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Category: Nursing | Monthly Briefing

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October 2012 Briefing - Nursing

Last Updated: November 01, 2012.

 

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for October 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Once-Yearly Zoledronic Acid Benefits Men With Osteoporosis

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For men with osteoporosis, a once-yearly infusion with zoledronic acid is associated with fewer vertebral fractures and improved bone health compared with placebo, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Single Topical Ivermectin Head Lice Treatment Very Effective

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- A single 10-minute, at-home treatment with topical ivermectin lotion eliminates head lice infestations in nearly all patients by the next day, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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FDA: Ameridose Issues Voluntary Recall of All Products

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Ameridose, a Massachusetts-based manufacturer of sterile injectable products and oral syringes, is undergoing a voluntary recall of all unexpired products in circulation, according to an Oct. 31 news release issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Scoliosis Surgery Improves Adolescents' Quality of Life

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) significantly improves quality of life (QOL), according to research published online Oct. 22 in the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.

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Latrepirdine Not Effective in Huntington's Disease

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Although safe and well tolerated, the experimental small molecule latrepirdine does not improve cognition after six months of treatment in patients with mild-to-moderate Huntington's disease (HD), according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Neurology.

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Fascia Lata Can Substitute for Nasal Lining in Reconstruction

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Fascia lata, which is a thin, pliable, and vascularized tissue, can be effectively used as a substitute for nasal lining in complex total and subtotal nasal reconstruction procedures, according to a case series published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Fenofibrate/Simvastatin Benefit in Dyslipidemia Explored

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Combination treatment with fenofibrate and simvastatin (FENO-S) significantly reduces postprandial (PP) triglyceride (TG) levels compared with simvastatin alone in all subjects, regardless of fasting TG level, but reduces atherogenic apolipoprotein (apo) B48 particles only in those with increased fasting TG levels, according to research published online Oct. 25 in Diabetes Care.

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Genetic Marker Associated With Smoking Linked to ADHD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- A genetic marker previously identified as associated with smoking may also be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Risk Factors for Childhood Overweight ID'd in Infancy

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Risk factors for childhood overweight are identifiable during infancy, and include maternal pre-pregnancy weight, infant birth weight and weight gain, and maternal smoking during pregnancy, according to research published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Only Omega-3s From Fish Tied to Lower Cerebrovascular Risk

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Intake of omega-3 fatty acids from fish, but not circulating biomarkers or supplements, correlates with modestly reduced cerebrovascular risk, according to a meta-analysis published online Oct. 30 in BMJ.

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Smoke-Free Workplace Laws Lead to Decline in MI Incidence

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Following implementation of workplace smoke-free laws, the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) decreased significantly in Olmsted County, Minn., according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Early Behavioral Intervention 'Normalizes' Brain Pattern in ASD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), early behavioral intervention is associated with normalized brain activity patterns, which correlate with improvements in social behavior, according to research published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

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Total Bilirubin Predicts In-Hospital Mortality in STEMI

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), serum total bilirubin (TB) levels can be used to predict the risk of in-hospital mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Quality of Life for Cancer Survivors Depends on Type

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of cancers are more likely to report poor physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL), compared with adults without cancer, with considerable variation noted for different types of cancers, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Children With Autism Have Normal Development at 6 Months

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The development of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is similar to children without the disorder at 6 months of age, suggesting that ASD has a pre-clinical phase of varying duration when detection may be difficult, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in Child Development.

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U.S. Medicare Spending on Elderly Has Outpaced Canada's

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. Medicare spending on the elderly has grown nearly three times faster than its Canadian counterpart, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Evidence-Based Practices to Prevent Peri-Op VTE Identified

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence-based practices to improve the consistency of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in the perioperative period have been identified, according to research published online in the November issue of the AORN Journal.

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ApoE ε3 Is Most Common ApoE Among Oldest Old

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Most nonagenarians carry the ApoE ε3 genotype and few carry the ApoE ε4 genotype, with no association noted between the ApoE ε4 allele and quality of life (QOL), according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.

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Resveratrol Has No Metabolic Benefit for Non-Obese Women

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Resveratrol supplementation does not improve plasma lipids or insulin sensitivity in non-obese women, nor does it affect its putative targets in fat or muscle, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in Cell Metabolism.

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Overweight, Obese Teens at Risk for End-Stage Renal Disease

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Being overweight or obese as an adolescent is significantly associated with increased risk for all-cause treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD), according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Oncologists Generally Refer to Specialized Palliative Care Late

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Definitional issues and non-acceptance of patients receiving chemotherapy are the barriers to earlier referral to specialized palliative care (SPC) by oncologists, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Acupuncture Reduces Breast Cancer-Related Fatigue

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Acupuncture significantly reduces fatigue and improves quality of life in breast cancer patients with cancer-related fatigue, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Children With Migraine at Risk for Poor School Performance

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Children with migraine are significantly more likely to have poor performance at school, according to a study published in the Oct. 30 issue of Neurology.

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Smoke-Free Laws Linked to Fewer Hospital Admissions

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Comprehensive smoke-free legislation is associated with decreases in hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory disease, according to a meta-analysis published in the Oct. 30 issue of Circulation.

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Buspirone Improves Symptoms in Functional Dyspepsia

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Buspirone, a 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor agonist, improves symptom severity in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD), according to a proof-of-concept study published in the November issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Burden of Gastrointestinal Disease in U.S. Substantial

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Gastrointestinal diseases account for substantial morbidity, mortality, and cost in the United States, according to research published in the November issue of Gastroenterology.

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Pediatricians Key in Rural Emergency Medical Services

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- In rural areas, pediatricians can play a key role in the development, implementation, and ongoing supervision of emergency medical services for children (EMSC), according to a policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Oct. 29 in Pediatrics.

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Hypnosis Cuts Hot Flashes in Postmenopausal Women

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women, clinical hypnosis is associated with significant reductions in self-reported and physiologically measured hot flashes, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in Menopause.

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Quitting Before 40 Avoids Most Excess Smoking-Linked Mortality

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For U.K. women, the hazards of smoking and benefits of quitting are considerable, with women who quit before age 30 avoiding more than 97 percent of excess smoking-related mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 27 in The Lancet.

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Old Order Amish Children More Active, Less Likely Overweight

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Old Order Amish (OOA) children are less likely to be overweight and are more physically active than other children, according to a study published online Oct. 23 in Diabetes Care.

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More Intensive Chemo Ups Survival in Ewing Sarcoma

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- More intensive chemotherapy (every two weeks versus every three weeks) improves event-free survival for patients with localized Ewing sarcoma, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Systematic Pain Management Needed for Children in ER

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Steps to manage pain and stress in pediatric emergency medical care are recommended, according to a clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Oct. 29 in Pediatrics.

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Considerable Regional Variation for Brachytherapy

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of Medicare beneficiaries are treated with brachytherapy for breast cancer, with substantial regional variation, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Brain Volume Rebounds Within Days of Alcohol Abstinence

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Gray matter (GM) volume in the brains of alcohol-dependent patients begins to recover within days of alcohol abstinence, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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High Reliability for Hypersexual Disorder Diagnostic Criteria

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Proposed criteria for hypersexual disorder (HD) show high reliability and validity, according to results of a field trial conducted by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Work Group on Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders, published online Oct. 4 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Incidence of Recurrent Anal Sphincter Rupture ~7 Percent

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of recurrent anal sphincter rupture (ASR) is 7.1 percent, and several risk factors are associated with an increased risk, including excessive birth weight, vacuum extraction, and shoulder dystocia, according to research published online Oct. 19 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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High Costs for Early Retirement Due to Spinal Disorders

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Spinal disorders that trigger early retirement have a significant impact on labor force participation and the gross domestic product (GDP) in Australia, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in The Spine Journal.

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Prevalence, Risks for Sexual Dysfunction Vary by Veteran Age

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- For Iraq/Afghanistan veterans, the prevalence and risk factors for sexual dysfunction (SD) vary with age, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Independent Link for Child BMI, Adult Cardio Risk Questioned

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Although the evidence for an association between childhood body mass index (BMI) and cardiovascular outcomes seems consistent, few studies examine this association independent of adult BMI, according to research published in the November issue of Obesity Reviews.

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Insulin Sensitivity Normally Highest After Breakfast

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- In healthy people without diabetes, glucose responsiveness tends to be higher after breakfast, which may have implications for the design of closed-loop insulin delivery systems for diabetes patients, according to a study published in the November issue of Diabetes.

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Differences in Sepsis Care Identified in Europe, U.S.

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Despite differences in processes of care and raw mortality for patients with severe sepsis and septic shock in the United States and Europe, after adjustment, mortality rates are similar, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Surgery Center Influences Outcomes in Spinal Surgery

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Choice of surgery center affects patient outcomes following surgery for lumbar stenosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis, according to research published online Oct. 17 in Spine.

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Study Confirms Stroke Survivors Continuing to Smoke Fare Worse

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Stroke patients who are current or ex-smokers are at greater risk of death or another stroke or heart attack than stroke patients who never smoked, though the risk in ex-smokers is smaller, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in Stroke.

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Sleep Apnea Linked to Less Severe Injury During Acute MI

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- During an acute non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have less severe cardiac injury, according to a study published in the October issue of Sleep and Breathing.

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Meta-Analysis: Antivirals Reduce Risk of Liver Cancer in Hep C

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Antiviral treatment does significantly reduce the risk of developing liver cancer for patients with chronic hepatitis C infection, particularly in virological responders, according to a meta-analysis published online Oct. 22 in BMJ Open.

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Intestinal Bacteria Profile Altered in Pediatric Crohn's

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatric patients with Crohn's disease have altered levels of particular fecal bacterial species, some of which correlate with disease severity, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Clinical Microbiology.

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Negative Pigment Network Able to Distinguish Melanoma

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Negative pigment network (NPN) can be used to distinguish melanoma from Spitz nevus and other benign lesions, according to a study published online Oct. 11 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Timing of Hormone Therapy Use Impacts Alzheimer's Risk

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Use of hormone therapy (HT) within five years of menopause is associated with a reduction in the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to a study published online Oct. 24 in Neurology.

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Link Between Vitamin D, Mortality Not Impacted by eGFR

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) have increased mortality, regardless of the presence of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of <60 ml/min/1.73 m², according to a study published online Oct. 24 in PLoS One.

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Outpatient Urological Services Costs Up When Done in a Hospital

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Outpatient urological procedures are performed at lower cost in ambulatory surgery centers and physician offices compared to hospitals, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in The Journal of Urology.

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Bystander CPR More Likely in High-Income White Neighborhoods

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Bystanders are more likely to initiate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on patients who have a cardiac arrest in high-income white neighborhoods, according to a study published in the Oct. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Aspirin Improves Survival for CRC With PIK3CA Mutation

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), regular use of aspirin after diagnosis is associated with longer survival for those with the mutated phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphonate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha polypeptide gene (PIK3CA), according to a study published in the Oct. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Terminal Cancer Patients May Have Erroneous Chemo Beliefs

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with stage IV metastatic cancer frequently do not understand that chemotherapy is unlikely to be curative, according to a study published in the Oct. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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A-Fib Burden Similar With Ablation, Antiarrhythmic Meds

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation with no history of antiarrhythmic drug use, there is no significant difference in the cumulative burden of atrial fibrillation over two years between the treatment strategies of radiofrequency catheter ablation or antiarrhythmic agents, according to a study published in the Oct. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Exercise Cuts Atrophy, White Matter Lesion Load in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- In older adults, physical activity is associated with less brain atrophy and white matter lesion (WML) load, according to a study published in the Oct. 23 issue of Neurology.

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Risk of Suicide Ideation Up for Recently Victimized Teens

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents exposed to recent victimization have an increased risk for suicide ideation, with a higher risk for those exposed to polyvictimization, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Better Prognosis for Early Blast Clearance in Leukemia

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with acute myeloid leukemia whose peripheral blood blasts clear in six days or less after chemotherapy have significantly better survival than patients whose peripheral blasts clear later, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of Cancer.

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Decrease in CRC Resections Tied to Medicare-Covered Screening

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of resection for distal and proximal colorectal cancer (CRC) decreased from 1993 to 2009, with rates of proximal resection decreasing significantly from 2002, after implementation of Medicare payment for screening colonoscopy, according to a study published in the November issue of Gastroenterology.

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Worse Outcomes for Mother-Infant Pairs in Separate ICUs

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Concurrent admission of a mother and her newborn to separate intensive care units (co-ICU) is associated with increased prevalence of mother-infant separation because of interfacility transfer, and with elevated mortality for both, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Safety, Efficacy of At-Home Laser for Periobital Wrinkles Studied

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- A handheld nonablative fractional laser is safe and seems effective for home use for treating periorbital wrinkles, according to a study published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Single Bout of Exercise Benefits Children With ADHD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- A single bout of moderate intensity aerobic exercise may improve neurocognitive function and inhibitory control for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Oct. 19 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Family Obesity Approach Promising for Black Girls

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity interventions that include family involvement may be a promising approach for targeting African-American girls, but more research is required, according to the results of a systematic literature review published online Oct. 12 in Obesity Reviews.

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Hormonal Changes at Menopause Up Abdominal Obesity

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The increase in total body fat and abdominal fat seen at menopause is due to the hormonal changes taking place, which can be improved by estrogen treatment, according to a study published in the October issue of Climacteric.

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Genuine Very Large Effects in Trials Rare in Medicine

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Large treatment effects are most likely to be found in small studies, with the effect diminishing with additional trials, according to research published in the Oct. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Better Outcomes for Ventilation With Lower Tidal Volumes

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Protective ventilation with lower tidal volumes is associated with better clinical outcomes in patients without acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), according to a meta-analysis published in the Oct. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Four Factors Account for Most of Risk Linked to PAD in Men

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes account for most of the risk for developing peripheral artery disease (PAD) among men, according to a study published in the Oct. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Legume-Rich Diet Can Improve Glycemic Control in T2DM

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, consumption of a low glycemic index (GI) diet incorporating legumes is associated with improved glycemic control and a reduction in the risk of coronary heart disease, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Guidelines Stretch Interval for Cervical Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Cervical cancer screening should be performed every three to five years, according to the new Clinical Management Guideline published in the November issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Antihypertensive Medication Use, BP Control Up in U.S.

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Antihypertensive medication use and blood pressure control are increasing among U.S. adults, but racial disparities still exist, according to a study published in the Oct. 23 issue of Circulation.

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Genetic Predisposition to Diabetes Ups Risk of CVD

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), having a genetic predisposition towards the disease is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online Oct. 15 in Diabetes Care.

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HRT Not Recommended for Prevention of Chronic Conditions

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The benefits of hormone replacement therapy to prevent chronic conditions in postmenopausal women do not outweigh the harms, according to a recommendation statement from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) published online Oct. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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TNF Inhibitor Use Doesn't Up Short-Term Cancer Incidence

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment of chronic immune-mediated diseases with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors does not result in any short-term increase in cancer incidence, compared with other commonly used therapies for these conditions, according to a study published online Oct. 10 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Lower Extremity Pain Negatively Impacts Obese Children

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Obese children with lower extremity (LE) pain have worse physical function and poorer psychosocial health compared to those without LE pain, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research.

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Obese Young Males Have Lower Testosterone Levels

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity in young males is associated with low testosterone concentrations, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in Clinical Endocrinology.

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Parental Stress Linked to Obesity in Offspring

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The number of parent stressors is associated with child obesity, and parent-perceived stress impacts related behaviors, specifically fast-food consumption, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Metabolic Factors Impact Risk of Death From Prostate Cancer

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic factors are not associated with the risk of prostate cancer, but high levels are associated with increased risk of death from prostate cancer, according to research published online Oct. 22 in Cancer.

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Effects of Bariatric Surgery on Heart Function, Structure ID'd

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Bariatric surgery is associated with improvement or resolution of preexisting hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes in a majority of participants, as well as with improvements in left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic function, according to research published online Oct. 17 in Heart.

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Anergia Prevalent in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Anergia, or the lack of energy, is highly prevalent in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and correlates independently with several factors, including bodily pain and exercise participation, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Increased Human Life Expectancy Relatively Recent

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Most of the increase in human life expectancy has occurred in the last four generations, out of the roughly 8,000 generations that have ever lived, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Prognostic Factors Identified for Intramedullary Tibial Nailing

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Fracture and surgical factors have been identified for the prediction of adverse outcomes after intramedullary nailing of tibial shaft fractures, according to a study published in the Oct. 3 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Procedure Can Treat Stiff-Knee Gait in Spastic Cerebral Palsy

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy and stiff-knee gait with decreased peak knee flexion in the swing phase, distal rectus femoris transfer (DRFT) produces significant and lasting improvements in peak knee flexion, according to research published in the Oct. 3 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Sedentary Time Linked to Increased Diabetes Risk

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Greater sedentary time is associated with increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, with the most consistent associations seen for diabetes, according to a review and meta-analysis published in the November issue of Diabetologia.

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Common Liver Tests Can Predict Liver Cancer Risk

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Common liver function tests, including measurement of alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) levels, can be used to reliably predict hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk in the general population with average or unknown risk, according to research published in the Oct. 17 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Intracranial Tumors Can Be Resected Safely in Elderly

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Elderly patients do not have poorer short-term outcomes after surgical resection of primary or metastatic intracranial tumors, after accounting for other risk factors, according to research published online Oct. 12 in Cancer.

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Social Outcomes Good for Most Pediatric Brain Tumor Survivors

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- While the majority of survivors of pediatric embryonal tumors display positive social outcomes several years after diagnosis and treatment, specific risk factors may affect social adjustment and behavior over the long term, according to research published online Oct. 15 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Children With Autism Lack Language to Explain Behavior

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Unlike typically developing children, children with autism do not use language areas of the brain to identify socially inappropriate behavior, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in PLoS One.

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Higher Calcium Intake May Lower Risk of Hyperparathyroidism

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Women consuming higher levels of calcium are at lower risk of primary hyperparathyroidism, according to a study published online Oct. 18 in BMJ.

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CDC: Unintentional Injury Greatest Childhood Killer in U.S.

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Between 2000 and 2009, more than 115,000 young people in the United States lost their lives to unintentional injury, the leading cause of death among people 0 to 19 years of age in the United States, according to research published in the Oct. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea Tied to Lasting BP Drop

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- In men with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and preexisting systemic hypertension or type 2 diabetes, positive airway pressure (PAP) is associated with a significant and sustained reduction in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP), according to research published in the Oct. 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.

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Exercise Stimulates Adiponectin, Raises HDL Levels

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive lifestyle intervention for weight loss (ILI) significantly improves high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes, which is partially mediated by stimulation of adiponectin production, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in the Journal of Lipid Research.

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Linezolid Beneficial in Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Adding linezolid to ongoing background therapy for the treatment of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) pulmonary tuberculosis is effective in achieving culture conversion, but patients must be carefully monitored for adverse events, according to research published in the Oct. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Stroke Risk Up With Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is associated with an increased risk of intracerebral and intracranial hemorrhage, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Neurology.

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Post-Bleed Hydrocephalus Risk Up in Low-Income Preemies

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Preterm neonates born to low-income parents have a disproportionately high risk of developing posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) that requires multiple surgeries and extensive follow-up, according to research published online Sept. 28 in Pediatric Neurosurgery.

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Alzheimer's Symptoms Relapse Risk High After Halting Drug

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Alzheimer's disease and psychosis or agitation-aggression who initially respond to antipsychotic drugs are more likely to relapse if treatment is discontinued, according to a study published in the Oct. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Surgery Linked to Cardiac Death in Cancer Patients

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer patients who undergo surgery are more than twice as likely to die from a cardiovascular cause within a month of surgery, according to a research letter published in the Oct. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Video Identifies Cause of Falls Among Elderly in Care Facilities

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Video evidence has identified the most frequent causes of falls and the activities that are most commonly associated with falling among the elderly in long-term care facilities, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in The Lancet.

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Women With RA Report Lower Sexual Function

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has negative effects on sexual function in women, with depressive symptoms and disease severity linked to the degree of sexual dysfunction, according to a study

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