Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for July 2009. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Electronic Disease Surveillance Systems Vary Widely
FRIDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic disease surveillance systems vary widely from state to state and the lack of homogeneity will raise the cost of data sharing, according to a study published in the July 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
U.S. Health Data Network a Powerful Tool for Quality
FRIDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. health care system is on the verge of a new era in which distributed health data networks will assure local control of sensitive individual patient data, while providing medical researchers and policy makers access to powerful aggregate data on millions of patients, according to a pair of articles in the September 1 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Antifungal Properties of Breast Cancer Drug Defined
THURSDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- The breast cancer drug tamoxifen may have activities against pathogenic yeast and may interfere with the function of calmodulin in its role as an antifungal agent, according to a study in the August issue of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.
Pregnant Women, Children Among H1N1 Vaccine Priorities
WEDNESDAY, July 29 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women, health care workers, and children who are aged 6 months and older should be the first to receive this fall's H1N1 swine flu vaccine, according to recommendations made July 29 by a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) panel.
Methods to Determine Health Care Priorities Questioned
FRIDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Evaluating health care priorities based on the attitudes of patients (direct method) or the attitudes of the general public (indirect method) can produce different results, complicating decisions on the allocation of health care resources, according to two papers published July 22 in BMJ.
Camera Phones Can Help Doctors Make Rare Diagnoses
FRIDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- A pregnant patient with an uncommon nipple condition captured images of the transient changes to her nipples and gave them to her doctor, enabling an accurate diagnosis, according to an article published online July 22 in BMJ.
Marker of Renal Injury May Aid in Diagnosis
FRIDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- Urinary levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a marker of renal tubular injury, are higher in patients with HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) and in critically ill patients who develop acute kidney injury, according to two studies published online July 23 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Flu Vaccine Effects Uncertain in Immunocompromised
THURSDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Though roughly 1 percent of the U.S. population is immunocompromised for a variety of reasons, data on the efficacy of influenza vaccines in these individuals are scarce, according to research published in the August issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
Prolonged AIDS Treatment May Help Control Hepatitis B
WEDNESDAY, July 22 (HealthDay News) -- In patients who are co-infected with HIV and the hepatitis B virus, prolonged use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may help control hepatitis B virus infection and delay or prevent liver complications, according to a study in the May/June issue of HIV Clinical Trials.
HIV Genetic Tests Associated With Improved Survival
TUESDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- Taking the HIV-1 genotypic and phenotypic susceptibility testing (GPT) to guide antiretroviral treatment selection is associated with improved survival of HIV-infected adults, according to a study in the July 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Sexual Health Not Improving in Teens and Young Adults
FRIDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- The sexual and reproductive health status of adolescents and young adults is flattening or worsening after a long period of improvement, according to a new Surveillance Summary published July 17 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Obesity Rates Highest Among African-American Population
FRIDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of obesity is far higher among African-Americans than Caucasians in America, and Hispanics also have significantly higher obesity rates, according to a study published in the July 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Circumcision Does Not Cut Female Partners' HIV Risk
FRIDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Circumcision of HIV-infected men does not confer any additional protection on their female sexual partners, and condoms remain essential for prevention of HIV transmission, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of The Lancet.
Rapid HIV Testing Well-Suited to Antenatal Clinic Setting
MONDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- Using rapid HIV testing is feasible and effective in an outpatient obstetric setting, and gives results faster than conventional testing, according to a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.
Traits of Self-Discharged Cirrhotic Patients Identified
MONDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 3 percent of patients with cirrhosis leave the hospital against medical advice, with self-discharge being most common among patients with alcoholic cirrhosis or hepatitis B or C, according to a study published in the July issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.
Obesity Rates for American Adults Still Going Up
THURSDAY, July 9 (HealthDay News) -- At least 25 percent of the adult population in 32 states is now obese, and national prevalence of obesity has risen from 25.6 percent in 2007 to 26.1 percent in 2008, according to a July 8 report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Stepped-Dose Efavirenz May Minimize Side Effects
TUESDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- In HIV-positive patients, step-wise administration of efavirenz may reduce neuropsychiatric adverse events and prove just as effective as full-dose administration, according to a study published online July 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Priorities Set for Comparative Effectiveness Research
WEDNESDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- The extent to which large-scale public investment in comparative effectiveness research can achieve its goals of better decision making and improved uptake of new knowledge depends on engaging the medical profession and patients, according to recommendations by the Institute of Medicine published online June 30 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
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