Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for May 2009. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Stimulant Gum Can Cause Caffeine Overdose
FRIDAY, May 29 (HealthDay News) -- Excessive consumption of stimulant chewing gum resulted in the hospitalization of a 13-year-old boy due to caffeine overdose, highlighting the hidden risk to children of such easily available products, according to a case report published in the May 30 issue of The Lancet.
Cell Transplantation May Improve Bladder Function
FRIDAY, May 29 (HealthDay News) -- In rats with spinal cord injury, transplantation of neuronal-glial restricted precursors or bone marrow stromal cells leads to significant improvement in bladder function but falls short of inducing full recovery, according to a study published in the June issue of The Journal of Urology.
Postoperative Voiding Rules May Need Review
THURSDAY, May 28 (HealthDay News) -- The requirement of postoperative voiding before discharge may unnecessarily delay patients from leaving the hospital, particularly with the growing number of surgical procedures that are now performed on an outpatient basis, according to an article published in the May issue of the AORN Journal.
Gastric Bypass Surgery Linked to Kidney Stones
THURSDAY, May 28 (HealthDay News) -- Obese patients who undergo gastric bypass surgery may have a significantly increased risk of kidney stone disease and the need to undergo kidney stone surgery, according to a study published in the June issue of The Journal of Urology.
Computerized Prescription Order Errors a Risk for Patients
THURSDAY, May 28 (HealthDay News) -- Computerized provider order entry systems are prone to input errors that may put patients at risk, according to a study published in the May 25 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Focus on Meaningful Work Protects Doctors From Burnout
THURSDAY, May 27 (HealthDay News) -- Academic faculty physicians who focus on what they find most meaningful are less likely to experience burnout, according to a study published in the May 25 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Cancer Deaths Reported Down Between 1990 and 2005
THURSDAY, May 28 (HealthDay News) -- A 19.2 percent drop in cancer deaths in men and an 11.4 percent drop in women avoided about 650,000 cancer deaths between 1990 and 2005, according to the American Cancer Society's annual report of cancer statistics in CA, A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.
Age at Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer Decreased Since 1980s
TUESDAY, May 26 (HealthDay News) -- The age at which prostate cancer is diagnosed has declined in recent decades, according to research published online May 22 in Cancer.
Overnight Hemodialysis Improves Urea Reduction
THURSDAY, May 21 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to conventional four- to five-hour hemodialysis, long overnight dialysis lasting six to seven hours results in a better urea reduction ratio and less anemia, according to a study published online on May 21 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Democrats Set Ambitious Goal for Health Care Reform
THURSDAY, May 21 (HealthDay News) -- Congressional Democrats face formidable challenges in their efforts to pass health care reform legislation by July 31, but physicians can take the lead to ensure changes are enacted, according to two perspectives published online May 20 in the New England Journal of Medicine.
ARBs Found Ineffective for Renal Function in Diabetes
THURSDAY, May 21 (HealthDay News) -- Two angiotensin receptor blockers are ineffective in reducing renal dysfunction in patients at high risk of vascular disease such as diabetics, according to two studies published online May 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Sticking to Work Hours Limits Very Costly
WEDNESDAY, May 20 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to the 2003 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) limits on work hours, and other measures aimed at reducing fatigue among residents, would be costly with no proven benefits, according to an article published in the May 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Tamsulosin Linked to Problems After Cataract Surgery
TUESDAY, May 19 (HealthDay News) -- The use of tamsulosin -- a common medication for benign prostatic hyperplasia -- is associated with a higher risk of serious adverse events following cataract surgery, according to research published in the May 20 issue of JAMA.
Rise in Syphilis Cases Due to Heterosexual Contact
MONDAY, May 11 (HealthDay News) -- Data on rates of syphilis in Jefferson County, Ala., indicate a re-emergence of the disease among women and heterosexual men, according to a report in the May 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Medical Center Press Releases Often Lacking Key Details
TUESDAY, May 5 (HealthDay News) -- Press releases from academic medical centers may often overstate the importance of research findings while failing to acknowledge relevant limitations of the studies, according to research published in the May 5 Annals of Internal Medicine.
Molecular Markers Linked to Death From Prostate Cancer
TUESDAY, May 5 (HealthDay News) -- Several molecular factors measured in prostate cancer biopsy specimens at diagnosis may point to a higher long-term risk of death, according to research published in the May 5 Annals of Internal Medicine.
Chronic Kidney Disease Linked to Higher Risk of Cancer
MONDAY, May 4 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate chronic kidney disease may raise older men's risk of cancer by nearly 40 percent, according to research published online April 30 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
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