the cases," Smith said. "In summary, ultrasound is a reasonable initial localization study for primary hyperthyroidism and could act as the starting point for developing a cost-effective algorithm for imaging in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism."
Elizabeth C. Pearce, M.D., of the Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tenn., and colleagues conducted an anonymous survey that appeared on VH1.com (Video Hits 1) and CMT.com (Country Music Television) Web sites and evaluated awareness, attitudes, and behaviors related to hearing loss, hearing protection, and recreational music exposure.
"We found that awareness about the topic of hearing loss was low; concern for the topic both on a general public and personal level was low; and there was a clear disconnect between low level of personal concern and reported experience of symptoms indicative of hearing loss," Pearce said. "Respondents 21 years and younger were significantly more likely to display risky listening behaviors compared to respondents older than 21 years, specifically with typical listening volume, hours-per-week usage, and maximum volume settings with MP3 players."
The investigators also found that respondents 21 years and younger were significantly more likely to report "frequent" experience of hearing problems (i.e., ringing in the ears, ear pain, muffled noise, difficulty hearing) after exposure to music or noise in a variety of recreational settings, most notably with MP3 player usage. According to Pearce, most respondents who reported awareness about the topic of hearing loss had been educated by the social media (i.e., Internet, television, etc.) and physicians were the least commonly reported source of education.
"Current awareness and concern about the issue of hearing loss was low, yet willingness to adopt ear protective behaviors (i.e., moderate MP3 player listening volume, ear plugs at concerts, etc.) was high," Pearce added. "Although social media is going to be necessary to spread education, physicians must have a role in spreading education to patients and parents, most likely at the general practitioner and pediatrician level."
AAO: Younger Age Predicts Weight Gain After Tonsil Removal
THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Younger age is a significant predictor of weight gain following adenotonsillectomy (TA) for treatment of either obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or recurrent tonsillitis (RT), according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, held from Sept. 9 to 12 in Washington, D.C.
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