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December 2016 Briefing - Otolaryngology

Last Updated: January 01, 2017.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for December 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Uric Acid May Mark Progression for Nasopharyngeal Cancer

FRIDAY, Dec. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is a direct correlation between the pretreatment serum uric acid (SUA) level and tumor progression in patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), according to a study published online Dec. 20 in Head & Neck.

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Iron Deficiency Anemia Ups Risk of Hearing Loss in U.S. Adults

THURSDAY, Dec. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among U.S. adults, hearing loss is associated with iron deficiency anemia (IDA), according to a study published online Dec. 29 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Ciprofloxacin Plus Fluocinolone More Effective for Peds AOMT

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For children with acute otitis media with tympanostomy tubes (AOMT), ciprofloxacin plus fluocinolone is more effective than ciprofloxacin or fluocinolone alone, according to a study published online Dec. 22 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Personal Health Care Spending Continues to Soar in the U.S.

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2013 there were considerable increases in personal health care spending in the United States, with the highest amounts for diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and low back and neck pain, according to a study published in the Dec. 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Shortened Abx Inferior for Acute Otitis Media in Children <2 Years

THURSDAY, Dec. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Reduced-duration antimicrobial treatment is associated with less favorable outcomes among infants with acute otitis media, according to a study published in the Dec. 22 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Radiation Dose to Head & Neck Tied to Thyroid Dysfunction Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with head and neck cancer receiving radiotherapy (RT), thyroid dysfunction is a dose-related complication, with increased risk for female sex and concurrent chemotherapy, according to a study published online Dec. 1 in Head & Neck.

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Health Care Provider Burnout Negatively Affects Quality, Safety

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health care provider burnout is negatively associated with quality and safety of health care, according to a meta-analysis published recently in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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DEA Announces Critical Changes in Registration Renewal Process

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has announced critical changes in its registration renewal process, according to a report published by the American Academy of Family Physicians.

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Adjuvant Chemo Plus CRT Best in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For nonmetastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma, the addition of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is associated with the highest survival benefit, according to research published online Dec. 5 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Hearing Impairment on the Decline in Americans Under 70

FRIDAY, Dec. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hearing loss appears to be on the decline among Americans in their 40s, 50s and 60s -- which may be partly related to reductions in on-the-job noise and smoking rates, according to a study published online Dec. 15 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Microsurgical Head and Neck Reconstruction Is Cost-Effective

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), microsurgical head and neck reconstruction is cost-effective compared with locoregional flaps, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in Head & Neck.

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Attrition Prevalence 18 Percent for General Surgery Residents

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated prevalence of attrition is 18 percent among general surgery residents, according to a review published online Dec. 14 in JAMA Surgery.

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SIOP Scale Best for Detecting Ototoxicity With Cisplatin Tx

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Ototoxicity Scale (SIOP) seems to be best for classifying ototoxicity in cisplatin-treated pediatric patients, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Type of Treatment Impacts Recurrence in Laryngeal SCC

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), factors predictive of recurrence include neck metastasis at presentation and nonsurgical treatment, according to a study published online Nov. 30 in Head & Neck.

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Stepped Care Likely to Be Cost-Effective in Head & Neck, Lung CA

MONDAY, Dec. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A stepped care (SC) program is likely to be cost-effective for patients with head and neck cancer or lung cancer who have psychological distress, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Recommendations Developed for Sport-Related Dental Injuries

FRIDAY, Dec. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a position statement published online Dec. 5 in the Journal of Athletic Training, recommendations relating to planning considerations, education, and mouthguard efficacy are presented for athletic trainers and health care professionals for preventing and managing sport-related dental and oral injuries.

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Learning Interventions Can Improve Med Student Well-Being

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Specific learning interventions may improve emotional well-being among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Number of Cancer Cases, Deaths Up Globally

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer cases rose 33 percent worldwide in the past 10 years, according to a report published online Dec. 3 in JAMA Oncology.

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Prevalence of Disability 2.7 Percent at U.S. Medical Schools

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of disability is 2.7 percent among medical students at U.S. allopathic medical schools, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue of medical education.

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Depression, Suicide Ideation Prevalent in Medical Students

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalences of depression or depressive symptoms and suicide ideation are 27.2 and 11.1 percent, respectively, among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Post-Op Readmission Linked to Delays in Functional Recovery

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, readmission after elective surgery is associated with delays in functional recovery, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Social Media Rarely Used by Plastic Surgeons

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Social media posting about plastic surgery is dominated by the public, with few posts from plastic surgeons, according to a study published in the December issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Review: Methodological Limitations for OSCC Biomarkers

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Methodological concerns have limited the analysis of saliva-based biomarkers for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), according to a review published online Nov. 29 in Head and Neck.

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CDC: Fewer U.S. Families Struggling to Pay Medical Bills

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of people in families having problems paying medical bills fell by nearly 13 million from 2011 through the first six months of 2016, according to a report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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