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Category: Psychiatry | Monthly Briefing

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September 2012 Briefing - Psychiatry

Last Updated: October 01, 2012.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for September 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

History of Sexual Abuse Slows Response to Bariatric Surgery

FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Although studies suggest that individuals with a history of sexual abuse may experience less weight loss soon after bariatric surgery, most individuals still benefit from the surgical procedure, with increased weight loss seen over time, according to research published in the October issue of Obesity Reviews.

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Benzodiazepine Use Linked to Increased Risk of Dementia

FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- New use of benzodiazepines correlates with an increase in the risk of dementia, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in BMJ.

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Complementary Medicine Superior to Usual PTSD Therapy

THURSDAY, Sept. 27 (HealthDay News) -- A complementary medicine intervention of healing touch with guided imagery (HT+GI) reduces post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and related symptoms in returning combat-exposed active duty military personnel, according to a study published in the September issue of Military Medicine.

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Much of Intellectual Disability Not Genetically Inherited

THURSDAY, Sept. 27 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of severe intellectual disability results from de-novo genetic variants, suggesting that only a small proportion of cases are likely to be inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in The Lancet.

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Being Deemed 'Unfit to Drive' Cuts Subsequent Road Crashes

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Medical warnings to patients who are potentially unfit to drive correlate with a reduction in the number of road crashes in which the patient is a driver, according to a study published in the Sept. 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Marijuana-Like Chemical Corrects Behavior in Fragile X

TUESDAY, Sept. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The protein lost in fragile X syndrome, the most common genetic cause of autism, is part of a complex that, when targeted by a drug that boosts a natural marijuana-like chemical in the brain, corrects some of the behavioral abnormalities in mice, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in Nature Communications.

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Guidelines Issued for Improving Outcomes for ICD Recipients

TUESDAY, Sept. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Patient and family education and psychological support are key components for improving outcomes for implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients, according to a scientific statement issued by the American Heart Association and published online Sept. 24 in Circulation.

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Interrelated Anxiety, GI, and Sensory Issues Common in ASD

TUESDAY, Sept. 25 (HealthDay News) -- For children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a possibly interrelated phenomenon of co-existing anxiety, sensory over-responsivity, and gastrointestinal (GI) problems is common, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.

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Stress-Weight Link in Black and White Teen Girls Studied

TUESDAY, Sept. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Increased stress is tied to weight gain in teenage girls, particularly black girls, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

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Leadership Inversely Associated With Stress Levels

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Leaders have lower levels of cortisol and lower reports of anxiety, with a dose-response association seen for levels of leadership, which seems to be mediated by a sense of control, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Effect of Behavioral Intervention on Alcohol Misuse Evaluated

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Behavioral counseling interventions may be beneficial for adults with risky drinking behaviors, according to a review and meta-analysis published online Sept. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Limited Evidence on Medication Use for Youth With Autism

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- There is a lack of evidence supporting the use of medications in adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), according to a review published online Sept. 24 in Pediatrics.

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Simple Tool Helps Psychiatry Residents ID Risk of Violence

FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- A simple, structured risk assessment tool, the Historical, Clinical, Risk Management-20 clinical subscale (HCR-20-C), could help psychiatric residents more accurately evaluate the risk for violence among patients, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in Psychiatric Services.

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Fewer Older People on the Street May Lead Youth to Riskier Lives

FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- There is a difference in the age profile of people observed on the streets in affluent and deprived neighborhoods, which is not always reflective of the actual age profile of the community and may influence life-history strategies, according to a study published in the September issue of Human Nature.

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Perceived Stress Linked to Asthma, Atopic Disorders

FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Perceived stress correlates with an increased risk of adult-onset asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis as well as asthma medication use, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in Allergy.

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Urge to Overeat Linked to Production of Natural Narcotic

FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- When presented with tasty foods, the brain produces the opioid peptide enkephalin that stimulates an unexpected reward center in the brain and leads to overeating, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in Current Biology.

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Drug Improves Social Function in Fragile X Syndrome

THURSDAY, Sept. 20 (HealthDay News) -- A γ-aminobutyric acid type B (GABAB) agonist, STX209 (Arbaclofen), can significantly improve social function in patients with fragile X syndrome, according to a study published in the Sept. 19 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Stress-Reducing Effect of Acute Exercise Persists

THURSDAY, Sept. 20 (HealthDay News) -- The anxiety-lowering effect of exercise seems to persist even after exposure to emotional stimuli, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

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Emotional Neglect in Childhood Ups Stroke Risk in Adults

THURSDAY, Sept. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Emotional neglect as a child may be tied to a higher risk of stroke as an adult, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in Neurology.

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Quitting Smoking Is Tough for Teens, Too

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Teenagers mostly experience the same negative effects of smoking abstinence and withdrawal as adults, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

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Premature Death Rate Higher in People Who Self-Harm

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- People who self-harm have over three-fold higher rates of premature death, from both natural and external causes, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in The Lancet.

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Cognitive Ability, Motivation Tied in Addictive Behavior

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- High cognitive functioning enhances one's readiness to change addictive behavior, according to a study published in the September issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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Health Ambiguity Linked to Depression in Stroke Survivors

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Health ambiguity, or uncertainty about the outcome of illness, is significantly associated with depression in survivors of first stroke, and this association is stronger for men than women, according to research published online Sept. 14 in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

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Antipsychotic Use Up Among U.S. Medicaid-Enrolled Youth

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a substantial increase in antipsychotic use among Medicaid-enrolled children in recent years, with the increase partially driven by youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and those with multiple diagnoses, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in Health Services Research.

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Risk of Car Accidents Up With Antidepressant Use

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- There is an increased risk of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) for patients taking antidepressants, benzodiazepines, or Z-drugs, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Impact of Exposure to Road Traffic Noise Quantified

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Noise-impact indicators, such as the percentage of the population who are highly annoyed and who have high levels of sleep disturbance, can be valuable metrics in comparing noise equity among urban communities, according to research published online Sept. 11 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Diagnosis of Congenital Heart Disease Ups Maternal Depression

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Mothers who receive a prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) commonly report posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety, according to research published online Sept. 12 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Effect of Copy-Number Variation in Disease Elucidated

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in the phenotypes associated with recurrent copy-number variants, with multiple, large copy-number variants compounding to result in severe clinical presentation, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Less Alzheimer's Pathology With Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Use

TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- In autopsy findings, patients treated with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) show less Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related pathology, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in the Archives of Neurology.

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PTSD Seen in Nearly 20 Percent of Young Children With Cancer

TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 20 percent of infants and preschoolers with cancer suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Psycho-Oncology.

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Gestational Diabetes, Poverty Link to ADHD Strengthened

TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The previously reported association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and low socioeconomic position (SEP) has been confirmed in a large German cohort, according to a research letter published online Sept. 10 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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No Long-Term Effects Seen for Letting Infants Cry Before Sleep

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Infant sleep training techniques employed to reduce the short- to medium-term burden of infant sleep problems do not have lasting effects, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Pediatrics.

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Mother's Depression During Infancy Affects Child's Growth

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal depression at nine months postpartum may negatively affect physical growth in early childhood, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Pediatrics.

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Study Finds Green Tea Component May Improve Memory

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- A critical active ingredient in green tea promotes the growth of hippocampal neurons and improves memory in adult mice, according to an experimental study published in the August issue of Molecular Nutrition & Food Research.

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Describing Fear May Regulate Emotional Aspects of Fear

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Verbalizing fear may play a role in regulating the emotional aspects of fear, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in Psychological Science.

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Disengaged Preschoolers at Academic Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Preschoolers classified as extremely socially and academically disengaged have the lowest academic skills, compared with their peers, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the Journal of School Psychology.

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Cognitive Deficits for Chemo-Treated Breast Cancer Patients

FRIDAY, Sept. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Breast cancer survivors who were previously treated with chemotherapy experience small cognitive deficits in the domains of verbal ability and visuospatial ability, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Teens More Likely to Smoke if They Think Their Friends Smoke

FRIDAY, Sept. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Peer influence and social context impact adolescent smoking behaviors, with popular teenagers and adolescents who think their friends smoke more likely to become smokers, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Genetic Counseling Doesn't Affect Pre-Diabetes Behavior

THURSDAY, Sept. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Receiving genetic risk counseling does not significantly alter self-reported motivation or prevention program adherence for overweight individuals at risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Nearly Half of Teens With Autism Are Victims of Bullying

THURSDAY, Sept. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are victims of bullying, according to research published online Sept. 3 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Maternal Smoking Link to Teen Obesity Mediated by Fat Intake

THURSDAY, Sept. 6 (HealthDay News) -- The increased risk of obesity seen in adolescents who experienced prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking (PEMCS) is associated with enhanced dietary intake of fat, which may be partially mediated by changes in the amygdala, according to research published online Sept. 3 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Ginkgo Biloba Extract Does Not Cut Progression to Alzheimer's

THURSDAY, Sept. 6 (HealthDay News) -- For elderly adults with memory complaints, use of standardized ginkgo biloba extract is no better than placebo for reducing the incidence of Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in The Lancet Neurology.

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Simple Eye Tracking Can Identify Neurological Disorders

THURSDAY, Sept. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be detected with high accuracy by tracking eye movements while watching television, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Neurology.

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Combat Stress Affects Soldiers' Cognitive Function

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Combat stress has adverse effects on the mesofrontal circuit of the brain that are partially reversible, according to research published online Sept. 3 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Sleep Problems in Young Children Tied to Special Ed Need

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A history of either sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) or behavioral sleep problems (BSPs) through the age of 5 years is associated with an increased likelihood of special educational need (SEN) at 8 years of age, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in Pediatrics.

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Gene Variant More Common in Internet Addicts

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A variant of a gene implicated in anxiety and addiction (nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha 4 [CHRNA4]) is more frequent in people addicted to the Internet, particularly females, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of Addiction Medicine.

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MAOA Gene Expression Linked to Happiness in Women

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Women with low expression of a gene involved in breaking down neurotransmitters report greater happiness, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry.

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Stressful Lifestyle, Type A Behavior Linked to Stroke

MONDAY, Sept. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Stressful habits and type A behavior correlate with an increased risk of stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

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