Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for August 2009. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Quality of Care Unchanged Under New Payment System
FRIDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- The implementation of a fixed-price, payment-by-results system for hospitals in the United Kingdom, beginning in 2002, has reduced the length of hospital stays and increased day case (outpatient) admissions, but has had no measurable effect on quality of care, according to a study published Aug. 27 in BMJ.
Department Issues New HIPAA Notification Regulations
TUESDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issued new regulations on Aug. 19 requiring entities covered by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) to notify individuals after their health information has been breached.
Spinal Fusion Rate Low in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients
MONDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with spinal diseases and end-stage renal disease who are using dialysis may have acceptable outcomes following spinal surgery, but mortality and complication rates appear to be relatively high and fusion rates appear to be low, according to research published in the Aug. 15 issue of Spine.
Wearable Artificial Kidney Device Shows Progress
FRIDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The prototype design for a "wearable artificial kidney" (WAK) matched the performance of larger dialysis units and may offer a new modality for daily dialysis in end stage renal disease, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Pediatric Kidney Donor Age No Barrier to Success Rate
FRIDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Kidney transplant patients have similar outcomes whether the donor is above or below the age of 5 years, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
U.S. Life Expectancy Reaches 77.9 Years
THURSDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Life expectancy in the United States has increased again, from 77.7 to 77.9 years -- a new record -- according to statistics released Aug.19 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Kidney Disease May Worsen Outcomes in Heart Condition
TUESDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing an early, invasive strategy who also have chronic kidney disease (CKD) have worse clinical outcomes, according to a study in the August issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Interventions.
Specific Diet Shown to Reduce Risk of Kidney Stones
FRIDAY, Aug. 14 (HealthDay News) -- The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet can reduce kidney stone formation, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Alarm Symptoms Often Do Not Result in Timely Diagnosis
FRIDAY, Aug. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients who present with certain alarm symptoms, including hematuria and rectal bleeding, do not receive a diagnosis in a reasonable amount of time, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in BMJ.
FDA Aims to Ease Access to Investigational Drugs
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has published two new rules to help seriously ill patients gain access to investigational drugs and biologics, according to an Aug. 12 release issued by the agency.
Protein Marker for Metastasis in Head and Neck Cancer
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Expression of the hypoxia-related protein lysyl oxidase (LOX) is a marker for metastasis in head and neck cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
HHS Releases Reports on Health Insurance Reform
FRIDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has released a series of state-by-state reports that outline its conclusions on the effects health insurance reform would have on health care for Americans, according to an Aug. 7 release issued by the agency.
Neonatal Urinary Tract Infection Prognosis Difficult
MONDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Renal scintigraphy of young infants with urinary tract infections (UTIs) can help rule out permanent renal damage, but catheterization to perform voiding cystourethrography may still be required to detect congenital defects such as dilating vesicoureteral reflux, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in Pediatrics.
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