Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for September 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Dexamethasone Doesn't Up Risk of Serious Post-Op Bleeding
TUESDAY, Sept. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Perioperative dexamethasone administration is not associated with more serious bleeding events in pediatric tonsillectomy patients, according to a study published in the Sept. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Study Examines Prevalence of Local Allergic Rhinitis
TUESDAY, Sept. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Local allergic rhinitis (LAR) is prevalent among patients with rhinitis, affecting about one in four, and is often associated with childhood onset and persistent, severe conjunctivitis and/or asthma, according to a study published in the October issue of Allergy.
Perceived Stress Linked to Asthma, Atopic Disorders
FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Perceived stress correlates with an increased risk of adult-onset asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis as well as asthma medication use, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in Allergy.
Decrease Seen in Global Peri-Op, Anesthesia-Related Mortality
FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Over the last five decades, there has been a decrease in perioperative and anesthesia-related mortality, according to a study published in the Sept. 22 issue of The Lancet, a theme issue on surgery.
Positive Long-Term Results for Endoscopic Forehead-Lift
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who undergo endoscopic forehead-lift procedures report high satisfaction and lasting results, according to research published in the September/October issue of the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.
Biomarkers Identified in Head and Neck Cancers
TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with head and neck cancer, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection predicts survival when determined by viral load and viral gene expression rather than the presence of viral DNA or expression of the p16 tumor suppressor gene, according to two studies published online Sept. 18 in Cancer Research.
Objective, Subjective Post-Rhinoplasty Breathing Evaluated
FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Septorhinoplasty is associated with subjective improvement in nasal patency as well as increases in nasal volume and decreases in nasal resistance, particularly in those with severe obstruction before surgery, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.
Higher Mortality Risk With Preoperative Hyponatremia
FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with preoperative hyponatremia have a higher risk of 30-day mortality and morbidity, including coronary events, surgical site wound infections, and pneumonia, according to research published online Sept. 10 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Microbiome Changes Linked to Chronic Sinusitis
THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Alterations in bacterial communities present in the sinuses correlate with chronic sinusitis, according to a study published in the Sept. 12 issue of Science Translational Medicine.
Animal Study Shows Stem Cell Treatment Restores Hearing
THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Transplanting ear-cell progenitor cells generated from human embryonic stem cells into deaf gerbils correlates with a significant improvement in auditory-evoked response thresholds, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in Nature.
Updated Guidelines Issued for 'Strep' Diagnosis, Treatment
TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The Infectious Diseases Society of America recommends use of penicillin or amoxicillin as first-line treatment for culture-confirmed cases of Group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis, according to updated clinical practice guidelines published online Sept. 9 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.
Not All Docs/Nurses Want to Be Asked About Hand Hygiene
FRIDAY, Sept. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Although most health care workers (HCWs) appreciate the role of patients in preventing health care-associated infection, a considerable proportion are uncomfortable with patients asking about their hand hygiene, according to a letter published online Sept. 3 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Teens More Likely to Smoke if They Think Their Friends Smoke
FRIDAY, Sept. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Peer influence and social context impact adolescent smoking behaviors, with popular teenagers and adolescents who think their friends smoke more likely to become smokers, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.
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