Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for August 2009. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Saliva Contains Markers Useful for Cancer Detection
FRIDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Saliva contains many stable microRNAs (miRNAs), and two of these are present at much lower levels in patients with oral cancer, and could be used for cancer detection, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Clinical Cancer Research.
Gene for Hereditary Deafness Identified in Mutant Mice
THURSDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The identification of a claudin-9 gene defect in mice with hereditary deafness has led to the discovery of a new protein, missing in the mutant mice, which is needed to protect sensory cells in the ear from destructive potassium concentrations, according to a study in the Aug. 21 issue of PLoS Genetics.
Department Issues New HIPAA Notification Regulations
TUESDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issued new regulations on Aug. 19 requiring entities covered by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) to notify individuals after their health information has been breached.
Smokers' Vehicles Contain High Nicotine Concentrations
TUESDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Motor vehicles operated by smokers have higher concentrations of nicotine than those found even in restaurants and bars, according to a pilot study published online Aug. 24 in Tobacco Control.
Post-Treatment Pain Linked to Head, Neck Cancer Outcomes
FRIDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Besides negatively affecting a patient's quality-of-life, the level of pain following treatment for head and neck cancer is associated with five-year survival and cancer recurrence, according to a study in the August issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.
Technique Benefits Patients With Vocal Fold Polyps
THURSDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with vocal fold polyps, percutaneous corticosteroid injection is a minimally invasive and effective treatment that may offer an alternative to standard direct microlaryngoscopic surgery, according to a study in the August issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.
Alarm Symptoms Often Do Not Result in Timely Diagnosis
FRIDAY, Aug. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients who present with certain alarm symptoms, including hematuria and rectal bleeding, do not receive a diagnosis in a reasonable amount of time, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in BMJ.
FDA Aims to Ease Access to Investigational Drugs
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has published two new rules to help seriously ill patients gain access to investigational drugs and biologics, according to an Aug. 12 release issued by the agency.
Protein Marker for Metastasis in Head and Neck Cancer
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Expression of the hypoxia-related protein lysyl oxidase (LOX) is a marker for metastasis in head and neck cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Uveal Melanoma Thickness Associated With Metastasis
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Increasing tumor thickness of uveal melanoma is associated with a higher risk of metastasis and therefore may be an important indicator for patient prognosis, according to data published in the August issue of the Archives of Ophthalmology.
Antivirals May Not Affect Children's Flu Complications
MONDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The neuraminidase inhibitors oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza) may have little or no effect on various complications in children with seasonal influenza, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in BMJ.
HHS Releases Reports on Health Insurance Reform
FRIDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has released a series of state-by-state reports that outline its conclusions on the effects health insurance reform would have on health care for Americans, according to an Aug. 7 release issued by the agency.
Corticosteroids May Reduce Sore Throat Pain
FRIDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with sore throat, systemic corticosteroids in combination with antibiotics and analgesia may significantly improve symptoms, mostly in those with severe or exudative sore throat, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in BMJ.
More Asthma Diagnoses After September 11 Attacks
TUESDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Many adults exposed to the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center attacks developed asthma or post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, according to a study in the Aug. 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
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