Advertisement
 

doctorslounge.com

 
Powered by
Careerbuilder

 

                    Home  |  Forums  |  Humor  |  Advertising  |  Contact
   Ask a Doctor

   News via RSS

   Newsletter

   Infections

   News

 

 Conferences


   CME

   Forum Archives

   Diseases

   Symptoms

   Labs

   Procedures

   Drugs

   Links
   Specialties

   Cardiology

   Dermatology

   Endocrinology

   Fertility

   Gastroenterology

   Gynecology

   Hematology

   Infections

   Nephrology

   Neurology

   Oncology

   Orthopedics

   Pediatrics

   Pharmacy

   Primary Care

   Psychiatry

   Pulmonology

   Rheumatology

   Surgery

   Urology

   Other Sections

   Membership

   Research Tools

   Medical Tutorials

   Medical Software

 

 Headlines:

 
 

Back to Infectious Diseases

Measles

(Rubeola)

Measles results from an infection with the measles virus (paramyxovirus).

Mode of transmission: Droplet (aerosol) infection.

Clinical manifestations

Incubation period: 1 to 2 weeks.

The pre-eruptive stage: the virus is in the blood causing fever, rhinorrhea and cough. Koplik?s spots appear in buccal mucosa (almost pathognomonic). These consist of small 2mm white spots (like grains of salt) surrounded by a reddish (erythematous) area on the mucous membranes opposite the 2nd molars. The pre-eruptive stage is also the infectious stage.

The eruptive stage: The characteristic centrifugal rash appears behind the ears and on the forehead, it then spreads to the rest of the face, and the trunk. In about a day or two it spreads to the limbs. Lesions coalesce and then become less similar (than say German measles). As it heals it may leave areas of desquamation.

An attack of measles confers a high degree of immunity and second attacks are uncommon.

advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)
 

Are you a doctor or a nurse?

Do you want to join the Doctors Lounge online medical community?

Participate in editorial activities (publish, peer review, edit) and give a helping hand to the largest online community of patients.

Click on the link below to see the requirements:

Doctors Lounge Membership Application


Diagnosis

Diagnosis is usually evident from the clinical picture. Investigations are seldom needed and consist of antibody detection by ELISA and culture of nasopharyngeal specimens during the pre-eruptive stages.

Treatment

Usually only treatment of the symptoms is required. Antibiotics are given in the case of secondary bacterial infection. In infants and immunocompromised individuals passive immunization are given within six days after exposure.

Prevention

Active immunization involves a single dose of live attenuated measles and is usually combined with the vaccines for mumps and rubella (MMR) in children.

 

previous.gif (72x17 -- 347 bytes) next.gif (72x17 -- 277 bytes)
 

 advertisement.gif (61x7 -- 0 bytes)

 

 



We subscribe to the HONcode principles of the HON Foundation. Click to verify.
We subscribe to the HONcode principles. Verify here

Privacy Statement | Terms & Conditions | Editorial Board | About us
Copyright 2001-2012 DoctorsLounge. All rights reserved.