November 2009 Briefing - PsychiatryLast Updated: December 01, 2009.
Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for November 2009. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Behavioral, Drug Therapies Can Benefit Autistic Children
MONDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Children with autism may benefit from the Early Start Denver Model behavioral intervention or treatment with aripiprazole, according to two studies published online Nov. 30 in Pediatrics.
Depressed Nonresident Fathers Less Close to Sons
MONDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- African-American fathers who do not live with their children are likely to be less involved with their sons if they are suffering from depression, and treating their depression may be an important means to help them play a more active and positive part in their children's lives, according to a study in the December issue of Pediatrics.
Avoiding Work Conflict Linked to Poor Heart Outcomes
MONDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Men who covertly cope with unfairness at work rather than directly confronting it may be at greater risk of heart attack or heart-related death, according to research published online Nov. 24 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
Study Finds Surgeon Burnout Associated With Medical Errors
FRIDAY, Nov. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Among surgeons, degree of burnout was strongly associated with major medical errors, according to research published online Nov. 19 in the Annals of Surgery.
Insomnia Prevalence High for Chemotherapy Patients
FRIDAY, Nov. 27 (HealthDay News) -- In cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, insomnia is about three times as prevalent as it is among the general population, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Caseworker May Improve Health of Cancer Patients
THURSDAY, Nov. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Providing feedback on mental and physical health to a telephone caseworker, and receiving management strategies, may improve supportive care outcomes in cancer patients, according to a study published online Nov. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Most Medical Journals Have Conflict of Interest Policies
TUESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Most high impact factor journals have publicly available conflict of interest statement policies, but there is a great deal of variation among journals, which could be confusing for authors, according to a study in the Nov. 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Psychoses May Increase Risk of Death From Heart Disease
TUESDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with psychotic disorders are at higher risk of death from heart disease than people who do not have a mental disorder, according to a study in the November/December issue of General Hospital Psychiatry.
Text Messages Shown to Help Improve Sunscreen Use
MONDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Mobile phone text messages may be used to help people remember to apply sunscreen, and to narrow the gap between patients' understanding of the importance of using sunscreen and actual daily practice, according to a study in the November issue of the Archives of Dermatology.
Children in Day Care Likely Exposed to More Television
MONDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- In preschool-aged children enrolled in child care settings, previous estimates of daily television exposure may have underestimated actual viewing time, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in Pediatrics.
Advances in Eating Disorders Summarized in Lancet Seminar
THURSDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- New developments in eating disorders, including research on the biological contributions to illness onset and maintenance, may have important implications for clinicians, according to a Seminar published online Nov. 19 in The Lancet.
Transcendental Meditation Can Reduce Blood Pressure
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults who complete a program of training in transcendental meditation, and who are at risk of hypertension, are able to use the relaxation method to lower their blood pressure and levels of psychological distress, according to a study published online Oct. 1 and in the December issue of the American Journal of Hypertension.
Sexual Satisfaction Important for Women's Well-Being
MONDAY, Nov. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Sexual satisfaction is associated with better psychological well-being in women, underscoring the importance of sexual function to women's overall health, according to a study in the October issue of the Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Housing Improvements Linked to Improvements in Health
FRIDAY, Nov. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Better housing conditions -- especially warmth and energy-efficiency improvements -- are generally associated with better health, according to a study the November issue of the American Journal of Public Health.
Early Interventions Can Cut Teen Pregnancy Rates
FRIDAY, Nov. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Early intervention and youth development programs can reduce the risk of teenage pregnancy, but they do not tackle larger-scale societal and family influences on early parenthood, according to a study published Nov. 12 in BMJ.
More Use of Medical Assistants Can Benefit Primary Care
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Expanded use of lower level clinical personnel, such as medical assistants (MAs), in primary care can enhance patient care but only if the clinical personnel are trained and integrated into the practice culture, according to a pair of studies in the November/December issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.
Study Finds Costs of Quality Programs Burden Practices
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The cost of providing data and support for health system quality-improvement programs can put a significant burden on primary care practices, and changes in the outcomes of trials are often made without being disclosed, according to two studies in the November/December Annals of Family Medicine.
Muscle Strength May Lower Alzheimer's Disease Risk
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Older individuals with greater muscular strength may have a lower risk of developing mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease, according to research published in the November issue of the Archives of Neurology.
Job Satisfaction Essential to Elders' Work Force Retention
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Because retirement may reduce the burden of workers' self-perceived health problems, improved conditions for workers approaching retirement are essential to maintain labor-market participation, according to a study published online Nov. 9 in The Lancet.
Medical Errors Disclosure Can Help Physicians and Patients
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians are willing to share their experiences of making diagnostic errors, and analyzing them systematically helps point the way to improve future diagnoses, according to a study in the Nov. 9 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, while a second study in the same issue found that patients give higher quality ratings when adverse events are disclosed.
Low-Fat Diet May Improve Mood Over Long Term
TUESDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with a low-carbohydrate diet, a low-fat diet has a more positive impact on mood state in overweight and obese patients, according to a study in the Nov. 9 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Uptake of Adult Vaccination Varies Widely in Urban Areas
TUESDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- There are wide variations in the uptake of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) and influenza vaccine in adults in urban areas, and physicians' practice characteristics influence the likelihood of their patients getting vaccinated, according to a study in the November/December Annals of Family Medicine.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Tied to Genetics, Cardiac Risks
FRIDAY, Nov. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Genetics contribute to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which in turn is associated with patient-reported cardiovascular health and quality of life, according to two studies in the November issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Risk Factors Identified for Alzheimer's Disease
THURSDAY, Nov. 5 (HealthDay News) -- High blood pressure and inflammatory markers signal an increased risk for the development of Alzheimer's disease among middle-aged persons who have a parent with the disease, according to a study in the November issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Switching to 'Light' Cigarettes May Lower Chances of Quitting
THURSDAY, Nov. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Smokers who switch to so-called low-tar or 'lighter' brands of cigarettes often do so with the intention to quit, but switching actually reduces the likelihood that they will subsequently quit smoking, according to a study published online Nov. 4 in Tobacco Control.
Adjunctive Psychotherapy for Depression Studied
THURSDAY, Nov. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Adjunctive psychotherapy added to antidepressant medications for patients with chronic depression did not increase the proportion of patients achieving remission, according to a study in the November issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Mexican Assistance Program Linked to Benefits for Children
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A Mexican conditional cash-transfer program -- providing money to families so long as children go to school and members attend health-education meetings -- was associated with reduced behavioral problems in children, according to research published online Nov. 4 in The Lancet.
Television Time Linked to Aggression in Toddlers
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Three-year-olds' direct and indirect exposure to television is significantly associated with increased risk for aggressive behavior, according to a study in the November issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.
Weight Loss and Maintenance Variables Assessed
TUESDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Formerly overweight people who have maintained weight loss tend to spend more calories exercising and have greater dietary restraint than obese people seeking weight loss treatment, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine.
Background Disease Rates Important in H1N1 Pandemic
MONDAY, Nov. 2 (HealthDay News) -- During mass immunization with pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccines, awareness of background rates of disease is essential for assessing vaccine safety, and may help allay vaccine-associated fears among the general public, according to an article published online Oct. 31 in The Lancet.
Medicaid Enrollment Common Among Overdose Deaths
MONDAY, Nov. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of patients who overdosed on prescription opioid painkillers in Washington state in the past few years were Medicaid recipients, according to a report in the Oct. 30 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.