June 2009 Briefing - PulmonologyLast Updated: July 01, 2009.
Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for June 2009. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Computer-Aided System Detects Missed Lung Cancer
TUESDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- In lung cancer patients, a computer-aided detection system may detect nodules in chest radiography that were initially overlooked by a radiologist, according to a study published in the July issue of Radiology.
Oncology Best Supportive Care Studies Faulted
TUESDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- In oncology, best supportive care studies exhibit ethical and methodological shortcomings, and systematic bias or error that may be due to ad hoc supportive care and lack of standardized delivery, according to a study published online June 29 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Interferon Gamma-1b No Help to Pulmonary Fibrosis Patients
TUESDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- Treating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients with interferon gamma-1b does not improve their chances of survival, according to a study published online June 30 in The Lancet.
Swine Flu May Be More Severe in Younger Populations
MONDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Apparently, healthy young and middle-aged people may be especially susceptible to the swine flu pandemic, according to two studies published online June 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Standardized Asthma Terms and End Points Issued
MONDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- The American Thoracic Society (ATS) and European Respiratory Society (ERS) have issued a comprehensive series of recommendations to standardize asthma definitions and end points for use in clinical trials and practice. The recommendations are published in the July 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Some Asian Nations Need to Do More to Combat Measles
MONDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- China and Japan must do more to combat measles if the World Health Organization's Western Pacific Region is to meet its target of regional measles elimination by 2012, according to an article published in the June 26 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Flu Vaccine Underutilized in Adults With Asthma
THURSDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination coverage among adults with asthma 18 to 64 years of age falls short of national objectives, according to research to be published in the August issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Math Model May Lead to Better Tuberculosis Treatment
WEDNESDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Manipulating the "switching time" when the immune system activates its most powerful cells against airborne pathogens may lead to more effective treatments for tuberculosis, according to a study published online June 22 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Americans Paying for More of Their Health Care Costs
WEDNESDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Out-of-pocket costs are rising for Americans with health care coverage, including premiums, deductibles and copayments, according to a new June 23 report from the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.
Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute Cough Varies Widely
WEDNESDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotic prescribing patterns for acute cough vary widely, with no discernable difference in patients' recovery, according to a study published online on June 23 in BMJ.
First-Degree Atrioventricular Block Shows Heightened Risk
TUESDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with first-degree atrioventricular block may have an increased risk of atrial fibrillation, pacemaker implantation, and all-cause mortality, according to a study published in the June 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
President Signs Tobacco Law, Acts on Medicare Coverage
MONDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- President Barack Obama moved on two health care fronts today, signing new legislation to regulate tobacco industry marketing and announcing an agreement with the nation's pharmaceutical companies to reduce the cost of prescription drugs for Americans on Medicare who find themselves in the so-called "doughnut hole" coverage gap.
Schizophrenia Linked to Increased Cancer Mortality
MONDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with schizophrenia, women have an increased risk of death from breast cancer and men have an increased risk of death from lung cancer, according to a study published online June 22 in Cancer.
Model May Help Point to Lung Cancer Stem Cells
MONDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- A model using malignant pleural effusions appears useful in investigating intratumoral heterogeneity and isolating candidate lung cancer stem cells, according to research published June 12 in PLoS One.
Reinforced Infection Control Needed to Combat H1N1
MONDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Infection control messages aimed at health care workers should be reinforced in an effort to reduce the spread of novel influenza A (H1N1) virus, according to a study published in the June 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Scoliosis Surgeries May Compromise Pulmonary Function
MONDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, surgical approaches that violate the chest wall are associated with a significant but temporary decline in pulmonary function, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.
Continuous EEG Spots Hidden Brain Injury in Critical Care
FRIDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- Continuous electroencephalography (EEG) may help to identify patients with otherwise undetectable seizures, according to a study published in the June issue of Critical Care Medicine, while a study published online April 13 in the Annals of Neurology found that intracortical EEG is better than scalp EEG for detection of secondary neuronal injury.
Co-Proxamol Withdrawal Results in Fewer Suicides
FRIDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- There was a significant reduction in the number of accidental poisonings and suicides when the drug co-proxamol was withdrawn in 2005, and there has been no subsequent increase in the number of deaths involving other painkillers, according to a study published online on June 18 in BMJ.
Purpose in Life Affects Mortality Rates in Older Adults
THURSDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults who score highly on purpose-in-life scales have lower risk of mortality than their counterparts with low scores, according to a study published in the June issue of Psychosomatic Medicine.
Individual Mandate for Health Insurance Affordable and Fair
WEDNESDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- Reforming the health insurance market so that all individuals are required to obtain at least a minimum amount of health insurance would eliminate the problem of adverse selection that the current system enables insurers to avoid, according to a perspective published online June 17 in the New England Journal of Medicine.
α-Cobratoxin May Be Treatment for Lung Cancer
MONDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- In a mouse model of advanced non-small cell lung cancer, treatment with the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist α-cobratoxin (α-CbT) was associated with improved survival, according to research published in the June 15 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Sweeping Medical Reforms Lack Medical Liability Element
MONDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Three approaches to medical reform currently under discussion in the United States all have pros and cons, and questions remain over whether or not the reform package should include changes to the medical liability system, according to an article published online June 15 in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Bill Giving FDA Authority Over Tobacco on Way to President
FRIDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- Legislation giving the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory control over tobacco products is headed to the White House for President Obama's signature, as health organizations continue to applaud the action.
Novartis Produces First Batch of Swine Flu Vaccine
FRIDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- A day after the World Health Organization (WHO) officially declared the H1NI swine flu virus a worldwide pandemic, the European drug maker, Novartis International AG, announced that it had produced the first 10 liters of swine flu vaccine.
Aerosol Delivery May Be Useful Against Lung Cancer
FRIDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- Aerosol delivery of lentivirus-based carboxyl-terminal modulator protein (CTMP) in mice inhibited lung tumor growth at different stages of development, according to research published in the June 15 American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Senate Approves Bill Giving FDA Authority Over Tobacco
THURSDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Senate has passed a measure that would give the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) broad authority over the advertising, sale, and manufacture of tobacco products, an action that is being applauded by the American Medical Association, among others.
WHO Declares H1N1 Influenza Pandemic
THURSDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared an influenza pandemic -- the first since 1968 -- because of the rapid spread of the H1N1 swine flu virus, according to health officials. But U.S. health officials caution that the severity of the virus has not changed; the declaration simply means the virus is more widespread.
Smoking-Related Ills Cost U.K. 5.5 Percent of Health Budget
WEDNESDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking-related illnesses cost Great Britain's National Health Service (NHS) £5.2 billion a year, accounting for 5.5 percent of the NHS's total budget, according to a study published online June 9 in Tobacco Control.
Inflammation Linked to Childhood Sleep Apnea
FRIDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- The pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea in children may involve an inflammatory response in the upper airways that is reflected in increased leukotrienes in the urine, according to a study reported in the June issue of the journal Chest.
Drug Targets Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis
WEDNESDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- When combined with standard tuberculosis treatment, a new drug is effective against multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, according to a study in the June 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. In a related study in the same issue, overseas tuberculosis screening and follow-up after arrival is effective in identifying tuberculosis among immigrants and refugees bound for the United States.
Many U.K. Trained Doctors Stay in National Health Service
WEDNESDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of domestic medical students in Britain work in the National Health Service (NHS) after graduation, as do the majority of doctors from overseas who go to the country for training, with men and women choosing similar career paths, according to a study published online June 3 in BMJ.