TUESDAY, April 13 (HealthDay News) -- Of 10 antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) studied in older adults with epilepsy, lamotrigine -- closely followed by levetiracetam -- is the most effective, as measured by 12-month retention and freedom from seizures, while oxcarbazepine is consistently less effective than other AEDs, according to research published in the April issue of the Archives of Neurology.
Hiba Arif, M.D., of Columbia University in New York City, and colleagues conducted a retrospective review of 417 patients 55 years and older who were newly taking any of 10 commonly prescribed AEDs between 2000 and 2005. Twelve-month retention rates, seizure-free rates, and adverse effects leading to dose change were determined for each of the AEDs studied.
The researchers found that lamotrigine had the highest 12-month retention rate (79 percent) and the highest 12-month seizure-freedom rate (54 percent). Levetiracetam was second-highest in 12-month retention (73 percent) and 12-month seizure-freedom (43 percent). The retention rate was 48 percent for carbamazepine, 59 percent for gabapentin, 24 percent for oxcarbazepine, 59 percent for phenytoin, and 56 percent for topiramate. The most common intolerable adverse effects were drowsiness, imbalance, and gastrointestinal symptoms.
"This study underscores the need for further prospective trials for evaluating safety and effectiveness of multiple AEDs in older adults, a cohort that has been consistently underrepresented in prior studies, and suggests that lamotrigine and levetiracetam should be included in any future trials of treatment of epilepsy in older adults," the authors write.
Several of the study authors reported financial relationships with the pharmaceutical industry.
Copyright © 2010 HealthDay. All rights reserved.
|Previous: Cotrimoxazole Tied to Bleeding in Older Patients on Warfarin||Next: Pancreaze Approved for Pancreatic Enzyme Deficiency|
Reader comments on this article are listed below. Review our comments policy.
Submit your opinion:
Are you a Doctor, Pharmacist, PA or a Nurse?
Join the Doctors Lounge online medical community