Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for July 2009. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Lupus Patients Exhibit Lower Response to Flu Vaccine
FRIDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may be more susceptible to influenza infection after vaccination because of impaired cell-mediated and antibody responses, according to a study in the August issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.
Laboratory Worker Infected With Vaccinia Virus
FRIDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- A laboratory worker in Virginia became infected with the vaccinia virus, leading to severe eye and ear infection, and the tracing of 102 potential contacts, according to a study published in the July 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Electronic Disease Surveillance Systems Vary Widely
FRIDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic disease surveillance systems vary widely from state to state and the lack of homogeneity will raise the cost of data sharing, according to a study published in the July 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
U.S. Health Data Network a Powerful Tool for Quality
FRIDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. health care system is on the verge of a new era in which distributed health data networks will assure local control of sensitive individual patient data, while providing medical researchers and policy makers access to powerful aggregate data on millions of patients, according to a pair of articles in the September 1 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Oropharyngeal Cancer Survival Linked to Virus Infection
THURSDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- African-Americans with oropharyngeal cancer have worse survival than Caucasians, and worse survival is associated with a lower prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, according to a study published online July 29 in Cancer Prevention Research.
Even Low Ozone Exposure Can Diminish Lung Function
THURSDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to ozone can cause a significant decrease in lung function at lower concentrations than currently permitted under the National Ambient Air Quality Standard, according to a study in the August 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Pregnant Women, Children Among H1N1 Vaccine Priorities
WEDNESDAY, July 29 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women, health care workers, and children who are aged 6 months and older should be the first to receive this fall's H1N1 swine flu vaccine, according to recommendations made July 29 by a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) panel.
Parental Stress Seen to Play Role in Pollution-Asthma Link
MONDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Children whose parents are under more stress may be more likely to develop asthma associated with traffic-related pollution or smoking in utero, according to research published online July 20 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Methods to Determine Health Care Priorities Questioned
FRIDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Evaluating health care priorities based on the attitudes of patients (direct method) or the attitudes of the general public (indirect method) can produce different results, complicating decisions on the allocation of health care resources, according to two papers published July 22 in BMJ.
Camera Phones Can Help Doctors Make Rare Diagnoses
FRIDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- A pregnant patient with an uncommon nipple condition captured images of the transient changes to her nipples and gave them to her doctor, enabling an accurate diagnosis, according to an article published online July 22 in BMJ.
Complications of Acute Otitis Media Becoming More Common
THURSDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- In children with acute otitis media, the frequency of acute mastoiditis, as well as mastoid subperiosteal abscesses, is apparently increasing over time, according to a study in the July issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery.
FDA Approves 2009-2010 Seasonal Influenza Vaccine
MONDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved an influenza vaccine for the 2009-2010 season, according to a news release issued July 20 by the FDA.
Children's Behavior May Improve After Adenotonsillectomy
MONDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- In children who undergo adenotonsillectomy for sleep-disordered breathing, improvements in sleep and behavior occur but may not be exactly maintained over time or reach baseline levels, according to a study published in the July issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery.
Forceps-Associated Palsy Usually Mild, Temporary
MONDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- In neonates, facial nerve palsy caused by forceps use is usually mild and resolves without treatment, according to a study published in the July issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery.
Obesity Rates Highest Among African-American Population
FRIDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of obesity is far higher among African-Americans than Caucasians in America, and Hispanics also have significantly higher obesity rates, according to a study published in the July 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Profilaggrin Gene Mutation Linked to Allergic Disorders
FRIDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- A mutation in the profilaggrin gene that governs expression of a protein used in maintaining the skin barrier is associated with several common allergic disorders, according to a study published July 9 in BMJ.
Obesity Rates for American Adults Still Going Up
THURSDAY, July 9 (HealthDay News) -- At least 25 percent of the adult population in 32 states is now obese, and national prevalence of obesity has risen from 25.6 percent in 2007 to 26.1 percent in 2008, according to a July 8 report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Bevacizumab May Improve Hearing in Neurofibromatosis
WEDNESDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with bevacizumab may improve hearing in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2, and it may also be associated with a reduction in growing vestibular schwannoma volume, according to a study published online July 8 in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Swine Flu Airborne Transmission Found Inefficient
MONDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- The swine-origin 2009 A (H1N1) influenza virus, the so-called swine flu, does not spread as efficiently by inhaled respiratory droplets as the common seasonal flu, according to a study by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported July 2 in Science.
FDA Calls for Chantix, Zyban to Feature Boxed Warning
WEDNESDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- Prescribing information for the smoking cessation drugs varenicline (Chantix) and buproprion (Zyban) must feature a boxed warning that discusses potentially serious mental health changes linked to the drugs, according to an announcement July 1 from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Antibiotics for Childhood Ear Infections May Raise Recurrence
WEDNESDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- Children treated with amoxicillin for acute otitis media are more likely to experience a recurrent infection than children not treated with antibiotics, according to a study published online June 30 in BMJ.
Priorities Set for Comparative Effectiveness Research
WEDNESDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- The extent to which large-scale public investment in comparative effectiveness research can achieve its goals of better decision making and improved uptake of new knowledge depends on engaging the medical profession and patients, according to recommendations by the Institute of Medicine published online June 30 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
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