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Gemcitabine - vinorelbine regimen

Abstract: Phase I/II study of gemcitabine plus vinorelbine as first-line chemotherapy of non-small-cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: To determine the maximum-tolerated dose of gemcitabine when combined with a fixed dose of vinorelbine in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to evaluate in a phase II trial the activity of this combination. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC were treated with vinorelbine at fixed dose of 30 mg/m(2) intravenously and gemcitabine at increasing dose levels from 800 to 1,500 mg/m(2) intravenously on days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks. RESULTS: In phase I, dose-limiting toxicity occurred at the dosage of 1,500 mg/m(2) gemcitabine, with three of five patients developing grade 4 thrombocytopenia. In phase II, with gemcitabine at 1,200 mg/m(2), 19 (36%) of 52 assessable patients responded. Objective response was observed in 11 (39%) of 28 patients with stage IIIB disease and in eight (33%) of 24 patients with stage IV. The median time to progression was 29 weeks (range, 2 to 41 weeks; 35 weeks and 16 weeks for stages IIIB and IV, respectively), and median survival was 54 weeks (range, 2 to 84+ weeks; 63 weeks and 42 weeks for stages IIIB and IV, respectively). One-year survival was 64% for patients with stage IIIB disease and 29% for those with stage IV. Clinical benefit response was observed in 29 (59%) of 49 assessable patients. Grade 4 leukopenia and thrombocytopenia were uncommon (6% and 8% of cases, respectively); however, grade 3/4 leukothrombocytopenia occurred more frequently in patients aged more than 70 years (52% and 24%, respectively). CONCLUSION: The combination of vinorelbine and gemcitabine is effective and tolerable in the treatment of NSCLC, thus deserving randomized trials with cisplatin combination regimens.

References

Lorusso V, Carpagnano F, Frasci G, Panza N, Di Rienzo G, Cisternino ML, Napoli G, Orlando S, Cinieri S, Brunetti C, Palazzo S, De Lena M. Phase I/II study of gemcitabine plus vinorelbine as first-line chemotherapy of non-small-cell lung cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2000 Jan;18(2):405-11.

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Regimen

Gemcitabine....... 1200 mg / M2 IV days 1, 8
Vinorelbine....... 30 mg / M2 IV days 1, 8
FREQUENCY every 21 days


     
  Summary  
  Overall Response Rate  
  Progression Free Survival  
  Overall Survival  
  Toxicity  
     

Article reviewed by:

Dr. Tamer Fouad, M.D.

 

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